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ARGUMENT OF EPISTLE III.
Of the Nature and State of Man with respect to
I. THE whole Universe one system of Society, ver. 7, &c. Nothing made wholly for itself, nor yet wholly for another, ver. 27. The happiness of Animals mutual, ver. 49. II. Reason or Instinct operate alike to the good of each Individual, yer. 79. Reason or Instinct operate also to Society, in all Animals, ver. 109. III. How far Society carried by Instinct, ver. 115. How much farther by Reason, ver. 128. IV. Of that which is called the State of Nature, ver. 144. Reason instructed by Instinct in the Invention of Arts, ver. 166; and in the Forms of Society, ver. 176. V. Origin of Political Societies, ver. 196. Origin of Monarchy, ver. 207. Patriarchal Government, ver. 212. VI. Origin of true Religion and Government, from the same principle, of Love, ver. 231, &c. Origin of Superstition and Tyranny, from the same principle, of Fear, ver. 237, &c. The Influence of Self-love operating to the social and public Good, ver. 266. Restoration of true Religion and Government on their first principle, ver. 285. Mixed Government, ver. 288. Various Forms of each, and the true end of all, ver. 300, &c.
HERE then we rest: "The Universal Cause
In all the madness of superfluous health,
Look round our world; behold the chain of love Combining all below and all above.
See plastic nature working to this end,
The single atoms each to other tend,
Attract, attracted to, the next in place
Form'd and impell'd its neighbour to embrace.
See matter next, with various life endu❜d,
Press to one centre still, the gen'ral good.
See dying vegetables life sustain,
See life dissolving vegetate again :
All forms that perish other forms supply,
VER. I. In several Edit. in 4to,
Learn, dulness, learn!" The Universal Cause, &c."
Nothing is foreign; parts relate to whole;
Who for thy table feeds the wanton fawn,
For him as kindly spread the flow'ry lawn:
Is it for thee the lark ascends and sings?
The hog, that ploughs not, nor obeys thy call,
Know, nature's children all divide her care; The fur that warms a monarch, warm'd a bear. While man exclaims, "See all things for my use !” "See man for mine !" replies a pamper'd goose: 46 And just as short of reason he must fall,
Who thinks all made for one, not one for all.