« ZurückWeiter »
savouring of more severity, we neglected the old PROTESTANT AND PAPIST, 1716–1731.
and were loth to execute the new.* Amongst the (Continued from p. 402.)
abortive enactments thus alluded to were, no The sum of 100,0001. raised by Walpole's Act doubt, the provisions of one of the Gunpowder by taxation of the Catholic estates seems but Acts against sending children abroad to be a poor contribution towards the “debts of the Popishly bred up, and disabling persons returning nation" which had borne the lion's share of the from abroad from holding property except on cost in the war of the Spanish succession.* taking an anti-Papist oath of obedience. No doubt something, was expected from the Malle. Chaumont could no doubt afford & sneer forfeited estates, which the Barons of the Ex. at the revival of the methods of King James ; but chequer, by an Act passed 1728,+ were authorized, in declaring in her aunt's name that she had heard in place of the commissioners previously appointed, of no law to prevent Catholics inheriting estates, to sell to any one who would buy them. How much she overlooked the important Act of 1700,I to was realized I cannot say; but it is certain the which Mrs. Skipwith, not many lines above, had Government were not able to congratulate them- probably referred as not having yet been put in selves on having disposed of the national debt. execution, and of which Mr. Beresford would unNor can such a minister as Walpole be said to doubtedly take advantage if he could. The main have done himself much credit by reverting to a purpose of the Act was to prevent, so far as posstyle of legislation for which a parallel is to be sible without direct confiscation, the holding of found in the obsolete enactments of Elizabeth and landed estates by Roman Catholics. It is a strikJames. By an Act of 1681f a penalty of 201. a ing instance of the irony of history that this dismonth had been imposed for not repairing to graceful Act, as Hallam's splendid impartiality church, and default in payment was provided for does not shrink from calling it, should owe its in 1587 by a further forfeiture of all the recusant's origin to the very tolerance of William himself. chattels and two-thirds of his lands. This seems According to Burnet, the measure was only proto have had the desired (or undesired ?) effect so posed out of spite by the Opposition, who, exfar that several wealthy Catholics were found asperated by the king's connivance at Popery, willing to subscribe at the rate of 2401. a year for hoped to put him in a corner by sending up a Bill the privilege of absenting themselves from the to which he would not find it easy either to accede reformed worship. The sequel to this, however, is or to refuse his assent. By one clause all Papists found in one of the savage enactments which were called on, within six months of their attainfollowed the Gunpowder Plot, and one cannoting eighteen, to take the oaths of allegiance and repress a smile as one seems to recognize in some supremacy, and to subscribe the declaration against of the clauses the handiwork of the candy king transubstantiation and the doctrines of adoration himself. By one of the Acts of 1605 it is provided and the sacrifice of the mass ; in default of which that, notwithstanding the recusant may be both they were incapable of succeeding to the benefit of able and willing to pay the penalty of 20l. per any landed property in England or Wales, the month, the king shall be at liberty to refuse it, next of kin who might be a Protestant being and at the same time to insist on the forfeiture for meanwhile entitled to the rents and profits. By non-payment, by seizing the two-thirds of the another clause every purchase by a Papist after recusant's estates. ||. But here his Majesty seems April 10, 1700, was to be absolutely void. to have over-reached himself, The history of these Acts, which remained a sufficient to make short work of Catholic land
At first sight one might suppose this would be dead letter on the statute book till the present lords, especially as in one of the earliest of the reign, might have taught a lesson even to the
cases in which the statute was discussed it was ministers of King George. The effect of them is held that the word " purchase” must be read in judiciously described by Sir Robert Cotton. After its technical sense, and so include any process remarking that an early Act of Elizabeth imposing (such as a gift, either by deed or will) by which a fine of one shilling for not attending church on land was acquired otherwise than by mere deSunday was one of the best laws ever made, be scent. $ Yet historians are unanimous in describadds, “While we sought to make new statutes,
* "Twenty-four Arguments whether it be more expe* According to Chalmers, 60,000,0001, had been spent dient to suppress Popish Practices against the due in the war, and the fact that the amount of annual Allegeance of his Majesty by the strict Executions touchtaxation had trebled itself since the Revolution seemed ing Jesuits,' &c. Printed in Cottoni Posthuma ' by to justify some heroic remedy. Yet the national debt James Howel, 1679. increased nearly fourfold between this period and the | 3 Jas. I., c. 5. 3 Cba, I., c. 2 prescribes outlawry Grenville's Stamp Act, heroic remedy with a vengeance and forfeiture for the same offence. These statutos † 13 Geo. I., c. 28.
were not repealed till 1846. 23 Eliz., c. 1.
I ll and 12 W. and M., c. 4. 29 Eliz., c. 6.
Roper v. Radcliffe, decided in the King's Bench, 3 Jas. I., c. 4.
1713 (9 Mod., 181).
ing the Act as almost entirely ineffectual.* It let all endure the penalty; still be no turncoate, but per: was, in fact, just one of those hall-hearted, ill- severe, yet may the pains you have taken, and, in ono considered attempts at legislation on which the sense, given, turn out thus contrary, that the results of legal mind has delighted to expend its ingenuity. wards show themselves in secondary and tertiary symp
your disease turn upon yourselves, and six months afterThe number of cases in the law reports of the toms; your tresses trimmed for allurement fall off, period in which it was called in question seem and you be fain to allure them (spite of your tettered quite out of keeping with the proportion which skin) by locks borrowed from the dead, to whom you will we may suppose the Catholics interested in land to then be in nearer relationship." have borne to other litigants.t It is not surprising He speaks of baldness as typical of the presence of that it should have shared the fate of Dr. San. the other ills, for, first, it was their tress adorngrado's patients. Its vitality was soon exhausted ments that they greatly relied on, and, secondly, by these repeated and ruthless operations.
because he had already spoken of the other ills, Unfortunately, however, for our friends at and Shakespeare at least would not repeat himNamur, in the case of such a law as this the party self. But it is in keeping with what Timon, Therin possession has decidedly the best of it, as we sites, and others have said to conceive Timon have already heard Mrs. Skipwith admit. The continuing (in his thoughts) thus :sequel to the story I have not found distinctly “The bone-ache plague and cripple you; may leprous recorded; but the probability seems strong that and matter-running sores render you abhorrent, till, disMr. Beresford, having, as he declares, in order to eased and starving, you die on a dungbill or in a ditch. forestall the Government, secured the proverbial There rot and stink, and spread other diseases among nine points already in his own favour, was able to disease in the unsavoury dens in which you latterly lived.
mankind, as you during life stunk, rotted, and spread score one more against bis Papist cousins, and so Destroy all whom you can reach, destroy what minimum win the trick.
CHAS. FREDC. BARDY. of good yet remains in the world, in life and death be Gray's Ind.
loathsome to all and to yourselves.' (To be continued.)
As to the change "pale sick mouths,” all its
readers will, I feel sure, bold, with myself, that it SHAKSPEARIANA.
is most unwarrantable as a change, and that its *TIMON OF ATHENS,' IV. iii. 1.
attempted explanation is unsatisfactory and forced. Yet may your pains six months,
Where does Shakespeare or other author of that Be quite contrary.
date over allude to the loss of teeth as caused It is somewhat curious that on the page opposite either by syphilis or its remedies ? to MR. HOLCOMBE INGLEBY's protest there should
BR. NICHOLSON, M.D. have appeared a noting sinning even more than THE OBELI OF THE GLOBE EDITION IN MEAusual against the canon of criticism quoted by that SURE FOR MEASURE' (7th S. v. 442; vi. 303). -I gentleman. MR. WATKIS8 LLOYD admits that no thank MR. Moore for his criticisms as, with one commentator has explained the passage, but, in- exception, courteous and fair. I am pleased that stead of drawing the conclusion that they had some of my emendations, either in whole or in thought it required none, he, as I understand him, part, meet with his approval. Where we differ would insinuate that, not knowing how to explain others must decide. May the outcome of disit, they had passed it by. Then, saying that his cussion in every instance be what all desire, a true non-understanding is "waiting and willing to be text. better informed,” he does not wait, but alters the The criticism to which I take exception is the passage, and defends the alteration. The altera-one on my rendering of II. i. 21. I had written tion is doubtless acceptable to himself, but the (7th S. v. 442): – original is perfectly intelligible to one who thinks
What's open made to justice of the natural course of the disease spoken of. That Justice seizes. Paraphrasing the words that Timon uses here and Here the First Folio has turned informer, and in a previous speech in this scene, he says : guided me to the detection of its own error. Its
"Still give diseases to all, to those who would use you, spelling is "justice ceizes.” Ce, the two final and to him who would convert you, allure them all, and letters of "justice," have been repeated by mis
take, and "izes” (from similarity in sound) has * Burnet, Smollett, Hallam; and see especially Lecky, Fol. i. p. 303, where are quoted' numerous protests against usurped the place of "eyes.” Correcting these the progress of Popery and the leniency with which errors, and rightly dividing the lines, I present the the Papists were treated, following very shortly after passage thus : the Act. For some cases of hardship, which may be
What's open made regarded as exceptions, proving the general leniency, see To justice, justice eyes, &c. the preface to Estcourt and Payne's Summary of This MR. Moore has thought proper to reproduce English Catholic Non-jurora registered under the Act of in the following very unintelligible form
See Bacon's 'Abridgment,' 8.v. "Papist "; Viner's SPENCE would have us read ceizes,' i. e. (by repeti• Abridgment,' s.v. “ Recusant."
tion of final), ‘izes,' i. e. (by imagination), eyes'
“justice eyes'!” He goes on thus : “Why not pride abounded till a person's means sank to a
seeses,' i. e. (by repetition of final), “sees '-justice very low point, or vanished; not only his income, sees'?'Why not? Because in the reading in but his very means (the capital or sources of his the First Folio ("justice ceizes") there is, whether income) became weary, exhausted, no longer there ought to be or not, a repetition of the final able to bear up against the extravagance of the ce, while the imaginary misprint “ seeses,” with its pride which consumed them. But if, as MR. repeated final, is to be found neither in the First SPENCE prefers to think, it is a sound of some Folio nor in any other edition. We have plenty kind that ebbs, why should it be weary "moans"? of misprints already; we need not invent more. There is no necessity to alter the text or go to MR. MOORE pronounces “izes” to be "a wonderful a Scotch dictionary for the meaning of " mene, spelling of eyes.'” It would, indeed, be a wonder- meyne, mein," &c., because mean is the common ful spelling, but by no means a wonderful mis English word, signifying medium, moderate, spelling. I do not know what is the amount of middle, and in music the tenor, as in the following MR, MOORE's familiarity with the misprints of the passage from Spenser First Folio; but if, for instance, he is aware that in With that the rolling sea resounding soft, “Hamlet,' IV. v., "the kind life-rendering pelican" In his big base them fitly answered, figures as “the kinde Life-rend'ring Politician,” he And on the rocke the waues breaking aloft,
A solemne Meane ynto them measured, ought to feel no surprise if “justice eyes” has been
The wbiles sweet Zephyrus lowd whisteled made to figure as "justice ceizes."
His treble, a straunge kinde of harmony; "I object further,” says MR. MOORE, " because
Which Guyons senses softly tickeled, I should hardly have thought Shakespeare (or MR. That he the boteman bad row easily, SPENCE) likely to go out of his way to take the And let him heare some part of their raro melody. bandage from a blindfold justice.” No; I am
•Faery Queene,' bk, ii. c. 12. very sure Shakspeare did not, and his humble in
R. R. terpreter never dreamt of anything of the kind. Boston, Lincolnshire. That anything may be concealed from a person must be necessarily be blindfolded ? That it may be 'SAPIENTIA SALOMONIS.'—The British Museum made open or patent to him must be necessarily has as its Additional MS. 20,061 the copy of this have a bandage (which was never on) taken off? play made for Queen Elizabeth (her arms and There may be a thief in the dock, and thieves on initials are on the cover, and her initials on the the jury too. “What's open made to justice, title-page and under the persona dramatis) when justice eyes," i. e., justice takes cognizance of the Children of the Chapel acted it before her. patent crime. While crime is undetected it may, The MS., of 33 leaves 4to., formerly belonged to without blame to justice (which, though not blind, "Mr. Horatio Walpole," whose bookplate is inside cannot see in the dark), be found in the jury-box, its cover, and it was bought for the Museum at and, for that matter, as Angelo was soon in his Pickering's sale on December 12, 1854 (lot 165), own person to prove, on the bench as well. as Sir F. Madden's note on the fly-leaf says. The
In conclusion, I present the whole passage, first queen undoubtedly handled this MS. There are as it appears in the Globe (following the First twenty-two persona dramatis. The “Prologus” Folio), and secondly as I render it, and leave it to says, among other things :your readers to say which bears the greater re
Poetam non habemus comicum semblance to pure Shakspearian verse. Will MR.
Hoc tempore : Ast historiam attulimus grauem, MOORE undertake to scan 11. 21, 22 as they ap- E fonte veritatis exbaustam sacro. pear in the Globe, whose reading he defends ? — Solomon beatus mox videbit principem
I not deny
Valde beatam, ijsdem, auspicijs atque omine The jury, passing on the prisoner's life,
Et æquitatem, & iura ducentem suo May in the sworn twelve have a thief or two
Populo, Deus quem ill[æ] gube[r]nandum dedit. Guiltier than him they try. What's open made to
The “Argumentum" is :-justice,
In vrbe sacra rex Dauidis filius, That justice seizes : what know the laws
Solomon pius cordatus & diues fuit,
Potensque, cui votum Deus volens dedit,
Optauit is sapientiam, sceptris suis
Idoneam. Voti compos fit rex statim. May in the sworn twelve have a thief or two
Sapientiam sortitur summam qua regit, Guiltier than him they try. What's open made
Dicitque ius longe suis dexterrime. To justice, justice eyes : what know the laws
Mulieribus duabus lis grauissima est,
De filio superstite atque mortuo:
Simulatione expiscatur quæ mortui
Sit mater aut viuentis, ist bæc ordine. Manse of Arbuthnott, N.B.
Hiram Tyri rex postquam factus certior
De regis vnctione, misit illico 'As You LIKE IT,' II. vii. 70 (7th S. vi. 262, Ad ciuitatem sanctam, oratores suos. 343).-By this passage I should understand that Solomon petit cedros, Tyrius morem gerit,
Surgitque opus templi; Sabea ventitat
head of the convent. According to the same Regina vt audiat regis sapientiam.
“ Monumentum tegitur ænea lamina grandi cujus ex
troma pars hoc epitaphium lectoris oculis exhibet :The two meretrices, who dispute about the Ante oculos saxum Doctorem deprimit ingens living child—Tecnophile (its real mother), and Cujus ad interitum sacra Minerva gemit. Tecnophone (its pretended one)—are not intro- Siste gradum, Lector, fulvo dabis oscula saxo, duced till Act II. scs. i. and ii., and Solomon does
Corpus Joannis hæc tegit urna Scoti.
Annus milleno ter centum cùm adderes octo, not give judgment till Act III. sc. v. Tecnophile
Postremum clausit letho agitante diem.” is willing to give up her child to save its life ; Tecnophone wants it cut in two. Solomon says : same epitapb, and adds that Duns is buried in
Hartzheim, another Cologne writer, gives the Quo fonte vox prolata sit hæc vtraque
medio choro retrò aram majorem.” I quote the Aduerto signis profecto certissimis, Viuum suæ matri veræ natum dato !
inscription in full, as it is altogether different from Hæc vera mater est: id hæc affectibus
the one given in the 'Dictionary.' Docet fluentibus materno ex pectore.
Dr. Ennen, writing in 1869, romarked that the Satelles. Prolem tuam accipe, regis sententia. Tecnophile. Me fortunatam ! O rex, tibi gratias ago ! Cf. 'Geschichte der Stadt Köln,'vol.ii. p. 836, note.
monument was then in a sadly neglected condition. And as she says in Act III. sc. vii., “ Notandus If it has not been touched since, surely our friends est dies hic albo calculo." In Act IV. Zabuthus, beyond the Tweed ought to collect a few bawbees the friend of King Hiram of Tyre, and his legate and have it restored.
L. L. K. enter, and in Act V. sc. iv. the Queen of Sheba. An epilogue winds up the play, Its last six lines CHAUCER, 'PROLOGUE,' LL. 166, 203, 146. – are :
The new volume of_the Camden Society, the Deum ergo maximum precemur supplices,
"Visitations of the Diocese of Norwich, 1492– Cuius manu regum omnium residet salus,
1532,' edited by Dr. Jessopp, contains some Vt nostram Elizabetham serenam principem good' illustrations of Chaucer's 'Prologue.' I Populo Anglicano seruet incolumen diu,
have never seen any explanation of the term apReginaque proceres plebemque auxilio iuuet Ad nominis sui perennem gloriam.
plied to the Monk in 166, "an out-rydere, that Finis. Amen.
loved veneryo" (the editions that I know pass it F. J. FORNIVALL.
over), and l. 45, "to ryden out," said of the
knight, did not seem to help. The Abbey of St. Joan Duns Scotus.—The writer of this article Benet's, Hulme, had an officer called the outein the last volume of the 'Dictionary of National rider, whose duty seems to have been to look after Biography' is evidently a sceptic. After discard the manors. Thus, p._214, in the year 1526, ing every single statement of previous biographers, “Dompnus Willelmus Hornyng, oute-rider, dicit he arrives at the conclusion that "all that seems quod multa ædificia et orrea maneriorum sunt to be certain is that in 1513 a monument was prostrata et collapsa præsertim violentia venti hoc erected to his [Duns's] memory in the Minorite anno"; and p. 279, in the year 1532, “Dicit quod Church at Cologne, where he was supposed to have Dominus Ricardus Norwych, oute-ryder, est been buried." No doubt a good deal of rubbish is negligens in reparando maneria dicti monasterii.” to be found in the sundry accounts of the life of On the other hand, “Dominus Ricardus Norwyche the “Subtle Doctor," and they require very careful owte-ryder," being examined, "dicit quod omnia
ting; but incredulity can be carried too far, and bene." It is pretty plain that the out-rider was a then it degenerates into pyrrhonism. Dr. Ennen, monk whose special duty it was to visit the distant the historian of Cologne, quotes a passage from the manors. In both years at this abbey there was MS. 'Kalendarium of the Minorites' among the complaint "quod multi canes nutriuntur in domo,” city records, which states that “Johannes Dunsius“ superfluus munerus canum est in domo." In the patria et cognomento Scotus......fuit auditor...... same house another monk, “Thomas Stonham Alexandri Halensis, doctoris Parisiensis," that he tertius prior,” is devoted to hunting, “communis was "lector Coloniensis,” and died at Cologne venator," " non venit ad matutinas sed vadet “VI. Idus Nov., 1308, and was buried “in choro venatum incontinenter vel immediate, tam in Colonie." This is clear enough. Where else æstate quam in hieme, post matutinas,"_“solet would his confratres the monks have buried him exire solus ad venatum mane in aurora.” I think but in their own church? Dr. Ennen also quotes we might parallel l. 203, “his bootes souple,” by a minute description from Crombach's Chronicle the complaint that Stonham, and also the out, of Cologne,' which records how the bones of Dans rider, " utuntur calceis et caligis” non “ ocreis," were gathered up on August 16, 1513, and placed as at Norwich Thomas Sall “utitur calceis contra in a sarcophagus. It describes the exact spot regulam.” At Flixton Nunnery in 1520 injuncwhere they were deposited, and where the monu- tion was given “priorissæ quod infra mensem ment to his memory was erected by the then proximum sequentem amoveat canes extra monas
terium excepto uno quem maluerit," which valley Chaucer's Priorees, with her “small houndes" county (1. 146) would bave resented.
0. W. TANCOCK. of East Norwich.
& dista GERMAN AND ENGLISH IN HEBREW LETTERS.
celebra -German has long been written in Hebrew letters, White possibly bundreds of years, and there is a regular
Farm' system of transliteration, with which, I should say, Avon :: the great majority of those who are familiar with Hebrew and German are acquainted. But it was
on his c not until quite recently (Oct. 26) that I became Salisbu aware that English also was sometimes written appear i with Hebrew letters. I was walking through field,' • ] Whitechapel with a French friend, who was de- This sirous of seeing the quarter generally as well as readers the spots where the recent murders and mutila- remaine tions had been committed (and I may say that wrote to with the help of a guide we were able to make all my lette these spots out), when, in Old Montague Street, Appare I saw a lengthy notice posted up in Hebrew letters of Const Thinking it was German, I was puzzled for a be 1837. minute or two, but then I discovered that it was Maccle English, and had reference to a public meeting to be held at the "Black Eagle” public-house. A
tributors little Jew, with a pleasant, smiling face, came up, and was much amused when he found that I could reference read it, I do not know whether there is any
“ Per id regular system of transliteration for English. We Lincolnier
scholastic also saw in two or three shops German notices in
vocant Br Hebrew letters. One ran thus : “Thee und Kaffee imago ære zu jeder Tageszeit.” In many German cities and Pol. Verg towns--especially, I think, in Vienna and Frank- 1651. fort-on-the-Maine-such notices are very common. The twe I recently procured a so-called Yiddish ( = jüdisch) Henry V. newspaper published in Whitechapel (8, Little Alie Street).
PARAL Zukunft (The Future), and is written in much and, cons better German than I expected to find, though
most curi the cases and grammar are sometimes a little following. shaky; and there is but very little admixture of Adam, sa Hebrew words. It seems strange to us that there should be
AI people knowing how to read to whom German and Wesley, h English are more intelligible in Hebrew letters than in those belonging to these two languages.
F. CHANCE. Sydenbam Hill.
CHARLE THE SCENES OF JOHN CONSTABLE'S PICTURES,
their facul The writer of an article called The Wiltshire Avon 'ia the October number of the Art Journal
writers (i. has badly and fatally confused the localities of two
from Carol rivers bearing the same name. of Constable, "He was born at East Bergholt, in
and the valley of the Avon's greatest tributary.' All
Great in Ep who have read Leslie's Memoirs of Constable,' and many who have not know that "East Bergholt is pleasantly situated in the most cultivated part A NOTE of Suffolk, on a spot which overlooks the fertile housekeeper
He says, speaking Carloman,