Encyclopedia of Medical Anthropology: Health and Illness in the World's Cultures Topics - Volume 1; Cultures -, Band 2

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Carol R. Ember, Melvin Ember
Springer Science & Business Media, 31.12.2003 - 1071 Seiten
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Medical practitioners and the ordinary citizen are becoming more aware that we need to understand cultural variation in medical belief and practice. The more we know how health and disease are managed in different cultures, the more we can recognize what is "culture bound" in our own medical belief and practice.

The Encyclopedia of Medical Anthropology is unique because it is the first reference work to describe the cultural practices relevant to health in the world's cultures and to provide an overview of important topics in medical anthropology. No other single reference work comes close to marching the depth and breadth of information on the varying cultural background of health and illness around the world. More than 100 experts - anthropologists and other social scientists - have contributed their firsthand experience of medical cultures from around the world.

 

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Inhalt

Theoretical and Applied Issues in CrossCultural Health Research
3
Cognitive Medical Anthropology
12
Critical Medical Anthropology
23
Evolutionary and Ecological Perspectives
31
Forensic Anthropology
37
Illness Narratives
42
Paleopathology and the Study of Ancient Remains
49
Psychoanalysis and Anthropology
58
Amish
557
Argentine Toba
564
Badaga
572
Bangladeshis
579
Baliem Valley Dani
591
British
599
Burmese
607
Cree
614

Bioethics
73
Biomedical Technologies
86
Biomedicine
95
Medical Pluralism
109
Medicalization and the Naturalization of Social Control
116
Phenomenology of Health and Illness
125
Possession and Trance
137
Shamanism
145
Disasters
157
Health and Economic Development
164
Homelessness
170
Nutrition and Health
178
PostColonial Development and Health
184
Refugee Health
191
Social Stratification and Health in the Western Context
198
The Urban Poor
207
Aging
217
Birth
224
BreastFeeding
230
Child Growth
235
Dying and Death
244
Female Genital Cutting
252
Immunization
262
Population Control
269
Reproductive Health
280
Alcohol Use
293
Child Abuse and Neglect
301
Cholera and other WaterBorne Diseases
305
Chronic Diseases of Aging
311
CultureBound Syndromes
319
Culture Stress and Cardiovascular Disease
328
Diabetes Mellitus and Medical Anthropology
335
Diarrhea
353
DisabilityDifference
360
Drug Use
374
Emerging Infectious Diseases
383
History and Mechanisms
391
Genetic Disease II
407
HIVAIDS Research and Prevention
462
Malaria and other Major Insect Vector Diseases
479
Mental Disorders
486
Mental Retardation
493
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome SIDS or Cot Death
506
Tobacco Use in Medical Anthropological Perspective
518
Tuberculosis Research and Control
528
African Americans
545
Czechs
622
Datoga
629
Fore
638
French
646
Fulani
656
Garhwali
664
Garifuna
672
Greeks
681
The Hadza
689
Haitians
696
Han
703
Hausa
718
Hmong in Laos and the United States
729
Iroquois
743
Jamaican Maroons
754
Japanese
765
Jat
777
Lijiang Naxi
783
Malagasy
794
Malays
804
Maori
815
Matsigenka
823
Maya of Highland Mexico
838
Mongolia
850
Nahua
863
Navajo
873
Nepal
883
Northwest Coast
890
Ojibwa
903
Oklahoma Choctaw
915
Roma of the United States and Europe
923
Samoa
929
Saraguros
937
Shipibo
947
Sotho
957
Sudanese
964
Thai
971
Tongans
980
Trobriand
990
Tuareg
1001
Wape
1009
Yanomamo
1017
Yoruba
1029
Subject Index
1041
Cultural and Alternative Names Index
1069
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Seite xxviii - In the context of health experience an impairment is any loss or abnormality of psychological, physiological or anatomical structure or function. Disability. In the context of health experience a disability is any restriction or lack (resulting from an impairment) of ability to perform an activity in the manner or within the range considered normal for a human being.

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