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Some Defects in Our Modern System of Education ..J. L. Tyler ....
99 Educate for Efficiency
W. W. Richardson.
102 Contagion Among School Children.
N, D. Cox
103 Weather Proverbs, ..
J. T. Scovell
106 History Teaching in the High Schools of Indiana. .Fred. Austio Ogg
109 THE SCHOOL ROOM. The Chinese Crisis in Geography.
Lydia R. Blaich.
111 Some Stray Suggestions.
Mrs. E. E. Olcott.
114 Nature Study...
.M. C. Jensen
116 Emblem of Our Liberty (Song).
118 BY THE WAY ...
Margaret E. Dennis.
Robert J. Aley.
Teach Obedience-Advice in Supervision-The Good Teacher-Examina-
129 PROGRAM FOR ARBOR AND BIRD DAY. Charles M. Curry
135 TOWNSHIP INSTITUTE III. Talks to Teachers
Francis M. Stalker.
139 Talks on the Study of Literature.
W. E. Henry
140 Side Lights on American History.
.J. M. Culver
J. N. Patrick
142 A New Reading Circle
Miles M. O'Brien
143 A Vigorous Policy for the New York Schools
143 Educational, Literary and Personal Items .
145 Among the New Books.
146 Business Notices...
SOME DEFECTS IN OUR MODERN SYSTEM OF EDUCATION.
J. L TYLER.
No one can have failed to notice how incompletely these lower stages of develmuch our public schools have improved opment. Our purely brute stages are during the last twenty-five years. Better passed in embryonic life, although the inbuildings and appliances, more and fant is still animal rather than human. greatly improved text and reference But the child is hardly more like the adult books, better methods of instruction, and man than the tadpole resembles the frog. above all more thoroughly educated and Mentally, at least, he must undergo a trained teachers, have wrought changes of marked metamorphosis. Many stages must which we may well be glad. Never has be passed successively, each one the scafa country or time been blessed with more folding by which the next is to be atthoughtful, earnest, conscientious, and tained, before the child arrives at manefficient teachers than ours. It seems un- hood. Some or many of these stages may gracious and uncalled for to point out de- appear to us useless or bad; yet, if we supfects in so good a system so efficiently press them, we may break the chain of used. And in venturing to call attention natural development and work irreparable to certain advantages not yet attained, I harm. The germs of all the higher powers should hope to encourage and inspire are present in the child, gradually finding rather than depress the members of our more complete expression in higher and profession.
higher stages, if only the conditions are The growing belief in the truth of the suitable. The natural tendency of the theory of evolution has been accompanied child is to develop into a healthy, vigorous by a revival of faith in nature. Nature, adult, sound in body, mind, and heart. or God working through nature, has evi- We can not produce growth nor add a dently guided man in his development out single power, any more than the care of of the lower animal, and has led him to the farmer is the cause of the growth of his present position; where he “stands as the corn or wheat. What we
can and on a mountain top, far removed above his should do is to provide suitable conditions humbler fellows." First came ancestors for growth, furnish suitable stimuli to deof the purely brutal type, mere stomachs velopment, and remove hindering or or masses of muscle, with just enough harmful influences. Now and then we brain and mind to steer them or to rescue must correct the evil effects of hereditary them from the most evident dangers. But taint or of bad surroundings. Often we increase of the muscular system is, and must help to overcome or check bad habits must be, accompanied by a higher nervous of thought or action. But our principal development. Gradually higher and high- business is cultivation of the good, not exer mental powers began successively to tirpation of evil. When we have done our dawn until man ushered in the era of best we must still trust nature and the mind, and especially of the moral and re- natural tendencies of the child to do the
rest. And we shall rarely be disappointed If we are evolutionists we believe that in our confidence; for the inborn tendenthe child tends to repeat very rapidly and cies of the child are, as a rule, right, how