The Passionate Statesman: Erõs and Politics in Plutarch's Lives
OUP Oxford, 17.05.2012 - 258 Seiten
The Passionate Statesman explores the intersection of passion and politics in Plutarch's Parallel Lives, with special emphasis on how he represents the influence of erõs, or erotic desire, on the careers of some of the most prominent statesmen from Greco-Roman antiquity. Using Aristotle's notion of friendship and Plato's conception of the soul to describe the ideal marriage as based on a mutual love of character (philia), supported by an enduring erotic attraction, Beneker examines how Plutarch applied his system of ethics both to his reading of history and to his writing of biography. With close readings focusing on the three pairs of biographies from Parallel Lives, namely the Greek kings (Alexander the Great, Demetrius 'the besieger', and Agesilaus) and Roman statesmen (Julius Caesar, Pompey, and Marc Antony), the book draws a general conclusion about how Plutarch uses the narration of his subjects' private erotic affairs to interpret their historical deeds.
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actions Agesilaus Alex Alexander Alexander’s ambition anecdote anger Antony Antony’s appears appetites argues Aristotelian Aristotle Aristotle’s Arrian Aspasia Athens Bagoas Barsine battle beauty behaviour biography Brutus Caesar career chapter character characterization Cleopatra Clitus conﬂict Cyrus Darius death deﬁned deﬁnitions Demetrius demonstrate Dion Dionysius discussion disposition Duff emotions enkrateia Epaminondas erés eromenos eros erotic affairs erotic desire erotic relationships ethical example explain fact ﬁght ﬁgure ﬁnal ﬁnd ﬁrst friendship Fulvia glory Greek historical inﬂuence irrational Ismenodora king kiss lovers man’s Marcellus marriage married Megabates military moral virtue narrates narrative nature nonetheless notion Octavia one’s Panthea Parallel Lives passage Pelling Pelopidas Pericles Persian philein philia Philopoemen philosophical Plato pleasure Plutarch political Pompey Pompey’s Porcia rational reader reﬂects response role Roman Rome Roxane self-control self-restraint sexual signiﬁcant Socrates sophrosyne soul Stadter Statira struggle synkrisis theme tion Tireos tyrant virtuous wife woman women writes Xenophon