The Impact of Yom Kippur on Early Christianity: The Day of Atonement from Second Temple Judaism to the Fifth Century

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Mohr Siebeck, 2003 - 445 Seiten
The Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur) was the most important festival of late-antique Judaism, but its influence on Christianity was not generally recognized. Daniel Stokl Ben Ezra here not only reveals the profound influence of Yom Kippur on early Christianity up to the fifth century but also offers the first detailed analysis of the festival itself. He examines the rituals of and the concepts underlying Yom Kippur in various types of Second Temple and rabbinic Judaism. In detailed analyses of many New Testament and extra-canonical writings, as well as Gnostic and early mystical texts, the author portrays the sweeping influence of the high priest, Holy of Holies, blood sacrifice and scapegoat ritual on early Christian thought and practice. In the final part he examines Christian exegesis of Leviticus 16, Christian-Jewish polemics and the impact of Yom Kippur on Christian liturgy.
 

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Inhalt

Introduction
1
Introduction
13
Imaginaires of Yom Kippur
78
Part
143
Yom Kippur in the Early Christian Imaginaire
145
Yom Kippur Imagery in Gnosticism and in Early
228
Yom Kippur in Jewish Christian Legends
244
Part Three
259
Yom Kippur and the Christian Autumn Festivals
290
General Conclusions
329
Yom Kippur and Eastern Anaphoras
335
Index of Sources
397
Index of Modern Authors
425
Urheberrecht

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Über den Autor (2003)

Daniel Stokl Ben Ezra, Born 1970; studied Theology in Bochum and Bern, Comparative Religion and Jewish Studies in Jerusalem; 2002 Ph.D.; since 2003 Mandel Fellow at the Scholion Institute, Institute of Jewish Studies, the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.

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