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BRACHYURUS, in entomology, a species of fixed to the beds by four bolts, which are called ichneumon, inhabiting Germany. Color fulvous; bed bolts; they rise up on each side of the morthorax, eyes, and abdomen black; legs yellow. tar, and serve to keep it at any elevation, by

BRACHYURUS, in ornithology, a species of means of some strong iron bolts, called bracket lanius, the short-tailed shrike of Latham; color, bolts, which go through these cheeks or brackets. the head ferruginous gray above; eye-brows BRACKETS, in ships, the small knees, serving whitish; body grayish above; yellowish white to support the galleries, and commonly carved. beneath ; tail rounded. Found only in Hun- Also the timbers that support the gratings in the gary. Also a species of corvus, of a green head. color; tawny beneath, and on the head, with a BRACKLAU, or BRACKLAW, a palatinate in white spot on the wings. This bird inhabits the the eastern part of Podolía; it is also called islands of the Indian ocean.

Lower Podolia, and is of greater extent than BRACK'. Ang-Sax. bræccan. To break, see Upper Podolia, but is more desolate, on account break. A breach; a broken part.

of the neighbourhood of the Tartars. The place was but weak, and the bracks fair; but BRACKLAW, a strong town in Poland, capital the defendants, by resolution, supplied all the defects. of the palatinate. The houses are built of wood.

Hayward. It was taken by the Turks in 1672, but retaken Let them compare my work with what is taught in three years afterwards. It is seated on the river the schools, and if they find in theirs many bracks Bog. and short ends, which cannot be spun into an even BRACKLEY, an ancient borough town of piece; and, in mine, a fair coherence throughout; I Northamptonshire, seated near Buckinghamshire, shall promise myself an acqniescence. Digby. on a branch of the river Ouse. It contains two

BRACK', ) Goth. bar, a tide; Arab. parish churches; is governed by a mayor and BRACK'ISH, (bara, the sea; Dutch, brack, aldermen, and sends two members to parliament. BRACK’ISHNESS, salt. Brackish is saltish; It had formerly a college, which is turned into a

BRACK'Y. expressing the disagreeable free school ; and contains many vestiges of fortaste of sea water, or of waters approximating to mer greatness. In the neighbourhood is Bayard's the sea, not perfectly saline nor entirely fresh; Green, formerly celebrated for its tilts and tourthe intermediate state of water that belongs not naments. The town had once a great trade in strictly either to oceans or rivers.

wool. It is thirteen miles south-west of NorthPits upon the sea shore turn into fresh water, by ampton, and sixty-four north-west of London, percolation of the salt through the sand : but it is far- and seven miles distant from Buckingham. iber noted, after a time, the water in such pits will BRACTEA, in natural history, a plate, spangle, become brackish again.

Bacon. or thin flake of any substance.
When I bad gained the brow and top,

BRACTEA, in botany, a thin leaf of any folium A lake of brackish waters on the ground

florale. See BOTANY. Was all I found.

Herbert.

BRACTEARIA, in natural history, a genus All the artificial strainings hitherto leave a brack

of talcs, composed of small plates in form of ühness in salt water, that makes it unfit for animal uses.

spangles, each plate either being very thin or

Cheyne. The wise contriver, on his end intent,

fissile into very thin ones. Of this genus there Mixed them with salt, and seasoned all the sea, are a great many species, called, from their difWhat other cause could this effect produce ? ferent colors, mica aurea, or gold-glimmer; and The brackish tincture through the main diffuse. mica argentea, silver-glimmer, or cat’s-silver, &c.

Blackmore. BRACTEATA, in entomology, a small speBRACK'ET. Ital. bracietto. See brace, a cies of cicada, inhabiting Cayenne, with a green cramp or stay; a piece of wood fixed for the thorax, without spots. support of something.

BRACTEATED Coins, or BRACTEATI Num. Let your shelves be laid upon brackets, being about MI, among antiqnaries, coins or medals covered two feet wide, and edged with a small lath. Mortimer. over with a thin plate, or leaf, of some richer

metal. They are usually made of iron, copper, lo printing, a bracket or brace is a certain

or brass, plated over, and edged with gold or mark, bracing or confining words or lines together, as in a triplet thus :

silver leaf. Medalists find some bracteated Charge Venus to command her son,

pieces even among the truly ancient coins. The Wherever else she lets him rove,

French call them fourrées. To sbun my house, and field, and grove ;

BRACTON (Henry), lord chief justice of Peace cannot dwell with hate or love. 3 Prior. England in the reign of Henry III. was educated Or thus [ ].

at Oxford, where he took the degree of LL.D. At the head of each article I have referred, by and was made one of the itinerant judges about figures included in brackets, to the page of Dr. Lard 1244. Ten years after, he became chief justice, Der's volume, where the section, from which the and had the earl of Derby's house in London abridgement is made begins.

assigned him for his town residence, during the Paley's Evedences, part ii. chap. 6. minority of that nobleman. He filled this imBRACKET, in architecture, a small support portant office with singular reputation for twenty against a wall for a figure, lamp, clock, &c. years. He wrote De Legibus et Consuetudiniwhich are susceptible of considerable elegance of bus Angliæ, which is one of the most ancient and design and decoration.

most methodical books on our laws. His meBRACKETS, in gunnery, the cheeks of the car- thod is copied from Justinian. It was printed riage of a mortar. They are made of strong at London in 1569, folio, and in 1640, 4to. The planks of wood, of almost a semicircular figure, first is very incorrect. and bound round with thin iron plates; they are BRAD', being an initial, signifies broad,

spacions, from the Savon bar, and the Gottise, where be contiace a year and a half; during

which time he wrote several epistles that were Baad. Goth brodde; Swed, and Dra. bred; dispersed in various parts of the kingdom. He Tetsh, bryd. A potat; a rail tboot a bead was afrerwards removed to other prisons, and at A sort of sail to Boor rooms with. They are last brocabt to his tral beiore bishop Gardiner, about the size of a tengerny rail, but have not sere be defended his principles to the last, and their hearts made with a sboa!der over their as condemnei b the games. He was accord. saak, as orier bai's, bet are made pretty thick izzly bern: arte in Sriubeld, wbere be behared twards the upper end, that the very top may be with uncommon heroisin, on July 1st, 1555. dnren 1960, and bored in, the board they mail HK works are. 1. Seterty-two Letters, written down; so that the tops of these brads wil pot to fanous People, whilst the Author was in catch the trans of the mops, when the poor is Prison; printed in Coverdale's Collection. 2.

Ten Letters, pnoted in For's Acts and MoouBests are distinguished by irod-Donger by ments. 3. Coop.aint of Verity, 1559, 850. 4. ditierett nams; as joiners' brads, flooring brads, Three Examidatons before the Commissioners, batten brats, bill brads, or quarter heads, &c. and his Private Talk with the Priests, with the Josters' brads ase for hard wainscot; battea brads Original of his Life ; 1561. 850. 5. Two Notaare for soft wainscot; buil brads are used when ble Sermons; 1574, 850, 1631. 6. Godly Me a floor is laid in haste, or for shallow joists sub- ditation and Prayers; 1614. ?imo. 7. Treatise ject to warp. See NAIL

of Repentance, 1622. With several translations BRADBURY (Thomas), a dissenting minis- and other pieces ter, -as a tative of Wakefield in Yorkshire, and BRADFORD William, Esq.), an American educated at Mr. Jollie's academy at Attercliffe, author, printer, and soldier. During the Amewhere be distinguished himself by a species of rican war be wrote, printed, and fougbt for his low wit and eccentricity. He left that seminary country. Both his father and grandfather had at the age of eigt.teen, and became a preacher in been printers. In the army he had the rank of London, and the successor of the celebrated colone. Dr. Franklid said of him that his Daniel Bargess. He engaged in a controversy writings were spirited, his press correct, and his with Dr. Watts on the subject of the Trinity, sword active. He died at Philadelphia, in 1791. and was a warm, but not very liberal advocate BRADFORD, a market town of Wiltshire, the of the orthodox opinions. He published also centre of the great fabric of superfine cloths, for two volumes of sermons, which are esteemed. which it is famous : 10.000 or 12,000 pieces of In private life he is said to have been of a very twenty yards are made bere annually; but the cheerfui disposition, and would occasionally carry water, while excellent for dyeing, has boen said his Inlanty so far as to sing 'O the roast beef of to subject the manufacturers in a remarkable deOld Eogiand!' at a public dinner. It is but fair, gree to scrofula. The Kennet and Aron canal however, to add that his general conduct was has much increased the trade. Distant seren irreproachable, and that he was much respected miles south-east from Bath, and 100 west from by bostop Burdet, and many of the episcopal London. Market on Monday. ciersy. Tie died in 1759.

BRADFORD, or BRADFORTE, a market town of BRADFORD John, an eminent divine, and Yorkshire, in the West Riding, standing on one martyr of the Reformation, was born in the be- of the tributary streains of the Aire. It is noted ginning of the reign of Henry VIII. at Man- for its manufactures of worsted stuffs, which are chester. He was at first secretary to Sir John exposed for sale on the market day, in a large Harrir.gum, who was several times emploved by ball, built for the purpose. The parish is large, king Henry, and his successor Edward VI. as and has an endowed free grammar school, founded paytaster to the troops abroad. Bradford at in the reign of Edward VI. and incorporaled by the time was a gay man, and to support bis ex- Charles II. in the fourteenth year of his reign. travagance made free with the king's money; but Besides the parish church, a large and noble ediConscience checking him, be determined to make fice, there is a new church, lately built by subrestitution, and actually repaid the money. Quit- scription here, and five meeting-houses for disung bis errployment of secretary about A. D. senters. Near the town are large iron works, 1547, be wok Chambers in the inner temple, and where malleable iron is made, celebrated for for some time studied the law; but, finding an great strength. Coal is here very plepuful a mcimation to preach the gospel, be removed, in cheap, and great quantities are sent off by the 1547, w Carianne Hall, Cambridge, and there canals. In the vicinity, also, are flags and slate, applied with such uncommon assiduity to the of excellent quality. The rise of the canal, from study of divinity, tai in a much shorter time the Leeds and Liverpool canal, which it joins than usual he was admitud to the degree of Dear Windbill, is eighty-one feet, by eight locks. M.A. Bishop Ridley, wbo, in 1550, was trans. By means of this canal Bradford bas most exten lated to the set of London, charmed with Brad- sive navigable communications. The market is ford's application and val, now sent for him to on Thursday, but the increase of the population the metropolis, ordained and appointed him his has made a second market on Saturday to chaplam. In 1553 he was also made chaplain much frequented. According to the 'w to Edward VI. dunog which time he became parliamentary returns, it has very nearly dou ne of the most popular preachers in the king- its population. It is ten miles from Leeds, 200 don. Mary was bardly in possession of the 196 N. X. W. of London. CTO*n, before Bradford's persecutions began. BRADLEIA, in botany, a genus of class He was first connned in the tower for sedition, necia, order monadelphia. Male; (OR. Petar

et Is

last

bled

six, filaments three, anthers three. Female; diploma creating him D. D. The appointment cɔR. six-parted; three parts interior: stig, six of astronomer royal at Greenwich, which was to eight: Cap. six-valved, six-celled : SEEDS soli- dated February 3rd, 1741-2, placed Dr. Bradley tary. Species one, B. sini, a shrub, native of China. ini his proper element; and he pursued his ob

BRADLEY (Dr. James), a celebrated English servations with unwearied diligence. Numerous astronomer, was born at Sherborne, in Glouces- as the collection of astronomical instruments at tershire, in 1692. He was fitted for the univer- that observatory was, he endeavoured to increase sity at North Leach, and was sent thence to Ox- them; and, in 1748, induced the Royal Society ford, and admitted a commoner of Baliol College, to make application to the king on the subject, March 15th, 1710; where he took the degree of who ordered £1000 to be expended on this obB. A. in 1714, and of M. A. in 1716. His ject. Dr. Bradley thus furnished, pursued his friends intending him for the church, his studies observations with great assiduity during the rest were regulated with that view, and the bishop of of his life; an immense number of which were Hereford, who had conceived a great esteem for found after his death, in thirteen folio volumes, him, gave him the living of Bridstow, and soon and were presented to the university of Oxford after that of Landewy Welfry in Pembrokeshire. in 1779, on condition of their printing and pubAll the time that he could spare from the duties lishing them ; which, however, has never yet of his function he passed with his uncle, Mr. been done. During Dr. Bradley's residence at Pound of Wanstead, a gentleman of considerable the Royal Observatory, he was offered the living mathematical acquirements. At this period he of the church at Greenwich; but he refused to made such observations, as laid the foundation of accept it, from a conscientious scruple, 'that the those discoveries which afterwards distinguished duty of a pastor was incompatible with his other him as one of the greatest astronomers of his studies and necessary engagements.' King age. These observations gained him the notice George II. hearing of this, granted him a penand friendship of the lord chancellor Maccles- sion of £250 over and above the astronoiner's field, Mr. afterwards Sir Isaac Newton, Mr. Hal- original salary from the Board of Ordnance; a ley, and many other members of the Royal So- pension which has been regularly continued to ciety, of which he was elected a member. Not the astrouomers royal ever since. Dr. Bradley long after, the chair of Savilian professor of as- was elected a member of the Academy of Sciences tronomy at Oxford becoming vacant, by the at Berlin, in 1747; of that of Paris, in 1748; of death of the celebrated Dr. Keil, Mr. Bradley that of Petersburgh, in 1754; and of that of Bowas elected to succeed him, October 31st, 1721, logna, in 1757. He married Miss Susanna at twenty-nine years of age; his colleague being Peach, in 1744, but never had more than one Mr. Halley, was professor of geometry on the child, a daughter. He died the 13th July, 1763, same foundation. Upon this appointment Mr. at Chalfont; and was interred at MinchinhampBradley resigned his church livings, and applied ton, in Gloucestershire. His papers, which have himself wholly to the study of his favorite science. been inserted in the Philosophical Transactions, In the course of his observations, which were in are, 1. Observations on the Comet of 1703: 2. numerable, he discovered and settled the laws of The Longitude of Lisbon and of the fort of New the alterations, or aberration, of the fixed stars, York from Wanstead and London, determined from the progressive motion of light, combined by the Eclipse of the first satellite of Jupiter : with the earth's annual motion about the sun, 3. An Account of a New Discovered Motion of and the nutation of the earth's axis arising from the Fixed Stars: 4. On the Going of Clocks, with the unequal attraction of the sun and moon on Isochronal Pendulums: 5. Observations on the the different parts of the earth. The theory of Comet of 1736-7 : 6. On the Apparent Motion the former he published in 1727; and that of the of the Fixed Stars : 7. On the Occultation of latter in 1737 : so that in the space of about ten Venus by the Moon; April 15th, 1751 : 8. On years, he communicated to the world two of the the Comet of 1757: and 9. Directions for Using finest discoveries in modern astronomy. See the Common Micrometer. ABEBRATION, NUTATION, and ASTRONOMY. In BRADLEY (Richard), F. R. S., a writer on gar1730 Mr. Bradley succeeded Mr. Whiteside, as dening and agriculture, was also chosen professor lecturer in astronomy and experimental philo- of botany at Cambridge, but led a dissipated life, sophy in the Museum at Oxford, which was a and measures were taking to deprive him of the considerable emolument to him, and which he situation, when he died in 1732. His works are, held till within a year or two of his death; when 1. A New Improvement of Planting and Gardenthe ill state of his health induced him to resign ing, 8vo. 1717. 2. Philosophical Account of the it. He always preserved the esteem and friend. Works of Nature, 4to. 1721. 3. The Gentleship of Dr. Halley; who, being worn out by age inan's and Gardener's Kalendar, 8vo. 4. A Geand infirmities, thought he could not do better neral Treatise of Husbandry and Gardening, 2 for the service of astronomy, than procure for vols. 8vo. 5. Practical Discourses concerning Mr. Bradley the place of regius professor at the four Elements, as they relate to the Growth Greenwich, which he himself had many years of Plants, 8vo. 6. Dictionarium Botanicum, 8vo. possessed with the greatest reputation. He even 7. Historia Plantarum Succulentarum, 4to. Beoffered to resign it in his favor, but died before sides these publications his name was prefixed he could accomplish this kind object. Mr. Brad- to a translation of Xenophon's Economics, 8vo. ley, however, obtained the place, by the interest In one of his works he describes an instrument of Lord Macclesfield, who was afterwards presi- somewhat similar to that which Dr. Brewster has dent of the Royal Society; and upon this ap- since called the Kaleidoscope, but never seems pointment the University of Oxford sent him a to have used it.

.

BRADSHAW (John), president of the high sereral preferments in Ireland, he settled in court of justice which tried and condemned London, where he was successively promoted to Charles I. He was born, according to some several livings; and at the time of his death was writers, in Derbyshire, and, according to others, rector of Clapham, minister of Richmond, and in Cheshire, but is first known in history as a chaplain to the duke of. Ormond's troop of student in Gray's Inn. Being admitted to the horse guards. He composed part of the new bar, he obtained much chamber practice from version of Psalms, still sung in many churches of the partisans of the parliament, to which he was England and Ireland; the Æneid of Virgil, in zealously devoted. He was made joint com- 4 vols.; and 3 vols of sermons. He died May missioner of the great seal for six months, in 20th, 1726. 1646; and in the February following, both BRADY (Robert), born in Norfolk in 1643, houses voted him chief justice of Chester. The was master of Caius College, Cambridge, regius trial of the king being determined upon, Brad- professor, and twice representative of that unishaw was selected for president, and after a versity in parliament. In 1689 he was made slight hesitation accepted the office. Even ac- keeper of the records in the Tower, and physicording to those principles,' says Mr. Hume, cian in ordinary to James II. He wrote, An .which in his present situation he was perhaps Introduction to the Old English History; An obliged to adopt, his behaviour in general will History of England, from the time of the Romans appear not a little harsh and barbarous; but to the end of the reign of Richard II.; and A when we consider him as a subject, and one too Treatise on English Boroughs. He died in of no high character, addressing himself to his 1700. unfortunate sovereign, his style will be esteemed BRADYPEPSIA, from Bpadvs, slow, and to the last degree audacious and insolent.' His tellus, digestion, weak digestion. rewards were certainly ample, amounting, it is BRADYPUS, the sloth, a species of quadru. said, to not less than £4000 a year. He, how- peds, belonging to ine order of bruta. The chaever, was finally no favorite with Cromwell, on racters are these : they have no fore teeth in their whose appointment to the protectorate he re- jaw; the dog teeth are blunt, solitary, and longer signed the chief justiceship of Chester. On the than the grinders; they have six grinders in death of Cromwell, and the restoration of the cach jaw. The body is covered with hair. There long parliament, he obtained a seat in the coun- are three-species, viz. 1. B. didactylus has only cil, was elected president, and would have been two toes on each fore foot, and no tail; the head appointed commissioner of the great seal had his is round; the ears are large; and it has no mamhealth permitted. He died in November, 1659, inæ on the breast., The body is covered with and on his death-bed is said to have declared ash-colored hair. It is a native of Ceylon. 2. that he felt no remorse for having presided at the B. trydactylus, or American sloth, has a short trial of the king. At the Restoration, his body tail, and three toes on each foot. It is about the was disinterred; and being exhibited on a gal- size of a fox. The body is covered over with lows, was buried under it, at Tyburn.

hair of a gray color; the face is naked; the BRADWARDEN (Thomas), archbishop of throat yellowish; the fore feet are longer than Canterbury, was born at Hartfield in Sussex the hind feet; the claws are compressed, and about the close of the thirteenth century. He very strong. It has no mammæ on the breast; was educated at Merton College, Oxford, where nor any external ears, but only two winding he took the degree of D.D. and was esteemed holes. In this and the last species there is only à profound scholar, a skilful mathematician, one common excreting canal as in birds.. Its and consummate divine. Pitt says he was a food is fruit, or the leaves of trees. It lives geprofessor of divinity at Oxford. From being nerally in the branches of trees; and it is worthy chancellor of the diocese of London, he be- of remark, that it always prefers to move along came a courtier and confessor to Edward III. the underside of the boughs, its strong fore feet whom he constantly attended during his war enabling it to clasp it in such a manner as to sewith France, assisting that victorious prince with cure its safety; thus passing, as has been withis advice, animating the troops, and fervently tily observed, the greater part of his life like a praying for their success. After his return he young clergyman nearly related to a bishop, in a was made prebendary of Lincoln, and archbishop state of suspeuse. When it wishes to descend it of Canterbury. He died at Lambeth in 1349, rolls itself in a ball and drops from the branch, forty days after his consecration. His works preferring that short road' to the ground, to are, 1. De Causa Dei, printed in London, 1618, the labor of creeping down the trunk. Nature published by J. H. Savil; 2. De Geometria Spe- has guarded this animal against its enemies, by culativa, &c. Paris, 1495, 1512, 1530 ; 3. De giving it such strength in its feet, that whatever Arithmetica Practica, Paris, 1502, 1512; 4. De it seizes it holds so fast that it never can be freed Proportionibus, Paris, 1495, Venice, 1505, folio; from its claws, but must there die of hunger, 5. De Quadratura Circuli, Paris, 1495, folio. A dog who has been set upon the animal has

BRADY (Nicholas), a divine and poet, born thus been known to be retained in its grasp until at Bandon, in Cork, in 1659. He studied at it was starved. It walks painfully and slowly, Westminster, and afterwards at Oxford and dragging itself forward by the strength of its foreDublin. He was a zealous promoter of the Re- feet; turns its head as if astonished; its note au volution; and in 1690, whien the troubles broke ascending hexachord; cry miserable. 3. B out in Ireland, by his interest with M‘Carty, pentadactylus : five toes on all the feet; tail King James's general, he thrice prevented the short. A heavy, clumsy, animal, of a mixed reburning of the town of Bandon. slaving quitted semblance between the sloth and bog; when irri

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tated gives a short harsh cry; catches what is

A kind of conquest thrown to it with its paws; eats bread, fruit, and Cæsar made here; but made not here his brag eggs, but not roots.

Of came, and saw, and overcame. BRAE-MAR, or BRAE-MARN, a mountainous

Who knows himself a braggart, district of Scotland, in Aberdeenshire, situated

Let him fear this ; for it will come to pass,

That every braggart shall be found an ass. in the middle of the Grampian hills, about fifty

it.

Knowledge being the only thing whereof we poor miles west of Aberdeen, and one of the three di

old men can brag, we cannot make it known but by visions of that extensive territory called Marr.

utterance.

Sidney. The mountains are the highest in Great Britain, It was such a new thing for the Spaniards to reBen-Nevis excepted. Macduie, Cairntoul, and ceive so little hurt, upon dealing with the English, Breirarch, rising 4300 and 4220 feet above the as Avellaneda made great brags of it, for no greater level of the sea. Here are various colored crys- matter than the waiting upon the English afar off. tals of considerable value; several forests, and

Bacon. numerous lakes and rivulets. The inhabitants

His steward was his kinsman, Vain Expence, are computed at about only fifteen to a square

Who proudly strove, in matters light, to show mile; and in the mountainous parts they do not

Heroic mind in braggart afluence

Fletcher's Purple Island. reside permanently.

With him such self-admiring arrogance BRÅGʻ, v. n. & adj. ) Goth, braga, braha,

And brag; his deeds without a helper praising. BRAG'GER,

| (from which we have BRAGʻGERY, our word brave); Isl.

Beauty is nature's brag, and must be shown BRAG'GING, N. andic, brag; Swedish,

In courts, at feasts, and high solemnities, BRAGʻGINGLY, brage, a hero; bragner, Where most may wonder.

Milton. BRAG'LESS,

an extoller, a heroic Such as have had opportunity to sound these brag. BRAG'LY,

poet, a bard; Danish, gets throughly, by having sometimes endured the BRAGʻGART, n. & adj. bragska; Armoric, bra- penance of their sottish company, have found them BRAG'GARDISM. I ga: Fr. braquer, to ex- in converse, empty and insipid.

South. BRAG'GADOCIO. I tol. Junius has ob- In bragging out some of their private tenets, as if served that brag in Scotch is terror, fear; and

ī they were the established doctrines of the church of England.

Sanderson. he quotes several instances from G. Douglas of

The rebels were grown so strong there, that they the word so used ; and hence ne inters was de- intended then, as they already bragged, to come over duced the English application of the word, to and make this the seat of war.

Clarendon. those who endeavour to strike terror into their op- Mrs. Bull's condition was looked upon as desperate ponents by the noisiness of their threats. Skin- by all the men of art; but there were those that der believes that the word is derived from the bragged they had an infallible ointment. Arb. Ang. Sax. bræc-an, to break; hence to break or The world abounds in terrible fanfarons, in the burst out in poisy threats or boastings. Thus we masque of men of honor ; but these braggadocios are may collect the various meanings of the word - easy to be detected.

L'Estrange. to brag is distinguished from the just celebration By the plot, you may guess much of the characters of our own or another's merit. It implies ex- of

implies are of the persons ; a braggadocio captain, a parasite, and a lady of pleasure.

Dryden. aggeration-a person attempting to appear, by his owo noisy boasting, either greater, braver, or

Every busy little scribbler now better than he is. A brag is a coward, vaunting

Swells with the praises which he gives himself,

And taking sanctuary in the crowd, bis bravery; the ass in a lion's skin, trying to

Brags of his impudence, and scorns to mend. Rusc. roar when he can only bray. A braggadocio is

Yet lo! in me what authors have to brag on, a puffing, swelling, boasting fellow, one who Reduced at last to hiss in my own dragon. Pope. makes clamorous professions. An horne blew with many boustous bragge,

As yet, notwithstanding the strutting and lying in. Which all this world with war hath made to wagge.

dependence of a braggart philosophy, nature maintains Chaucer. ad

por her rights, and great names have great prevalence. Hard by his side grewe a bragging brere,

Burke'Appeal to the Old Whigs. Which proudly thrust into the element,

Baag, a game at cards, wherein as many may And seemed to threat the firmament.

partake as the cards will supply; the eldest hand Spencer's Shepheard's Calendar.

dealing three to each person at one time, and But it was scornefull braggadochio, That with his servant Trompart hovered there. Id.

turning up the last card all round. This done, Seest riot thilk bawthorn stud,

each gamester puts down three stakes, one for How bragly it begins to bud,

each card. The first stake is won by the best card And utter his tender head ?

turned up in the dealing round; beginning from Flora now calleth forth each flower,

the ace, king, queen, knave, and so downwards. And bids him make ready Maia's bower. When cards of the same value are turned up to

Skakespeare. two or more of the gamesters, the eldest hand The bruit is, Hector's slain, and by Achilles. gains; but the ace of diamonds wins, to what-If it is so, bragless let it be,

ever hand it be turned up. The second stake is Great Hector was as good a man as he.

Id.

won by what is called the brag, which consists in Thou coward! art thou bragging to the stars,

one of the gamesters challenging the rest to pro'Telling the bushes that thou lookest for wars,

1

Id. And wilt not come ?

duce cards equal to his. A pair of aces is the Mark me, with what violence she first loved the best brag, a pair of kings the next, and so on : and Moor, but for bragging, and telling her fantastical a pair of any sort wins the stake from the most hes,

valuable single card. In this part consists the Verona brags of him,

great diversion of the game ; for, by the artful To be a virtuous and well governed youth. Id. management of the looks, gesture, and voice, it

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