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for the payment of interest at 4 per cent. on old twenty pounds a year, or a fresh one. In 1539, Vicary 250,0001., “the balance then remaining due”; and gets from Henry VIII. a beneficial lease for 21 years of on December 7, 1751, an Act was passed to pay off Abbey in Kent, close to Maidstone ; and as he is a

the Rectory-house, tithes, &c., of the dissolved Borley 120,0001., and to pay interest on 117,5001., the person of influence with the King, a rich Northampton. balance then due.

shire equire, Anthony Wodebull, who has an infant Subsequently there was a surplus, for it is stated daughter, and is probably a patient of the chief Court in the 'Earls of Kildare' that James, twentieth Surgeon, appoints Vicary as one of the Trustees of his

Will (proved Oct. 11, 1542), with a view (no doubt) to Earl, and subsequently first Duke of Leinster, was

the protection of his girl's property and person during prominent in bis opposition to the repeated at- her nonage. In 1541, as the acknowledged Head of his tempts of the English Government to lay hands on profession, Vicary is appointed the First Master of the the Irish surplus. The late Duke of Leinster, then newly amalgamated Companies of Barbers and Surgeons, Marquis of Kildare, told me more than once that and is painted--with other Surgeons, Barbers, and Phy! he never came across Boots's name in the papers beneficial lease for 60 years, from Sir Thos. Wyat, the

sicians-by Holbein. In this year 1541, be also gets a connected with the debates as to the surplus. poet, of lands in Boxley, Kent. In 1542, he and his son

The picture having been painted in 1749, the William (also probably a Surgeon) are appointed by event which it commemorated must have taken Henry, Bailiffs of Boxley Manor, &c., in Kent, with place between the election of 1727 and that year. again Master of the united Company of Barbers and Sur

yearly salaries of 101. each. In Sept. 1546-7, Vicary is I have no opportunity here of referring to the geons. In Dec., 1547, he marries his second wife, Alice political pamphlets of that period, but have little Bucke. doubt that several of them or of periodicals contain In 1546-7, Henry VIII. handed over Bartholomew's remarks respecting the vote in question ; and pos-(with other Hospitals, &c.) to the City of London. He sibly some of your readers may be able, and not save it a small endowment (nominally 3331. odd) out of

tumble-down houses, which he charged with pensions to less willing, to refer me to any of them which parsons. The balance of the endowment was but enough throw a light on this point, which may almost be to keep, as patients, thre or foure harlottes, then being called historical. HENRY L. TOTTENHAM. in chyldbedde.' So the City set to work, raised 1,000l. for Guernsey.

repairs, fittings, &c., practically reopened the Hospital,

for 100 patients, and, on 29 Sept., 1548, appointed Chief. THOMAS VICARY.

Surgeon Vicary as one of the 6 new Governors of the

Hospital to act with the 6 old ones. Vicary must soon As my repeated askings in ‘N. & Q.' for details after have become Resident Surgical Governor of the of the life of this worthy of Kent and chief surgeon the old Convent Garden in June, 1551; and in June,

Hospital. He was reappointed annually; be is given to Henry VIII., Edward VI., Queen Mary, and 1552, is made one of the assistants of this house for the Queen Elizabeth, bave not drawn one single scrap terme of his lyffe' (extract by Dr. N. Moore). He has 3 of information from the readers of N. & Q.,' I Surgeons under him, at 181. (1549), and then 201. (1552) think they may like to have the short sketch of a year each. The Hospital finds him a Livery gown, and Vicary's life which my father and I are going to deatb, late in 1561, or early in 1562. That to him is due

repairs his house. He bolds his appointment till his pat in part i. of our edition of the old surgeon's part of the Hospital organization, and some of the beauti* Anatomie of the Body of Man' (1548, from the ful unselfish spirit shown in the City Ordre' for Barts anique copy of its reissue by the Bartholomew's in 1552, we do not doubt. This Ordre' no one can read Surgeons in 1577), with its 250 pages of Appendix without admiring. of Documents, a few examples of which have

" In Bept., 1548, Vicary was, for the fourth time, elected already appeared in ‘N. & Q. I still hope that Master of the Barber-Surgeons. In 1548 too, he published

his Anatomie--the first in English or the subject,-but this sketch may lead to notices of Vicary yet un- whether this was after or before he was made a Governor known to us being sent. We shall not feel happy of Barts, we cannot say. The book, though mainly trs. till we have got something out of that omniscient ditional, and not founded on actual dissections, was rejournal in which all students “inquire within upon printed by the Surgeons of Barts in 1577, with a few everything,"and so seldom fail to get an answer:

Forewords; and from the unique copy of that issue, the

earliest now known, our reprint is made, with added “The first tidings of Vicary (who was probably born head-lines and side-notes. Frequently supplemented, between 1490 and 1500) are, that he was 'a meane prac Vicary's little Anatomie held the field for 150 years. (Untiser (had a moderate practise) at Maidstone,' and was luckily the biographical details of an Italian doctor in not a trained Surgeon. In 1525 he is Junior of the three one of the added Treatises, have been lately set down to Wardens of the Barbers' or Barber-Surgeons' Company Vicary.) in London. In 1528 he is Upper or first Warden of the “ In 1553, Queen Mary made a special grant to Vicary Company, and one of the Surgeons to Henry VIII., at of the Arrears of his Chief Court-Surgeons' Annuity of 201. a year, In 1530 he is Master of the Barber-Surgeons' | 261. 138. 4d., which he came into in 1536, on De la Company, and is appointed-in reversion after the death More's death or resignation. In 1554 he was appointed of Marcellus de la More-Serjeant of the Surgeons, and Surgeon to Mary's husband, K. Philip; and in 1555, Chief Surgeon to the King. This Headship of his Pro- Philip and Mary re-granted to Vicary-his son William fession, Vicary takes in 1535 or 1536, together with its being doubtless then dead-the Bailiffship of the Manor yearly pay of 261. 13s. 4d., and holds it (under Edw. VI., of Boxley, &c., and the 2 Annuities of 101., which Henry Q. Mary, and Q. Elizabeth) till his death in 1561 or VIII. had granted to Vicary and his son in 1542. Year 1562. He is the Paget of his great Tudor time. by year Vicary quietly worked on, doing his duty to the

" In 1535, a fresh Grant is made to Vicary of either his sick poor at Barts, and in the Barber-Surgeons' Com.

pany. He had saved money enough by March, 1557–8, to autographs, signs manual, &c., from Canute, 1017, lend his brother-in-law, Thos. Dunkyn, yeoman of St. to George 1., 1714, and the “ Howard Papers," & Leonard's, Shoreditch, 1001., which he secures in favour of his nephew Thomas Vicary, of Tenterden, in Kent, large collection of ancient

documents and papers clothier ; and possibly about this time he buys of In: relating to the family of Howard and the Dukes Joyce a house and some land next to Boxley Church, in of Norfolk.

RALPN. JAMES. Kent, which he devises to his nephew Stephen Vicary, son of his brother William, late of Boxley. In Sept., 1557–8, he is, for the fifth and last time, Master of the pointing out the discrepancies between the two

BROOKE OF ASTLEY.-Some time ago, while Barber-Surgeons' Company.

"On Jan. 27, 1560/1, Vicary makes his Will; and he accounts of the family of Brooke of Astley conprobably dies late in 1561, or early in 1562, as the last tained in Burke's 'Peerage and Baronetage,' and payment to him of his Annuity of 201. is in Sept., 1561, in the 1850 edition of the 'Landed Gentry' and his Will is proved by his widow on April 7, 1562. (N. & Q.,' 7th S. iv. 87), I asked the question, Where he is buried, we have not yet been able to find. Shortly before his death he was (says Mr. S. Young)

"Who was Thomas Brooke, of Gray's Inn and named in a Commission of Queen Elizabeth's to the Wilmslow?” I have since seen the 'Admission Barber-Surgeons' Company to press Surgeons for her Register of Gray's Inn,' edited by Mr. Joseph military service,"

Foster, and find that three persons only were adPERCY FURNIVALL. mitted to that society named Thomas Brooke,

Brookes, or Brooks, namely THE MSS. OF THE PASTON LETTERS. - These 1. Thomas Brooks, admitted 1556. most interesting letters were written from 1422 to 2. Thomas, son and heir (sic) of Richard Brooke, 1509; that is, during the long struggle between of Norton, co. Chester, admitted 1629. the houses of York and Lancaster. In addition 3. Thomas Brookes, of Middlewich, co. Chester, to the original MSS. of many of those letters gent., two years of Staple Inn ; admitted May 19, already printed, Messrs. Christie will offer for sale 1677; called to the Bar May 18, 1683. at their rooms on July 31 some which have never

As the first of these persons was admitted in been published. The whole collection is divided 1556, at least a century too early, and the second into three lots, of which the first comprises 311, was of the Norton family, it follows that if there these being the 220 long-lost original letters and ever existed a Thomas Brooke, of Gray's Inn and documents published by Sir John Fenn in his Wilmslow, he must have been one and the same third and fourth volumes of the “ Paston Letters, with Thomas Brookes, of Middlewich. The addiin 4to, 1787-89,” together with 95 additional tion of the final s would be immaterial, for surletters discovered at Roydon Hall, Norfolk, in 1875, pames were not then written with much precision by the late Mr. Frere, and described by Mr. James in the matter of spelling even by their owners. I Gairdner in the third appendix to his edition should like to follow up this clue by a search in (1874) of the 'Paston Letters.' Of these portions the registers of Staple Inn for the parentage of of the correspondence only six letters are missing. Thomas Brookes, of Middlewich, but I do not On the other hand, in the lot are four not men know where these registers are now to be found. tioned in Fenn's or Gairdner's editions. The The query of H. C. F. on this subject does not second lot contains 59 letters written by or to seem to have been answered (“N. & Q.,'6th S. xi. various members of the Paston family, ranging in 207). date from 1564 to 1700. The third lot consists of

If Thomas Brookes of Middlewich and Thomas 98 letters by or to Robert, Earl of Yarmouth (Sir of Wilmslow were identical, Şir Bernard Burke Robert Paston, created 'Earl of Yarmouth by has confused Thomas of Wilmslow with Thomas of Charles II.) and his son William, the second Earl, Astley, for it is impossible that the latter, who was between 1669 and 1685. A detailed description son of Richard Brooke and Margaret Charnock, of these two series will be found in Horwood's his wife, could bave entered at Staple Inn as early Report, vol. vii. pt. 1. They have not been printed. as the year 1675, for his maternal grandparents,

At the same time will be sold the Gawdy cor- Robert Charnock and Alice, his wife, were not respondence, a very important collection of 124 married until 1649. Moreover, though I have not letters dated from 1579 to 1616. In them men- any record of the baptism of this Thomas Brooke, tion is made of many very memorable occurrences the Rector of Chorley has very kindly copied for which happened during that period. They are

me the following extracts from the registers of his described in Horwood's Report, vol. vii. pt. i., but parish relating to the baptism of three of the other have not been published.

children of Richard Brooke and Margaret CharThere will also be included in the sale the volu- nock:minous Norris manuscript collections, relating to William, son of Richard Brooke of Astley, christened the county of Norfolk, MS. documents relating 1687. to the Priory and family of Bokenham (Bucking: January, 1689.

Mabel, dau, of Richard Brooke of Astley, christened ham), Sir John Fenn's . Repertorium Chiro-Typi

Mary, dau. of Richard Brooke of Astley, christened cum,' containing more than 1,000 facsimiles of 1691.

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Thomas Brooke is generally supposed to have been The passage is printed in Sweet's 'Anglo-Saxon the youngest of the sons of Richard and Margaret Reader'; but no notice is taken of the difficulty, Brooke, and so was probably born subsequently to nor is any solution offered. 1687, the year of his brother William's baptism, at The true answer is extremely simple—when you which date Thomas Brookes of Middlewich had know it. Any one acquainted with the colloquial for many years been a member of Gray's Inn. character of Anglo-Saxon narrative will, of course,

Glad as I should be to know that a male de- easily see that the words of these " refer to the scendant of the Brookes of Astley still exists, I walruses. The preceding sentence is a mere parenthink that it will turn out that Mr. Edward thesis. Ohthere was a practical man, and an honest, Brooke, of Pabo, Conway, &c. (whose pedigree is and knew what he was talking about. He tells us given in the last edition of the ‘Landed Gentry' that the horse-whale is but seven ells, or fourteen under “ Brooke of Wexham), is not a descendant feet long. Then he adde, parenthetically, “but in of this family, as asserted by Sir Bernard Burke, my country, the real wbales are ninety-six or one but that his progenitor was the above-mentioned hundred feet long"; and then, continuing his Thomas Brookes of Middlewich.

narrative," he said, that he with five others killed In one point I find the ‘Peerage and Baronet- sixty of them in two days." The A-S. thae'ra is

' is correct. Although for centuries the Astley best translated by “of them," as usual. estate belonged to the Charnocks, Sir Peter Thus the whole difficulty utterly vanishes. I Brooke does seem to have owned it. Possibly have no doubt whatever that six men could kill the Charnocks, impoverished as they were by five walruses apiece in the course of the day, at a their loyalty to King Charles, may have sold this time when they could be found plentifully. Perestate to Sir Peter with the understanding that on haps it could even be done now. A little pamphlet his death it should pass to his son Richard, the on Orosian Geography' has just been published by husband of Margaret Charnock. The unique col-W. & A. K. Johnston. It is written by J. McCubbin lection of charters showing the descent of the and D. T. Holmes, and gives a translation of the manor, which Mr. Townley-Parker is said to pos- Voyages' of Ohthere and Wulfstan, with three sess, would no doubt clear up this difficulty.

At illustrative maps.

WALTER W. SKEAT. any rate in the Chorley registers there is the following entry :

MINCH OR Minsh Houses.—In a very curious

little book I have lately fallen in with I find the Peter Brooke of Astley, Knight, buried Dec. 3, 1685.

following passages : In the church there is a long Latin inscription, in " Then lay at a minch-house in the road, being a good which the worthy knight is said to have been inne for the country; for most of the public houses I “Filius natu vigessimus sextus Thomæ Brooke de mett with before in country places were no better than Norton in Comitat Cestrice Armig.” Astley seems ale houses, which they call here minch-houses." to be a most interesting place, containing much village, but in it is a sort of inne or minsh-house of

Gott to Lesmahago, which I found to be but a small old oak furniture. Has it ever been visited by considerable note kept by a ffarmer of great dealings." any of the arcbæological societies? H. W. FORSYTH HARWOOD.

I have never met with the word minch or minsh 12, Onslow Gardens, S.W.

before, nor can I find any one who has done so. It

is not to be found in Jamieson. I do not think Onthere's Voyage.-There is a passage about it is a Scots word, notwithstanding the conclusion Ohthere's voyage in Ælfred's translation of Orosius of the first of the above extracts. Can any reader which has been curiously misunderstood. Dr. Bos- of ‘N. & Q.' throw light on the subject? I subjoin worth's translation, p. 41, gives it thus :

some particulars about the book : North of Eng“He chiefly went thither, in addition to the seeing of Blackwood, 1818; only one hundred copies printed.

land and Scotland iu 1704,' Edinburgh, William the country, on account of the horse-whales (walruses), because they have very good bone in their teeth ; of The copy I have seen belongs to the Signet Library, these teeth they brought some to the king; and their and is inscribed, “ For Mr. David Laing from his hides are very good for ship-ropes. This whale is much Friend W. B.” I give here the publisher's note :less than other whales; it is not longer than seven ells; but in his own country is the best whale-hunting: they the original manuscript formerly in the possession of the

“The following Journal is now first published from are eight and forty elís long, and the largest fifty ells late Mr. Johnes, of Hafod, the well-known translator of long; of these, he said, that he was one of six who killed sixty in two days (i, e., he with five others killed sixty in

Froissart, Joinville, &c." two days]."

Nothing is known with regard to the author, but Dr. Bosworth's note is :

it appears probable that he was a Londoner, Every translator has found a difficulty in this pas

R. A. G. sage, as it appeared impossible for six men to kill sixty

Edinburgh, whales in two days."

MEANING OF NORE.—I do not think the sig. After which follows a long discussion, showing the nification of the word “Nore” as a place-name has

a impossibility of the feat.

ever been discussed ; and as it would be interest.

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ing if some light could be thrown upon its mean-superior article indeed. Eugene! Eugene!' The ladies ing, I have put together all the instances which I had good reason to remember the name ; and what was know or can find of its use. Of course I do not in their surprise on looking round to see the exquisite tend to imply that the signification is necessarily Which story appeared first ?

of Potterwell bending under a load of dress pieces.' the same in all these cases :

WILLIAM TEGG. 1. The well-known part of the estuary of the

13, Doughty Street, W.C. Thames, containing the Nore sand-bank and light, a few miles to the north of Sheerness. 2. A river in Ireland which rises in Tipperary, About a year ago an inquiry was nade as to

FIELDING'S DAUGHTER, MRS. MONTRESOR. flows through Queen's County and Kilkenny, and whether there were any living descendants of joins the Barrow (formerly the boundary of the Henry Fielding, and in reply the querist was reEoglish pale) about two miles above New Ross.

ferred to the peerages, where they appear under the 3. A capé (the Black Nore) on the coast of " collaterals ” of the Earl of Denbigh (7th S. iü. Somersetshire, about five miles from the mouth of 348, 432). The ordinary biographies tell us very the Avon.

little of the novelist's private life ; and although 4. An eminence in Surrey, seven and a half we have Fielding's own assurance that the chamiles to the south-east of Croydon (Bartholomew's racter of Sophia Western was intended to represent Gazetteer of the British Isles ').

his first wife, and it is considered by some autho5. The inhabitants of Knockholt (formerly more rities that that of Amelia is a portrait of his second correctly spelt Nockholt), in Kent, call a piece of wife, some allowance must be made for the parground of the form of a sloping, bank, on the tiality of a husband, who, whatever may have southern side of the village towards Brasted, the been his faults, possessed a loving nature Nore. This is not mentioned, so far as I am aware, and a keen appreciation of the delights of in any book, but has come to my knowledge through home. A description of one of his daughters, an acquaintance with the locality.

which we

owe to a contemporary pen, and W. T. LYNN.

in which we may perhaps trace the personal Blackheath.

characteristics of Charlotte Craddock, will accordCHARLES DICKENS AND SIR THEODORE MARTIN. ingly not be without interest. It occurs in that -I am not aware if your, or any of your readers' curious work Whitehead's Original Anecdotes of attention has ever been called to the very close the late Duke of Kingston and Miss Chudleigh, resemblance between the two stories "Horatio 1792, p. 95. Miss Fielding was at the time a Sparkins' in the ‘Sketches by Boz' (Charles visitor at Pierre point's Lodge, the duke's seat in Dickens), and Bon Gaultier's tales Country Surrey, together with her future husband, Col. Quarters' in Wilson's "Tales of the Borders' Montresor, Governor of Tilbury Fort :(Theodore Martin). Both stories relate how an

“Miss Fielding was of a good stature, about twenty aspiring young man, wishing to get into society, but in a deep decline. She had been a visitor and com

years of age, a sweet temper, and great understanding; does so by deception, and how many foolish people panion to Miss — for some years. Col. Montresor, who court such impostors thinking them “high and was between fifty and sixty years old, paid his addresses noble." I annex the concluding part of the two to her: and in a few months afterwards they were married; stories, to show the close similitude. In 'Horatio which so displeased Miss — that she never saw them

after. If the Colonel had not married her, I believe she Sparkins':

would never have got a husband; being, poor lady, the * At length the vehicle stopped before a dirty-looking colour of a ghost ; & mere skeleton, with such coughings ticketed linendraper's shop, with goods of all kinds and and spittings as would have turned the stomach of a labels of all sorts and sizes in the window. · Pray be seated, coal-heaver. Her uncle Sir John and Miss C— were ladies. What is the first article ?' inquired the obsequious very intimate; 80 much that she and the Duke seldom master of the ceremonies of the establishment. I want missed the examination of any felon brought before the to see some silks,' answered Mrs. Malderton. Directly, magistrate." ma'am, Mr. Smith! Where is Mr. Smith ?'. Here, sir,' said a voice at the back of the shop. Pray make haste, Mr. An anecdote of Sir John follows, which would not Smith,' said the M.C.; you never are to be found when accord with the taste of the present readers of you ’re wanted, sir. 'Mr. Smith, thus enjoined to use all · N. & Q.,' and I shall therefore pretermit any possible despatch, leaped over the counter with great further quotation.

W. F. PRIDEAUX. agility, and placed himself before the newly-arrived cus

Calcutta. tomers. Mrs. Malderton uttered a faint scream; Miss Teresa, who had been stooping down to talk to her

CROWLAND ABBEY.-In the Times of June 9 sister, raised her head, and beheld-Horatio Sparkins !"

a statement is made of the condition, nigh to total In 'Country Quarters ':

ruin, of Crowland Abbey. An architect is to be “ Some months afterwards Mrs. Cheesham and her employed, and subscriptions are to be sought after. daughter Emily entered one of the extensive drapery

. I hope if this is done that a committee of a very warehouses of Edinburgh to invest a portion of their capital....... Eugene,' said the superintendent of the few well-selected common-sense folk may be part place, 'show these ladies that parcel of goods. A very of the intellectual machinery for the work. It

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may be in many cases of valued old relics and ing on either side of a porch at Caddesdon College.
landmarks that the perishable time has come, No one, however, saw how the words stood in
bringing the natural event (to men and things) of the combination (S O A P) till the bishop's own
inevitable passing away-it may also not have come quick eye detected it. During his great intimacy
to that. We rarely can see all that goes on behind at court this name expanded into “Windsor Soap."
the screen.
What may be saved of valued old

JOHN CHURCHILL SIKES.
monumente, national landmarks, should, of course, 50, Agate Road, The Grove, Hammersmith, W.
be saved if money can do it. Otherwise, when of
sufficient importance, a characteristic memento

VICE VERSÂ.'-One of the books which have erected on the spot should take its place. In order had a great run is Vice Versâ.' There is a tale that there may not be zeal without knowledge, I from the same standpoint in G. W. Dasent's beg to refer your readers who are not acquainted Norse Tales, with the title of The Husband with these matters to a letter in the Gentleman's who was to mind the House.' It is stated to be Magazine, March, 1829, which refers to the fourth reprinted by permission of D. Douglas, Esq., from volume of Mr. Britton's 'Architectural Antiqui- Tales of the Norse.'It is inserted by G. B. ties of Great Britain,' &c., and to a few words Tait in Jarrold's 'Empire Readers,' Book III, more easily got at in the Penny Cyclopædia, art. pp. 25-7.

ED. MARSHALL · Lincolnshire.'

WM. RENDLE.
P.S.-The reason why I am quick to note this known respecting the eminent engraver William

WOOLLETT AND BARTOLOZZI.-So very little is
matter in your authoritative pages is that as a Woollett, that I venture to send you the subjoined
people we are so often the victims of acrid contro-
versies, and even of serious jobs in like cases, and copy of an interesting letter addressed to Francesco

Bartolozzi:the true and reasonable lover of antiquity gets discredited.

Sir,—I have heard with great surprise that I lay under

your displeasure, and, it wou'd be with great reason that SNEAP.-In the Spectator, June 2, 1888, p. 749, the smallest degree true: but Sir, on the contrary I have

I should, was the Conduct with which I am charg'd, in this word is mentioned as being a specimen of the allways regarded and spoken of you as the first Artist in wonderful English used by foreigners who write this Kingdom : and so far from speaking disrespectfully English dictionaries. In the same, June 9, p. 787, of your abilities in drawing, it is a frequent expression of we are told it is still a good word in the modern mine " I wish I could draw like Bartolozzi.”. Staffordshire speech. I give it, with its deriva- fault with a design for a Fan that you exhibited last

I find it has been represented to you that I have found tion, in my 'Dictionary,' because Shakespeare uses Year at the Royal Academy: In answer to which I it thrice.

positively declare that it is impossible I should express It is worth while adding that the English Dia- any dislike to a particular Drawing of so much Merit, lect Society's glossaries show that it is known in when I am so great an Admirer of your works in general: Swaledale, Cleveland, Mid-Yorkshire, Holderness, my collecting Your prints, together with the testimony Cumberland, &c. Ray notes that in bis time it and have heard me speak of you, must sufficiently prove

every Artist of reputation with whom I am acquainted was "in general use all over England.”

the opinion that I entertain of you as an Artist, and the WALTER W. SREAT. Malignant Insinuations and aspersions of those persons STAMPEDE.-I fancy this "Americanism” (de-ground, this I am ready to prove to you by the evidence

that have imposed upon you must of course fall to the rived from the Spanish or Mexican estampeda) was of Many if you will be so good as to inform me who are not seen in English periodical literature until after my Accusers, this I conceive I have a right to ask, in the first battle of Bull Rup, 1861. The poet Long- order to clear up my injured reputation. fellow's much earlier use of the word may not have

I am Sir

With great respect been noticed in 'N. & Q. In his Journal,' under

Your most Obedient Servant date December 28, 1846, the poet writes : There Jany. 24th 1781,

WM. WOOLLETT. is a great ‘stampede’on Parnassus at the present

Louis FAGAN. moment, a rushing to and fro of the steeds of Apollo. Emerson's Poems, Story's Poems, Reed's WARSPITE.--Many years ago a correspondent Poems, Channing's Poems, all in one month." (See asked (566 S. iv. 229) what was the meaning of *Life of H. W. Longfellow,' by S. Longfellow, derivation of warspite, adopted for the last two vol. ii. p. 107.)

G. JULIAN BARNEY. hundred years as the name of a ship in the Royal Cambridge, Mass., U.S.

Navy. Another correspondent (p. 376) replied

that it meant “simply the spite (malice or rancour) SOAPY SAM.-It is often asked why the late of war.” This seems a very unsatisfactory explanaBishop. Wilberforce was called “Soapy Sam.” tion of the strangely compounded word. I believe According to the writer of a chatty article on the it to be a corruption of war-sprite. This was the bishop, in the June number of Temple Bar, he got name of Sir Walter Raleigh's flagship. It was the sobriquet from his own initials as founder, natural that his memory should be preserved by and those of Alfred Potts, a first Principal, appear continuing the name to successive men-of-war.

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