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paper on Saturday mornings persistently says, not his lineal descendant. To my more immediate “Here's your 'Notes and Curies,' sir.” Some of ancestor, the founder of the branch to which I your readers will smile at your amusing "alias,” belong (suppose it Rosehall or Gilkerscleugb) and perhaps the hebdomadal blunder will be cor- were likewise, later, given arms; but I am not his rected by the appearance of these few lines in your lineal descendant. What arms, if any, am I procolumns.

E. WALFORD, M.A. perly entitled to bear ? That is, are all the de7, Hyde Park Mansions, N.W.

scendants of any person to whom arms have been granted entitled to those arms until, in order to

distinguish collateral families, new arms are seQueries

cured? 2. If for any reason the head of a family We must request correspondenta desiring information makes changes in the arms granted his ancestor, on family matters of only private interest, to affix their does this change affect the arms of all who are denames and addresses to their queries, in order that the scended from this common ancestor ; or do colanswers may be addressed to them direct.

lateral branches still bear the original arms, while Chevy.—This modern word (often less correctly

the lineal representative bears the changed arms ?

ARTHUR WENTWORTH HAMILTON EATON. spelt chivy), meaning "chase," is usually associated

New York. with the name Chevy Chase, and supposed to be immediately taken from a schoolboys' game called QUOTATION FROM CICERO WANTED.-Can any chevy chase, or simply chevy. I should be glad of one tell me where it is written in the works of any information throwing light upon its history, Cicero that the planter of a tree is a benefactor of and of examples of its occurrence before 1840, mankind ?

W. J. BIRCH. when General Perronet Thompson wrote ('Esercises,' ed. 1842, v. 50), "The other side are to INN SIGNs.--About half way between Stamford blame, if they do not, as we should say in the and Grantham, on the Great North Road, there is, dragoons,'chevy? them back again." From this or was, a well-known inn called "The Ram Jam." it would appear doubtful whether the term came I should like to know what "Ram Jam" means, and into use from the school playground or from the what was depicted on the signboard ? army. Hoppe says chevy is also used in the sense


E-DICKINSON. "scolding, reprimanding." Is this so ?

Eden Bridge.

[See 5th S. iii. 246.] Oxford.

WIND.-There is a scrap of old Latin, I do not WATER-MARKS OF PAPER MAKERS.—"Col. modum regio est, quæ non habet aliquem filatum

know where from, that runs, “Nulla enim propilection of 500 Facsimiles of Water-Marks used by ex se nascentem, et circa se cadentem.” Is there Early Paper Makers, Fourteenth and Fifteenth Centuries. London, 1840." My copy has no any truth in this; and, if there is, who wrote it?

C. A. WARD. accompanying letterpress. The facsimiles are each

Walthamstow. numbered, and no doubt these numbers refer to the letterpress. Can any of your numerous corre

ARBUTHNOT'S RESIDENCE.-It is stated in Gulspondents refer me to the complete work ? liver Decyphered'(Works,' i. 81) that Arbuthnot,

F. W. C. who was introduced at court under the name of MOON-SPOTS.—In a certain work of fiction two house be identified at the present time?

Johnny,” lived in Burlington Gardens. Can the persons looking at the moon through a telescope

W. F. PRIDEAUX. were asked what the moon-spots looked like. One, who was a priest, said the spots seemed to him CORKOUS.—Having no dictionary showing the cathedrals. The other, who was a woman, com- meaning and derivation of the above adjective thus pared the self-same spots to two lovers. Thus they used, "a wide flat corkous meadow," perhaps some showed their characters. What was that work of correspondent would kindly enlighten me. fiction ? Its name has gone from me as the dream

C. S. K. of Nebuchadnezzar faded away when he awoke. I JEANNE DE CASTILLE.- What is the history of trust that name lives in the memory of some reader “ La Vengeance de Jeanne de Castille,” of which of ‘N. & Q.' and that he will tell it to me.

there was a picture in the Glasgow Exhibition ? JAMES D. BUTLER.

CELER ET Audax. Madison, Wis., U.S.

[Not baving seen the picture, we can only ask if the HERALDRY.-Will some one qualified kindly subject is the box on the ears which that queen gave to

a maid-of-honour she brought from Portugal, and who answer the following questions in heraldry ? l.

developed into a rival.] Suppose I am sprung from the ducal house of Hamilton through one of its well-known branches. Russian TROOPS ATTACKED BY Wolves. - Can To my ducal ancestor were given arms; but I am any reader refer me to an account of a body of

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Russian troops attacked by wolves, which I have and often seen mentioned ?

H. M. HERALDIC.-I bave an old silver seal and small in mi signet ring, both of which are engraved with arms, taker and should be much obliged if any reader of land. 'N. & Q.' could identify the families to which the Hale bearings belong. The seal has a shield with helmet there and mantling, and the date 1639 at the sides. Norf Arms : Argent, a fesse gules between three bugle- oblig horns, 2, 1, in chief, and as many ducks swimming

63, in water in base. Crest: a demi-forester blowing a horn. The ring bears a shield divided into three

PA parts per pale and surmounted by a mitre. 1. of thi Argent, two lions passant in pale, on a chief the

Wal Virgin and Child, or perhaps * Prester John.” 2. Quarterly, 1 and 4, à chevron inter three negroes? MS heads ; 2 and 3, & chevron inter three stage' origir heads cabossed. 3. A cross moline between five it ap martlets (arms of the Confessor); on a chief the where royal arms (France and England quarterly) on Hill pale between two mullets. The last does not appear to be very old, possibly the commencement of the century. W. ANNETTS WELLS.


seller BRANDINGS.-Dr. Pusey, in his 'Introduction lated to the Prophet Jonab' ('Minor Prophets,' Oxford, 8vo. 1860, 4to., p. 252, col. 2), explains the words, suma

the earth, its bars around me for ever," as, “per-one w haps the coral reefs which run along all that shore,

transl quoting the following passages as his authorities: Death

“ Considerable quantities of coral are found in the ad. Some jacent sea."-W, G. Browne, writing of Jaffa, Travels,' say w

War “Coral reefs run along the coast as far as Gaza, which cut the cables in two and leave the ships at the mercy of

Сна the storms. None lie here on the coast, which is fuller De of strong surfs (brandings) and unprotected against the N. Ba frequent West winds."-Ritter, ii. 399, first ed.

“ Bu I do not find the word brandings in this senge in with the 'N. E. D.' or elsewhere. What and whence and CH is it?

W. E. BUCKLEY, with s


what -Will some kind expert inform me who is the

symbo author of the above book! Mr. Dexter, in his notes to the ‘Dickens Memento,' says that W. H.

editior Wills is the author. Mr. Percy Fitzgerald, in his

His no * Bookfancier,' is of opinion, I believe, that Dickens

as I c did write it. I have not been able to pursue the

tioned. subject much further, and being a humble student

help. do greatly doubt. I had a copy in my hand a few days back; the dealer was asking 5l. 10s. for it, I 'Loi think.

W. H. [See Athenaeum, Jan.-June, 1887, p. 129.] Lord 1

be acce PLACE-NAMES.-There are in the parish of Hendon (Middlesex) three districts or hamlets called MAJ respectively the Burroughs, the Hyde, and the by wbi Hale, and of these names I have been unable to Hamilt ascertain the origin with any degree of certainty. tinent, The first I have occasionally found spelt Borrows sons: ]

p. 360.

this si

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he died ; 2, Otho, captain of a company in the the Scots sounded to arms and defeated the foe with 40th Regiment, afterwards colonel of the 59tb, great slaughter; and the thistle was forth with adopted who died in 1811, leaving a son Ralph, an officer ; fortunate deliverance," ~ Palaces, &c., of Mary, Queen

as the emblem of Scotland in commemoration of this and 3, a daughter, married to General Dawson Scots,' p. 29. of the Engineers.

I do not know to what the following lines of ARTHUR WENTWORTA HAMILTON EATON. New York,

Hamilton refer, but they may be serviceable :

The thistle, GREEN, TIE INVENTOR OF THE Stadia.-In

Exalted into noble fame, shall rise 1778 William Green, a London optician, is stated

Triumphant o'er each flower, to Scotia's bards

Subject of lasting song, their monarch's choice; to have invented the stadia, a tube provided with Who, bounteous to the lowly weed, refused three parallel horizontal wires for measuring dis- Each other plant, and bade the thistle wave, tances by means of the visual angle. Can any one

Embroidered in his ensigns, wide displayed kindly inform me where it is possible to find a

Along the mural breach. description of this instrument or of its inventor ?

With reference to the botanical status of the In Germany the credit of the invention is assigned Scotch emblem, from which something may be, to Reichenbach, who in 1810 constructed a tele- perhaps, gathered, a writer in 1832 says :scope with distance-measuring wires. Reichenbach “I have frequently seen the cotton thistle (Onopordum visited England in 1797, and it is probable that acanthium) cultivated in gardens in Scotland as the he saw Green's invention, or a description of it, vicinity of London had a very different plant given to

genuine Scotch thistle. A Scotch nurseryman in the and applied it to his own distance-measurer. him as the national flower of his country. He did not, BENNETT H. BROUGH, however, recognize it as the milk thistle (Lilybum

marianum), a very common weed around the metropolis, 'Salve Regina."—Who was the author of the but gave strict orders to his foreman to have it carefully Roman Catholic prayer or hymn to the Blessed attended to. It appears to us, however, that it is no less Virgin the first two words of which are “Salve vain to hunt after the actual botanical representatives of Regina"? It is said, but I know not on what these national floral emblems than after the griffins, authority, to bave been sung by the Crusaders dragons, and blue lions of heraldry. Yet I think some

very common species ought to be fixed upon rather than when they stormed Jerusalem.


that which is rare, and on this principle the spear thistle

(Cnicus lanceolatus) seems the best entitled of any to be How TO RESTORE FADED PENCIL MARKS.

the emblem of Scotland; the cotton thistle I never met Urgently needed, the formula for restoring faded with wild in the country except near gardens where it is blacklead pencil writing. I met with such a recipe commonly reared as the real scotch thistle.....and the years ago, and copied it, but, alas ! it has dis- milk thistle I only saw once below the rocks of Dumappeared amongst a heap of MSS. afar off, and thither by Mary, Queen of Scots—while the spear thistle

barton Castle-said by tradition to have been brought there is not a Cooley or other similar works to abounds by every road side. The usual heraldic figure, refer to.

H. DE S. however, I confess, is more like the musk thistle (Carduus


There is also a very interesting inquiry into this Exact reference to “Do the duty which liest nearest branch of the subject in Leighton's 'Flora of Shropthee which thou knowest to be thy duty; thy second shire. duty shall already have become clearer" (Carlyle).


As to the shamrock, Mr. Bichino, in the Journal The grave is but a covered bridge,

of the Royal Institution, May, 1831, says :Leading from light to light through a brief darkness, “The term shamrock seems a general appellation for

A. CLIFFORD THOMAS. the trefoils or three-leaved plante. Gerard says the

meadow trefoils are called in Ireland shamrocks...... The

Irish names for Trifolium repens are seamaroge, shamReplies.

rog, and shamrock. In Gaelic the name Seamrag is

applied by Lightfoot to the Trifolium repens; while in THE ROSE, THISTLE, AND SHAMROCK.

the Gaelic dictionary...... this word is prefixed as a

generic term to many plants --Seamrag chapuill, purple (7th S. vi. 207, 311.)

clover; Seamrag chré, male speedwell; Seamrag m’huire, Further as to the adoption of the thistle as the pimpernell. I conclude from this that shamrock is a badge of Scotland :

generic word common to the Gaelic and Irish lan

guages." “When the Danes invaded Scotland it was deemed un: He infers from Fgnes Morrison (1598) that the warlike to attack the enemy during the night, instead of in a pitched battle during the day; but on one occasion, shamrock was a spring flower :says the tradition, the invaders resolved to avail them. “ Yea the wilde Irish in time of greatest peace imputo selves of the stratagem, and, in order to prevent the covetousness and base birth to him that hath any corn least noise of their approach, marched barefoot. They after Christmas, as if it were a point of nobility to con: had thug neared the Scottish camp unobserved, when a sume all within those festival dayes. They willingly eat Dane, unluckily, stepped with his naked foot upon a the hearbe shamrocke, being of a sharp taste, which as superbly prickled thistle, which made him vociferate they run, and are chased to and fro, they snatch like loudly. His cry discovered the assailants' approach ; beastos out of the ditches."

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This points to the Oxalis acetosilla, or wood some heating apparatus in the church and the consorrel, which he considers the original shamrock sequent_removing of the pavement, &c., of the of Ireland-at all events it appears to have been aisle. He also told me that on his coming to the an eatable plant, as in Wyther's 'Abuses Stript parish fifty years ago (sixty, now, or more) he found and Whipt, 1613, there is this couplet :

a very old man there as sexton and bell-ringer. And for my cloathing in a mantle go

This sexton stated that he himself tolled the bell And feed on shamroots as the Irish doe. on the occasion of Clive's funeral, and that the See also Pratt’s ‘Flowering Plants of Great Britain.' funeral took place in the dead of night. Clive died

R. W. HACKWOOD. (by his own hand) at his south Shropshire residence,

the name of which I cannot just now call to mind. In a little work recently published by Hatchards,

The present rector of Moreton Say kindly showed and entitled “The National Arms of the United me the register and the entry of Clive's baptism, Kingdom,' your correspondent will find an interest and also the one of his funeral. Strange to say, the ing chapter on “Floral Badges,”, including the officiating curate of Moreton Say at the time of above named. It is rather too long for your Clive's death was also a Robert Clive, a relative. columns; but the book is worth getting, and the

W. P. BEACH. price of it is moderate.


P.S.- In the churchyard is the grave of General Water Orton,

Sir Percy Herbert, brother of the present Earl of Besides the tradition quoted by a correspondent Powis and great-grandson of Robert, Lord Clive. at p. 311 to account for the adoption of the thistle His widow, Lady Mary Herbert, now resides at as the national emblem for Scotland, there is an- Styche, the birthplace of Clive. other, much to the same purpose, which I had expected would have been given. The Danes thought I have come across some "memoirs" of Lord Clive

Since I wrote my previous note on this subject it cowardly to attack an enemy by night, but upon which were published in the Town and Country one occasion when in Scotland they deviated from this rule, and were stealthily and noiselessly creep. after remarking that no solaces could“ divert bis

Magazine for 1775. The writer of these articles, ing upon the Scots under cover of darkness, when one of them set his foot upon a thistle, which [Clive's] melancholy, which daily increased, insomade bim cry out. The alarm was given, and the much that all company became disagreeable to him,"

continues :Scotch fell upon the night party and defeated them with terrible slaughter. Ever since then the thistle waters had some effect upon him; but upon bis return

“ His physicians advised him to go to Batb, and the has been adopted as the insignia of Scotland, with to the metropolis he was seized with a violent fever, the motto “ Nemo me impune lacessit."

which carried him off in a few days. The ill-patured

J. W. ALLISON. world upon this occasion failed not to insinuate that he Stratford, E.

made a rash attempt upon his life, and to give a gloss to

this story they have introduced an anecdote to the folDEATH OF CLIVE (76 S. vi. 207, 293). —About concerning his affairs, and this gentleman giving him

lowing purport: being in a consultation with Mr. W-d-n ten years ago I visited for the first time the village some advice that nettled him, he on a sudden retired to of Moreton Say, near Market Drayton. It is but

a his water-closet and with a penknife, or razor, cut the short distance from Styche, the

birthplace of Clive, jugular vein, and expired before any person came to his and the church of Moreton Say has Clive's

assistance.”—P. 376.

grave within its walls. His body lies under the pave

J. F. MANSERGH. ment of the aisle and near to the south door.

Liverpool Although there are several mural monuments in According to Lord Stanhope ( History,' vii. 241) memory of different members of the Clive family, Clive destroyed himself with a penknife, with I was surprised that there was no indication of which he had just previously mended a pen for a the burial-place of the hero of Plassey, except a young lady then visiting at his house. pair of rusty spurs and gauntlets on the wall was told to Lord Staphope by some one who heard near his grave, but no tablet or inscription of it from Lord Shelburne, afterwards Marquis of any kind. On the occasion of this and sub- Lansdowne. EDWARD H. MARSHALL, M.A. sequent visits I 80 strongly expressed my sur

Hastings. prise that I think it led to something being RELICS OF PLASTIC ART IN THE EASTERN done. At any rate there is now an unpretentious, CHURCH (766 S. vi. 301).—The following passage "uc beat mural brass plate over his grave.

from Tournefort's Voyage into the Levant' (Ozell’s The rector of that time was an old man named translation, London, 1741, vol. i. pp. 148-9) may Upton, since dead. He told me that he had been serve as a supplement to Á. de B. H.'s interesting in the parish as curate, vicar, and (after it was note :turned into a rectory) as rector for more than half a century; that he had seen the coffin of Clive and Greeks to their true Belief, especially in Towns remote

"Qur missionaries find it very difficult to recall the the inscription-plate on the occasion of putting from the Sea-Coast, where the King's Charities cannot

The story


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easily reach. Their Devotion to Saints, and particularly Lancashire, says Gerarde, call this goose" by no to the Holy Virgin, wants very little of Idolatry: they other name than tree-goose ; which place foresaid, carefully burn a Lamp before her Image every Saturday; and all those parts adjoyning, do so much abound they are continually calling upon her, and returning her thanks for the good Success of their Affairs : their Pro- therewith, that one of the best is bought for threemise is inviolable, when thoy give it with either a Kiss pence.”

C. C. B. or a Touch of her Image ; but then they sometimes grumble at her, and expostulate with her in their Mis. SHELLEY'S 'ADONAIS' (7th S. vi. 347).—The fortunes : this' Breach is presently made whole again, four poets represented as mourning for 'Adonais' thoy return to kissing her, they call her The Aul-Holy (stanzas xxx-XXV) are surely recognizable enough. [Ilavayia), and at their Deaths leave her either a Vine- The “ Pilgrim of Eternity” is Byron; the “sweetest yard or a Field,”

lyrist " of " Ierne ”is Moore; the" herd-abandoned This, however, must be taken in connexion with deer struck by the hunter's dart" can be no other what has been previously said by Tournefort than Shelley himself; the “gentlest of the wise" (p. 122) on the subject of images in Greek is Leigh Hunt.

O. C. B. churches :The Images in their Churches are all flat, and you

The following note by Mr. H. B. Forman in the never see any Sculpture there, except it be some slight fourth volume of his edition of Keats, in which Incision."

'Adonais' is printed, will explain Shelley's allu

O. C. B. sions in the stanzas referred to :Chishull was one of the learned chaplains of our “Byron was, of course, alluded to both here (stanza factory or consulate of Smyrna, and Tyria I take to xxviii, the Pythian of the age ) and as the . Pilgrim of be Tireh. As this city is now accessible by railway Moore, and the next four stanzas to Shelley” (vol. iv.

Eternity'in stanza xxx, the close of which alludes to from Smyrna, the notice in ‘N. & Q. may induce

p. 237). some one to see if the inscriptions in the churches

W. E. BUCKLEY. are still extant. As to the Greek Christian feeling being against visible representations of Christ, I

I always understood that “the Pilgrim of Eteram not

aware of any such fact-nor can your readers nity” was meant for Byron. At the end of the be. I remember being in the country of Maina, in stanza “ the sweetest lyrist from Jerne" is Moore,

of course. the south of Greece, and entering a Greek church

In the next four stanzas Shelley is which had been attacked by the Parks during the speaking of himself in a manner which, when we insurrection. The interior was covered with Scrip- fully mingled, is no less beautiful than


consider his poetical and practical life—so wondertural paintings. The only figure injured by the

E. MANSEL SYMPSON. Mussulmans was that of Christ, as they were horrified at such a representation of one held sacred The poet referred to in stanzas xxxi-xxxiv is even by themselves. The injury, however, was Shelley himself. “The Pilgrim of Eternity.” (stanza limited to scratching out the eyes, under the notion xxx) is Byron ('Childe Harold's Pilgrimage'). that thereby the character of life and the con- “The Pythian of the Age” (stanza xxviii) is also sequent desecration of Jesus would be abated. Byron. See 'N. & Q.,' 3rd S. x. 494; xi. 44, 106,

163, 265, 343, 363; xii. 196, 532.

JONATHAN BOUCHIER. GOOSE (7th S. vi. 287, 354).—The“ tree geese”. Ropley, Alresford, Hante. incidentally referred to in the 'Penny Cyclopædia' (see MR. MANSERGA's note at last reference) are

BUDÆUS (7th S. vi. 289).—The lines are a sort probably not geese that build in trees, but geese of skit on the well-known verses sung at the serpropagated from trees, according to the old belief. vice called “Benediction” in the Roman Catholic Some old writers tell us that these birds actually Church :grew on the trees; others that the fruit of the tree,

Et, si fides deficit,

Ad firmandum cor sincerum growing rotten, was altered into geese." Sir

Sola fides sufficit. Jobo Maundeville held the latter, for he told the

E. WALFORD, M.A. people of Caldilhe that "in oure contre weren

7, Hyde Park Mansions, N.W. trees that beren a frugt that becomen briddes fleiynge '; and Gerarde, who gives both a descrip. Red BOOK OF THE EXCHEQUER IN MS. (7th S. tion and a figure of the tree, which he calls the vi. 268).- This is fully described by Sims in his “Goose-tree, Barnacle-tree, or the tree bearing Manual, London, 1856, pp. 40-42, from whose geese,” and declares that he has actually seen and account the following is an extract :touched it, though his description is somewhat “The Red Book, or Liber Rubeus of the Exchequer ambiguous, appears to have meant the same thing. (which

derives its name from the colour of its binding, The description is too long to quote, but since the which was originally of red, or rather pink, leather), tree is said to have grown in a "small island in was compiled by Alexander de Swereford, Archdeacon of Lancashire, called the Pile of Foulders," Mr. MAN Shrewsbury, who died Nov. 14, 1246. It contains, among SERGH should know all about it. The people of kingdom at large, serjeantios, knights' fees, and prima

many miscellaneous entries respecting the court and

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