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America ancient animals Anthropological antiquity apes appear become believe belong bones brain called cause character civilization common compared conclusion considered contains deposits derived discovered discovery discussion distinct doubt equally Europe European evidence examination existence extinct facts feet flint fossil give given gravel hand head human important Indian inhabitants interest island knowledge known language Latin less living lower marked matter means mind nature nearly Negro never object observations opinion organ origin period physical population position possess present probably produced Professor proved question race reason recent reference regard relations remains remarkable respecting result scientific seems seen similar skull Society speak species stone structure surface taken theory thought tion tribes true various whole
Seite 107 - The question of questions for mankind — the problem which underlies all others, and is more deeply interesting than any other — is the ascertainment of the place which Man occupies in nature and of his relations to the universe of things.
Seite 78 - Frere's words are well-known and memorable: "....if not particularly objects of curiosity in themselves... must I think be considered in that light, from the situation in which they were found They are, I think, evidently weapons of war, fabricated and used by a people who had not the use of metals.
Seite 112 - I adopt Mr. Darwin's hypothesis, therefore, subject to the production of proof that physiological species may be produced by selective breeding...
Seite 113 - Not being able to appreciate or conceive of the distinction between the psychical phenomena of a Chimpanzee and of a Boschisman or of an Aztec, with arrested brain growth, as being of a nature so essential as to preclude a comparison between them, or as being other than a difference of degree, I cannot shut my eyes to the significance of that all"pervading similitude of structure — every tooth, every bone, strictly homologous — which makes the determination of the difference between Homo and...
Seite 113 - I have endeavoured to show that no absolute structural line of demarcation, wider than that between the animals which immediately succeed us in the scale, can be drawn between the animal world and ourselves; and I may add the expression of my belief that the attempt to draw a psychical distinction is equally futile, and that even the highest faculties of feeling and of intellect begin to germinate in lower forms of...
Seite 105 - ... (p. 79 ) Since a more recent examination of casts and photographs from it, the anatomist just mentioned allows, with Messrs. Schafthausen and Busk, that this skull is the most brutal of all known human skulls, resembling those of the apes, not only in the prodigious development of the superciliary prominences and the forward extension of the orbits, but still more in the depressed form of the brain-case, in the straightness of the squamosal suture, and in the complete retreat of the occiput forward...
Seite 108 - It is quite certain that the Ape which most nearly approaches man, in the totality of its organisation, is either the Chimpanzee or the Gorilla; and as it makes no practical difference, for the purposes of my present argument, which is selected for comparison, on the one hand, with Man, and on the other hand, with the rest of the Primates...
Seite 78 - The manner in which they lie would lead to the persuasion that it was a place of their manufacture and not of their accidental desposit ; and the numbers of them were so great that the man who carried on the brick-work told me that, before he was aware of their being objects of curiosity, he had emptied baskets full of them into the ruts of the adjoining road.
Seite 112 - Its validity hangs upon the assumption, that intellectual power depends altogether on the brain — whereas the brain is only one condition out of many on which intellectual manifestations depend ; the others being, chiefly, the organs of the senses and the motor apparatuses, especially those which are concerned in prehension and in the production of articulate speech.
Seite 134 - If I was right in calculating that the present delta of the Mississippi has required, as a minimum of time, more than one hundred thousand years for its growth,* it would follow, if the claims of the Natchez man to have coexisted with the mastodon are admitted, that North America was peopled more than a thousand centuries ago by the human race. But even were that true, we could not presume, reasoning from ascertained geological data, that the Natchez bone was anterior in data to the antique flint...