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Art thou to break into this woman's mood,
Tying thine ear to no tongue but thine own!

Hot. Why, look you, I am whipp'd and scourged with rods,
Nettled, and stung with pismires, when I hear
Of this vile politician, Bolingbroke.

In Richard's time,-what do you call the place ?—

240

A plague upon it, it is in Gloucestershire;
'Twas where the madcap duke his uncle kept,
His uncle York; where I first bow'd my knee
Unto this king of smiles, this Bolingbroke,-
'Sblood!-

245

When you and he came back from Ravenspurgh. North. At Berkley-castle.

Hot. You say true:

Why, what a candy deal of courtesy

This fawning greyhound then did proffer me!

242. do you] de'ye Ff. Ff; begins line 248 Qq.

250

243. upon it] upon't Ff. 247. 'Sblood] omitted 251. candy] caudie Ff 1, 2; gandie Ff 3, 4.

support of it, to The Taming of the Shrew, II. i. 210-19. Wasp-tongue is almost certainly a misprint, the second syllable being caught from line 238; or the printer's ear may have been at fault.

240. Nettled] whipped with nettles. Beaumont and Fletcher, Philaster, ii; and Heywood, Loues Mistris, iv: "Venus. Ile whip you for't, with nettles steept in wine. Cupid. So you'l nettle mee, and I must smart for't." Cf. Dekker, Satiro-Mastix (Pearson, i. 232): "whipt them so with nettles."

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The epithet “madcap " may have been traditionary. Wright, however, suggests that it is only intended to be a part of Hotspur's random language.

244. kept] lived, as in 1 Henry VI. III. i. 47, and frequently elsewhere. 245. York] Edmund Langley, fifth son of Edward III.

245, 246. where I II. 11. iii. 41-50.

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.] See Richard

248. Ravenspurgh] A harbour, near Spurn Head, on the Yorkshire coast, where Henry IV. landed in 1399 on his return from exile. The place has since been submerged by the sea.

251. candy courtesy] deal of sugarcandy courtesy. Cf. The Return from Parnassus (Hazlitt's Dodsley, ix. 172): "give him some sugarcandy terms"; and Wily Beguiled (Hazlitt's Dodsley, ix. 285); "he speaks nothing but almond-butter and sugarcandy.' The epithet "candy" is transferred from "courtesy to "deal." Puttenham (Arte of English Poesie, iii. 22) in a paragraph devoted to "Your misplacing and preposterous placing of words," instances "A corall lippe of hew" for "A lippe of corall hew."

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252. fawning greyhound] So in Coriolanus, 1. vi. 38. The greyhound was formerly its master's chamber companion, and it is described by A. Fleming (Of English Dogs, 1576) as "being simply and absolutely, the best

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Look, "when his infant fortune came to age," And "gentle Harry Percy," and "kind cousin; O, the devil take such cozeners! God forgive me! 255 Good uncle, tell your tale; I have done. Wor. Nay, if you have not, to it again;

We will stay your leisure.

Hot.
I have done, i' faith.
Wor. Then once more to your Scottish prisoners.
Deliver them up without their ransom straight,
And make the Douglas' son your only mean
For powers in Scotland; which, for divers reasons
Which I shall send you written, be assured,
Will easily be granted. You, my lord,
Your son in Scotland being thus employ'd,
Shall secretly into the bosom creep

Of that same noble prelate, well beloved,
The archbishop.

Hot. Of York, is it not?

Wor. True; who bears hard

260

[To North.

265

His brother's death at Bristow, the Lord Scroop.

270

253. his] this Qq 3, 4. 256. I have] for I haue Ff. 257. to it] too 't or to 't Ff. 258. We will] Wee'l or We'l Ff. 258. i' faith] insooth Ff. 264. granted. You, my lord,] Thirlby conj., Theobald; granted you my Lord. Qq 1, 4; granted you, my Lord. Qq 2, 3, 5, 6, Ff. 264. To North.] Theobald. 269. is it] is 't Ff. 271. Bristow] Qq, Ff; Bristol Pope.

of the gentle kind of hounds" (Arber, English Garner, iii. 264). Grey conjectured spaniel for greyhound.

255. cozeners] cheats, deceivers, as in Merry Wives of Windsor, Iv. v. 67. Two derivations have been suggested, one from "cousin (cf. Cotgrave: "Cousiner. To claim kindred for advantage, or particular ends "), the other from It. cozzonare, "to play the horsebreaker or courser. Also, to play the craftie knaue " (Florio). A pun on "cousin" and 66 cozen occurs in Richard III. IV. iv. 222, and elsewhere. 261. the Douglas' son] See 1. i. 7072. The definite article designated the heads of distinguished Scottish families. In the border ballads the prefix is applied indiscriminately to Scottish and English leaders. So in Chevy Chase, ii. 25: "At last the Duglas and the Persè met." See also v. i. 116 post.

261. mean] means. Cf. Two Gentlemen of Verona, IV. iv. 113, and Drayton, England's Heroical Epistles, xv. 38:

"Make this a mean to raise the Nevils' Brood."

1262. For powers] for raising forces.

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266. into. creep] wind yourself into the confidence, into the counsels. So in Edwards, Damon and Pythias (Hazlitt's Dodsley, iv. 37): "When I spied my time . I crept into the king's bosom "; and Greene, James IV. 1. i. J. Howell, English Proverbs, 1659 (p. 16): "He is mealy-mouth'd, he will creep into your bosom.” 270, 271. who death] See Richard II. 111. ii. 142. Bears hard = takes ill, resents.

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271. His brother's... Scroop] This construction is not uncommon in M.E. See Chaucer, Boke of the Duchesse, 142: "Seys body the kyng," and ibid., 282: "The kynges metyng, Pharao." Also Towneley Plays, x: "hys fader sete, dauid."

271. Bristow] The reading of Qq and Ff. This form, which is not yet obsolete, is that found in Holinshed.

I speak not this in estimation,

As what I think might be, but what I know

Is ruminated, plotted and set down,

And only stays but to behold the face
Of that occasion that shall bring it on.

Hot. I smell it: upon my life, it will do well.
North. Before the game is afoot, thou still let'st slip.
Hot. Why, it cannot choose but be a noble plot :
And then the power of Scotland and of York,
To join with Mortimer, ha?

Wor.
And so they shall.
Hot. In faith, it is exceedingly well aim'd.
Wor. And 'tis no little reason bids us speed,
To save our heads by raising of a head;
For, bear ourselves as even as we can,
The king will always think him in our debt,
And think we think ourselves unsatisfied,
Till he hath found a time to pay us home:

1

275

280

285

wond'rous well as one
282. In faith] Infaith

277. well] wond'rous well Ff (reading Upon line). 278. game is] Qq 1-4; game's (gam's F 2) the rest. 281. ha?] Capell; ha! Rowe; ha!- Theobald; ha. Qq, Ff. Ff 1-3.

271. the Lord Scroop] William le Scrope, Earl of Wiltshire. He was the youngest son of Henry le Scrope, first Baron Scrope of Masham, and only brother to Sir Stephen Scrope. Shakespeare has followed Holinshed in the common error of making him a brother of the Archbishop of York. The Archbishop was the second son of Richard, Lord Scrope of Bolton.

272. in estimation] in supposition, conjecturally. New Eng. Dict. quotes Paston Letters (ed. 1872-5, i. 12), No. 4:"To the noumbre of four score and more by estimacioun." Cf. Massinger, The Guardian, III. v:—

"what you are Stands yet in supposition." 277. I smell it] So Lyly, Mother Bombie, 1. i: "I smell your deuice, it will be excellent"; and Brome, A Mad Couple well Match'd, Iv. iii: "This is some waggery plotted by my wife, I smell it."

278. still] constantly, as often in Shakespeare.

278. let'st slip]"To let slip" is to let a greyhound loose from the slip or leash by which he is held. Cf. Coriolanus, I.

vi. 39.

"The careful slipper," says Madden (Diary of Master William Silence, p. 173), "must keep back his hound, well knowing that by so doing he whets rather than disedges his appetite for the chase."

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284. save.. head] Perhaps a rem-
iniscence of Marlowe, Edward II. 1.
i:-

"Kent. . . . let these their heads
Preach upon poles.

War. O, our heads!

Y. Mor... our hands I hope

shall fence our heads . .
E. Mor. Wiltshire hath men
enough to save our heads."
Head an armed force, a force raised in
insurrection. Hazlitt's Dodsley, viii.
267: King. rebel lord! Art thou
again gathering another head."
285. bear
can] however dis-
creet our behaviour may be. So in
Henry V. 11. ii. 3.

us.

...

...

288. pay us home] pay us out, punish So Heywood, Fair Maid of the West, III. ii: "I paid him home: he's soundly mauled "; and Chettle, Englandes Mourning Garment (ed. Ingleby, p. 102).

And see already how he doth begin

To make us strangers to his looks of love. Hot. He does, he does: we'll be revenged on him. Wor. Cousin, farewell: no further go in this

290

Than I by letters shall direct your course.
When time is ripe, which will be suddenly,
I'll steal to Glendower and Lord Mortimer ;
Where you and Douglas and our powers at once,
As I will fashion it, shall happily meet,

To bear our fortunes in our own strong arms,
Which now we hold at much uncertainty.

295

North. Farewell, good brother: we shall thrive, I trust.
Hot. Uncle, adieu: O, let the hours be short

Till fields and blows and groans applaud our sport!

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300

[Exeunt.

293, 294. course. When .. suddenly,] Capell (subst.); course When . suddenly, QI; course. When suddenly: Qq 2-8, Ff 1-3; course; When suddenly, F 4, Rowe, Theobald. 295. Lord] Lo: Q1; to Q 8; loe, or lo, the rest. 301. the] omitted Ff 2-4. 302. groans] groues Qq

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7, 8.
302. Exeunt.] Exit. F.
294. suddenly] at once, immediately,
as in III. iii. 5 post; and Beaumont and
Fletcher, The Island Princess, III. iii:

"Your magazine's a-fire, sir; help, help suddenly!"

ACT II

SCENE I.-Rochester. An Inn Yard.

Enter a Carrier with a lantern in his hand.

First Car. Heigh-ho! an it be not four by the day, I'll be hanged: Charles' wain is over the new chimney, and yet our horse not packed. What, ostler!

Ost. [Within] Anon, anon.

First Car. I prithee, Tom, beat Cut's saddle, put a few flocks in the point; poor jade, is wrung in the withers

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"In bed at morwe .

Me thocht Aurora, with her crystall ene,

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In at the window lukit by the day, And halsit me." "By the day" is an archaic expression, introduced, perhaps, to mark the rustic speech of the carriers. By the day" or "by this day," like "by the week," was a mild imprecation in every-day use. Mr. Craig suggested to me that "by the day" may be a parallel expression to " by the clock," meaning "to judge by the appearance of the day."

2. Charles' wain] the seven stars in Ursa-Major, called also the Plough. Cotgrave: "Ours: ... also the Northerlie starres called Charles Waine," and Sir Thomas Browne, The Garden of Cyrus, iii: "the two Stars in Charles' Wain never leave pointing at the PoleStar."

3. What, ostler !] I say, ostler!

5

I. an it] an 't Ff. 4. Within] 6. jade, is] Cambridge; iade

"What" is an exclamation of impatience, as often.

5. Cut's] A pet name frequently given to a "curtal" or docked horse. See Heywood, The Witches of Lancashire, II. i: "I must spur Cutt the faster for 't"; and Munday, Drayton, Wilson and Hathaway, Life of Sir John Oldcastle, III. ii: "Let me spose my men: Tom upon cutte, Dicke upon hobbe, Hodge upon Ball," etc. "Cut" is an abbreviation of "curtal." See Minshew, Guide into Tongues: "a Curtall horse without a taile pourceque il est court de queue and Greene, Life and Death of Ned Browne (Grosart, xi. pp. 17, 18): “I could ride him one part of the day like a goodly Gelding with a large Tayle hanging to his feetlockes, and the other part of the day I could make him a Cut, for I had an artificiall taile so cunningly counterfeited, that the Ostler, when hee drest him coulde not perceiue it."

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5, 6. put point] put a few locks or tufts of wool in the pommel of the saddle. Cotgrave: "Floc de laine. A locke, or flocke of wooll."

6. poor jade, is] So Cambridge editors, noting that here and in line 12 post either the article or the pronoun was

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