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out of it. These vessels are partly employed in I have dreamed and slept above some fifteen year foreign trade with Russia and the ports on the and more. Shakspeare. Taming of the Shrez. Baltic, but chienly in the coasting trade. The Afifteenth part of silver incorporate with gold, exports are the manufactures already mentioned, not be recovered by any water of separatioa, escre! with coal, lime, and grain of all sorts; and the you put a greater quantity of silver to dras up the imports from foreign parts, timber, bark, hides, less.

Bacon's Net. Hiday. and tallow, flax and flax-seed, hemp, tar, iron,

ox.seed hemptor iron London sends but four burgesses to parliament, &c. : and coastwise, groceries, and other articles though it bear the fifteenih part of the charge of the for home consumption. Fifeshire contains thir- whole nation in all public taxes and levies.

Graunt's Bills of Mortality. teen royal boroughs, which still possess parliamentary representations : viz. Cupar, St. An

Towards the end of the fifteenth century, and be drews, Inverkeithing, Dunfermline, Burntisland, gir

sland ginning of the sixteenth, all the princes of Earge Kinghorn, Kirkaldy, Dysart. Pittenweem. An attacked, as if by concert, the power of their pobles. struther Wester and Easter, Kitrenny, and

Robertson's History of Sara

FIFTI. adi. Sax. picta. Crail: besides several which have lost that pri

The ordin

FLETL'LY, adv. 1 of five; the next to Be vilege, from their being unable to bear the ex

fourth.
for

Note: all our ordinals are taken eller pense of sending a commissioner to the Scottish tically for the part of which they express: asa tifth parliament; but which yet retain all their other privileges; such are Auchtermuchty, Strath

a fifth part; a third, a third part, &c. mniglo, Newburgh, Falkland, Kilconquhar, Elie. Fifthly, living creatures have a more exact igen Earls-ferry, &c. These are joined with burghs than plants.

Bacon's Nat, Hisar belonging to other counties; Cupar and St.

With smiling aspect you serenely move, Andrews, with Dundee, Perth, and Forfar; and

In your fifth orb, and rule the realm of love.

Dry Dunfermline and Inverkeithing, with Stirling,

Just as I wished the lots were cast on fou, Culross, and Queensferry. Fifeshire thus sends

Myself the fifth.

Pope's Odgur three members to parliament, one for the county The publick shall have lost four fifths of its assa and two for its burghs; besides that the latter income for ever. have a share in the election of two members

Firth MONARCHY MEN, a set of fanatical Le more. None of these towns are now considerable, Dunfermline excepted, which is a thriving

vellers, who arose in the time of Cromwell, and place. See DUNFERMLINE. Packets and ferry

who supposed the period of the Millenium to le boats ply regularly across the Forth from several

just at hand, when Jesus Christ should desse : places in this county ; but the great thorough

from heaven, and erect the fifth universal the fares are between Leith and kin horn, or Petty

" narchy! Acting under this illusion, these enthecur, and between Queensferry and Inverkeithing,

io siasts actually proceeded to the length of * or the North Ferry. Vestiges of royal splendor

claiming Jesus Christ king at London: bil are still visible at St. Andrews, Dunfermline,

Oliver soon dispersed them, and put an end to Falkland, and Kinghorn, and various monastic

their visionary monarchy. See GREAT BRITAIN. remains are scattered throughout the county.

FI'FTY, adj. 7 Sax. fiftig, fifteogoda. Fire Among the most remarkable are the ruins of St. Fi'FIIETH. Stens: the ordinal of fifty. Regulus's chapel and tower, at St. Andrews, Thanne the Jewis seiden to him thou hast not le said to have been built in the fourth century; fifti yeer, and last thou seyen Abraham. the cathedral at the same place, founded in

Wiclif. Jos Fil. 1161 ; the abbey of Dunfermline, remarkable for Judas ordained captains over thousands, hundreub, its being a royal cemetery, where the remains of fifties, and tens.

Mac. iü. 55. Robert Bruce were lately discovered and re- A withered hermit, five-score Winters worn, interred with becoming solemnity. To the Might shake off fifty looking in her eye. county also belong the small islands of May

Shakspeart. and Inchgarvie. There is a great number of

Be then desired elegant seats in the county, of which ten belong

Of fifty to disquantity your train ; to eight peers, and seven to baronets, besides

And the remainders, that shall still depend, more than seventy to other proprietors.

To such men as may besort your age.
It is

Bl. divided into sixty-one parochial districts, having

If this medium be rarer within the sun's body tbaa one full synod, and four presbytery seats within

at its surface, and rarer there than at the hnedre le itself. Fife affords an Irish title of ear to the part of an inch from its body, and rarer there than a Duffs of Braco, the descendants of the ancient i

the fiftieth part of an inch from its body, and raret

there than at the orb of Saturn, I see no reason wby Thanes of Fife. Cupar is the county town.

the increase of density should stop any where FIFE-RAILS, in a ship, are those placed on

Newton's Optics banisters, on cach side of the top of the poop, In the Hebrew there is a particle consisting bete and so along with hauncers or falls. They reach one letter, of which there are reckoned up above alty down to the quarter-deck, and to the stair of the several significations.

Los. gang-way.

FIG, v. Q. See Fico. To insult with fors FIFTEEN, adj. 1 Sax. förtyne, firteota. or contemptuous motions of the fingers; to de

FIF’TEENTII. S Five and ten : fifteenth is fude. tie ordinal of fifteen; the fifth after the tenth ; . When Pistol lies, do this, and fig me like containing one part in fifteen.

The bragging Spaniard. Shakspeare. Henry IT. And Bethanye was besides Jerusalem, as it were Away to the sow she goes, and figs her in th: fiftene furlongis. Wiclif. Jun xi. crown with another story.

L'Estrana

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ch gaderin ac gaderin

I maketh fige

Fig, n. s.

Sax. fic; Fr. figue ; Ital. substantives, fight and fighting are battle or comFIG'APPLE,

1 and Span. figo; Teut. feig; bat of any kind; contention : fight is particuFIG'GNAT,

| Lat. ficus ; Heb. JD. See larly used for a screen of the combatants in ships. FIG LEAF,

(Ficus. The tree which the stars in their courses fought against Sisera. FIGʻMARIGOLD, bears figs; the fruit of the

Judges, Fig'wORT. ficus. The fig-apple Mor An host of fighting men went out to war oy bands.

2 Chron. timer defines in the extract. The fig-gnat is a species of culex.

Jer Fig-leaf, the leaf of the ficus,

Ye fight with the Chaldeans.

At mortal battails had he ben fiftcne, and metaphorically any flimsy, imperfect cover

And foughtin for our feith at Tramcsene, ing. Fig-marigold, a plant-see the extract. Fig

In listis thrys, and alwey slein his fo. Chaucer. wort, a plant also called SCROPUU LARIA, which

For nothing is more blameful to a knight, see.

That court'sie doth as well as armnes professe, Every tree is knowen of his fruyt, and men gaderin However strong and fortunate in fight, not figis of thornes : nether men gaderin a grape of a Then the reproach of pride or cruelnesse. buysch of brieris. Wiclif. Luk. vi.

Spenser's Faerie Queene. It maketh figs better, if a fig-tree, when it beginneth

The poor wren, to put forth leaves, have his top cut off.

The most diminutive of birds, will fight,
Bacon's Natural History.

The young ones in her nest, against the owl.
A figapple hath no core or kernel, in these resem.

Shakspeare. Macbeth. bling a hig, and differing from other apples.

Fierce fiery warriors fight upon the clouds
Mortimer's Husbandry.

Io ranks and squadrons, and right form of war, What pitiful figleaves! What senseless and ridicu.

Shakspeare. lous shifts are these!

Lowth.

I will return again into the house, and desire some Pigs are great subduers of acrimony. Arbuthnot. conduct of the lady : I am no fighter.

Id. Full on its crown a fig's green branches rise,

Richard, that robbed the lion of his heart, nd shoot a leafy forest to the skies.

Pope's Odyssey

And fought the holy wars in Palestine,

By this brave duke came early to his grave. Id.
Or lead me through the maze,
Embowering endless of the Indian fig.

Here might be seen a great difference between men

T'homson. practised to fight, and men accustomed only to spoil. Pigmarigold is succulent, and has the appearance

Hayward. of houseleek; the leaves grow opposite by pairs. The hot and cold, the dry and humid fight. Miller.

Sandys. Will not wounding the branch of a pear-tree, which

Gabriel, lead forth to battle these my sons. is too vigorous, prevent the blossoms from falling off;

Invincible, lead forth my armed saints, as from some fig-trees the fruit is said to fall off unless By thousands and by millions ranged for fight.

Milton. they are wounded by caprification ?

Darwin. Fig, or FIG-TREE. See Ficus. Figs are

On the foughten field

Michael and his angels prevalent a considerable article in the materia medica,

Encamping, placed in guard their watches round chiefly employed in emollient cataplasms and

Cherubick waving fires. Id. Paradise Lost. pectoral decoctions. The best are those which

Himself alone an equal match he boasts, come from Turkey. Many are also brought from

To fight the Phrygian and the Ausonian hosts. the south of France, where they prepare them in

Dryden's Æneid. the following manner :-The fruit is first dipped

Herilus in single fight I slew, in scalding hot lie made of the ashes of the fig Whom with three lives Feronia did endue ; tree, and then dried in the sun. Hence these And thrice I sent him to the Stygian shore, figs stick to the hands, and scour them like lixi "Till the last ebbing soul returned no more. vial salts: and for the the same reason they ex

Dryden. cite to stool, without griping. They are mode Who ever saw a noble sight, rately nutrimental, grateful to the stomach, and

That never viewed a brave sea fight! easier to digest than any other of the sweet-fruits

Hang up your bloody colours in the air, They have been said to produce lice, when eaten

Up with your fights and your nettings prepare.

Id. as a common food; but this is entirely without

0, 'tis the coldest youth upon a charge, foundation.

The most deliberate fighter. Id. All for Love. FIGHIG, a town and district of Africa, in the country of Sigilmessa, to the south of the greater

For her confederate nations fought, and kings were

slain, Atlas and included within the dominions of the Troy was o'erthrown, and a whole empire fell. emperor of Morocco. A fine woollen cloth is

Philips. manufactured here ; and the place is a consider

Greatly unfortunate, he fights the cause able rendezvous for the Mecca and Tombuctoo Of honour, virtue, liberty, and Rome. Addison. caravans. 240 miles E. S. E. of Mequinez.

In fighting fields as far the spear I throw, FIGIIT, v. n., v. a. & n. s. Sax. feoh

As flies the arrow from the well-drawn bow. FIGHT'ER, Stan; Gothic,

Pope. FIGHT'ING, part. adj., & n. s. ) vigan, figta; The common question is, if we must now surrender Swed. fecta, fegd (war); Teut. fechten; all, as Spain, what have we been fighting for all this while ? Mr. Thomson thinks, from the Goth. eiga, to The answer is ready : we have been fighting for the contend. To combat in battle; to war; make ruin of the publick interest, and the advancement of war; contend in arms; contend generally; tak- a private.

Swift. ing both with and against before the party op- While chairs and slavery were the certain lot of posed: as an active verb, to war against : as the conquered, battles were fought, and towns delended with a race and obstinacy, which nothing but finger are both names of the contemptible race horror at such a fale could have inspired.

of astrologers. Robertson's Sermon,

Who was the figure of him that is to come. And when they smiled because he deemed it near,

Romans, His heart more truly knew that peal too well

Arachne figured how Jove did abuse Which stretched his father on a bloody bier,

Europa like a bull, and on his back And roused the vengeance blood alone could quell:

Her through the sea did bear; so lively seen, He rushed into the field, and, foremost fighting, fell.

That it true sea, and true bull ye would ween. Byron.

Spenser. FIGʻMENT, Lat. figmentum. A fiction; in When sacraments are said to be visible signs of invention; feigned notion.

visible grace, we thereby conceive how grace is inUpon the like crounds was raised the figment of deed the very end for which these heavenly mysteries Briareus, who, dwelling in a city called Hecaton- were instituted : and the matter whereof they consist chicia, the fancies of those times assigned him an is such as signifieth, figureth, and representeth their hundred hands.

Browne.
end.

Hooker,

We do not know what's brought to pass under the Those assertions are in truth the figments of those idle brains that brought romances into church history,

profession of fortunetelling; she works by charms, Bishop Lloyd.

• by spells, by the figure, and daubry beyond our elee ment.

Shakspeare. Jo carried rather an appearance of figment and in- He hath borne himself beyond the promise of his vention, in those that handed down the memory of age, doing in the figure of a lamb the feats of a lion. it, ihan of truth and reality. Woodward.

Id. FIGUERAS, a town of Catalonia, situated in Hearts, tongues, figures, scribes, bards, poets cannot the middle of a plain near the French frontier. Think, speak, cast, write, sing, number It has a spacious square, with a piazza and wide His love to Antony. Id. Antony and Cleopatra. ill-built streets. In the vicinity is a strong castle Three glorious suns, each one a perfect sun; erected on an eminence at an immense cost. in In this the heaven figures some event. the middle of the eighteenth century. The ap

Shakspeare. proaches are all undermined, and every building

Silken terms precise is bomb proof. This important fortress was de

Three piled hyperboles, spruce affectation,

Figures pedantical, these Summer flies livered over to the French in 1808, but surprised

Have blown me full of maggot ostantation. Id. by the insurgent Spaniards in the night of 10th

There is a history in all men's lives, April 1811. The French garrison were made

Figuring the nature of the times deceased. Id. prisuners without firing a shot; but the place being besieged anew was compelled to surren

I'll give my jewels for a set of beads, der on 19th August, for want of provisions. Po

My gorgeous palace for a hermitage,

My gay apparel for an almsman's gown, pulation 4600. Twenty miles north of Gerona,

My figured goblets for a dish of wood. Id. and twenty-five south of Perpignan.

He that seeketh to be eminent amongst able men, FIGʻURE, n. s., v. a. & v. n. Fr. figure; hath a great task; but that is ever good for the pubFigʻURABLE, adj.

| It. Span. Port. lick: but he that plots to be the only figure among FIGURABILITY, n. S.

and Lat. figu- cyphers, is the decay of a whole age. Bacon. Fig'ural, adj.

ra à fingo, to Flowers have all exquisite figures, and the lower FIG'URATE,

| make. Form ; numbers are chiefly five and four : as in primroses, FIGURATION, n. $.

shape; outline; briar-roses, single muskroses, single pinks and gilliFIGURATIVE, adj.

appearance: flowers, which have five leaves ; lilies, flowerdelaces, FIG'URATIVELY, adv.

applied inten- borage, bugloss, which have four leaves. Id. FIG'URE-CASTER, N. S.

Trees and herbs, in the growing forth of their FIG'URE-FLINGER.

J markable ap- boughs and branches, are not figured, and keep no pearance; eminence; numerical characters; repre order. sentations of the human form; statues ; also to The differences of impressible and not impressible, the combination of figures in an astrological figurable and not figurable, scissable and not scissable, horoscope; to theological types and representa- are plebeian notions. tions; and in rhetoric to various modes of Plants are all figurate and determinate, which inspeaking which depart from the literal and prin animate bodies are not ; for look how far the spirit mitive sense of words. See FIGURE, in rhetoric. is able to spread and continue itself, so far goetla below.

Id. To figure is to mould: form into shape the shape or figure, and then is determined. represent in any way; to cover, adorn, or diver: Neither doth the wind, as far as it carrieth a voice,

with figures: to form figuratively.'to express with motion thereof confound any of the delicate and umerical or other characters.ad vorh nor articulate figurations of the air in variety of words.

Id. Natural History. ter to make a figure. Figurable is capable of

Marriage rings are not of this stuff : receiving and retaining forms: figurability, the only

Oh! why should ought less precious or less tough corresponding substantive: figural, represented Figure our loves?

Donne by figure or delineation: figurate, of a determi

He set a figure to discover nate form, or resembling a determinate form: If you were fled to Rye or Dover. Hudibras. figuration, determination to, or the act of giving, As sins proceed, they ever multiply, and, like a particular form : figurative, not literal ; mean- figures in arithmetic, the last stands for more thar ing something else under the literal terms or re. all that went before it.

Sir T. Brotone. presentations used; changed by rhetorical figures Incongruities have been committed by geografrom the primitive meaning : figuratively is the phers in the figural resemblances of several regions. corresponding adverb. Figure-caster and figure

12

Id.

Men ind green clay that is soft as long as it is in Quacks, figure-fingers, pettifoggers, and republican the water, so that one may print on it all kinds of plotters cannot well live without it. Collier. figures, and give it what shape one pleases. Boyle. This is a figurative expression, where the words are

Here is a strange figure invented against the plain used in a different sense from what they signify in and natural sense of the words; for by praying to their first ordinary intention.

Rogers. bestow, must be understood only praying to pray. The custom of the apostle is figuratively to transfer

Stillingfileet. to himself, in the first person, what belongs to others. How often have we been railed at for understand

Hammond. ing words in a figurative sense, which can not be lite. Now marks the course of rolling orbs on high, rally understood without overthrowing the pla inest O'er figured world now travels with his eye. Pope. evidence of sense and reason.

d. The figure of a syllogism is the proper disposition The blue German shall the Tigris drink,

of the middle term with the parts of the question. Ere I, forsaking gratitude and truth,

Watts's Logick. orget the figure of that godlike youth. Dryden. If it be his chief end in it to grow rich, that he may While fortune favoured while his arms support live in figure and indulgence, and be able to retire The cause, and ruled the counsels of the court, from business to idleness and hurry, his trade, as to I made some figure there ; nor was my name

him, loses all its innocency:

Law. Obscure, nor I without my share of fame. Id. I grant you che periods are very well turned : so,

In the principal figures of a picture the painter is a fresh egg is a very good thing ; but when thrown to employ the sinews of his art; for in them consists at a man in a pillory it does not at all improve his the principal beauty of his work.

Id. figure, not to mention the irreparable loss of the cgg. Each thought was visible that rolled within,

Burns. As thro' a crystal glass the figured hours arc seen. SIR ANTH. And it is my wish, while yet I live, to

Id. have my boy make some figure in the world. I have Sablime subjects ought to be adorned with the resolved, therefore, to fix you at once in a noble insublimest and with the most figurative expressions. dependence.

Sheridan. Id. Juvenal, Preface. There's one, though tall and stiffer than a pike, Satyr is a kind of poetry in which human vices Yet has a sentimental kind of air are reprehended, partly dramatically, partly simply; Which might go far, but she don't dance with bat, for the most part, figuratively and occultly.

vigour;

Id. Dedication. The more's the pity, with her face and figure. Figure-flingers and star-gazers pretend to foretell

Byron. the fortunes of kingdoms, and have no foresight in Like the figures on arras, that gloomily glare, what concerns themselves.

L'Estrange. Stirred by the breath of the wintry air, Figures are properly modifications of bodies ; for So seen by the dying lamp's fitful light, pure space is not any where terminated, nor can be :

Lifeless, but life-like, and awful to sight. whether there be or be not body in it, it is uniformly

Id. Siege of Corinth. continued.

Locke.

FIGURE, in logic, denotes a certain order and They have been taught rhetorick, but never taught disposition of the middle term in any syllogism. language; as if the names of the figures that embel Figures are fourfold. 1. When the middle term lished the discourse of those, who understood the art

is the subject of the major proposition, and the of speaking, were the very art and skill of speaking well.

8 predicate of the minor, we have what is called Figured and metaphorical expressions do well to the first figure. 2. When the middle term is the illustrate more abstruse and unfamiliar ideas, which predicate of both the premises, the syllogism is the mind is not yet thoroughly accustomed to. Id. said to be in the second figure. If the middle

As in accounts cyphers and figures pass for real term is the subject of the two premises, the cuing, so in human affairs words pass for things ther- syllogism is in the third figure. And lastly, by selves.

South's Sermou. making it the predicate of the major, and subject A good figure, or person, in man or woman, gives of the minor, we obtain syllogisms in the fourth eredit at first sight to the choice of either. Clarissa. figure. Each of these figures has a determinate

The emperor appears as a rising sun, and holds a number of moods, including all the possible globe in his hand to figure out the earth that is en- ways in which propositions differing in quantity lightened and actuated by his beams. Addison. or quality can be combined, according to any

Not a woman shall be unexplained that makes a disposition of the middle term, in order to arrive figure either as a maid, a wife, or a widow.

at a just conclusion. See Logic.

Id. Guardian. FİLACER, FILAZER or Filizer. Filizarius. I was charmed with the gracefulness of his figure Fr. file, filace ; from Lat. filum, a thread. An and delivery, as well as with his discourses.

officer of the court of common pleas, so called Addison

because he files those writs whereon he inakes Several statues, which seemod at a distance of the

out process. There are fourteen of those filazers whitest marble, were nothing else but so many figures in their several divisions and counties, and they in snow.

19. make forth all writs and processes upon original None that feels sensibly the decays of age, and his writs, issuing out of chancery, as well real, as life wearing off, can figure to himself those imaginary charms 'n riches and praise, that men are apt to do

personal and mixed, returnable in that court; in the warmth of their blood.

Temple.

and in actions merely personal, where the deIf love, alas. be pain, the pain I bear

fendants are returned summoned, they make No thought can figure, and no tongue declare.

out pones or attachments; which being returned

Prior and executed, if the defendant appears not, they My favourite books and pictures sell; make forth a distringas, and so ad infinitum, or Kindly throw in a little figure,

until he doth appear; if he be returned nihil, And set the price upon the bigger. Id. then process of capias infinite, &c. They enter all

Id.

appearances and special bails, upon any pro- these figures, and incommodes the reins, hips, cess made by them: and make the first scire &c. facias on special bails, writs of habeas corpus, FILANGIERI (Gretan), one of the few modistringas nuper vice comitem vel ballivum, and dern Neapolitan writers of eminence, was born all supersedeas's upon special bail : in real ac- in 1752, and destined, as the younger soa of a tions, writs of view, of grand and petit cape, of noble family, to the army. He however applied withernam, &c.; also writs of adjournment of a himself in 1774 to the study of the law, and proterm, in case of public disturbance, &c. An duced a tract, in which he defended a new enactorder of court, 14 Jac. I., first limited their pro- ment against the arbitrary decision of a judge. ceedings to all matters before appearance, and He soon after withdrew from public life, but in the prothonotaries to all after. The filazers of 1777 at the advice of his uncle, the archbishop of the common pleas have been officers of that Naples, entered into the service of the court, and court before the stat, 10 Hen. VI. c. 4., wherein was appointed gentleman of the bed-chamber they are mentioned: and in the king's hench, of and an officer in the royal corps of marine voluplater times, there have been filazers who make teers. In 1780 he published the first part of his out process upon original writs returnable in that great work on The Science of Legislation, the whole court, on actions in general.

of which was to be completed in seven books. FIL'AMENT, n. s.) Fr. filament ; Lat. fila- In the first he proposed to expound the general

FILA'ceous, adj. I menta. A slight or slen- rules of legislation; in the second, civil and ecoder thread : filaceous is thread-like, or composed nomical laws; in the third, criminal laws; in the of threads.

fourth, legislation as applied to education and They make cables of the bark of lime trees; it is

morals ; in the fifth, ecclesiastical laws; in the the stalk that maketh the filaceous matter commonly,

sixth, laws respecting property; and in the and sometimes the down that groweth above. seventh, laws relative to paternal authority and

Bacon's Natural History. domestic economy. Of this work the first four The lungs of consumptives have been consumed, books only appeared during the life of the author. notbing remaining but the ambient membrane, and a In 1783, having married a lady from Hungary number of withered veins and filaments. Harvey. who was governess to one of the princesses, he

Men that look no further than their outsides, think resigned his employments and resided for some health an appurtenance unto life, and quarrel with time in the country; but in March, 1787, was their constitutions for being sick; but I that have appointed to a place in the royal college of examined the parts of man, and know upon what ten- finance. He died suddenly while engaged in der filaments that fabric hangs, do wonder that we are

some extensive plans of improvement in the renot always so; and, considering the thousand doors

sources of the state, in July 1788. A part of that lead to death, to thank my God that we can die

the fifth book of his Science of Legislation was but once.

Sir T. Browne.

published in 1791, and attracted great public atThe ever-rolling orl's impulsive ray

tention, from the bold and original views, and On the next threads and filaments does bear, Which form the springy texture of the air;

the liberality of sentiment by which it is characAnd those still strike the next, 'till to the sight

terised. Several editions appeared in Italy, and The quick vibration propagates the light.

it was translated into the French, German, Eng

Blackmore. lish, and Spanish languages. The dung of horses is nothing but the filaments of FILBERT, n. s. A hazel nut. A corruption, the hay, and as such combustible. Arbuthnot. as Junius and Skinner think, of "full beard', from

FILANDERS, in entomology and falconry, the long beard or husk of this fruit. Dr. Johnare worms as small as thread, and about an inch son conjectures it may have been originally called long, that lie wrapt up in a thin skin or net, near after some proper name, like Filbert or Filibert. the reins of a hawk, apart from either gut or Mr. Horne Tooke reminds us of the following gorge. The malady is known by the hawk's curious passage in Gower's Amantis on the subpoverty; by her ruffling her tail; by straining ject of its etymology: the fist, or perch, with her pounces; and, lastly,

Upon a grene bongh by croaking in the night, when the filanders

A seynt of sylke, which she (Phillis) there had, prick her. The disease proceeds from bad food; She knit; and so herself she lad, and must be remedied early, to prevent its spread That she about her white severe ing over the whole body, and destroying the bird. It did, and henge hirselfe there. These worms must not be killed as others are, Whereof the goddes were amoved, for fear of imposthumes from their corruption, And Demophon was reproved, being incapable of passing away with the hawk's

That of the goddes' providence feces. They must only be stupified, to prevent

Was shape such an evidence their being offensive, by giving the hawk a clove

Ever afterwarde ayen the slowe,

That Phillis in the same throwe of garlic; after which she will feel nothing of

Was shape into a nutte tree, them for forty days. The falconer, when he

That all men it might see : observes the hawk poor and low, should give

And after Phillis Philberd her a clove of garlic once a month by way of This tree was cleped in the yerd: prevention.

And yet, for Demophon to shame, FILANDERS, in falconry, are also the name of Unto this day it beareth ihe name. another disease in hawks, &c., consisting of fila

Gouer. Confess. Amantis. ments or strings of blood coagulated; and In August comes fruit of all sorts; as plums, pears, occasioned by a violent rupture of some vein, apricots, barberries, filberts, muskmelons, monksboods by which the blood extravasating, hardens into of all colors.

Bacon's Essays.

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