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which were Sir Perceval and Sir Bohort. (Suggestions for the teacher's reading: The wind blew the ship out into the sea, Tennyson's Idylls of the King; Sir Galaand after two days' journey they came to had; Morte d’Arthur. Bulfinch's Age of a whirlpool between two gigantic rocks, Chivalry.) which their frail little vessel could not pass. They boarded a stronger ship near by, in which they found a table of silver
SOME ILLUSTRATIONS OF STORIES. and the Holy Grail, covered with red silk.
MRS. E. E. OLCOTT, DANVILLE, IND. Sir Galahad prayed long, before it.
By and by they landed. It chanced that Having pupils illustrate stories or the king had just died as they entered the poems with their own drawings has been city. When the people beheld Sir Gala- steadily growing in favor. had, with the Holy Grail, they unani- The pencils occasionally reveal some mously crowned him king. He made a very queer conceptions in the busy little chest of fine gold and precious stones for brains. Not infrequently the teacher has the sacred cup.
to call on a youthful artist to interpret his After a year, he prayed that he might picture. die. Suddenly a multitude of angels bore Some of these interpretations are so his soul to heaven; Sir Perceval and Sir amusing that they have slipped into print. Bohort saw a hand from heaven carry up Many of us have, for instance, smiled over the Holy Grail at the same time. Since the story of the child who, illustrating then the vessel has never again been seen
“The oid Oaken Bucket," pictured the on earth.
orchard, the deep-tangled wildwood, and Do you wish to hear the end of King then scattered here and there certain mysArthur's story? It is sad, but also inspir- terious enlarged dots. When asked what ing. All his knights except one had been those great dots were, he replied, innolost in battle, and he had received a fatal cently: "I was showing 'every loved spot wound. The remaining knight wept and that my infancy knew.' said to him: “Do not leave me compan
Another illustrator of the same poem ionless, for now the whole Round Table drew three buckets, and with colored penis dissolved; the days darken round me, cils made one "oak color," the second with for I go forth among new men, strange numerous dark bands around it, and the faces, other minds." Arthur slowly re- third a moss green, because there were plied:
the old oaken bucket, the iron-bound
bucket, and the moss-covered bucket that "The old order changeth, yielding place to hung in the well! to new,
It never seemed quite clear to the And God fulfills Himself in many ways. child who drew three boys, each with pole, I have lived my life, and that which I have line and hook, why they were not acceptdone
able "fishermen three," especially as he May he within Himself make pure! But had carefully written the names underthou,
neath, “Wynken, Blynken, and Nod.” Pray for my soul. More things are wrought A class read the fable in which occurs by prayer
the line: “A kid upon the roof of a house Than this world dreams of.
that railed at a wolf passing by.” The For what are men better than sheep or drawing that showed a small boy (a kid), goats.
perched insecurely upon the roof of a That nourish a blind life within the brain, house, throwing a rail at a wolf, was a If knowing God, they lift not hands of perfect index of the mental picture of the prayer,
child artist. How utterly the true meanBoth for themselves and those who call
ing of the fable was lost! them friend?
On looking over some illustrations, a For the whole round earth is everywhere teacher found one showing a lamb with a Bound by gold chains about the feet of God.” blue ribbon round its neck, "high in air," among the yellow stars that twinkled mer- the air. Second, perhaps the child is tellrily.
ing us that the selections are beyond his "What have you pictured?” she asked. capacity. It should not satisfy us to say,
"Oh, mother, how lovely the moon is “They ought to grasp that.” It is not so to-night! It looks like a lamb in the much ought they to be able to grasp it, as air," replied the small artist. "It looks are they able? We can better lead them like a lamp in the air,” corrected the up if we realize where they are. teacher, smiling at the child's surprised face. After all, did not the picture from the same class, which represented a large
A VISIT TO ONE OF THE PRIMARY lamp, with an elaborate, many-colored shade, high up among the stars, leave
SCHOOLS OF INDIANAPOLIS. something to be desired?
MARY E. ROWE, LATE PRINCIPAL OF THE CITY TRAINING The latest story of such illustrations is
SCHOOL, WICHITA, KAN. told by Miss Scott, author of "Organic Education." The class were illustrating
Having heard so much of the high Barbara Frietchie; one drawing showed a
standard of education in Indianapolis, as
shown in her public schools, I took the man astride what seemed to be a great stone head. This proved to be a picture
first opportunity I could find, after comof “Stonewall Jackson riding ahead!”
ing to the city, to visit a school of the Why multiply examples? The question
first primary grade. As I entered the for the thoughtful teacher, after a merry
room, at the time of the opening exerlaugh, is, What should such mistakes
cises, the scene presented was
one of teach us? How shall we turn stumbling beauty. Every seat was occupied, and the blocks to stepping-stones?
bright and happy expression upon the
faces of the little ones indicated better The drawings are additional windows through which we may catch glimpses of
than anything else could have done that the child's thought. They reveal mistakes
the teacher was using every means at her in silent reading as incorrect pronuncia
command to make the life of the child tion or wrong inflection do those of oral
happy and beautiful without endangering
its health. reading. Probably the boy who read
Every eye was directed to the teacher“The rattle and
of the muskeeters
not because the children were forbidden (musqueteers)
to look in any other direction, but because, Nearer came, and nearer,"
to them, the most attractive object in the
room was their teacher. The appearance would have made a picture of swarms of of the room showed the good taste of the mosquitoes charging with a "roar" upon teacher in not being too crowded with luckless human victims. Had some other decorations; as we sometimes find schoolchild read that passage, the teacher would rooms. Growing plants filled the winnever have known of the "muskeeter" dow-seats, and here and there, about the idea, unless she discovered it through room, on stands and brackets, blooming drawings. Just as oral reading sometimes flowers were found. The teacher's desk shows that the pupil is repeating empty contained a vase filled with golden-rod words, so drawings reveal that he has which had been brought to her by some of worthless fragments of thought. He the children. The walls were adorned looked for some sentence or phrase to with appropriate pictures, and, as is the make a picture about, and seized anything custom in the Indianapolis schools, the that seemed promising.
American flag floated above the teacher's The mistakes show us two things: First, desk. the tendency to be mechanical is ever After several songs had been sung, the present; the only safeguard is to train the first lesson of the day, a lesson in science, child to think largely, so he will not see was taken up. The subjects was a flower, three buckets in one well, or a lamb in and the lesson began with the recitation
of a poem. The recitation of poems in upon so much writing. Although left to connection with the plant and animal les- themselves, they were far too busy for sons inspires the child not only with a love that idleness which leads to mischief. for nature and with sympathy for all liv- They were studying the book of nature. ing things, but it cultivates a love for the The class called to the front had no beautiful, also.
books, but were asked to give sentences Nature study, in the Indianapolis expressing thoughts about the flowers. schools, deals more largely with the life These sentences were written upon the of the plant or animal and its relation to board by the teacher as the children gave the child than upon its structure, and the them, and when a number of them had child is taught how to preserve and pro- been written the pupils began to read tect it, rather than how to dissect it, so them. Then slips of paper, upon each of that lessons in morals are thus combined which some sentences had been printed, with science lessons.
were passed to the children. The scene Each child was given a flower to exam- presented by the happy little children, ine. They all were encouraged to make each with flower in hand, surrounding the their own observations, unaided, and to teacher, who was smiling upon them, was express them. In doing so, the class was truly beautiful. The children were interfull of life and enthusiasm. After the ested because they all took an active part children had exhausted their fund of in- in the lesson, from the beginning to the formation, as the result of their observa- close. Each had something to say, and tion, the teacher, by careful questioning, was glad of the opportunity to express his had them to observe the particular points thoughts. There was no urging to speak to which she desired to call their atten- by the teacher, and there was no need of tion that morning. Her questions were it, because each child was full of the subgiven to the whole class, so that every ject and even children like to tell what pupil was set to observing and thinking, they know. The teacher, doubtless, enand as the tiny hands were raised to in- couraged by the active interest of her dicate that they were ready with their an- pupils, was fully as enthusiastic as were swers, individual children were called they, and as much pleased when bright upon, and the number of hands raised, remarks were made. together with the animated expression on It was easy to detect the mother spirit their faces, showed that they all were as she looked with evident pride upon the thinking and were interested in the les- little ones committed to her care, and occason. I noticed, too that the teacher did sionally encouraged them by patting them not confine her questions to a few bright on the head. "But,” says our so-called dispupils, but every child in the class took ciplinarian, “was not this raising of hands part in the exercise.
very confusing, and did it not lead to This lesson lasted about fifteen min- disorder?” Not by any means. There utes, and was succeeded by a reading les- was life in every exercise, the absence of son, about one-half of the children being which is not order. Perfect discipline is called to the front of the room, while perfect attention, and the manner of the those remaining in their seats were as- teacher was so gentle and full of love and signed busy work, which consisted of sympathy that she had them completely writing little stories about the flowers, under her control, and they were inpainting them, or arranging them for stantly ready to do her bidding. This is number, form or color work. A box of the spirit of the “new education.” paints, a brush, a flower, a pencil, some The number lesson which followed was paper, and some letter cards had previ- based upon the same subject-a flowerously been placed upon the desks. The and the exercise was as follows: The child is permitted to alternate between teacher drew a flower on the blackboard the use of letter cards, and the pencil, in --a whole flower—then others with one forming his words, so that he may be re- or more falling petals, and questioned the lieved of the physical strain consequent children upon the lesson, writing their
answers on the board. Then individuals word of deserved praise from her superinwere called to the board to write the re- tendent, and no one should fail to bestow sults of their thought in answer to the such, since it is in the highest sense a teacher's questions. About fifteen min- sacred duty. utes were spent in this way, the children at their seats being engaged with number work of a similar kind. This showed uni
THE GREAT STONE FACE. fication. Following the number lesson was an exercise in calisthenics, and then a In every scene there is a certain relamarching exercise, in which the most per- tionship and consistency of parts which fect attention was given to the commands can be discerned only from one particular of the teacher, the little captain holding point of view. Visitors at the State capthe flag, leading with the precision of a ital find an interest in finding human figcommanding officer of many more years' ures in the marble columns. Tourists experience. At the close of this exercise, often go a long distance to see the semI took my departure, having thanked the blance of a human face in a rocky cliff, teacher for the pleasant hour spent in an or the figure of an animal in the contour Indianapolis school.
of a landscape. But the chief interest in the face and in the figure lie in the fact
that it is only from one circumscribed po"HONOR TO WHOM HONOR IS DUE."
sition that they can be discerned. So it
is with one view of human character. Deserved praise is of more importance
There are persons who from almost any to the giver than to the receiver. Praise standpoint seem cheery, smiling and does not immediately affect the merit of
pleasant; and there are those who are him to whom it is awarded, but it does generally known as "hard to get along immediately affect the merit of him to
with." Like the cliff, there is just one whom the awardings belong. If one de- point of view from which all the features serves praise, he is quite as much of a man in that human character will fall into powithout praise as with it; but no one can sition and the countenance of the spirit be so much of a man nor seem so much of
will come out smiling yet bold and true. a man, while withholding just praise as
The cliff's features and the spirit's feawhile bestowing it. Praise is the price
tures do not change or come into being. that an onlooker puts upon a welldo
We must change our attitude to them, if er's performance; and the onlooker meas
we would see them as they ought to be ures himself in the measure of the price
seen, and as they really are. When we which he awards to the performance see a human life that has been twisted of the welldoer. In little matters, as in
and scarred, let us change our attitude larger, the giving of deserved praise is
a little, and see whether, after all, there a duty, the performance of which is given is not a beautiful spirit in the scarred rock more important to the one who owes it
-whether it be not the scars themselves than to the one to whom it is owed. He
that make it possible for the rock to picwho deserves praise can get along without ture the human face a face divine. it. He who ought to give praise can never get along as he ought to unless he pays it all to the uttermost. We as teachers err greatly in our failure to bestow proper It almost takes one's breath to read praise when merited, for here we may see that Superintendent Seaver and Superthe same heroism shown as is found visors George H. Martin and Sarah Louise among adults in their larger view of life. Arnold, of the Boston schools, have failed Many a word of such recognition counted of re-election to positions long held and for much in the life of that youth who well filled. We rather expect such things but for that would have given up alto- from towns like New York and Chicago; gether. Even the teacher appreciates a but Boston!
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SPECIAL NOTICE. With this issue a new magazine is pre- All unpaid subscriptions are due the sented to the public which represents the former proprietors of these magazines. It union of the Inland Educator and the In
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THE CHARLESTON MEETING. lishing the most helpful school paper in the country, the co-operation of friends, It was perfectly fair that the South old and new, is cordially invited. The should expect to be favored with a session plan is to retain all that has been best in of the N. E. A., and the committee did both papers and to add whatever new fea- right in selecting Charleston as the place. tures the interests of our patrons may re
The meeting did not have the support quire. The former editors will give their that it was entitled to from the North and best efforts to the new periodical, while West, the attendance reported being the publishers pledge themselves to a about 3,000, as against 13,000 at Los Anpolicy of continuous progress. The best geles last year. There was plenty of enand the most helpful that can be found, thusiasm and an earnest spirit among will be our motto. The new organization those who were there, and Charleston was is wholly free and independent in every able to keep her promise of good weather. particular, devoted only to the cause of Sight-seeing conflicted more or less with education. Expense and effort will not the serious business of the association, as be spared in securing the best contribu- is likely to happen in a town of so much tions and other aids that may be available. historical interest. Cincinnati seems to Unexpired subscriptions to both papers be the favorite for 1901. James M. Green, will be completely filled out. In case of Principal of the State Normal School at duplicates, the two credits will be added Trenton, New Jersey, is the new Presiand the time extended accordingly for the dent; Irwin Shepard is continued as Secnew paper. Every teacher, school officer retary. Indiana is favored by the selecand friend of education is invited to help tion of Superintendent T. A. Mott as make this the teachers' magazine par ex- State manager and President H. B. Brown cellence.
as fourth Vice-President.