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involved in, interested in, affected by the dispensations of was GOD in regard to man, as in plagues

, wars, &c. (Jerem. Eng xxi, 6, &c., &c., &c.), consequently, if vast alterations have taken place in regard to man, the presumption is porc that vast alterations must take place in all connected

olde with him. Hence, if an animal existed which served a stop particular propbetical function, when the reality had who been in One Person, there might be no more need of it, I sai and so it might become extinct, if it is extinct. If the

have whole brute creation were deprived of their faculty of being Sacrifices by Christ's coming, why might not other and alterations as strange have happened in regard to them? shou -alterations which we are disposed to pass over, but which if on upon consideration do seem to show something very alm wonderful to exist in this portion of the world." Who would bave thought à priori that some species of animals

the should be gifted with foresight so superior to that of exce man? And if this foresight may be given to beasts, why you might not it, or they who exercised it, be removed, espe- late cially as in regard to man it is removed; there are no the prophets now.

II. We know so little of the whole system of the brute creation, that our ignorance does seem to me to weaken you internal improbabilities to any well-attested fact in regard to it, almost to an incredible degree. III. The real reason of men's strong presumption against

gas] it is, I suppose, that they think the animal creation to be something fixed and to keep pretty near to a given set of laws. Now a Phønix riddles these altogether, therefore me. it is improbable. This seems to me unsound reasoning, fact since all dispensations of Providence with which we are acquainted contain anomalies in them, and so the ano

give malousness of the Phonix seems to be almost positive evidence to induce one to believe it. If men had asserted

cou that there were & whole creation of anomalous animals, such an assertion would have made me suspect their cas veracity; but as it is asserted of one only it makes for all their veracity, since there are anomalies.

ton I have put down two or three things that come to mind, “Malim tantis auspiciis errare," as Fell says,

car which I think states a most important principle in the philosophy of evidence.

However it may be said, “ But, after all, the Fathers no were not naturalists, &c., therefore your external evidence to goes for nothing.” To this I answer: that it seems to me to

litt be credible, that, when they speak in a body, they would be led into truth generally, rather than the contrary.

Thi Therefore to assume this was a mistake is not fair, unless mo you can prove that they were not so led in this case; but waiving this, there were sundry naturalists who did to think with them according to Fell, not to mention Jews, and the Chinese, and the acute Tacitus. How are these to be got over by the objector? Is not the external evi.

] dence for the Phenix greater than that for the darkness tru at the Crucifixion ? Have not infidels denied the latter say on the score of the ignorance or enthusiasm of those who do witness for it, and the want of heathen testimony for it? They, not knowing the whole of the case through want of faith, think the darkness internally improbable, and so get themselves against the external evidence for it, die We, through want of knowledge of the whole of the case, the may be similarly disposed to unbelief, though in a much off less important matter,

the But I end my incoherences. Yours ever truly,

pei [June ? 1840.]

J. B. MORRIS. ye:
W. A. G. pos

olo EARLY ENGLISH AND LATE GOTHIC. Several years ago I was in a country churchyard,

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BROADSIDE BALLAD.

Now Hodge quoth his wife, don't you mind his lewd

bantring, The following old song in ridicule of Pitt is For certain he has under his coat a dark Lanthorn. printed as a broadside, with a few bars of music at Shut the gate of the court, if he once gets

within it, ihe beginning to give the air. It is headed, " Bow I'll be bound, he 'll whip up our back stairs, in a minute. Wow Wow. As sung by Mr. Hooke at the Ana- Then the wife she went on, can ye go for to say now, creontic Society.” Some curious expressions occur Thou.com'st to get foot in the House, that's the plan on't

,

Any good upon Earth made thee take this Bye way now. in the song, which are perhaps Americanisms, or And so let in thy Gang for to make what they can on 't. may be intended to appear as such.

Don't you hear how the brazen faced Rogue, now preSit down neighbours all, and I'll tell a merry story,

tends, Man, About a British Farmer, and Billy P-T the Tory, He crept up in the Dark, but for Virtuous ends, Man, I had it piping hot from Ebenezer Barber,

He says he's our Friend, but he's no such a thing, Man, Who sailed right from England and lies in Boston har. The impudent Dog would say so to the King, Man. bour. Chorus.

Then Billy perceiving the Wife in a Fury, Bow Wow wow, fal lal de id dy id dy, Bow wow wow.

And knowing his deeds wouldn't stand Woman's Jury,

Felt the Spirit of Jenky a dangerous Potion,
This Billy he is called Britannia's Prime Ruler

And roared out to Harry to speak for the Motion.
Tho' he's but a puppet that's hung out to Fool her.
His name is a Passport to get in old Sinners,

Thon Harry stopt up, but Hodge wisely supposing, 8o be deals the cards, that the Knaves may be winners.

His part was to steal, while the other was prosing,

Let fly at poor Billy and shot through his lac'd Coat. He was bred up a Whig, but with Nabobs to thrive Sir, Oh what a pity 'twas it did not hit his Waistcoat. Who have votes in the House, about two out of five Sir,

Solid Men of Boston, banish strong potations,
He gave up the people and vowed to his Scandal,
They should seek for their bread, without Daylight or Solid Men of Boston, go to bed at Sun down,

Solid Men of Boston, make no long Orations,
Candle.

And never lose your way, like the Loggerheads of London.
Now it hap't to the Country he went for a blessing
And from his State Dad to get a new lesson.

Perhaps some Boston correspondent could say He went to Daddy Jenky by Trimmer Hal attended, if the song was ever known over there, or if In such company, good lack, how bis morals must be “Ebenezer Barber” had any existence outside mended.

these verses.

W. H. PATTERSON. This Harry was always a staunch Friend to Boston. Belfast. His bowels were soft for they yearned for Hindostan. If I bad him in our Township I'd Feather him and Tar

BIBLIOGRAPHY OF CHRISTMAS. him

(Continued from 6th S. vi. 506; viii. 491; x. 492; xii, 489; With forty lacking one too, I'd Lam him and I'd scar

7th 8. ii, 502; iii. 152; iv. 502.) him.

Britannia Trivmphans : A Masque presented at WhiteWith his Skin full of wine and his Head full of State ball, by the Kings Majesty and his Lords, on the Sunday Tricks,

after Twelfth Night, 1637. By Inigo Jones and William Sbam reforms, Commutations, and the rest of his late Davenant. London. 4to. 1637. [Suppressed on acTricks,

count of the statement that it was acted on Sunday, He came back with Harry, two birds of a feather,

Lowndes.] And both Drunk as Pipers they knocked their Heads

Episcopus Puerorum in Die Innocentium, or a Distogether.

covery of an Antient Custom in the Church of Sarum of Now so it fell out that this pair were benighted, Making an Anniversarie Bishop among the Choristers, And drove out of the road, so the statesmen alighted, By John Gregory. 4to. 1649. And to get in again away scrambled they Sir,

Sermon preached before the King and Queen at WhiteTo find the back road to the King's Highway Sir. Hall, on Christmas Day, 1691, by John Sharp, Archbishop Long lost in the dark were these lights of the Nation,

of York, London, 4to., pp. 28. 1692.

Of the True Years of the Birth and of the Death of But stumbled at length on a small Habitation To which they marched up, while the fowls in confusion Mann. 8vo. 1733. [No doubt 1633, quoted from Lowndes

Christ. Two Chronological Dissertations. By Nicholas Thought their lives were aimed at by this bold intrusion. 7ela S. iv. 502, is an error.] The Dogo barked, the Ducks quacked, and sore Billy Christmas, a Poem. By Edward Moxon, 8vo. 1829. baited,

(Dedicated to Charles Lamb.) The Wife she cries out, we be all ruinated.

Christmas Carols, with appropriate music, and an

introductory account of the Christmas Carol. 4to. 1836. "To drop on the Pate of this daring Philistine.

Songs and Carols, from a MS, in the British Museum

of the fifteenth century. Edited by T. Wright. 8vo. The Husband, awaked by her Rage and her Screaming,

1856. At first he supposed that his Spouse must be dreaming.

Christ was born on Christmas Day, a Carol, illustrated But to make matters short, snatched his Gun in a Fury

by J. A. Hows. 8vo. 1864. And eried, Sons of Belial I've got what will cure ye.

May the Kirk keep Pasche and Yule? By Th. LeishThen Billy began for to make an Oration,

man. Edinburgh. 1875. As oft times be bad done to bamboozle the Nation,

Christmas under the Commonwealth. By Andrew But Hodge cried, begone or I'll crack thy young Crown Greame, in Wildridge's Hull Christmas Annual, 1887

for 't, Thou belongst to a rare gang of Rogues I'll be bound Yule Tide Stories. A Collection of Scandinavian and for 't.

North German Popular Tales and Traditions, from the

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Swedish, Danish, and German. Edited by B. Thorpe. MUFFLING BELLS DURING ADVENT. —À corre-
(Bohn's Antiquarian Library.),

The Holidays, Christmas,' Easter, and Whitsuntide, spondent of the Banbury Guardian writes in that
their Social Festivities, Customs, and Carols, illustrated paper on December 6 that “the vicar

, in his parish

magazine, states that it is more proper during AdLittle Book of Christmas Carols, with the Ancient vent to ring the muffled peal," and that on the 4th Music, By E. Rimbault. Sm. 4to.

the practice was commenced. He expresses his dis-
Three Kings of Orient, a Christmas Carol. By J. Hopo approval of the change, as being quite contrary to
kin. 4to.

Collection of Old Christmas Carols, with the Tunes. existing usage, and out of harmony with the
4to.

Christmas festival, of which the Advent-tide is the
Boar’s Head Song. With Music. As sung in Queen's herald. In this view I should most certainly
College Hall on Christmas Day. Oxford, Shrimptons, agree; and I shall be glad to know what has been
ва.

the custom generally, and whether any good reason
On the word “Carol” see the New English Dict.,'
edited by Dr. Murray, s.v. (two columns).

be adduced for mufiling the bells before New

Year's Eve, on which night the practice of mufiling
W. O. B.
is, and always has been, I suppose, universally

W, E. BUCKLEY.
CHRISTMAS TREES.—As the time is near when adopted.
these trees will be found well decorated in every A FAMILY PASTIME-What appears to me to
country house, it may be interesting to note that be a very curious family pastime is described in a
perbaps the first appearance of them in England strange composition called Theophilus Woodhead,
was in 1829, when, according to the account given which is to be found in The Dialect of Leeds,' by
by the late Mr.

Charles Greville in his " Menuoirs,' C. C. Robinson :-
at Panganger on Christmas Day in that year,-

"Noan o' the sons wur wed, an nivver thowt abart
" the Princess Lieven got up a little fête such as is gebring wed 'cos t' owdest on 'em war nobbud two-an:
customary all over Germany. Three trees in great pots thirty, an' besides they awal ŭse to sãay as how thub
were put upon a long table covered with pink linen; each couldn't affoard it.
tree was illuminated with three circular tiers of coloured fatther, used, when t' sarvent hed wiped awal ther marths

Ther parent as ther cawal'd ther
wax candles - blue, green, red and white. Before each wi her appron after ther'd gotten ther suppers an' takken
tree was displayed a quantity of toys, gloves, pocket- awal ther bibs off an' lapt 'em up use to get t' läskins
handkerchiefs, workboxes, books, and various articles-

art, which wur a roll o' butter an'a fryin'-pan. Be put
presents made to the owner of the tree. It was very troll i' t' middle o't' tāable, úse to tak a knife an' saag-
pretty. Here it was only for the children; in Germany Half for wifey, half for me,
the custom extends to persons of all ages.'

as he cut it i'two: then cuttin' one o't horfs i' two
I believe it is generally supposed that the Prince agean, sāay-
Consort “first brought the custom in,” to the detri-

Half for baby d' you see,
ment of our national twelfth cake and Twelfth

Half for baby number two (cut agean),
Night celebrations ; but it would seem that

Half for maid-of-all-work new (cut agean),
Christmas trees were before his time in England.

Half for Peter half for Paul (cuts troice],

(Babies three and four we call),
J. STANDISH HALY. Half for visitors what comes (cuts agean]
CARISTMAS HOLIDAYS AND BARRING OUT IN

To see the babies suck their thumbs;

Half to keep the cat alive (cul).
CUMBERLAND.—This old custom, strange to say, Half for baby number five Icut],
exists still in spite of the schoolmaster and the

Half for when we're in a fix,
Board school. It may be of interest to some of

Half for baby number six;
your readers if I give an extract from a letter to

Lo, where shall I find the remnant so small ! the Dalston School Board in reference to this sub

Sing high then, sing low then, or rise we or fall,

Come to me my butter, oh come hither all !'
ject received at their last meeting, on Dec. 7:- an' makkin' a grab at t' plāate, hugged it tul his buzzum:

“I would ask the sanction of the Board for the closing then they awal use to shout an' laugh an' luke at one
of the school for the vacation on the evening of Thurs- another, and geh o'drink o' watter, an' t servant use to
day the 20th. If we open on the Friday we shall most wipe ther marths agean; then thuh ŭse to watch what
likely have a poor attendance. My principal reason for ther pāarent did wi' t' fryin'.pan, which wor to put it on
asking is that we shall thus be better able effectually to 3 fire, an' then cut a piece o' butter off o't roll ao put
put a stop to the old barbarous custom of Barring out. it in when it māade a big din bud ther couldn't see it
Some of the children might possibly be persuaded by after a bit. Then he puhr his specteccles on to luke for
outsiders to make the attempt on Friday, and in such it; then he thowt he saw it running abart, an be pubr
a case I should feel it my duty to inflict an amount of art bis tongue an' tried to lick it up an māade purtend
castigation on offenders such as neither they nor myself 'at he burnt it awabfully, then when ther'd done laugh-
would relish."

ing he rung o' t' sarvant agean to tell her to put t'cooks
The majority of the Board sympathized with the beds ready, an then he ŭse to tell his son's to pull ther

it warming-pan art o'i kitchen fire an' gehr swalt master's difficulty, and granted bis request, though shoes off an' tell 'em thuh mud saay ther prayers whear as chairman I expressed my curiosity to see the thuh wor as it worrant so cowd, then he telld em to repetition of a custom I had heard so much about think o'what ther'd seen that neet, an' to mind an nut

J. W.

mak sich ’n a noise i' goin' up stäars." Dalston, Carlisle.

I am afraid 'N. & Q.' will grudge its face to

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the setting forth of this barbarous mystery ; but they both refer to the training of bloodhounds, the passage, potwithstanding that I can render it and the explanation will be found in the following into English, puzzles me, and to my thinking extract from the last two papers named above :stands almost as much in need of explanation as if “Burgho has been trained from a puppy to hunt 'the it related to some hitherto unsuspected domestic clean shoe '—that is to say, follow the trail of a man observance of palæolithic man instead of to the whose shoes have not been prepared in any way by the custom of a Yorkshire family of the present century. application of blood or aniseed so as to leave a stronglySt. SWITHIN.

F. CHANCE. FOLK-LORE TALES CURRENT AMONGST HOTTEN- Sydenham Hill. TOTS OF SOUTH AFRICA. -The two following folklore stories were told me by a missionary from

CHAUCER, 'PROLOGUE,' LL. 163-4.Bloemfontein. They were told him by a native :

Another Nonne with hire hadde sche A tiger and a wolf joined partnership to build a The editors found a difficulty in these lines about

That was hire chapeleyne, and Prestes thre. house - the wolf built outside, the tiger within ; but they found that they had forgotten to build & the nun who was the chaplain of the prioress, and door. The tiger told the wolf to seek advice from it led to some rash criticism and rather unscholarly another tiger who lived at some distance. On his

conjecture. The thing was explained by Mr. way the wolf drank of a stream that he crossed. Furnivall (in, I think, the Academy, May, 1880, But when he got to the other tiger, he began to tell p. 385, and elsewhere), who made it clear that á his story, but found that he had forgotten the most chaplain was a nun in attendance on the prioress important word—the name of the thing that was

or abbess in the choir on festivals,” &c., and that wanted, so he concluded he had lost the word on

the same nun was practically secretary.” the way in the stream as he drank. So some

If I remember rightly, Mr. Furnivall's informaother tigers offered to dig up the sand of the tion was derived from the kindness of a Roman stream to assist him to find the lost word. Catholic friend, and was illustrated by modern and Then the wolf in digging chopped his foot French examples. I have found some interesting with a boe, and began to bellow out, and illustrations of Chaucer's words in Dr. Jessopp: said in Dutch, "I have put the hoe through my edition of Visitation of the Diocese of Norwich, foot.”. The Dutch word for “through” is deure, 1492–1532, Camden Society, 1888, in which eight and the word duur is “door”; so the wolf said, punneries (Benedictine, I believe) are mentioned. “I have found the word. It was in my foot, In the Visitation of Bishop Nicke in the year 1514, and not in the stream.” So having thus found the when he visited Blackborough, “domus monialium lost name, he obtained the instruction which he de Blakborow” (p. 108), one deposition or comneeded, and went back and built a door and set plaint was "Quod priorissa habuit unam capellanum free the tiger.

[sic] per tres annos” (it should be capellanam). A bare and a tortoise were disputing about their And when in the same year he visited Ridlingfield speed as they met drinking at a stream. They

“prioratus monialium de Redlingfelde” (p. 138), arranged a race on a certain day. The tortoise there was a complaint “quod priorissa non mutavit beforehand disposed a certain number of other capellanam a tempore præfectionis.” It seems from tortoises in the grass along the agreed course.

a side-note that Domina Johanna Deyne, the subThey both started. The hare lost sight of the prioress, who made the complaint, was herself

the tortoise, and not seeing him in the long grass, The Lord'Bishop made “injunction” to the prioress

capellana, so she wanted to be relieved of her office. kept asking of bis rival the tortoise, “Where are you?” and a confederate tortoise some

quod mutet capellanam citra festum Michaelis what abead called out, “Here am I.” The bare, proximum"; and in the year 1520 no complaint imagining that the tortoise who was competing

was made. In 1526 Joanna Dean (Deyne) was with him was in front, dashed on full speed, and

“capellana dominæ," in 1532 Anna Drury was, and again asked the same question, and got the so complaint was made. At the Visitation of samo reply from another confederate tortoise. Flixton Nunnery in 1520 a more interesting comAgain he exerted his utmost speed, but only to see

plaint was made (p. 190): “Priorissa non habet a tortoise just reaching the winning-post. The hare sororem in capellanam sed sola cubat ad placitum said, “This is the first time I ever heard of a hare in cubiculo extra dormitorium absque testimonio being beaten in speed by a tortoise.”

sororis continue.” The “injunction” was “quod by w to store man, LL.D. de cetero priorissa habeat secum testimonium unius

sororis loco capellanæ maxime quando cubat extra “ TO FUNT THE

BOOT (shoe).”—The dormitorium." I think we may conclude that the former of these expressions will be found in the office was troublesome and of no dignity, partly Times of October 8, p. 3, in a letter signed “Ed. from these notices, partly because elsewhere in the win Brough," the latter in the Evening Standard list of members of the houses, though "subof October 9 and the Daily News of October 10. priorissa," “sacrista,” “infirmaria," "præcentrix,”

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"refectuaria," are titles commonly added to the Loose,". names, “capellana" is not, except once, at Camp- Prince.” sey (p. 291), where Katerina Blomefeld, a "capel. Well-Be lana," is mentioned, and she is eighteenth on the and, as List of nineteen sisters of the house.

Learned,

0. W. TANCOCK. “Eduard Norwich.

greatest HUMPHREY Repron. (See ante, p. 202.)–At Pope Jo

through the above reference is an interesting notice of ' A

is ir

very Visit to the Country of the Boleyns,' and there it is stated that “the famous landscape gardeper of death Humphrey Repton, who died in 1818" is buried

indicated in the churchyard at Aylsham, and that he is described as of Hare Street, Essex, The small en

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served as closure where he is buried is planted as a garden.

who has As an addition to the Rev.Joun Pickford's note, I may mention that I have now before me a work

come und

to be scar by Repton. It is called “An Enquiry into the Changes of Taste in Landscape Gardening, to which

Richmon are added Some Observations on its Theory and Practice, including a Defence of the Art, by H. SILLY E Repton, Esq., London, printed for J. Taylor, 59, round of High Holborn, 1806.” The preface is dated same volume, w year, “Hare Street, near Romford.” In the pre- one of the face (p. iv) Mr. Repton states that he does not in- of the ne tend to republish his first work, ‘Sketches and the remarl Hints on Landscape Gardening,' of which only 250 Billy," an copies had been published by Messrs. Boydells in the man k 1794, and adds, “The book is become so scarce place to st that above four times the original price has been bad no s paid for some copies.”

H. DE B, H.

pine sons ['Odd Whims an 1 Miscellanies,' London, 1804, 2 vols. Frederick, crown 8vo., with coloured plates, is still in demand. It William I is one of the works occasionally seen with a picture on of Kent (f the edges, apparently under the gilding, especially in

(afterwards large-paper copies.]

Duke of Sturt's 'CHRONOLOGICAL HISTORY OF EUROPE,'| Cambridge 1714. - This is, I think, the least known of Sturt's and Alfrei engraved books, but it is one of the most curious. was Chanc It is a tiny long 12mo., “Printed for B. Barker at was Willia the White Hart, and Ć. King at the Judges Head younger br in Westminster Hall” (what time the money when the 1 changers had full sway in that quasi-market-cousin, Prir place).

"It is done [eaith Sturt] on 43 Copper plates wth a QUOTATIC Plain Letter & Compassed for the Pocket: And I take known pass it, in short, to be one of the Readiest & Exactest Chrono.

monument logies yet Extant, at Least of yo Price (considering it is All Well Engraven) & withall so generally usefull."

Essex, to th It consists of a series of small and not very

Countess W

informing tables, bearing about the same relation to the 'Oxford Tables' as a horn-book does to Murray's

Nella ' Dictionary '; but the fun and spice of the little thing lies in its tail, an alphabetically arranged list Tbus imiti of remarkable persons, with their "attributes" in

by Tennyson dicated by hieroglyphics. I think this is almost a unique departure, and gives scope for any amount That a sorrow' of favouritism or malice. Let us try one or two things. celebrities at random. Caligula (a saturnine native) is “Cross, Bloody, Cruell, Vitious and rendered into

Ed e Che

The passa

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