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naked eye,

What an immeasurable space is the firmament, FIRST, adj. & ado.

Saxon first, forst wherein a great number of stars are seen with our FIRST'BEGOT, adj. (superlative of Fore)

many more discovered with our


Swed. forst; Goth. first; glasses ! Derham's Astro-Theology. FIRST'BORN, n. s.

Foremost: the ordina Ye once were justly famed for bringing forth FIRST'CREATED, adj. of one; earliest in time Undoubted scholarship and genuine worth ;

FIRST'FRUITS, n. s. most exalted in place And in the firmament of fame still shines

FIRST'LING. or dignity; excellent; A glory, bright as that of all the signs,

great: as an adverb, before any thing else; often Of poets raised by you, and statesmen, and divines.

taking at before it; earliest : firstling, as an adCowper.

jective, means first brought forth or born: as a FIRMAMENT, in the ancient astronomy, the substantive, the first produce. eighth heaven or sphere; being that wherein the

In the six hundredth and first year, in the first fixed stars were supposed to be placed. It is month, the first day of the month, the water were called the eighth, with respect to the seven hea- dried up from off the earth.

Genesis. vens or spheres of the planets which it surrounds.

All the firstling males that come of thy herd, and It was supposed to have two motions; a diurnal of thy flock, thou shalt sanctify, unto the Lord thy motion, given it by the primum mobile, from God.

Deuteronomy. east to west, about the poles of the ecliptic; and Three presidents, of whom Daniel was first. another opposite motion from west to east; which

Daniel. last it finishes, according to Tycho, in 25,412

My first son, years ; according to Ptolemy, in 36,000; and Where will you go ? Take good Cominius according to Copernicus, in 258,000; in which

With thee.

Shakspeare, Coriolanu, time the fixed stars return to the same precise

Thy air, points wherein they were at the beginning. This

Thou other gold-bound brow, is like the first.

-A third is like the former, Id. Macbeth, period is commonly called Plato's year, or the

The flighty purpose works o'erlook, great year. In various places of Scripture fir

Unless the deed go with it: from this moment, mament is used for the middle region of the

The very firstlings of my heart shall be air. Many of the ancients allowed, with the The firstlings of my hand.

Id. moderns, that the firmament is a fluid matter;

First, metals are more durable than plants; sethough they, who gave it the denomination of condly, they are more solid and hard ; thirdly, they firmament, must have taken it for a solid sub

are wholly subterraneous; whereas plants are part stance.

above earth, and part under the earth. Bacon. FIRʻMAN, n. s. Pers. phurwanu; Arab. fir- Although the king loved to employ and advance maun. A mandate, license, or order of Turk- bishops because, having rich bishopricks, they carried ish and Asiatic princes. Also written phirman. their reward upon themselves ; yet he did use to raise See our Life of Aur Pacha, vol. i. p. 621.

them by steps, that he might not lose the profit of the

first-fruits, which by that course of gradation was mulThe king's phirman was thus interrupted. tiplied.

Id. Henry VII.
Sir T. Herbert.
Man's first obedience.

Milton. FIRMICUS MATERNUS (Julius), a famous

Who first, who last writer, who composed in Latin, about A. D. 345,

Roused from the slumber.

Id. an excellent work in defence of Christianity, en

His first-begot, we know; and sore have felt, titled De Errore Profanarum Religionum, wbich

When his fierce thunder drove us to the deep. Id.

Hail, holy light, offspring of heav'n first-born! Id. is printed with the notes of John Wouver. There are also attributed to him eight books of

Last, with one midnight stroke, all the first-born

Of Egypt must lie dead. Id. Paradise Lost. astronomy, printed by Aldus Manutius in 1501 ; but this work is by some supposed to have been from tby implanted grace in man!

See, Father, what first-fruits on earth have sprung,

Milton. written by another Julius Firmicus, who lived at

A shepherd next, the same time.

More meek, came with the firstlings of his fock, FIROZEABAD, or FIRUSABAD, a town of Choicest and best.

Id. Paradise Lost. Persia, in the Province of Fars, the ruins of First was the world as one great cymbal made, which extend seventeen miles : among them are There jarring winds to infant nature played. the remains of a fine temple, and of a ditch

Marcell. seven miles in circuit, and in some places sixty- The sea grew white; the rolling waves from far eight paces broad. The modern Firozeabad 'is Like heralds, first denounced the wat'ry war. an inconsiderable place. Seventy miles from

Dryden. Bushire

And all are fools and lover3 first or last. Id. FIROZEH, a town of Hindostan, province

At first the silent venom slid with ease,

And seized her cooler senses by degrees. of Delhi.' Long. 750 13' E., lat. 29° 17' N. As

Id. Æneid. three of the Afghan emperors of Hindostan bore

The tender firstlings of my woolly breed, the title of Firoz (the victorious), a number of Shall on his holy altar often bleed. Id. Virgil. towns were called after them, of which many

Truth scarce ever yet carried it by vote any where are now in ruins.

at its first appearance ; new opinions are always susFIROZKOH, an ancient city of the province pected.

Locke. of Ghore, in Afghaunistaun, frequently mentioned The first-born has not a sole or peculiar right, by in oriental history. It was situated to the north any law of God and Nature; the younger children of Ghore, and was the summer residence of the having an equal title with him. Id. On Education. sovereigns; in its vicinity was a celebrated tur- First with the dogs, and king among the squires. quoise mine.



Tis little Will, the scourgo of France, state; or that to which all things due to the No godhead, but the first of men.


public fall. By the civil law, none but a soveI hind, quoth Mat, reproof is vain!

reign prince has a right to have a fisc or public Who first offend, will first complain. Id.

treasury. At Rome the goods of condemned The blooming hopes of my then very young patron have been confirmed by most noble first-fruita, and his persons, if appropriated to the use of the public


were said publicari; if to the support of the life is going on towards a plentiful harvest of all accumulated virtues.

emperor, confiscari. See ÆRARIUM.

FI'SCAL, n. s. & adj. Fr. fiscal, from Latin Excepting fish and insects, there are very few of fiscus, a treasury. Exchequer; revenue; a revenue no creatures that can provide for themselves at first, officer; relating to the public revenue. without the assistance of parents.


It behoveth the prince to have a vigilant eye on The firstlings of the Rock are doomed to die. Pope.


such fiscal ministers. Jove sent and found, far in a country scene,

War, as it is entertained by diet, so can it not be Truth, innocence, good-nature, look serene ;

long maintained by the ordinary fiscal and receipt.

Bacon. from which ingredients, first, the dext'rous boy Picked the demure, the aukward, and the coy.

Don Pedro Rodriquez Compomares, fiscal of the council of Castille.

Swinburne. Swift. The nameless He, whose nod is Nature's birth,

FISCHER (John Andrew), M. D. of Erfurt, And Nature's shield the shadow of his hand; was born in 1667. He graduated at his native Her dissolution his suspended smile !

university, where he became professor extraThe great first-Last !

Young. ordinary in physic, and also of logic, which he And took his leave of me, promising to discharge relinquished for the professorship of pathology, the debt he owed me with the first money he should and the practice of his profession. He died in receive ; but I have heard nothing of him since. 1729, and wrote-1. Consilia Medica, 3 vols.


2. Ilias in nuce, seu Medicina Synoptica. 3. ReFIRST-BORN. See PRIMOGENITURE. This sponsa Practica. word is often used in Scripture in a figurative Fischer (John Bernard), a German architect sense for that which is first, most excellent, of the last century, was born at Vienna, about niost distinguished in any thing. The first-born 1650, and went to Rome to improve his taste. of the poor' (Isa. xiv. 30.) signifies, the most He erected the famous palace of Schoenbrunn, miserable of all the poor; and in Job (xviii. 13) and the emperor, Joseph I. appointed Fischer

The first-born of death;' that is, the most ter- his chief architect'; creating him baron d'Erlach. rible of all deaths.

His works are thought to display too great a preFIRST-FRUITS, primitiæ, among the Hebrews, dilection for ornament. The church of St. Charles were oblations of part of the fruits of the har- Borromeo, in the suburbs of Vienna, is his masvest, offered to God as an acknowledgment of terpiece. He died in 1724, leaving a work on his sovereign dominion. The first of these Historical Architecture, or a collection of ancient fruits were offered in the name of the whole buildings, with explanations in French and Gernation, being either two loaves of bread, or a man, Vienna, 1721, folio. sheaf of barley, which was threshed in the court Fischer (Emanuel baron de), son of the of the temple. Every private person was obliged above, applied himself to the study of mechanics, to bring his first-fruits to the temple ; and these and assisted in several of the works conducted consisted of wheat, barley, grapes, figs, apricots, by his father. He constructed steam-engines for olives, and dates. There was another sort of the mines of the Hartz, and other hydraulic first-fruits which were paid to God. When machines; and corresponded with Desaguliers bread was kneaded in a family, a portion of it and S'Gravesande. He died in 1758. was set apart, and given to the priest or Levite FISCHER (John Christian), an eminent musiwho dwelt in the place: if there was no priest cian and performer on the hautbois, was born or Levite there, it was cast into the oven, and at Fribourg. After visiting several courts, he consumed by the fire. These offerings made a settled in England, were he was much admired considerable part of the revenues of the Hebrew for his skill in playing and composition. He priesthood.

died in 1800. First-Fruits are frequently mentioned by Fischer (John Frederic), a celebrated Gerancient Christian writers as one part of the man scholar and editor, was born at Coburg in church revenue. One of the councils of Car- 1726, and studied in the gymnasium there; prothage enjoined, that they should consist only of ceeding afterwards to the university of Leipsic grapes and corn.

His first publication was a Dissertation on the FIRST-Fruits, in the church of England, are Altar of Peace. In 1751 he was chosen co-recthe profits of every spiritual benefice for the first tor of the school of St. Thomas, Leipsic, of which year, according to the valuation thereof in the he subsequently became rector. He died Ocking's books.

tober 11th, 1799. His labors as an author and First Sight ISLAND, one of the Solomon an editor were very considerable, including Reislands, in the South Pacific, first discovered in marks on the Greek Grammar of Weller; edi1769, by M. Surville. There is a small creek tions of the Dictionary of the New Testament on the north coast, and islets and coral banks by Pasor, the Lexicons of Moeris and Timæus, round the island. It is uninhabited and covered the works of Anacreon, Theophrastus, the Diawith fruit trees. Parrots and many other birds logues of Plato, and several other Greek and were seen. Long. 149° 10' E., lat. 7° 15' S. Latin authors.

FISC, fiscus, from peokoç, Gr. a great basket, FISCI Advocati, and Fisci PROCURATORES, in the civil law, the treasury of a prince or officers appointed for the management of the in any way. A fish

fisc. Among the cases enumerated in the con

Here comes Romeo, stitutions of the empire, where it was their busi

-Without his roe, like a dried herring : ness to plead, one is against those who have O fesh, flesh, how art thou fishified ! been condemned to pay a fine to the fisc

Shakspeare, on account of their litigiousness or frivolous

May pure contents

For ever pitch their tents appeals.

Upon these downs, these meads, these rocks, these FISH, n. s., v. n. & v. a.) Sax. fisc; Teut.

mountains, FISH'ER, | fisch; Belg. visch ;

And peace still slumber by these purling fountains' FISH'ER-BOAT,

Goth. and Danish, Which we may every year. Fish'ER-MAN,

fisk; French pêche; Find when we come a fishing here. Raleigh. FISH'ER-TOWN,

Ital. pesche ; Latin,

It is walled and guarded with the ocean, most com. FISH'ERY,

piscis, from Greek, modious for traffick to all parts of the world, and Fish'ful, adj.

www, hivw, to drink. watered with pleasant fishful, and navigable rivers, Fish'-HOOK, n. s. Ainsworth. An ani

Camden's Remaitu. Fisi'ify, v. a.

mal that inhabits Others of them, in that time, burned that fisher. Fish'LING, n. s.

water; the flesh of town Mousehole. Carew's Survey of Cornwall. Fis'-KETTLE,

fish. As a verb neu- Thus mean in state, and calm in sprite, FISH'LIKF, adj. ter, to be employed My fishful pond is my delight.

Careu. Fish-MFAL, n. s. in catching fish; to I fear to play the fishmonger : and yet so large a FISH'-MONGER, lure. As an active commodity may not pass in silence,

Id. Fish'-POND,

verb, to search wa- No fisher lets down an empty hook, but cloathed Fish'-SPEAK, ter for fish; to search with a proper and pleasing bait.

Bp. Hall. Fish'-WIFE,

Lest he should suspect it, draw it from him, Fish'-WOMAN, er-town, is a town As fishers do the bait, to make him follow it.

Denhar. Fisu'y, adj.

inhabited chiefly by fishermen and their families. To fishify is to

And now the fish ignoble fates escape,

Since Venus owed her safety to their shape. convert into fish, or the likeness or taste of fish.

Creech. A fish-meal is a diet of fish, or abstemious diet.

Lime in Dorsetsbire, a little fishertown. A fish-wife and fish-woman, a woman that sells

Clarendon. fish. Fishy, consisting or having the qualities We mortify ourselves with the diet of fish, and of, or inhabited by, fish. The other compounds think we fare coarsely if we abstain from the flesh of the extracts explain.

other animals.

Browne. Therfore who of you axith his fadir breed, wher he Few eyes have escaped the picture of mermaids, schal geue him a stoon? or if he axith fyssche, whe- that is, according to Horace, a monster with a woman's ther be schal gyue him a serpent for the fyssche ?

head above, and fishy extremity below.

Id. Wiclif. Luk. xi. At length two monsters of unequal size, Canst thou fill his skin with barbed irons ? or his Hard by the shore, a fisherman espies. Waller. head with fish-spears ? Lay thine hand upon him, Do scales and fins bear price to this excess ; remember the battle, do no more. Job xli. 7, 8.

You might have bought the fishermen for less. Lo in this ponde be fyshe and frogges both.

Dryden. Cast in your nette : but be you liefe or lothe,

The surgeon left the fishmonger to determine the Hold you content as fortune lyst assyne :

controversy between him and the pike. L'Estrange. For it is your owne fy:hyng and not myne.

Sir T. More.

There are fishes, that have wings, that are not Somer is come, for every spray now springes,

strangers to the airy region ; and there are some The hart hath hunge his olde head on the pale,

birds that are inhabitants of the water, whose blood is The bucke in brake his winter coate he flynges;

as cold as fishes ; and their flesh is so like in taste, The fishes flete with newe repayred scale. Surry.

that the scrupulous are allowed them on fish-days.

Locke, We know that town is but with fishers fraught, Where Theseus governed and where Plato taught.

Fish-ponds are no small improvement of watery Sandys. boggy lands.

Mortimer's Husbandry. There also would be planted a good town, having A sharp point, bended upward and backward, like both a good haven and a plentiful fishing. Spenser. a fish-hook.

Grew's Moueun. I heard it of a fishwife. Beaumont and Fletcher, It is probable that the way of embalming amongst

He smells like a fish, a very ancient and fishlike the Egyptians was by boiling the body in a long smell.

Shakspeare. Tempest. cauldron like a fish-kettle, in some kind of liquid bal. While others fish with craft for great opinion,

Id, I with great truth catch mere simplicity. Id. The king went down to a miserable fisher-boat that I fight when I cannot chuse, and I eat no fish. Hales had provided.

Burnet. Id. King Lear. We shall have plenty of mackerel this season ; our The beasts, the fishes, and the winged fowls, fishery will not be disturbed by privateers. Are their male subjects. Id. Comedy of Errors.

Addison. In our sight the three were taken up,

Fish-ponds were made where former forests grew, By fishermen of Corinth, as we thought:

And hills were levelled to extend the view. Prior. At length another seized on us, And would have reft the fishers of their prey,

After the great value the Romans put upon fishes,

it will not appear incredible that C. Hirrius should Had not they been very slow of sail.


sell his fish-ponds for quadragies H. S. £32,291 13x. 4d.

Arbuthnot. How fearful And dizzy 'tis to cast one's eyes so low!

Thin drink doth overcool their blood, and making The fishermen that walk upon the beach many fish-meals, they fall into a kind of male green. Appear like mice. Id. King Lear. sickness.




Oft, as he fished her nether realms for wit, ii receives so much of the pitch as will stick The goddess favoured him, and favours yet. round it; then strowing some finely powdered

Pope. amber over the pitch when growing cold, adding A soldier now he with his coat appears ; a mixture of three pounds of linseed oil and one A fisher now, his trembling angle bears.

of oil of turpentine, covering the vessel, and My absent mates

boiling them for an hour over a gentle fire, and Bait the barbed steel, and from the fishy food Appease the' afflictive fierce desire of food.

grinding the mixture, as it is wanted, with so

Id. Some have fished the very jakes for papers left there much pamice stone in fine powder as will reby men of wit.


duce it to the consistence of paint. The fish I would not take one of these as my arbitrator in a being wiped dry, the mixture is spread upon it; dispute for so much as a fish-pond ;-for if he reserved and the gold leaf being then laid on and gently the mud to me, he would be sure to give the water pressed down, the fish may be immediately put that fed the pool to my adversary.

Burke. into water again, without any danger of the gold Meanwhile, I had formerly been extremely fond coming off, for the matter quickly

grows hard in of fish; and, wben one of these cod was taken out water. of the frying-pan, I thought its flavour delicious.


Franklin. Pope's imitation of Spenser is the description of who studied at Oxford, removed in 1525 to Gray's

Fisu (Simon), a lawyer, born in Kent, and an alley of fishwomen.


Inn, London. Having here acted a part in a Fisa, in a ship, a plank or piece of timber, play intended to ridicule cardinal Wolsey, he fastened to a ship's mast or yard, to strengthen incurred that minister's resentment, and Aled to it; which is done by nailing it on with iron Germany, where he wrote The Supplication of spikes, and winding ropes hard about them. the Beggars, a Satire upon the Romish Clergy,

Frsues, in heraldry, are the emblems of which was answered by Sir Thomas More's Supsilence and watchfulness ; and are borne either plication of Souls. Henry VIII., however, was upright, imbowed, extended, endorsed respect- so pleased with the wit of Fish, that he granted ing each other, surmounting one another, fretted, him his protection. He died in 1531. &c. In blazoning fishes, those borne feeding, Fish RIVER (Great), a river of Southern should be termed devouring; all fishes borne up- Africa, which rises in the Sneuwberg Mountains, right and having fins, should be blazoned hauri- and falls into the Indian Sea. Long. 27° 20' E., ant; and those borne transverse the escutcheon, lat. 33° 30'S. must be termed naiant.

Fish River, a river of West Florida, which Fishes, in natural history, form the fourth class runs into Mobile Bay. Long. 87° 50' W., lat. of animals in the Linnæan system. Their most 30° 30' N. general or popular division is into fresh and salt FISHACRE, or FIZACRE (Richard), a learned water ones. A few species only swim up into Dominican of the thirteenth century, was a the rivers to deposit their spawn; but by far the native of Devonshire, and educated at Oxford. greatest number keep in the sea, and would soon He was the intimate friend of Robert Bacon, expire in fresh water. There are about 400 and celebrated for his knowledge in philosophy species of fishes (according to Linnæus), of and divinity. He died in 1248. His works which we know something; but the unknown were very numerous. ones are supposed to be many more; and, as FISHBORN CREEK, a river on the north side they are thought to lie in great depths of the of the isle of Wight, which runs into the sea. sea remote from land, it is probable that many Long. 1° 4' W., lat. 50° 44' N. species will remain for ever unknown. For the FISHER (John), D.D. was born at Beverly subdivisions, characters, and natural history of in Yorkshire, in "1459, and educated in that this class of animals, see IchthyOLOGY. Lin- place. In 1484 he removed to Michael-house, næus's method of preserving fish for cabinets Cambridge, of which college he was elected is to expose them to the air; and, when they master in 1495. Having studied divinity, he acquire such a degree of putrefaction that the took orders; and, becoming eminent as a divine, skin loses its cohesion to the body of the fish, it attracted the notice of Margaret, countess of may be slid off almost like a glove; the two Richmond, mother of Henry VII., who made sides of this skin may then be dried upon paper him her chaplain and confessor. In 1501 he like a plant, or one of the sides may be filled took the degree of D.D. and was elected chanwith plaster of Paris to give the subject a due cellor of the university. In 1504 he was conplumpness. A fish may be prepared, after it secrated bishop of Rochester; which small has acquired this degree of putrefaction, by bishopric he would never resign, though he was making a longitudinal incision on the belly, and offered both Ely and Lincoln. The founding of carefully dissecting the fleshy part from the skin, the two colleges of Christ Church, and St. John's, which is but slightly attached to it in conse- in Cambridge, was entirely owing to his influquence of the putrescency. The skin is then to ence with the countess of Richmond. On the be filled with cotton and the antiseptic powder promulgation of Luther's doctrine, he exerted as directed for birds; and to be sewed up where all his influence against it, and is supposed to the incision was made. In the posthumous have written the famous work for which Henry papers of Mr. Hooke, a method is described of VIII. obtained the title of Defender of the gilding live craw-fish, carps, &c., without in- Faith. But in 1527, opposing his divorce, and juring the fish. The cement for this purpose is denying his supremacy, the implacable tyrant prepared, by putting some Burgundy pitch into determined, and finally effected, his destruction. a new earthen pot, and warming the vessel till In 1534 the parliament found him guilty of misprision of treason, for concealing certain a space, till such time as one was sent before to prophetic speeches of a fanatical impostor, called know in what readinesse the sheriffs were to the holy maid of Kent, relative to the king's receive him ; during which space he rose out of death, and condemned him, and five others, in his chaire, and standing on his feet leaned his loss of goods and imprisonment, but he was re- shoulders to the wall, and lifting up his eyes leased on paying £300 for the king's use. But towards heaven, opened his little book in his on the king's marriage with Anne Boleyn, having hand, and said, : 0) Lord, this is the last time refused to take the oath of allegiance, alleging that ever I shall open this book ; let some comthat he was not convinced that the king's first fortable place now chance unto me, whereby I marriaye was against the law of God, he was thy poore servant may glorifie thee in this my attainted by the parliament of 1534, and com- last houre;' and with that looking into the book, mitted to the Tower, where he would probably the first thing that came to his sight were these lave been suffered to close his life, had Dot Pope words, “ Hæc est autem vita æterna, ut cognosPaul III. created this zealous adherent to his cant te, solum verum Deum, et quem misisti cause a member of the college of cardinals. Jesum Christum. Ego te glorificavi super Henry on hearing that Fisher intended to accept terram, opus consummavi quod dedisti mihi ut of the dignity, exclaimed in a rage, “ Yea, is he faciam : et nunc clarifica tu me, Pater, apud so lusty ? well, let the pope send him a hat when temetipsum claritate quam habui priusquam, he will, he shall wear it on his shoulders, for I &c.;' and with that he shut the book together, will leave him never a head to set it on.' In and said, “ Here is even learning enough for me pursuance of this bloody intention the king sent to my life's end.' And so the sheriffs being Rich the solicitor-general, under pretence of ready for him, he was taken up again among consulting the bishop on a case of conscience, certain of the sheriffs' men, with a new and but really with a design to draw him into a con- much greater company of weapons than was versation concerning the supremacy. The before, and carried to the scaffold on the Tower honest old bishop spoke his mind without hill, otherwise called East Smithfield, himselfe reserve, and an indictment and conviction of praying all the way, and recording upon the high treason was the consequence. He was words which he before had read; and when he beheaded on Tower hill on the 22nd June 1535, was come to the foot of the scaffold, they that in the seventy-seventh year of his age. He carried him offered to help him up the staires ; wrote several treatises against Luther, and other but then said he, “ Nay, masters, seeing I am works, which were printed at Wurtzburgh, in come so farre, let me alone, and ye shall see me 1597, in 1 vol. folio. An interesting picture of shift for myself well enough ;' and so went up the character of this prelate and his times is the staires without any helpe, so lively, that it presented in the following ancient narrative of was merveile to them that knew before of his his execution :—- About nine of the clock, the debility and weaknes: *. But as he was mountLieutenant came againe to the bishop, and, find- ing up the staires, the south-east sun was shining ing him almost ready, said that he was come now very bright in his face, whereupon he said to for him; I will wait upon you straight,” said himselfe these words, lifting up his hands, he, as fast as this thin body of mine will give • Accedite ad eum, et illuminamini, et facies me leave.' Then said he to his man, “ Reach vestra non confundetur,' By that time he was me my furred tippet to put about my neck. upon the scaffold it was about ten of the clock, “O my lord,' said the lieutenant, “what need where the executioner being ready to do his you be so careful for your health for this little office, kneeled down to him, as the fashion is, time, being, as yourself knoweth, not much and asked him forgivenesse : 'I forgive thee,' above an hour ?' ** I think no otherwise,' said said he, ' with all my heart, and I trust thou this blessed father; ' but yet in the mean time I shalt see me overcome this storm lustily.' Then will keep myselfe as well as I can, till the very was his gown and tippet taken from him, and time of my execution; for I tell you truth, he stood in his doublet and hose in sight of all though I have, I thank our Lord, a very good the people, whereof was no small number asdesire and a willing minde to die at this time, sembled to see his execution. There was to be and so trust of his infinite mercy and goodnesse seen a long, lean, and slender body, having on he will continue it, yet will I not willingly hinder it little other substance besides skin and bones, my health in the mean time, one minute of an insomuch, as most of the beholders merveiled to houre, but still prolong the same as long as I see a living man so farre consumed, for he can, by such reasonable waies and meanes as seemed a very image of death, and as it were Almighty God hath provided for me.' With death in a man's shape, using a man's voice; that, taking a little book in his hand, which was and therefore it was thought the king was somea New Testament lying by him, he made a thing cruell to put such a man to death being so crosse on his forehead, and went out of his neere his end, and to kill that which was dying prison doore with the lieutenant, being so weak already, except it were for pity's sake to rid him that he was scarce able to go downe staires; of his pain. "When the innocent and holy man wherefore, at the staires foot he was taken up in was some time upon the scaffold, he spake to a chaire between two of the lieutenant's men, the people in effect as followeth :- Christian and carried to the Tower gate, with a great num- people, "I am come hither to die for the faith of ber of weapons about him, to be delivered to the Christ's holy Catholique Church ; and I thank sheriffs of Londoa for execution. And as they God hitherto my stomack hath served me very were come to the uttermost precinct of the well thereunto, so that yet I have not feared liberty of the Tower, they rested there with him death ; wherefore I desire you all to help and

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