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peace. During these years it was the chief town All other courage, besides that, is not true valour, in the department of the Dyle, the seat of a prefect but brutishness.

Spratt. and receiver-general, a court of criminal and Courage, in an ill-bred man, has the air, and esspecial justice, a chamber and tribunal of com- capes not the opinion, of brutality.

Locke. merce, and a court of appeal for five depart

Brutes may be considered as either aerial, terresments. Lat. 50° 51' N., long. 4° 22' E.

trial, aquatick, or amphibious. I call those aerial

which have wings, wherewith they can support themBRUTA, in zoology, the second order of ani

nl- selves in the air; terrestrial are those whose only mals of the class mammalia, comprehending place of rest is upon the earth ; aquatick are those, those animals which have no fore teeth in either

whose constant abode is upon the water.

Id. jaw; feet with strong hoof-like nails. The ge- Upon being carried to the Cape of Good Hope, he nera included in this order are,—the rhino- mixed, in a kind of transport, with his countrymen, oceros, having a horn in the middle of its fore- brutalized with them in their habit and manners, and head; bradypus, sloth; myrmecophaga, ant- would never again return to his foreign acquaintance. eater; platypus; manis; sypus, armadillo;

Addison. sukotyro, double-horned rhinoceros; elephas,

Mrs. Bull aimed a knife at John, though John elephant; trichechus, morse.

threw a bottle at her head, very brutally indeed. BRUSTLE. Sax. brastlian, Teut, brasteln,


how infallible the thoughtless brute ! from Goth. brasa, Swed. brasta, to bum. To

"Twere well his holiness were half as sure. crackle like the burning of sticks; to raise the

Savage. bristles like a boar or hedgehog. See BRISTLE.

Why starved, on earth, our angel appetites, To make a noise like the rubbing of silk. See While brutal are indulged their fulsome fill? Young. RUSTLE,

Patience! Hence—that word was made
BRUTE, n. & adj.) Lat. brutus, Fr. brute. For brutes of burthen, not for birds of prey;

Ital. bruto. Brute is an Preach it to mortals of a dust like thine-
irrational animal; a crea-
I am not of thine order.

Byron's Manfred. BRU'TALIZE, ture without reason; a

BRUTIA, in the medical writings of the BRU'TALLY,

savage. The adjective is ancients, the fattest and most resinous kind of BRUTE'NESS,

applied to that which pitch, such as was properest for making the oil BRU'TIFY,

has the distinguishing of pitch, called oleum picinum. BRU'TISH,

characteristic qualities of BRUTTII, in ancient geography, one of the BRU'TISHLY,

a brute. Stupid, savage, two peninsulas of Italy, the ancient Calabria Bru'TISHNESS. cruel, inhuman. Rough, being the other; stretching

being the other; stretching south towards Sicily; gross, ferocious, uncivilised, ignorant.

bounded by the sea on every side except by the In such a salvage wight, of brutish kynd,

isthmus, between the river Laus and the Thurii, Amongst wild beastes in desart forrests bred,

where it is terminated by Lucania; inhabited by It is most strange and wonderful to fynd,

the Bruttii, for whose country the ancient RoSo mild humanity and perfect gentle mynd.

mans had no peculiar name, calling both the

Spenser. people and the country indiscriminately Bruttii. Thou dotard vile,

This and a part of Lucania formed the ancient That with thy bruteness shend'st thy comely age. Id. Italia. It was called Bpettia, which in Greek

They were not so bratish, that they could be igno- signifies pitch, from the great quantity of it prorant to call upon the name of God.

Hooker, duced there. It is divided into two coasts by There is no opposing brutal force to the stratagems

the Apennine; that on the Tuscan, and that on of human reason.


the Ionian sea; and is now called Calabria UlWhat may this mean? Language of man pronounced

tra. It now differs from the ancient Calabria or By tongue of brute, and human sense expressed !

Messapia, on the east, on the Adriatic sea, which

Milton, formed the other peninsula or heel of the leg. Osiris, Isis, Orus, and their train,

now called Calabria Citra, the Bruttii forming With monstrous shapes and sorceries abused

the foot. Fanatick Egypt, and her priests, to seek

· BRUTUS (Lucius Junius), the avenger of the Their wandering gods disguised in brutish forms. rape of Lucretia, and founder of the Roman re

Id. public, flourished about A. A. C. 509. See Then to subdue, and quell through all the earth,

Rome, HISTORY OF. Brute violence, and proud tyrannick power. Id. BRUTUS (Marcus), the passionate lover of his To these three present impulses, of sense, memory,

country, and chief conspirator against Cæsar, zlew and instinct, most, if not all, the sagacities of brutes himself on losing the battle of Philippi, A. A. C. may be reduced.

Hale. 43. See Rome, HISTORY OF. For a man to found a confident practice upon a dis

BRUTUS (Decimus Junius), one of the conspiputable principle, is brutishly to outrun his reason. rators against Cæsar. He was slain by Marc


Antony. After he has slept himself into some use of himself,

BRUTUS (John Michael), a man of learning in by much adn he staggers to his table again, and there the sixteenth century. He was born in Venice; acts over the same brutish scene.

Id. and, having studied at Padua, spent great part of The brutal business of the war

his life in travelling, and became historiographer Is managed by thy dreadful servants' care. to the emperor. He wrote, 1. A History of

Dryden. Hungary. 2. A History of Florence. 3. Notes O thou fallacious woman ! am I then brutified ?- on Horace, Cæsar, Cicero, &c. and other works. Ay; I feel it here; I sprout, I bud, I am ripe horn BRUTUS, or BRUTE, according to the ancient mad.

Congreve. fabulous history of this island, by Geoffrey of

Monmouth, was the first king of Britain. He is governor of Ireland, where he married the counsaid to have been the son of Sylvius, and grand- tess of Ormond. He died soon after, and was son of Ascanius, the son of Æneas, and born in buried at Waterford. His works are, 1. Songs Italy. Having accidentally killed his father, he and Sonnets; some of which were printed with fied into Greece, where he took king Pandrasus those of the earl of Surrey and Sir Thomas Wyat. prisoner, who kept the Trojans in slavery, whom London, 1565. 2. Letters written from Rome he released on condition of providing ships, &c. concerning the king's divorce; MS. 3. A Disfor the Trojans to emigrate with them. Being praise of the Life of a Courtier, &c. London, advised by the oracle to sail west beyond Gaul, 1548, 8vo. from the French of Alaygri, who he, after some adventures, landed at Totness in translated it from the Castilian, in which it was Devonshire. Albion was then inhabited by a originally written by Guevara. remnant of giants, whom Brutus destroyed; and BRYANT (Jacob), a writer distinguished for called the island after his own name Britain. He great extent of learning and depth of research, built a city called Troja Nova, or Troynoyant, was born in 1715 at Plymouth, where his father now London; and, having reigned twenty-four held an appointment in the customs. Entered years, at his death divided the island among his at Eton, he very soon distinguished himself by three sons: Locrine had the middle, called Lo- the rapidity of his classical attainments; and at egria, now England; Camber had Cambria, now King's College, Cambridge, he continued to Wales; and Albanact, Albania, now Scotland. prosecute his studies with remarkable assiduity

BRUTUS, in entomology, a species of papilio and success. His reputation having reached the inhabiting Africa.

ears of the duke of Marlborough, he was first BRUYERE (John de la), a French writer of appointed private secretary to that celebrated repute, was born in 1640, at a village of the Isle nobleman, and afterwards accompanied his son of France. When treasurer at Caen, by pur- to Eton, in the capacity of private tutor. The chase, he was noticed by Bossuet, and placed first work that Bryant gave to the world, bore about the person of the duke of Burgundy, whom for its title, Observations and Enquiries relating he instructed in history, for which he was remu- to various parts of Ancient History, containing nerated with a pension of one thousand crowns Dissertations on the wind Euroclydon, and the per annum. The rest of his life he passed as a Island Melite; together with an account of courtier and a man of letters, admired equally Egypt in its most early state, and of the Shepherd for his urbanity and his philosophical mind. In Kings, 1767. The New System, or Analysis of 1693 he was elected one of the members of the Ancient Mythology, came out in 1774; a work French Academy, and died in 1696, by an apo- of uncommon industry, and evincing the most plectic fit. Few works have been more popular profound acquaintance with the language and than his Characters of Theophrastus, translated customs of antiquity. His Dissertation on the from the Greek, with the Manners of the present Apamean Medal was severely attacked in the Age. He left behind him Dialogues on Quiet- Gentleman's Magazine; which attack he successism, which were edited and published by Dupin fully repelled in a separate publication, inserted, in 1699. The best editions of his Characters are we believe, in the last edition of his works. This those of Amsterdam and Paris, 1741, two medal is certainly a very remarkable relic of volumes, 12mo., and that of 1765, one volume, antiquity; and it deserves to be mentioned that 4to

professor Eckhel, the first medalist of his age, BRYAN (Michael), an author and connois- gave a decision on the controversy in favor of sieur in the fine arts, was at one time a picture- Mr. Bryant. Some time after, Bryant published dealer, in which profession he failed. But he was a pamphlet, entitled Vindiciæ Flavianæ: the of most respectable character and connexions, object of which was to remove certain difficulties having married a sister of the earl of Shrewsbury. attending the testimony which Josephus bears to He afterwards engaged in the composition of a Christ. This tract made little impression at Biographical and Critical Dictionary of Painters first, and was in fact called in by its author, who and Engravers, which was commenced in 1813, contented himself with distributing copies among and published in 1816, in two volumes, quarto. his particular friends; and it was not until Dr. Many of the sketches are original, and do him Priestley had declared himself convinced by the much credit. He died March 21st, 1821, at the reasoning which it contains, that Bryant ventured age of sixty-four.

to send it forth again with his name. Bryant's BRYANT (Sir Francis), a soldier, statesman, attention seems to have been drawn about this and poet, was born of a genteel family, and edu- period to the poems attributed to Rowley. From cated at Oxford. In 1522, the fourteenth of the communication of his friend Dr. Glynn, and Henry VIII., he attended the earl of Surrey to his enquiries at Bristol, he received such inforthe coast of Brittany; and commanded the troops mation as convinced him, that these poems were in the attack of Morlaix, which he took and not entirely of Chatterton's fabrication, and he burnt. For this service he was knighted on the accordingly took upon him the arduous task of spot by the earl. In 1529 he was sent ambas proving their genuineness. In 1794 he produced sador to France; and, in 1530 to Rome, on the a large volume, entitled Observations upon the subject of the king's divorce. He was gentleman Plagues inflicted upon the Egyptians, in which of the privy chamber to Henry VIII., and to is shown the peculiarity of those judgments, and Edward VI., in the beginning of whose reign he their correspondence with the rites and idolatry marched with the protector against the Scots; of that people; with a prefatory discourse conand, after the battle of Musselburgh, was made cerning the Grecian colonies from Egypt. M. banneret. In 1548 he was appointed chief le Chevalier's Description of the Plain of Troy Vol. IV.

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having been published, Bryant, who several grounds are touched with a masterly hand. He years before had written his sentiments on the died in 1598. The two first parts of Boissard's Trojan war, now first set forth some observations collection of portraits were engraved by him, on M. le Chevalier's treatise, and afterwards a assisted by his sons, who afterwards continued it. dissertation on the Expedition of the Greeks, as BRYENNIUS (Manuel), a Greek writer on it is given by Homer, with the intention of show- music, is supposed to have flourished under the ing that no such expedition had ever taken place, elder Palæologus, about the year 1320. lle and that no such city as Troy ever existed. In wrote three books on Harmonics; the first is a this notion he stood almost alone, though he was kind of commentary on Euclid; the second and not without plausible arguments to support his third on Ptolemy. Meibomius had given the opinion. Everything associated with the idea public expectations of a translation of this work, of Troy has been, for so many generations, con- but not living to complete it, Dr. Wallis undersecrated in the minds of men by the powers of took it: and it now makes a part of the third Homer's verse, and by an undefined veneration volume of his works, published at Oxford, in for the suffrages of antiquity, that it was held as 3 vols. folio, 1699. a kind of sacrilege on the part of any scholar to BRYENNIUS (Nicephorus), a prince distincall in question the events which accompanied guished by his courage, probity, and learning, the downfal of that celebrated city. In the fol- was born at Orestia in Macedonia, where his lowing year Mr. Bryant submitted to the public father by rebellion provoked the emperor to send a work of a different kind and character, under his general Alexis Comnenus against him, who the title of The Sentiments of Philo-Judæus ordered his eves to be put out; but, being concerning the aoroz, or word. But learned charmed with his son Nicephorus, he married and curious as this treatise unquestionably is, it him to his own daughter, the celebrated Anna appears to have excited less interest among Comnena. When Alexis came to the throne, he general readers than perhaps any of his other gave Bryennius the title of Cæsar; but would productions. He closed his literary labors with not declare him his successor, though solicited a quarto volume of Dissertations on the Prophecy by the empress Irene: and was therefore sucof Balaam ; the standing still of the Sun in the ceeded by his son John Comnenus, to whom time of Joshua; the Jaw-bone of the Ass with Bryennius behaved with the utmost fidelity. which Samson slew the Philistines; and the His- Being sent, about A. D. 1137, to besiege Antitory of Jonah and the Whale; subjects in them- och, he fell sick, and returning, died at Constanselves exceedingly curious, and which he treated tinople. This prince wrote the History of the with great talents and ingenuity. Mr. Bryant Reigns of Isaac Comnenus and his three Sucwas remarkably temperate in his habits, and his cessors, which was published with a Latin ver. conversation was animated and sprightly when sion at Paris in 1661. among particular friends. His liberality was not BRYGMOS, or BRYGMUS, in medicine, a confined within narrow limits, and the spirit of grating noise made by the gnashing of the teeth. religion diffused itself through all his works. BRYONIA, BRYONY, a genus of the syngeHe died at Cypenham near Windsor on the 14th nesia order, and monæcia class of plants; in the of November, 1804, of a mortification in his leg, natural method ranking under the thirty-fourth brought on by a hurt from the tilting of a chair, order, cucurbitaceæ. The calyx of the male is in reaching down a book from its shelf.

five-toothed, with a quinquefid corolla, and three BRYDONE (Patrick), a recent traveller of filaments. In the female the calyx is dentated, some eminence, was born in Scotland in 1741, ine corolla quinqufied, the style trifid, with a and was early in life engaged as travelling tutor roundish many-seeded berry. There are nineteen to Mr. Beckford and some other gentlemen. On species, the chief of which are, 1. B. alba, his return he published his celebrated Travels rough or white bryony with red flowers, a native in Sicily and Malta, of which work a second of dry banks under hedges, in many parts oi edition in two volumes, octavo, was published in Britain. The roots of this plant have by impos1790. A flowing style, the vivacity of his re- tors been brought into a human shape, and shown marks, and the general accuracy of his descrip- for mandrakes. The roots of this species are tions, rendered this production very popular, and used in medicine. These are very large, someprocured him admission into the Royal Society. times as thick as a man's thigh; their smell, On the subject of the eruptions of Etna, he when fresh, is strong and disagreeable; the taste attacks, as he conceives, the Mosaic account of nauseously bitter, acrid, and biting ; the juice is the creation, and appears to liave been an un- so sharp, as in a little time to excoriate the skin; believer in mere ignorance of what Revelation in drying, they lose great part of their acrimony, contains. See the close of our article Ætna. and almost their whole scent. Bryony root is a Mr. Brydone received the appointment of strong irritating cathartic; and as such has somecomptroller of the stamp-office, which he held times been successfully exbibited in maniacal to bis death in 1819. Besides his Tour, he was cases, in some kinds of dropsies, and in several the author of several papers in the Philosophical chronical disorders, where a quick solution of Transactions.

viscid juices, and a sudden stimulus on the solids, BRYE (John Theodore de), an excellent en were required. An extract prepared by water graver, a native of Liege, who resided chiefly at acts more mildly, and with greater safety than Frankfort. He acquired a neat, free style of the root in substance: given from half a dram tc engraving, excellently adapted to small subjects, a dram, it is said to prove a gentle purgative, with many figures, as processions, &c. His and likewise to operate powerfully by urine. heads in general are spirited, and his back Bryony root, applied externally, is said to be a

powerful discutient. 2. B. bonariensis, bryony works are : 1. Tableau du Gouvernement actuel with hairy palmated leaves, divided into five de l'Empire d'Allemagne, translated from the parts, and obtuse segments. It is a native of German of Schmauss, with notes historical and warm countries; but merits cultivation on critical. Paris, 1755, 12mo. 2. Les Origines, account of the pretty appearance it makes when ou l'Ancien Gouvernement de la France, de full of fruit. 3. B. racemosa, bryony with a red l'Italie, et de l'Allemagne, published at the olive-shaped fruit. It is a native of warm cli- Hague, 1757,4 vols. 12mo. 3. Histoire Ancienmates, and perennial; but the branches decay ne des Peuples de l'Europe, Paris, 1772, 12 every winter. They flower in July, and in warm vols. 12mo. This is the largest, and perhaps summers will perfect their seeds in Britain. the best work of Buat. 4. Les Elémens de

BRYONIA, in conchology, a species of strom- la Politique, ou Recherches sur la vrais Prinbus, color fuscous, variegated with white and cipes de l'Economie Sociale, 1773, 6 vols. blue in clouds. This shell is of a conic form, 8vo. 5. Les Maximes du Gouvernement Mowith a mucronate, eight-dentated lip, and knotty narchique, pour servir de suite aux Elemens, spire. This shell is extremely rare, and its 4 vols. 8vo. There is also ascribed to Buat native place is unknown.

a work entitled Remarques d'un Français, ou BRYONIOIDES, a name given by some Examen impartial du livre de M. Necker sur botanists to the single-seeded cucumber. See les Finances, Geneva, 1785, 8vo. In his Sicyos.

youth he composed a tragedy, entitled CharleBRYTIA, among ancient naturalists, the must magne, ou le Triumphe des Lois, published at of grapes, which remains after expressing the Vienna, 1764, 8vo. He also contributed sevejuice.

ral articles to the scientific and other journals, on BRYUM, in botany, a genus of the class cryp- points of literature, history, and political econotogamia, order musci. The anthera is opercu- my; in particular, some excellent observations lated or covered with a lid, the calyptra polished; on the character of Xenophon, &c. in the fourth and there is a filament arising from the terminal volume of the Variétés Litteraires. tubercle. There are forty-seven species, most of BUB', v. & n. Dut. bobbelen. Strong, foamthem natives of Britain.

ing, bubbling liquor. Johnson says strong malt BRZESC, or Brsestz, the chief town of a liquor. circle in the province of Grodno, Russia, for Or if it be his fate to meet merly the capital of a palatinate in Lithuania, With folks who have more wealth than wit, stands on the river Bug, about 100 miles east of He loves cheap port, and double bub, Warsaw. It is said to contain the largest Jewish And settles in the humdrum club. Prior. synagogue in Europe, and a seminary, to which BUBALUS, in zoology, the trivial name of young Rabbies from all parts of Europe resort. the buffalo See Bos. Near this town an engagement took place be- BUBASTIS, a name of Isis, or the moon. tween the Russians and Poles in 1794, which The Egyptians bestowed different names on the lasted eight hours. Population about 4000. sun and moon, to characterise their effects and Lat. 52° 5' N., long. 23° 30' E.

relations with respect to the earth. Theology, BUA, an island of the gulph of Venice, on the having personified Bubastis, formed a divinity, of coast of Dalmatia, near Trau ; called also the whom a cat was the symbol. The priests fed it Partridge Island, because frequented by those with sacred food; and when it died they embirds. It is called Bubus by Pliny. During balmed its body, and carried it in pomp to the the decline of the empire it was called Boas; tomb prepared for it. The ancients have exand several illustrious men who fell under dis- plained this worship variously. The Greeks grace at court, were banished to it, particularly pretended that, when Typhou declared war against Florentius, master of the offices under Julian, the gods, Apollo transformed himself into a vulImmentius de Valenti, and the heretic Jovinian. ture, Mercury into an ibis, and Bubastis into a The emperors of Constantinople either were not cat, and that the veneration of the people for cats acquainted with it, or were willing to treat the took rise from that fable; but they ascribe their banished with great clemency. The climate is own ideas to the Egyptians, who thought very exceedingly mild; the air good; the oil, grapes, differently. The Greeks, who worshipped the and fruit excellent; the sea around it abounds moon by the name of Diana, bestowed it also on in fish, and the port is large and secure. It is this Egyptian divinity. The Egyptians attriten miles in length, and twenty-five in circuit; buted to her the virtue of assisting pregnant but rather high and mountainous.

women, as the Greeks and Latins did to Diana. BUAT-NANCAY (Louis Gabriel, Count du), A perfect resemblance, however, does not exist was born in Normandy, of a respectable family, between the two deities. The Greeks constituted in March, 1732. At an early age he entered Diana goddess of the chase, an attribute the into the Order of Malta; and became acquaint- Egyptians did not acknowledge in Bubastis. ed with the Chevalier Folard, author of the Diana was the daughter of Jupiter and Latona, Commentaries on Polybius, who received him but Bubastis of Osiris and Isis. A question into his house, and watched over his education. naturally arises here : how could Bubastis be Buat became successively Minister for France at called the daughter of Isis since she also was a Ratisbon and Dresden ; retired from public life symbol of the moon? The Egyptian theology in the year 1776, and died at Nançay, in Berry, easily explains this. Isis was the general appelon the 18th of September, 1787. He was a lation of the moon, Bubastis a particular attribute. man of considerable talent and learning, writing The sun, in conjunction with the star of the with great facility; but his style is unequal. His night, formed the celestial marriage of Osiris and

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Isis; the crescent, which appears three days after, BUBBLE, in commerce, a cant term given to a was allegorically called their daughter. Accord project for raising money on imaginary grounds. ingly, in the city of Ilithya, where Bubastis was for examples, we may rtier to France and Enge adored under that uitle, the third day of the lunar land in 1719, 1720, and 1721, and to the latter month was consecrated by a particular worship; country in 1825. because, three days after the conjunction, the BUBBLE, in natural philosopby, a small drop moon, disengaged from the rays of the sun, ap- or vesicle of any fluid filled with air, and formed pears as a crescent, and is visible. The Ezyp- either on its surface by an addition of more of tians, therefore, celebrated a solemnity in honor the fluid, as in raining, &c.; or in its substance of Bubastis, which in their tongue signified new by an intestine motion of its component particles. Inoon.

Bubbles are dilatable or compressible, i. e. they BUBASTIS, in ancient geography, a city of take up more or less room as the included air is Egypt built in honor of the goddess, and where more or less heated, or more or less pressed from accordeng to Herodotus, the people annually as- without; and are round because the included air sembled from all parts of Egypt, to celebrate acts equally from within all around. her festival.

BC BIL, in ornithology, a species of turdus: BUBʻBLE, v. &n. Lat. bullabula, Span. color brown, with a black longitudinal band be BUB'BLING,

burbuj, Swed. bubla, hind the eye.

Belg. bobble, Sans. book BU B'BY. Ital. poppa, buppa. See Pap. A BUE'BLE-GLASS, boola. A small bladder woman's breast.

BUB'BLE-BLOWING.) of air in water. Bubble Fob! say they, to see a handsome, brisk, genteel is applied to that which will burst as easily as a young fellow, so much governed by a doating old bubble; to anything which wants solidity and

woman, why don't you go and suck the bobby?

Arbrahmat. firmness; to a pufi, and thus to a cheat, a de

BU'BO, n. s. Lat. from Bezur, the groin. lusion, a fraud, and hence to bubble is to cheat,

That part of the groin from the bending of the to cozen, to delude, to defraud.

thigh to the scrotum; and therefore all tumors For younth is a bubble blowne up with breath,

in that part are called buboes. Whose witte is weakenesse, whose wage is death Wbose way is wildernesse, whose ynne penaunce

I suppurated it after the manner of a busbo, opened And stoope gallaunt age the host of Greevaunce.

it, and endeavoured detersion.

Wiseman. Spenser. Bulo, in medicine, a tumor which rises with Alas! a crimson river of warm blood,

inflammation, more particularly in the lymphaLike to a bubbling fountain stirred with wind,

tic glands of the groin and axilla. This disease Doth rise and fall.

may arise either from the irritation of local disThen a soldier,

order, from the absorption of venereal poison, or Seeking the bubble reputation,

from constitutional causes, as is the case in the Even in the cannon's mouth.


plague, and in scrophulous swellings of the inWar, he sung, is toil and trouble,

guinal and axillary glands. Honour but an empty bubble,

BUBON, Macedonian parsley: a genus of the Pighting still, and still destroying. Dryden. digynia order, belonging to the pentandria class Still bubble on, and pour forth blood and tears. Id. of plants; and in the natural method ranking

He tells me, with great passion, that she has under the forty-sixth order, umbellatæ. The fruit bubbled him out of his youth; and has drilled him on is ovate, striated, and villous. There are five to five and fifty.

Addison. species, which are propagated by seeds, and reHe has been my bubble these twenty years, and, to quire the common culture of other exotic vegemy certain knowledge, understands no more of his tables. own affairs, than a child in swaddling clothes.

1. B. galbanum, or African ferula, rises with Arbuthnot.

an upright stalk to the height of eight or ten feet, Cease, dearest mother, cease to chide ;

which at bottom is woody, having a purplish bark, Gany's a cheat, and I'm a bubble: Yet why this great excess of trouble? Prior.

covered with a whitish powder that comes off when The nation then too late will find,

handled. The top of the stalk is terminated by Directors' promises but wind,

an umbel of yellow flowers; which are succeeded South-sea at best a mighty bubble. Swift.

by oblong channelled seeds, having a thin memNot bubbling fountains to the thirsty swain,

brane or wing on their border. When any part Not showers to larks, or sunshine to the bee,

of the plant is broken, there issues out a little thin Are balf so charming as thy sight to me. Pope.

milk of a cream color, from which the galbanum What words can suffice to express, how infinitely I

of the Materia Medica is made. See GALBAesteem you, above all the great ones in this part of

NUM. the world; above all the Jews, jobbers, and bubblers? 2. B. gummiferum, with a mock chervil leaf,

Digby to Pope.

rises with a ligneous stalk about the same height; Who sees with equal eye, as God of all,

but the small leaves or lobes are narrow and inA hero perish, or a sparrow fall;

dented like those of bastard hemlock. The galAtoms or systems into ruin hurled;

banum of the shops is supposed to be procured And now a bubble burst, and now a world. from these two species.

Pope's Essay on Man. 3. B. Macedonicum, sends out many leaves How fair, how young, how soft, so 'er he seem, from the root; the lowest grow almost horizonFull from the fount of Joy's delicious springs, tally, spreading near the surface of the ground.

tally, spreading near Some bitter o'er the flowers its bubbling venom flings In the centre of the plant arises the flower-stem,

Byron. which is little more than a foot high, dividing into


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