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the last century. There is a round hole, which has and the former revived. It is an Act for conbeen-evidently after leaving the maker-rudely tinuing and reviving of divers Statutes, and it is cut out in the clock-door to show the motion of provided, s. 50, that “ An Act made for declarathe pendulum. Pendulums in horology were not tion of a statute made for the marriage of priests, introduced till 1657; and my old horologe was and for legitimation of their children, shall stand made by " Jos. Gray Durham" (according to date revived and be in force for ever, the said Act of on the clock-head) in 1616. Hence I call her (a repeal notwithstanding." clock is "she" with us) my "Shakspere Clock," The doctrinal permission, apart from the legal for in that year the immortal dramatist died. Mr. sanction, is contained in the Art. 32 of the ThirtyMills evidently possesses a clock of a seventeenth nine Articles, temp. Elizabeth, and it goes beyond century date and make.
R. E. N. the Articles as first issued, temp. Edw. VI., by Bishopwearmouth.
inserting that “it is lawful for them, as for all
other Christian men, to marry at their own discreMARRIAGE OF THE CLERGY (7th S. v. 469). tion."
ED, MARSHALL. -Whether since the accession of Queen Elizabeth it has ever been contrary to law for the NAME OF ARTIST WANTED (76h S. vi. 29).clergy to marry is a disputed question, into The designer of these very striking woodcuts to which it might not be wise to enter in the Charles Reade’s ‘Good Fight! (the germ of what pages of 'N. & Q. The royal injunctions of he afterwards extended elaborately, and some 1569, whatever force they may have had as think spoilt, as "The Cloister and the Hearth '), legal documents, show the queen's will on this was Charles Keene, one of the clever illustrators matter. Article 29 gives permission to priests of Punch. If Mr. Fisher had taken the small and deacons to take to themselves wives, on the amount of trouble to consult p. vi of Once a condition that two justices of the peace of the Week, vol. i., he would have found all the artists' shire where the woman lives, and dwelling next names in full.
J. W. EBSWORTH. her abode, should testify as to her good character. These injunctions are well known, but it has been Church STEEPLES (7th S. v. 226, 393, 514).somewhat rashly assumed that they were never I give below an extract from an article on Vanes acted upon, but that then, as now, the clergy of and Weathercocks,' by the Rev. S. Coode Hore, the established religion“ took them wives of all in the May number of the Antiquary (p. 202). If which they chose," without any preliminary form- it is not found too lengthy it may be thought alities. That this is a mistake is evident. Early worthy of insertion in 'N. & Q.':in the reign of Elizabeth, Bishop Horne told Henry “ It is stated that Pope Gregory, in the sixth century, Ballinger that “the marriage of priests was authoritatively declared the cock to be the emblem of counted unlawful in the times of Queen Mary, Christianity, and that for this reason it came into uso as and was also forbidden by a public statute of the a vane for churches, and most writers assert that the realm, which is also in force to this day ; although such'a position at a very early period. A Papal Enact
cock, as the emblem of Watchfulness, was placed in by permission of Queen Elizabeth clergymen may ment of the ninth century ordered the figure of a cock have their wives, provided only they marry by the to be set up on overy church-steeple as the emblem of advice and assent of the Bishop and two justices i St. Peter. Thus Mr. Pugin remarks that formerly of peace, as they call them.”—(Parker Society, surmounted by a cock ...... At the foot of the cross is a
every spire was surmounted by an ornamental cross, Zürich Letters, Second Series, p. 359.)
globe, to represent the power of the cross over tho This injunction had not become a dead letter world.' in the early part of the reign of James I. Several * It is remarkable that one of the earliest of such of these certificates granted by the justices are
weather-cocks has been met with. Thus at Brixen, in preserved among the episcopal archives at Lincoln. the year 1652, one such cock was discovered, bearing I printed some of these in the Proceedings of the hunc fieri præcepit anno 820. The full meaning
the inscription : Dominus Rampentus Episc; gallum Society of Antiquaries for March 30, 1876. One weathercock as a symbol may be gathered from the of them is signed by Robert Cromwell, father of bymo on such subject, written in or before the year the Lord Protector. EDWARD PEACOCK.
1420 A.D., a translation of which appears in Neale's Bottesford Manor, Brige.
Mediæval Hymn Book.' La Queriere, however, main.
tains that the cock was first used as a vane, as being the The case is as follows: The Act 2 Edw. VI. ancient warlike symbol of certain tribes in Gaul. It is c. 21 was an Act to take away all positive Laws recorded of the vessels of Sweyn of Denmark, 1001, that made against Marriage of Priests. This was with expanded wings, showing whence the wind blew. recited in 5 & 6 Edw. VI. cap. 12, an Act Several vessels represented in the Bayeaux tapestry have touching the Declaration of a Statute made for the pennon-shaped vanes on the top of the masts. And Marriage of Priests. This was repealed i Mary again, in the life of Emma, Queen of Canute, a descrip(sess. 2), cap. 2, an Act for the repeal of certain Station is given of a fleet sent to England in 1013, in which tutes made in the time of the reign of Edw. VI. it is stated that tho figures of birds, turning with the
wind, appeared on the top of the masts; but whether But in 1 Jac. I. c. 25, this last Act was repealed, these were cocks or other birds the historian Baith
But cocks are distinctly visible on the outside of St. Bedfordshire, about six miles distant from Bedford. Swithin's Church, at Winchester, in the Anglo-Saxon In former years the county was ecclesiastically in Benedictional of St. Æthelwold. The picture represents the diocese of Lincoln, which then reached from the interior and exterior of a church. The bishop within is blessing the people; whilst on the outside two Thames to Humber, but recently it has formed a cocks, on two separate turrets, are looking after the portion of the diocese of Ely. No doubt your weather. The date of this picture is the tenth century, correspondent would find the information he is in and these cocks are referred to by Wulstan, a contem- search of in the registry at Lincoln. The church porary writer.
" The cock is again depicted on a yet earlier picture of St. Mary, at Bletsoe, is a small cruciform of a church, a copy of which is also given in the Archæo structure with tower at the intersection, and has logia (vol. xxv.). Hence weathercocks were in use in undergone restoration. The manor and advowson this country in Anglo-Saxon days. Some idea of the have for many generations belonged to Lord St. size and weight of these ancient cocks may be gained John, who is Baron St. John, of Bletsoe, and the from the fact that the cock standing on the old spire of northern arm of the transept
has for centuries been Rouen Cathedral was 3 feet 8 inches in length, and it weighed twenty-eight pounde.”
used as their burial-place. The parish is situated The whole article is interesting. ALPHA.
on the banks of the river Ouse, which winds in a
remarkable manner from Turvey to Bedford, and These notes recall to mind the quaint but is crossed by the Midland Railway some halfbeautiful verses of Henry Vaughan, Cock-crow-dozen times between Bletsoo and Bedford, a ing,' in which the cock figures as something more distance of only six miles. tban a symbol :
North-east of the church is a portion of the Fatber of lights ! wbat Sunnie seed,
ancient mansion of the St. Johns, partly surrounded What glance of day bast tbou confin'd
by a moat dow dry. In it was born in 1441, MarInto this bird ? To all the breed
garet Beaufort, Countess of Richmond, who This busie Ray thou hast assign'd;
was the munificent foundreds of St. John's and Their magnetisme works all night, And dreams of Paradise and light.
Christ's Colleges, in Cambridge, and of the Lady
Margaret professorship at Oxford. The old manor
house was at that time the seat of the Beauchamps. So shines and sings as if it knew
She died in 1509, and was buried in Henry VII.'s The path unto the bouse of light,
chapel at Westminster, having just witnessed her It seems their candle, howe'r done,
grandson Henry VIII. ascend the throne of EogWas tinn'd and lighted at the sunne.
John PICKFORD, M.A.
Newbourne Rectory, Woodbridge.
The Bishop's transcripts for the Archdeaconry of
Bedford commence in 1602, and are preserved in If a meer blast 80 fill the sail,
the muniment room of St. Paul's, Bedford. I am Shall not the breath of God prevail?
now printing a large volume of extracts from the There are five more stanzas in the poem. The same. Those for Irchester would probably be sixth is especially beautiful :
found at Northampton.
F. A. BLAYDES,
HERALDIC (7th S. v. 88, 156, 216, 293, 517).-
P. P. seems to be under the impression that Sir Can souls be track'd by any eyo
Walter Scott, in describing the arms of Marmion
A falcon, on his shield,
Soared sable in an azure field, In the micute book of the Society of Anti-quoted from some ancient heraldic MS. before quaries there is the following, entry, giving him, and "forgot to make allowances for age and another opinion as to why a cock was put upon less permanence in colouring." I fear, however, a steeple :
that we must ascribe this extraordinary heraldic
The correct arms of “ 29. Jan. 1723/4, Mr. Norroy _[Peter Le Neve] slip to a poet's licence. brought a script from Gramaye, Historia Brabantiæ, Marmion" of Lutterworth, of Scrivelsby, of Tamshewing that the manner of adorning the tops of steeples worth Tower and Town," were very different, being with a cross and a cock, is derived from the Goths, wbo simply, Vair, a fess gules. bore that as their warlike ensign."
J. STANDISH HALY. J. W. ALLISON.
Temple. Stratford, E.
THE MANUFACTURE OF PEWTER (7th S. v. 329, Rev. Nicolas Mason, OF BLETSOE (7th S. v. 457). — 507).—Bletsoe, of which parish this clergyman “The trade of a pewterer is very ancient, and although died rector in 1571, is in the northern part of little mention is made of it in books of bistory, there is
no doubt, from the economy of its materials for culinary painstaking and accurate, and reflects bigh credit upon purposes, that it must bave oxisted in this kingdom for Mr. Harrison and his coadjutors. The London Library many centuries. We find in the reigns of Honry VII. has been fortunate in its librarians. and VIII, that many statutes were enacted relative to the pewterer: by 19 of the former king, cap. 6, and 4 of Papers read at the Anglo-Jewish Historical Exhibition. the same, cap. 4, the weights and standard of pewterers' (* Jewish Chronicle' Office.) metal were limited. We find, also, by other statutes of Bibliotheca Anglo-Judaica : a Bibliographical Guide to Henry VIII, that their goods were liable to be searched
Anglo-Jewish History. Compiled by Joseph Jacobs and gold in open places; and by the 25 of Hon. VIII. and Lucien Wolf. (Same publishers.) c. 9, 8. 3, no stranger born shall work pewter, &c.; all Hebrew Deeds of English Jews before 1290. Edited by which proves that in Henry VIII.'s time the pewterer's must have been a trade of considerable importance."
M. D. Davis. (Same publishers.) * Book of Trades' (1818), p. 248.
Catalogue of Anglo-Jewish Historical Exhibition Royal
Albert Hall. (Clowes & Sons.)
TAE Anglo-Jewish Historical Exhibition of last year Liverpool,
was not, we understand, a financial success. As, howLe Peuterer occurs as a surname on the Close ever, it was not a money-making speculation, this is of
HERMENTRUDE. Roll for 1355.
It achieved what it was intended for : it drew attention to the great historical interest
attaching to the Jewish element in English life. In “ IT IS NOT EVERY LADY OF GENOA THAT IS times when the children of Abraham were debarred A QUEEN OF CORSICA” (76 S. v. 487). —Corsica from civil rights it was the cant of the day to picture never had bat one king-the unfortunate Theodore their immense and far-reaching influence in every de. in the last century. The proverb would seem, with equal rights with the rest of us, the Jewish elements
partment of life. Now, since they have become citizens, therefore, to refer to him, but the ordinary books in society are forgotten or ignored by the greater part of reference do not tell us who was poor Col. of those who live on from day to day without a thought Frederick's mother.
of the past or of how things came to be as we find them EDWARD H. MARSHALL, M.A.
at present. We imagine that it will be news to many Hastings.
persons that between the time of their expulsion and their open return, in the middle of the seventeenth con
tury, there were always Jews in this country. The his. fiscellaneous.
tory of the progress of a country like ours is far too vast
an undertaking to be dealt with as a whole in any one NOTES ON BOOKS, &o.
series of volumes, however vast. It must be cut up into Catalogue of the London Library. By Robert Harrison, sections if it is to be made intelligible. The Jews in Secretary and Librarian. Fifth Edition. (Sold at the by itself, though mingling with the main stream; in the
Britain is one department which may easily be treated Library.) TAE interest of Mr. Harrison's Catalogue of the London reigns of John, Edward I., and during the long struggle Library is not confined to members of that valuable for
emancipation, it is mainly separate, and
might, if institution. It extends to all classes of bibliographers in proper hands and dealt with
in sufficient detail, bo and bibliophiles. Three catalogues in succession have made a work of no ordinary interest. been edited by Mr. Harrison, whose labours, aided, as
The eight papers read at the Royal Albert Hall during they have been, by zealous assistants, have been con.
the time the exhibition was open show, in some measure, stant and arduous. During the period, less than half a
on what lines such a book should be made. They are century, in which the library has been in existence; Lucien Wolf's on The Middle Age of Anglo-Jewish
naturally of very various degrees of interest. To us Mr. the collection has risen from about three thousand volumes to about one hundred thousand; and for the History, 1290-1656,' is the most interesting, as it admits modest catalogue first published in 1842 we have now
us into what is almost a new world. The article by Mr. two portly volumes, the first of which has nearly twelve Rye, however, on the persecutions of the Jews, is really hundred pages.
Some departure from precedent has of more practical use than any other, as it gives, in a been necessary in consequence of the multiplication of condensed form, a catalogue, as it were, of English volumes. The information which in the earlier cata. brutalities against an unoffending and harmless people, logues appeared in small type has now been transferred Dr. Adler's account of the Chief Rabbis of England hae, to the appendix, in vol, ii. By this means the entire
we imagine, been written mainly for those of the Jewish list of authors, A to Z, is given in vol. i. This is pro
community. bably the last time that so convenient a course can be
Mr. Davis's 'Hebrew Deeds of English Jews before maintained, since if the rate of progression in books is 1290' is a most useful book. There are not many Eng. maintained, and the practically decennial publication of lish antiquaries who are Hebrew scholars, still fewer a new catalogue is observed, the catalogue itself will, who can read manuscripts in that language by Hebrew before long, form a small 'library. Mr. Harrison's scribes written in the Middle Ages. To have all the arrangement is clear and convenient. In the first volume known Anglo-Hebrew deeds of early date printed in one the names of books or authors appear in alphabetical volume, accompanied by condensed summaries, is a very order; and in the case of authors the names of the great gain. The only fault we have to find is that the various works are given. In the second volume the author has, in many instances, omitted the names of the lists of long sets of works, English and foreign, parlia- witnesses. This is a very great mistake. They would mentary reports, works printed by societies, &c., are fur. have added much to the value of the book and not added nished, the cross references being, in this case, abundant. appreciably to its bulk. A reference to the word “Tracts" will be sufficient to We have carefully examined the · Bibliotheca Anglo. show the amount of labour involved. The discoveries of Judaica. It is evidently a compilation which will be some slight inaccuracies may reward a prolonged investi- of great service to every one engaged in any line of gation, The whole is, however, done in a manner equally research which in any way touches on Judaism and
Jewish life. The test of such a book is its omissions. cause for believing that the tradition of the game of We must conscientiously say that having hunted for bowls on which Drake and Frobisher and Hawking, and faults of this kind, we have been unable to find any. A other famous 8ea-captains of the day were engaged when reviewer is; however, but a poor creature if he does not news was brought of the Armada having been sighted, blame something. The one blot we have discovered, can be traced back as far as 1624. An engraving of the and a serious one we consider it, is that there is no index. well-known picture of this game by Seymour Lucas, A.R.A.,
The 'Catalogue of the Anglo-Jewish Historical Exbi- forms one of the illustrations of the number. The original bition' was compiled with great care. It is not a thing letters of Lord Howard of Effingham, Drake, and 'aw. to be used while in the exhibition rooms and then kins, from the Record Office are most interesting. Major thrown into the waste-paper basket. Such a gathering Edye contributes a carefully compiled list of the Spanish will, in all probability, never be brought together again. and English fleets, which is of permanent value alike for Some of the notes contain biographical and bistorical the historian and the genealogist. Claims to descent facts not to be found elsewhere. We would especially from officers who fought the Armada are frequently direct attention to the woodcut copy of the portrait of made, and, from the want of accurate records, are very "Aaron filius Diaboli," a gentleman who flourished in difficult of proof or disproof. Some of the English names 1277. If the Anglo-Hebrews of bis day were as por- are evidently rather wildly spelled, "Pridiox” is clearly tontously ugly as Aaron is represented to have been, Prideaux, “Ceelye probably represents Sealy, and we can understand the hatred with which our forefathers “Sarracole" is no doubt Serocold. It would, perhaps, regarded them.
have been as well to have annotated some of these sur.
names, and if Major Edye should reprint his paper, wo Northern Notes and Queries ; or, the Scottish Antiquary. hope he may see his way to such annotation. The
Edited by the Rev. A. W. Cornelius Hallen, M.A. "Armada" number of the Western Antiquary should be (Edinburgh, Douglas.)
welcome to all students of the stirring history of the sixWe are glad to be able to congratulate our correspondent teenth century. Mr. Hallen on the commencement of his third volume, with which he also enters upon a Monkbarns career,
The subscription list for Kensington,' to be issued by adding the national title “Scottish Antiquary” to the Messrs. Field & Tuer, will close on Sept. 29. Very few already well-known" Northern Notes and "Queries.” copies beyond those subscribed will be issued. That such media of intercommunication are increasingly needed seems to be shown by their great and rapid development in the most widely different parts of the
fotices to correspondents. country. Mr. Hallen's periodical has evidently met a want. Its contents have necessarily been of varying
We must call special attention to the following notices : value, but they have been generally interesting, and
On all communications must be written the name and some really useful points have been raised, of which the address of the sender, not necessarily for publication, but solution will probably be much less easy than the raising. as a guarantee of good faith. The origin and early history of the Haye deserved a We cannot undertake to answer queries privately. prominent place in Northern Notes and Queries ; but the To secure insertion of communications correspondents treatment which the question bas received in Sir John must observe the following rule. Let each note, query, Dalrymple Hay's long and elaborate paper can scarcely, or reply be written on a separate slip of paper, with the we should imagine, bo considered satisfactory by Scottish signature of the writer and such address as he wishes to genealogists. The old and, as we might have thought, appear. Correspondents who repeat queries are requested long-exploded myths meet us at every turn, so that we to head the second communication "Duplicate." seem to find ourselves in cloudland rather than on Scottish heather. The subject is clearly one calling for
J. D. BUTLER ("The Daniel Shakespeare "). - This critical treatment, and may, therefore, yet furnish ample volume belonged to George Daniel, the well-known scope for Mr. Hallen's contributors. Among other dis- writer, collector, and critic. It was originally in the cussions of interest, we note the Gibson-Carmichael library of Daniel Moore, F.R.s., by whom it was betitles and descent, in which our own correspondent queathed to Wm. H. Booth. He, again, bequeathed it to F. N. R. bas taken a useful part. We cannot but regret, John Gage Rokewood, from whom it was obtained by for the confusion it must cause to genealogical searchers,
Daniel, It was a marvellously fine and tall copy, in a that the editor should have inserted and indexed the Russia leather binding, which was again contained in correspondence on this subject under the misleading Russia leather case. It was bought for Lady Burdetttitle “Carmichael Pedigree,' whereas it is obvious, from Coutts for 7161. 28., and is now in her library in a case the tables printed in Northern Notes and Queries, that made out of the wood of Herne’s oak. See. The Book both titles and pedigree are those of a Gibson family. Fancier,' by Percy Fitzgerald, 1886, p. 271. We are glad to see the history of the Border Grahams EDGAR RAY ("* • York' or Yorkshire '').—We cannot brought to the front, under the head of Graham of answer authoritatively your inquiry, but understand the Mote.' There is, we believe, a great deal to be worked meaning of the phrase to be that for each to pay his own out concerning the Graham clan of the Debatable Land share in a reckoning is a Yorkshire notion of fairness and and their relation with the Montrose family. The Visi. prudence, tations and the printed pedigrees are very meagre, both JONATHAN BOUCHIER (" Jeremy Diddler").- A charas to dates and details. We are inclined to think that acter played by Lewis in Kepney's 'Raising the Wind,' the Grabams were settled on the Border earlier than is Nov, 6, 1803. generally supposed.
Editorial Communications should be addressed to "The Western Antiquary: Armada Commemoration Number. Editor of Notes and Queries'"-Advertisements and May and June. (Plymouth, Luke.)
Business Letters to “The Publisher"-at the Office, 22, MR. W. H. K. WRIGHT deserves our thanks for the Took's Court, Cursitor Street, Chancery Lane, E.C. interesting material which he has brought together in We beg leave to state that we decline to return com. commemoration of the Armada Tercentenary. To Mr. munications which, for any reason, we do not print; and Wright himself we are indebted for a paper showing fair to this rule we can make an exception,
LONDON, SATURDAY, AUGUST 4, 1858.
this interesting document. The writing is evidently
of a contemporary character, and the list seemingly CONTENTS.-No 136.
was compiled at the very beginning of the ParliaNOTES :- Parliament of 1571, 81 - Larboard, 82 - Shak- ment. I judge this from the circumstance of the
speariana, 83-Lent-Salt Family—“All that was new was
name of Sir Henry Percy appearing as member for
come in at the time the list was compiled. performing in the same House - Liscombe - Tweed, 88– Upon a comparison of the De Tabley MS. with Rutland House — • Spray' - Royal Arms in Churches - the list printed by Browne Willis, it is satisfactory
Butter-scotch-Kloprogge – Pitt Club-Authors Wanted, 89. to find that the general accuracy of that eminent
preferred to Willis, it is not so in every case. Major-Gen. Sir J. Stuart—First Serial Novel–Ramnos, Occasionally the error may be traced to the original Knighted after Death - German Dictionary of Phrase- scribe, whom Willis has corrected by the aid, no
Historiated-Title of Novel, 98-Authors Wanted, 99. doubt, of evidence other than now at our command. NOTES ON BOOKS :-Rye's ' Records and Record Search. In the following instances the first name is that ing'--Caird's 'Spinoza'-Vine's 'Cæsar in Kent.'
given by Willis, the second that in the De Tabley Notices to Correspondents, &c.
Bucks Town. Thomas Wedman, Esq. Thomas
Wennican, Esq.-Willis probably to be preferred.
Launceston. Edward Holte, Esq. Robert
man (?), Gent.—The name difficult to decipher in
wanting in the Rolls Chapel,” but “happily sup- Farrer, Esq.
Raynolds, Esq.-—The name, as given in MS., is