« ZurückWeiter »
withoui this inner enclosure, on the south, north, not able to procure so much of the wild leaves and west sides of the caaba, are three buildings, annually; about half the quantity is the utmost which are the oratories where three of the ortho- they bring; the other half is made up of the dox sects assemble to perform their devotions. leaves of the trees in their own plantations : and Towards the south-east stands an edifice which this sells at a lower price, and is called pabos. covers the well zemzen, the treasury, and the The aroba is about twenty-five pounds weight; cupola of Al Abbas. Formerly there was another the general price is four piastres; and the money cupola, that went under the name of the hemi- is always divided among the people of the cocycle, or cupola of Judæa: but whether any re- lony. mains of that are now to be seen is unknown; ČAANA, Kaana, a town in Upper Egypt, on nor is it easy to obtain information in this respect, the east banks of the Nile, whence they carry all Christians being denied access to this holy corn and pulse to Mecca. It contains sereral place. At a small distance from the caaba, on monuments of antiquity, inscribed with hierothe east side, is the station of Abraham ; where glyphics. It is 320 miles south of Cairo. Long. is another stone much respected by the Mahom- 30° 23' E., lat. 26° 30' N. medans, and where they pretend to show the CAB. n. s. pl A Hebrew measure, confootsteps of the patriarch, where he stood when taining about three pints English, or the eighhe built the caaba. Here the fourth sect of teenth part of the ephah. Arabs, viz. that of Al Shafei, assemble for re- CABAL', v. & n. 1 Heb.cabala ; from bence ligious purposes. The square colonnade, or great Cab'ala, n. ¡ Ital. cabala; Fr. cabale. piazza, which at a considerable distance encloses CAB'alist, The verb is in Fr. cabaler; these buildings, consists, according to Al Jan Cab'alism, (Ital. cabalare. Jewish tranabi, of 448 pillars, and has no less than thirty Cabalis'TICAL, dition concerning the Old eight gates. Mr. Sale compares this piazza to CABALIK'Tick, | Testament; mere investhat of the Royal Exchange at London, but Cabalis'TICALLY, tions of the rabbies, which allows it to be much larger. It is covered with CABAL'LER. they, a crew of cunning small domes or cupolas, from the four corners of deceivers, united for the purpose of vile intrigue, which rise as many minarets or steeples with and securing to themselves the veneration of the double galleries, and adorned with gilded spires people, pretended were divine mysteries. A and crescents, as are also the cupolas which cabal is a body of men united in some close decover the piazza and other buildings. Between sign; to form close intrigues; to unite in small the columns of both enclosures hang a great parties. A cabal differs from a party, as few number of lamps, which are constantly lighted from many. at night. The first foundation of this second
Factious and rich, bold at the council board ; enclosure was laid by Omar, who built no more
But, cautious in the field, he shunned the sword; than a low wall, to prevent the court of the caaba
A close caballer, and tongue-valiant lord.
Dryden. from being encroached upon by private build
His mournful friends, summoned to take their ings : but by the liberality of succeeding princes
leaves, the whole has been raised to that state of magni. Are thronged about his couch, and sit in council : ficence in which it appears at present. This What those caballing captains may design, temple is an asylum for all criminals; but it is I must prevent, by being first in action.
I. most remarkable for the pilgrimages made to it When each, by cursed cabals of women, strove by the devout mussulmans, who pay so great a To draw the indulgent king to partial love. Id. veneration to it, that they believe a single sight
Then Jove thus spake : with care and pain of its sacred walls, without any particular act of
We formed this name, renowned in rhime, devotion, is as meritorious, in the sight of God, Not thine, immortal Neufgermain! as the most careful discharge of duty, for a whole Cost studious cabalists more time.
Svift. year, in any other temple!
She often interposed her royal authority, w break CAAMINA, or CAAMINIA, in botany, a name the cabols which were forming against her first minisgiven by the Spaniards and others to the finest ters.
Addison. sort of Paraguayan tea. It is the leaf of a shrub The letters are caballistical, and carry more in them which grows on the mountains of Maracaya, and is than it is proper for the world to be acquainted with. used in Chili and Peru, as tea is with us. The mountains where this shrub grows naturally are He taught him to repeat two caballistick words, in far from the inhabited parts of Paraguay; but pronouncing of which the whole secret consisted. the people of the place know so well the value
Spectator, and use of it, that they constantly furnish them- Cabal is said to have been a kind of acrostiselves with great quantities of it from the spot. cal name given to the infamous ministry of They used to go out on these expeditions many Charles II., composed of Clifford, Ashley, Buckthousands together; leaving their country in the ingham, Arlington, and Lauderdale; the first meantime exposed to the insults of their enemies, letters of whose names, in this order, formed the and many of themselves perishing by fatigue. word which has since become an appellative for To avoid these inconveniences, they have of late similar juntos. But it would appear to be of planted these trees about their habitations; but greater antiquity. the leaves of these cultivated ones have not the CABALA, or CABALA VEIN, in natural hisfine flavor of those that grow wild. The king of tory, a kind of iron ore, commonly wrought in Spain has permitted the Indians of Paraguay to Sussex. It is stony, of a brownish color, with a bring to the town of Santa Fe 12,000 arobas of blush of red, which is more or less conspicuous the leaves of this tree every year; but they are in different parts of the same masses. It is
usually found in thin strata, near the surface, bers, coleworts, melons, disallowed, but especially and is not very rich in iron, but runs very cabbage.
Burton's Anatomy of Melancholy. . readily in the fire.
Your taylor, instead of shreads, cabbages whole CABALA. See CABBALA.
yards of cloth.
Arbuthnot. CABALARIA, in botany; class polygamia,
The leaves are large, fleshy, and of a glaucous order diæcia : Cal. small, persisting, campanulate,
color; the flowers consist of four leaves, which are with five oval divisions: COR. wheel-shaped; tube
succeeded by long taper pods, containing several
round acrid seeds. The species are, cabbage. Savoy very short ; border divided into five oval seg
seg- cabbage. Broccoli. The cauliflower. The musk cabments : STAM. anthers five, inserted at the base bage. Branching tree cabbage, from the sea coast. of the segments of the corolla : Pist. stigma Colewort. Perennial Alpine colewort. Perfoliated sessile, five-sided; germ superior, nearly round: wild cabbage, &c.
Miller. PER. globular, drupe one-seeded, with five ob- ' It is very common in the Caribbee islands, where long points. Eight species are described in the it grows to a prodigious height. The leaves of this Flora Peruviensis, all shrubs, natives of South tree envelope each other, so that those which are in. America.
closed, being deprived of the air, are blanched; CABALLARIA, in middle age writers, lands which is the part the inhabitants cut for plaits for
Id by the tenure of furnishing å horseman with hats, and the young shoots are pickled : but whensuitable equipage, in time of war, or when the
ever this part is cut out, the trees are destroyed; nor lord had occasion for him.
ne do they rise again from the old roots; so that ihere CABALLI, or COBALES, among mystic philo
are very few trees left remaining near plantations. Id.
Cole' cabbage, and coleworts, are soft and demulsophers, denote the shades, or bodies of men cent, without any acidity; the jelly or juice of red who died any sudden or violent death before the cabbage, baked in an oven, and mixed with honey, is expiration of their predestinated term of life. an excellent pectoral. Arbuthnot, on Aliment. They were supposed to wander as ghosts over
CABBAGE. See BRASSICA. the face of the earth, till their destined term was
CABBAGE BARK TREE. See GEOFFREA. accomplished; being doomed to live out the
Cabbage, Dog's. See THELIGONUM. time as spirits, which they ought to have spent
CABBAGE PALM, TRUE. See ARECA. in the flesh.
CABBAGE, Sea. See CRAMBE. CABALLINUM, in ancient geography, a
CABBAGE, TREE. See CacaLIA. town of the Ædui, in Gallia Celtica; now called CABBALA, a mysterious kind of science, Chalons sur Saone, which see. CABALLINUS, in ancient geography, a clear
pretended to have been delivered by revelation to
the ancient Jews, and transmitted by oral tradifountain of mount Helicon, in Bæotia; called tion to those of our times ; serving for interpreHippocrene by the Greeks, fabled to have been tation of the books both of nature and Scripture. opened by Pegasus on striking the rock with his The word is also written Cabala, Kabbala, kahoof, and hence called Pegasus.
bala, Cabalistica, Ars Cabala, and Gaballa. It CABANIS (Peter John George), a French
is originally Hebrew, nap, kabbalah ; and prophysician, born about 1756. He became connected with Mirabeau, and was one of the coun- Ľ.
perly signifies reception ; formed from the verb of five hundred in the revolution. He died sop, kibel, to receive by tradition. Cabbala in 1808. His works are,-1. Observations sur then primarily denotes any sentiment, opinion, les Hopitaux, 8vo. 2. Journal de la Maladie
usage, or explication of Scripture transmitted et de la Mort de Mirabeau, 8vo. 3. Melanges from father to.
from father to son. In this sense, the word is de Litterature Allemande. 4. Du Degre de
not only applied to the whole art; but also to Certitude de la Medicine, 8vo. 5. Quelques
each operation performed according to its rules. Considerations sur l'Organization Sociale en
Thus R. Jac. Ben-Ascher, surnamed Baal-Hattu
Thus, R. generale, 12mo. 6. Des Rapports du Physique rim, is said to have compiled most of the cabbalas et du Morale de l'Homme, 2 vols. 8vo. 7. Coup invented on the bo
invented on the books of Moses before his time. il sur les Revolutions et la Reforme de The cabbala is by some called the acromatic phiMedicine, 8vo. 8. Observations sur les Affec- losophy of Moses, by way of distinction from the tions Catarrhales, 8vo.
exoteric or popular doctrine. The generality of CAB'BAGE, v. & n.) Cole, with a head: the Jews prefer the cabbala to the Scripture; .
CAB'BAGE-TREE. J a species of plant. Fr. comparing the former to the sparkling lustre of chou cabus; Ital. volo cappuccio ; capitati, from a precious stone, and the latter to the faint Lat. cuput. The name is supposed by some glimmering of a candle. The first author who to have beeen given to particular kinds of cole, delivered any thing of the cabbala was Joachaides,
distinguish them from others that do not Simon son of Joachai, who published a famous cabbage or head. To cabbage, is to form a cabbalistical work,
cabbalistical work, entitled Zohar. Some say, head as the plants begin to cabbage. To cabo he lived about the time of the destruction of Jebage, a cant word among tailors, and refers rusalem by Titus; others only in the tenth cento what is taken or purloined in cutting out tury. There are no sure principles of this knowclothes, is from the Ital. capezzo, roba caputa: ledge. It depends entirely upon the traditions from Lat. capio.
of the ancients. The cabbalists have abundance Tis scarce an bundred years since we first had
of names which they call sacred; these they
of cabbages out of Holland, Sir Arth. Ashley of Wiberg
make use of in invoking of spirits, and imagine St. Giles, in Dorsetshire, being, as I am told, the they receive great hight from them. They tell first who planted them in England.
us that the secrets of the cabbala were discoAcetaria, or Discourse of Sallets, vered to Moses on mount Sinai; and that these . Amongst herbs to be eaten, I find gourds, cowcum- have been delivered down to them from father
to son, without interruption, and without any place for Europeans. The population has been use of letters; for to write them down, is what estimated at 9000. they are by no means permitted to do. This is An aqueduct, five thousand varas long, conlikewise termed the oral law, because it passed veys the waters of the Rio Estevan by a trench from father to son, in order to distinguish it from to the town. This work has cost more than the written laws. Another kind of cabbala, viz. 30,000 piastres; but its waters gush out in every
Artificial CABBALA, consists in seurching for street. Porto Cabello is the deposit of all the abstruse and mysterious significations of a word eastern part of the province of Venezuela. Its in Scripture, 'whence they borrow certain stores furnish to the jurisdictions of Valencia, explanations, by combining the letters which San Carlos, Barquisimeto, St. Philip, and one compose it: this cabbala is divided into three part of the Valleys of Aragua, all the merchandise kinds, the gematric, the notaricon, and the temura consumed; and it is at this port also that a great or themurah. The gematric consists in taking portion of the articles cultivated within those disthe letters of a Hebrew word for ciphers or tricts arrive. More than 10,000 mulcs are exarithmetical numbers, and explaining every word ported annually. They are thrown down with by the arithmetical value of the letters whereof ropes, and then hoisted on board the vessels by it is composed. The notaricon consists in taking means of a machine. Ranged in two files, they every particular letter of a word for an entire with difficulty keep their feet during the rolling diction. The themurah (change) consists in and pitching of the ship; and, in order to frighten making different transpositions or changes of and render them docile, the drum is beaten durletters, placing one for the other, or one before ing a great part of the day and night. "We may the other. Some visionaries among the Jews be- guess,' says a late traveller, 'what quiet a paslieve that Jesus Christ wrought his miracles by senger enjoys, who has the courage to embark virtue of the mysteries of the cabbala.
for Jamaica in a schooner laden with mules.' CABBALA is also applied to the abuse which Next to Carthagena, it is the most important visionaries make of Scripture, for discovering fortified place on this coast. Art has had futurity, by the study and consideration of the scarcely any thing to add to the advantages combination of certain words, letters, and num- which the nature of the spot presents. A neck bers, in the sacred writings. All the words of land stretches first towards the north, and then terms, magical figures, numbers, letters, charms, towards the west. Its western extremity is op&c. used in the Jewish magic, or in the herme- posite to a range of islands, connected by bridges, tical science, are comprised under this species of and so close together that they might be taken for cabbala. But it is only the Christians that call it another neck of land. One vessel only can enter by this name, on account of the resemblance this the harbour at a time; while the largest ships art bears to the explication of the Jewish cabbala: can anchor very near land, to take in water, for the Jews never use the word in any such There is no other danger in entering than the sense, but ever with the utmost respect and ve- reefs of Punta Brava, opposite which a battery neration. It is not, however, the magic of the of eight guns has been erected. Toward the Jews alone which we call cabbala, but the word is west and south-west is the fort, which is a reyufor any kind of magic.
lar pentagon with five bastions; in this direction CABECA, or Cabesse, a name given to the also is the battery of the reef, and the fortifinest silks in the East Indies; those from fifteen fications that surround the ancient town, founded to twenty per cent. inferior, being called bariga on an island of a trapezoidal form. The bottom or barina.
of the basin or little lake which forms the harCABELLO, or CAVELLO, Porto, a sea-port bour of Porto Cabello, turns behind the suburb of Venezuela, South America, with a most excel to the south-west. lent and capacious harbour. It is situated a The real defence of the harbour consists in the league to the west of the bay of Borburata, and low batteries of the neck of land at Punta Brava, has becoine the emporium of the commerce of and of the reef: but from ignorance of this printhe province. Men of war communicate with ciple, a new fort, the Belvedere (Mirador) of the land by means of a flying bridge of three or Solano, has been constructed at a great expense, on four toises long, the water being at all times the mountains towards the south, that command smooth, and the bay defended on all sides from the suburb. It is a quarter of a league distant from the wind. Porto Cabello, originally founded by the harbour, and is raised 400 or 500 feet above some Dutch pirates, stood formerly on a penin- the surface of the water. The works have cost sula, surrounded by the sea, except where a neck annually, during a great number of years, from of land about 100 toises broad joined it with the 20,000 to 30,000 piastres, but have been of late continent. This has been now traversed by a suspended. The vessels of La Guayra, which is canal, which divides the old town from the su- less a port than a bad open roadstead, come to burbs, and connects the northern and the southern Porto Cabello to be caulked and repaired. coasts. The buildings on the continent are by CABENDA a port of the western coast of far the most numerous. A bridge crosses the Africa, situated a little to the north of the riser canal, which has a gate shut every evening, and Zaire, in the district called properly Cacongo. a military guard. The new streets, which are Its situation is so beautiful as to have obtained chiefly outside the gate, have been laid out in a for it the name of the Paradise of the coast. line, the public squares, places for markets, &c. The landing is easy and safe, and the town is being well regulated ; so that this part of the known by a conical mountain, covered with town bas become the residence of the principal wood, which appears behind it. On the oppomerchants. But it is not considered a healthy site bank is Togno, and both places have driven
a large trade in slaves, which the Portuguese choice number of persons, who hold their conhave long endeavoured to monopolise. The ap- sultations in a place of seclusion from others. proach from Malemba is sometimes dangerous. Hearken awhile in the green cabinet,
CABESTAN, or CabestEIGN (William de), The laurel song of careful Colinet. Spenser. a gentleman of Provence, and a troubadour, who, The doctrine of Italy, and practice of France, in gaining the good graces of Triclino, wife of Ray- some kings' times, hath introduced cabinet-councils. mond de Scillans, was murdered by the husband
Bacon. out of jealousy. Raymond afterwards caused At both corners of the farther side, let there be his heart to be served up for the table of his wife, two delicate or rich cabinets, daintily paved, richly who, on being informed of what she had uncon- hanged, glazed with crystalline glass, and a rich cusciously eaten, died of grief.
pola in the midst, and all other elegancy that may be
Who sees a soul in such a body set,
Might love the treasure for the cabinet. Ben Jonson.
We cannot discourse of the secret, but by describing CABILIAU, in ichthyology, a name which
mo which our duty; but so much duty must needs open a cabinet of mysteries.
Taylor. some authors call the common cod-fish, the mor
You began in the cabinet what you afterwards bua and asellus major of other writers.
practised in the camp.
CABIN'NIATE. Ital. capanno ; Fr. cabane ; From the highest to the lowest it is universally
Gay to Swift. place of dwelling, chamber, or apartment, whe
The root of an old white thorn will make very fine ther fixed or temporary.
boxes and combs; so that they would be of great use
for the cabinet-makers, as well as the turners, and So long in secret cabin there he held
CABINET is also used in speaking of the more
tration. Thus we say, the secrets, the intrigues
of the cabinet. To avoid the inconveniences of
Shakspeare. of Europe first introduced cabinet councils. King
Id. that prince erected a kind of cabinet council, or Come from marble bowers, many times the gay junto, under the denomination of a council of harbour of anguish,
state; composed of archbishop Laud, the earl Unto a silly cabin, though weak, yet stronger against of Strafford, and lord Cottington, with the se woes.
cretaries of State. Yet some pretend to find the Men may not expect the use of many cabins, and
substance of a cabinet council of much greater safety at once, in the sea service.
antiquity, and even allowed by parliament, who From her cabined loophole peep.
anciently settled a quorum of persons most conNeither should that odious custom be allowed, of fided in, without whose presence no arduous itaying off the green surface of the ground, to cover matter was to be determined; giving them power cheir cabins, or make up their ditches. Swift. to act without consulting the rest of the council. Whose wit at best was next to none,
As long ago as the 28th of Henry III. a charAnd now that little next is gone;
ter was passed in affirmance of the ancient rights Against the court is always blabbing,
of the kingdom; which provided that four great And calls the senate-house a cabin.
Id. men, chosen by common consent, who were to The chessboard, we say, is in the same place it be conservators of the kingdom, among other was, if it remain in the same part of the cabin, though things, should see to the disposing of monies the ship sails all the while.
Locke. given by parliament, and appropriated to particuCabins, in ships, are the apartments where the lar uses; and parliament were to be summoned officers usually reside. There are many of these as they should advise. Of these four any two in a large ship; the principal of which is de- made a quorum; and generally the chief justice signed for the commander. "In ships of the line, of England, and chancellor, were of the number this chamber is furnished with an open gallery of conservators. In the first of Henry VI. the in the ship's stern, and a little gallery on each parliament provides, that the quorum for the quarter. The apartments where the inferior offi- privy council be six or four at least; and that, in cers, or common sailors, sleep and mess are all weighty considerations, the dukes of Bedford usually called births. The bed places for the and Gloucester, the king's uncles, should be sailors at the ship's side in merchantmen are also present; which seems to be erecting a cabinet by called cabins.
CAB'INET-SECRETS, n.) ber; a repository; a They were also worshipped in other parts of cnest oi drawers. A cabinet-council is a select Greece, as Lemnos and Thebes, where the cabi
ria were celebrated in honor of them; these which they pass first between the ropes of which gods are said to be four in number; viz. Axieros, they make the strands, and afterwards between Axiocersa, Axiocersus, and Casmilus. Their the strands of which they make the cable, to the festivals were celebrated in Thebes and Lemnos, end that they may all twist the better, and be but especially in Samothracia, an island conse- more regularly wound together; and also, to precrated to the Cabiri. All who were initiated into vent them from entwining or entangling, they the mysteries of these gods, were thought to be hang, at the end of each strand and of each rope, secured thereby from storms at sea, and all other a weight of lead or of stone. There is no merdangers. The obscenities which prevailed at the chant-ship, however weak, but has at least three celebration have obliged the authors of every cables; viz., the chief cable, or cable of the country to pass over them in silence, and say that sheet anchor, a common cable, and a smaller it was unlawful to reveal them. These deities one. All cables ought to be 120 fathoms in are often confounded with the Corybantes, Ana- length; for which purpose the threads or yards ces, Dioscuri, &c., and according to Herodotus, must be 180 fathoms, as they are diminished oneVulcan was their father. This author mentions third in length by twisting. Besides this length, the sacrilege which Cambyses committed in en- it is necessary to splice at least two cables togetering their temple, and turning to ridicule their ther, in order to double the length when a ship sacred mysteries. They were supposed to pre- is obliged to anchor in deep water. For although side over metals.
it is not common to anchor in a greater depth These deities are repre
than forty fathoms, yet if there is only one cable,
and the ship rides in a stormy and tempestuous sented on medals, as in the
sea, the anchor will of necessity sustain the annexed figure of a man with a hammer in his right hand,
weight and violent jerking of the ship, in a di
rection too perpendicular. By this effort it will and in his left an anvil, or
unavoidably be loosened from its hold ; whereas something resembling.
it is evident, that if the cable, by its great length, CA'BLE, n.) Ara. kabl ; Heb. khebel; were to draw more horizontally on the anchor,
CA'BLED, adj. I rapidos; Goth. kadel; Swed. it would bear a much greater force. A long and Belg. kabel; Fr. cable. A thick rope for an cable is not so apt to break as a short one; anchor.
because it will bear a great deal more stretching What though the mast be now blown overboard, before it comes to the greatest strain ; it, there The cable broke, the holding anchor lost,
fore, resembles a sort of spring, which may be And half our sailors swallowed in the flood, very easily extended, and afterwards recovers its Yet lives our pilot still.
Shakspeare, first state, as soon as the force which extended it The length of the cable is the life of the ship in all is removed ; and by increasing the radius of moextremities; and the reason is, because it makes so tion, the arch grows nearer to a right line, and many bendings and waves, as the ship, riding at that consequently the change of place is made less length, is not able to stretch it; and nothing brcaks sensible. that is not stretched.
Raleigh. The number of threads each cable is composed 'The cables crack; the sailors' fearful cries
of, is always proportioned to its length and Ascend; and sable night involves tie skies. Dryden. thickness; and it is by this number of threads
Self-Aattered, unexperienced, high in hope, that its weight and value are ascertained : thus, When young, with sanguine cheer, and streamers gay, a cable of three inches circumference, or one We cut our cable, launch into the world,
inch diameter, ought to consist of forty-eight orAnd fondly dream each wind and star our friend. dinary threads, and to weigh 192 pounds; and
Young's Night Thoughts. on this foundation is calculated the following Should we at least be driven by dire decree table, very useful for all people engaged in maToo near the fatal margin of the sea,
rine commerce, who fit out merchantmen on The hull dismasted there awhile may ride,
their own account, or freight them on the account With lengthened cables, on the raging tide.
of others :
Falconer's Shipwreck. Hoarse o'er her side the rustling cable rings;
Circumf. Threads. Weight. The sails are furled; and, anchoring, round she swings;
3 inches 48
192 pounds. And gazing loiterers on the land, discern Her boat descending from the latticed stern. ..
484 Byron's Corsair.
696 CABLE, the long thick rope, serving to hold
952 sbrips firm at anchor, and to tow vessels in large
1244 rivers. In Europe, the cables are commonly
1572 made of hemp ; in Africa, of long straw or rushes
1940 called bass; and in Asia, of a peculiar kind of
2392 Indian grass. Every cable, of whatsoever thick
2796 ness it be, is composed of three strands; every
3284 strand of three ropes; and every rope of three
3808 twists; the twist is made of more or less threads,
4372 according as the cable is to be thicker or thinner.
4976 There are some cables, however, manufactured
5616 of four strands; which are chiefly the production
1574 6296 of Italy and Provence. In the manufacture of
7016 cables after the ropes are made, they use sticks,