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They may be in the above volume, and by one of say in what year, nor whether the brewery is still the other eminent hands.” If so, there is nothing carried op. I can well remember that Hodgson's extraordinary in their having been attributed to pale ale was in the ascendant as a drink in the that author whose name seems to be the only one year 1839. “Experto crede Roberto." mentioned on the title. W. E. BUCKLEY.

W. E. BUCKLEY. CHEVREUX (7th S. vi. 247, 296).-The following

The name of the firm brewing this once celeparagraph from the Monthly Magazine for 180i brated pale ale was originally, I believe, Hodgson (vol. xii. p. 422) may point out a source of further & Abbott, and their brewery was at Bow, where it information as to this word :

still remaing. On the retirement of Hodgson the “Wigs.—Some years ago we had to read the Pogono early days as a merchant, I had some dealings; but

firm became Abbott & Son, with whom, in my logy. Caxons have now succeeded to beards, and a similar work, appears, entitled . Eloge des Perruques par the special reputation of the beer bad then passed le Docteur Akerlio.' This book is ascribed to Deguerie, away. The present representatives of the business the translator of Petronius: it deserves, for micrology of are, I believe, Smith, Garrett & Co., Limited, Bow erudition, a place in the Transactions of the Society of

H. W. D. Antiquaries; and for frothiness of eloquence, to be studied

Brewery, E. by puffers and auctioneere."

GENEALOGICAL (7th S. vi. 327).—Whether the Although not bearing on the derivation of chevreux, Rev. George Stott, Fellow of Worcester College, it may be noted in this connexion that in Phillip's Oxford, is a member of the family referred to by *New World of Words' (London, 1706) chevron is Mr. Barton I cannot say; but that gentleman is said to have been "anciently the form of a residing at Barnet, Herts, and may be able to supPriestess's Head-attire."

J. YOUNG. ply the information desired. E. VENABLES. Glasgow.

BROOKE (7th S. vi. 247). — The titles of the two INDIAN PALE ALE (7th S. vi. 329).—The ques-tracts in J. Payne Collier’s ‘Illustrations of Early tion of A. H. about Hodgson's ale recalls to my English Popular Literature' (1863), referred to bý memory some verses which I saw in, I think, some MR. WARD are : Indian magazine, many years ago. Though perbaps 1. The most Horrible and Tragicall Murther of the only an advertisement, they may be worth pre- Right Honorable the Vertuous and Valerous Gentleman, serving as a specimen of an extinct taste in verse:- Iobn Lord Bourgh, Baron of Castell Connell. Committed “ Take away this clammy nectar,"

by Arnold Cosby, the foureteenth of Ianuarie...... Printed Said the King of Gods and Men,

by R R 1591. “Never at Olympus' table

2. The Manner of the Death and Execution of Arnold Let such trash be served again."

Cosbie, for Murthering the Lord Boorke, wbo was exeTerror shook the limbs of Bacchus,

cuted at Wandsworth townes End on the 27, of Ianuarie Paly grew his pimpled nose,

1591, &c. And already in his rearward

The murder is duly recorded in Stow's Chronicle' Felt he Jove's tremendous toes.

under the date 1591, and has no connexion with When a bright idea struck him :

the murder of Lord Brooke in 1628. See Burke's “Dash my thyrsus! I'll go bail, For you never were in India,

'Extinct Peerage' (1883), p. 67, for the Barons That you know not Hodgeon's ale."

Bourke of Castle-Connell.

G. F. R. B. “Bring it," quoth the Cloud Compellor, And the wine god brought the beer,

YORKSHIRE FIELD-NAMES (7th S. vi. 323). — Port and claret are like water

Thanks are due to Mr. Fallow for sending you To the glorious stuff that is here.

the old field-names of Kirkleatbam. I trust that Then Saturnius drank and nodded,

others will follow his example. These local Winking with bis lightning eyes, And amid the constellations

designations are many of them very old. Even Did the star of Hodgson rise.

the modern expressions are sometimes not devoid C. T. M.

of interest.

Barton meant originally a barley-close, afterHodgson, the brewer of the celebrated Indian wards a threshing.floor and a farmyard. It would pale ale, carried on his brewery in partnership be interesting to know which of these ideas has with Abbott (Hodgson & Abbott) at Bromley-by- given the names to Upper and Nether Barton, Bow, Middlesex, on a branch of the Lea, and for

Lady Orchard.-Names compounded with lady some years sat in Parliament, I think, for the

are of common occurrence. In most cases I have county.

JOHN TAYLOR. Park Lodge, Dagnall Park.

no doubt that they refer to the Blessed Virgin. It

was a common practice before the religious changes The brewery was at Bromley, Bow. Mr. Hodg- of the sixteenth century for persons to charge their son bad two sons, George and Frederic, the sur- lands with payments to the Lady Altar in the parish vivor of whom, Frederic, was for some years M.P. church for lights to be burnt in bonour of our Blessed for Barnstaple, and died in 1854. The firm bad Lady. It is right, however, to point out that my become Hodgson & Abbott, but I am not able to very learned friend, Mr. George Laurence Gomme

C

played at Har

has suggested that in some cases lady may be a and looking : corruption of Law Day. See ‘Primitive Folk probable that Moots,' pp. 122, 255, 275.

the north sid Turnpoke. It is possible that this may have Glasshouse Y been a place where cocks were fought. Turnpoke part of the o used to be a well-known name for a kind of game-was not inclu cock. Samuel Pegge says :

the position "If one may judge of the rest from the fowls of Rhodes original foun and Media, the excellency of the broods at that time independent) consisted in their weight and largeness, as the fowls of pied by the C those countries were heavy and bulky, and of the nature of what our sportsmen would call shakebags or turn

removed was, pokes."- Archæolojia, vol. iii. p. 142.

only 9a. 3r. 1

been the rema

EDWARD PEACOCK,
Bottesford Manor, Brigg.

in his own pos

became Ratla 'ONCE A WEEK' (7th S. vi. 306). — Might I, Lady Maidste with all deference, suggest to Mr. WALFORD other part of “ another reason for the adoption of this name for a question, bu the periodical. Household Words, which had Rutland Place always been printed by Bradbury & Evans, was Bearcroft does closed by Dickens in May, 1859, who then started Rutland Cour his new venture of All the Year Round, which was

Library, Cha published by Chapman & Hall, and printed by Wbiting. Bradbury & Evans, perhaps rather sore

'A HISTOR on the subject

, then commenced the new periodical This has not] of Once a Week, and, somewhat by way of retaliation, Shakespeare's thought, perhaps, "Well, Dickens, you call your by a play calle new bantling All the Year Round, so also shall from the M ours be-Once a week is all the year round.”

JOAN TAYLOR,

1576-77. Six Park Lodge, Dagnall Park,

Historie of F

stated by your Rutland House (7th S. vi. 89, 233, 331).—My through the ca quotation from Bearcroft was abridged to save for Historie o space. The full paragraph runs :

in those days. “ His son Roger, Lord North, sold Charterhouse to the

May I take Duke of Norfolk for 2,5001. on the 31st day of May following (1565), except that part on the east side of the in my way tE chapel which was then the mansion-house of Lord North, and is now Rutland Court, and the houses adjoining on

books once in to Goswell Street."-P. 202.

Gidding. I h The Act of Charles I. (1628-9), confirming the but my nephe charter of James I., by which the rights of Lord who represent North are reserved, expressly mentions his house them. Any o as being. “at or near the east end of the said received. Hospital," and also names "buildings, edifices,

Jounpore, Indi courts, gardens, orchards, or grounds thereunto belonging, or therewith used or enjoyed," and

DEFENDER O

Was this title messuages, tenements, or hereditaments of the said Lord North being within or near the scite or

Henry VIII. a precinct of the said Hospital” (“Chronicles of

ancient appellat C.H.,' p. 212). It is evident, therefore, that it

the tenth volum could not bave been "part of the prior's lodgings,”

a Cistercian abbwhich were to the west of the chapel (see plan A.

nissimo Princip in the Carthusian), and also that it occupied a con

defensori, domin

a flower of rhe siderable extent of ground, probably reaching as far as what is now Goswell 'street, as seems to be viously given to implied in Bearcroft's words. The wall of Charter

a part of his pro

for instance ? house grounds formerly extended some distance from Wilderness Row down Goswell Street, if I The letters“ recollect right, below where the church now stands; coinage are part

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suppose, be retained till we lapse into paganism. Byron's Influence on European Literature' shows much Truly it is subordinate ; but any duke has multiple his own day there cannot be much doubt that Byron was

knowledge. The treatment is highly sympathetic. In titles; and though we call his lady a duchess, yet over-estimated, but of late the

pendulum of popular taste she is really a participator in her husband's minor bas swung far too much

a contrary direction. It is no dignities.

A. HALL. uncommon thing to find persons who grudge to admit 13, Paternoster Row.

that Byron was in any true sense a poet. This silly super

stition need not be combated, but it has been of great AUTHORS OF QUOTATIONS WANTED (7th S. vi. service to us to have pointed out the enormous range of 89, 299). —

Byron's influence. We were aware that it had been very

great, but until we read Mr. Axon's paper we had no The heart has reasons reason knows not of.

idea that it had been so world-wide. The paper on Mr. G. Seeley has done me the favour to supply me with The Geographical Distribution of Men of Genius' is the better text of the sentiment from Pascal, as it ap: very curious. It opens out to us lines of speculation pears in Faugère's genuine text (“Pensées. Fragments which, in the present state of our knowledge, it is perhaps et Lettres, publiées pour la première fois par P. Faugère," unwise to follow. The subject

must, however, at no re1844): "Le cœur a ses raisons, que la raison ne connait mote date be taken up in an exhaustive manner. Who. point : on le sait en mille choses. ED. MARSHALL.

ever endeavours to face these difficult problems will find (7th S. vi. 269.)

Mr. Axon's paper most useful. Does your fair correspondent refer to Lord Macaulay's 'Ivry'},

Turkey. By Stanley Lane-Poole, assisted by E. J. W.

Gibb and Arthur Gilman. (Fisher Unwin.)
Amidst the thickest carnage blazed the helmet of
Navarre.

H, W.

Toe issues of the “ Story of the Nations " follow each (7th S. vi. 369.)

other rapidly. It will now be our own fault if we have “We are near waking when we dream that we dream."

not a vivid picture in our minds of the great powers The above is by Friedrich von Hardenberg, called which have from time to time attracted the eyes of men. "Novalis.” It occurs in Carlyle's Miscellanies,' vol. ii. Such volumes as these fulfil their object if they give p. 240 (what edition I know not, as I am quoting from clear and accurate knowledge as far as they go. A coman old note-book compiled by a correspondent of yours pendium, however brightly written, can never supply the in 1852). The rendering Carlyle gives is “We are place of original authorities, or of the more exhaustive near awaking when we dream that we dream." i histories where conflicting authorities are weigbed and know from my own experience that the statement is references given. Of its kind Turkey' is a most excelas true as a physical fact

as it is in those higher regions lent book. Political and religious prejudice have filled which have but slight and unstable relations to physical the air with dust clouds, and there are not a few of us phenomena.

ASTARTE.

who are determined to see everything that relates to the The author of this is Novalis, and it is to be found in has come to pass it would require a long disquisition to

Turks through the darkest possible medium. How this bis ' Fragments.' See Carlyle's essay on Novalis.'

explain. The religious fanaticism which used to distort EDWARD H. MARSHALL, M.A.

the cbaracters of Englishmen, if not dead, bas smouldered down into ashes, but it still blazes up afresh when Islam,

or those who follow its teaching, are mentioned. The Miscellaneous.

authors of Turkey' are to be commended for not having

sought popularity by the means of the stump orator. NOTES ON BOOKS, &o.

They are judicially fair. Those who rend the pages of Stray Chapters in Literature, Folk-lore, and Archæology. Turkey' might imagine that the inflammatory literature

By William E. A. Axon. (Manchester, Heywood.) with which we have from time to time been deluged never MR. Axon is an industrious writer. All his papers are had any existence. When all allowances are made, and of permanent value, but they suffer from compression, every care is taken to hold the scales evenly, there are We are sorry that one who has got so much to tell, and things in the career of the Turks wbich strongly move tells it so well, should not have seen fit to expand some one who has inberited the Christian ideal of civilization, of the more important papers. We could have dispensed The dark shadow that they have at times cast over the with Blindoess and Deafness' and 'A Century of the lands they ruled is not due to the Arabian faith that they Cotton Trade' if by that means we could have ensured assumed, but the two things have become so blended that the excellent paper on Sir Richard Phillips being twice it is not easy to sever them even in imagination-it is as long as it is. Phillips was a shrewd, sensible man, still more difficult to do so in the pages of a book. good, kind-hearted, and crotchety. There was a time We have followed the authors carefully, step by step, when he was regarded as a dangerous Radical. To us, in their blood-stained chronicle, and bave detected no who view his life the light of modern changes, hé errors and but few points on which it would be safe to seems only to have held very common-place political raise a counter issue. The narrative is at all times graphic notions. He abstained the greater part of his life from and picturesque ; occasionally it rises to real eloquence. eating animal food, which brought down on him much The account of the battle of Nicopolis is really very fine. ridicule from ignorant and stupid persons, who would We bear the crash and see the dust of the combat as we not listen to the arguments by which he defended his read the glowing words in which the authors have deextreme opinions. The two books by wbich he used to scribed it. We do not, bowever, consider the strictly be best known were his ' Arts of Life' and 'A Million historical portion the most important part of the volume of Facts.' We believe they have long been out of print, before us. The facts there given can be found elsewhere, and it is not probable that they will ever be reissued. though not in so compact and orderly a manner, but Knowledge has widened so much since his day that they nowhere else can we meet with so full and accurate an are of no interest now except as historical documents. account of Ottoman literature, and of the inner life of Notwithstanding his strange crotchets regarding gravita- the Sultans before the revolutionary hand of the modern tion and kindred subjects, they were in their day ex. reformer had swept away the old mediæval splendour. tremely useful as books of reference. The paper on The last chapter deals with the events of quito modern

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days. Persons who wish to have accurate knowledge on porate mer the Eastern question should read it carefully. It will be corporate i found more profitable than any number of " atrocity powerful a pamphlets, however adroit the process of their manufac-trol of th ture may bave been.

Southern

interest. 1 Old Glasgow, the Place and the People, from the Roman Burrows h

Occupation to the Eighteenth century. By Andrew historical d Macgeorge. (Blackie & Son.)

confederati This is the third edition of a popular history of Glasgow. infancy an To write a book of local history that shall be at once practically learned and interesting is a feat that very few are able however, tł to achieve. Antiquarian plodding is one thing, the plete work graces of style another, and they are seldom united in exhaustivel one person. Mr. Macgeorge has bad several forerunners “Historic of the dully learned sort, and a berd past counting of the letterscribblers who knew nothing well, and had not even the volume sh poor art of hiding their ignorance. He is, however, the bead ports first person who bas given us the annals of Glasgow in a non-corpor form that it is delightful to read.

The scale on which the book is constructed has not The Bairni permitted him to tell us so much of the Middle Age life & Tuer.) of Scotland as we should like to have beard. What is A PLEASING given us is clear and accurate, entirely free from that all genuine foolish taint of theological bitterness which runs through and origina many of the books produced north of tho Tweed.

Le Livre We have especially enjoyed the portion of the book devoted to the history of the planting and early growths Rotterdam

bibliophiles of Christianity in Scotland. On such a subject it is now Uzanne. almost impossible to tell anything new, but Mr. Mac- interesting george has grouped his facts in a telling manner, which must needs impress the minds of his readers. His théon Char

Charles N picture of serfdom, too, is clear and accurate. It is a

Robida. subject which yet requires investigation. The condition James do of the unfree seems to have varied much in different La Vie M parts of the island. The author seems to be unaware how long it lasted in England. There is evidence of the

TIE Un existence of bondmen in Yorkshire late in the reign of article by James I. A large part of the volume is devoted to times Tbis is fol near our own. This is as it should be. The doings of Competiti the men of the eighteenth century are as well worth John Lubb recording, and in some ways are as picturesque as those and the Ed of knights, abbots, and reformers. The Glasgow Tobacco the 'ProgrLord was a most interesting character. We are very thankful to Mr. Macgeorge for having preserved the memory of men who were, in their virtues and their failings, the equivalents of the merchant princes of We must Venice, Genoa, and Amsterdam.

On all cc The engravings with which the book is illustrated are address of works of art of a high order, and there is an excellent as a guarat index.

We cann Historic Towns.-Cinque Ports. By Montagu Burrows, To secur

Capt. R. N. and Chichele Professor of Modern History | must obser in the University of Oxford. (Longmans & Co.)

or reply be Though Hastings, Sandwich, Dover, Romney, and signature o Hythe were the original Cinque Porte, Winchelsea and appear. Co Rye, officially known as the “two ancient towns," were to head the added to the confederation soon after the Norman Con

INQUIRED quest. To Hastings were attached the two corporate

chemist. members of Seaford and Pevensey, as well as the six

CHARLT non-corporate members of Bulvarbythe, Hydney, Petit Iham, Bekesbourn, Grenche, and Northeye; to Sand. CORRI wich the two corporate members of Fordwich and Deal, “1681 and the six non-corporate members of Reculyer, Sarre, seventyStonor, Ramsgate, Walmer, and Brightlingeea, in Essex; to Dover the two corporate members of Folkestone and ER Faversham, and the seven non-corporate members of Edi: Margate, St. John's, Goresend, Birchington Wood, B1 St. Peter's, Kingsdown, and Ringwould ; to Romsey the T one corporate member of Lydd, and the four non-corporate members of Old Romney, Bromehill, Denge-r marsh, and Orwaldstone; to Hythe the one non-cor

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LONDON, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 1, 1888. justly weighed, the weight ten stone down-weight, by

the weights (as they call them) of 'Aver-du-poyse ': the CONTENTS.-N° 153.

horses are to be bridled, sadled, and shod.' After the NOTES :-Racing in the Seventeenth

century, 421- Protestant be demed to be a just judge, not only of the riders

riders are justly weighed by such a gentleman as shall
and Papist,

422- Shakspeariana, 423 – Sapientia Salomonis,
424 —John Duns Scotus-Chaucer, 425 - German and English weight, but also to judge impartially who comes first to
in Hebrew Letters-Scenes of Constable's Pictures-Brasen the stoup; another gentleman must be appointed at the
Nose College-Parallels in Poetry-Charlemagne-Note on twelve-score-stoup, to judge what horse is rid out of dis-
Notes and Queries,' 426.

tance, which is a main businesse, and a third must be de-
QUERIES :--Chevy-Water-Marks of Paper Makers-Moonsired to see them start fair,
spots - Heraldry-Quotation from Cicero-Inn Signs - Wind

"2. The horses must be led down from Sparton-hill to
-Arbuthnot's Residence-Corkous - Jeanne de Castille
Russian Troops attacked by Wolves, 427—Heraldic-Brand- the starting place; and there must be three heats, the
ings— A Curious Dance round a Curious Tree'

-Place- first heat to Sparton-bill, there to rub half an hour, and
names-Patrick - Ms. of Sir Roger de Coverley'-First then the judge is to give them warning to get up and
Published Work of Borrow-Chains of Straw - Lord Bate, start; but if in that half-hour they relieve their horses
man'-Major Otho Hamilton, 428–Green=“Salve Regina" with anything but faire water, or if they ride out of dis-
-How to restore Pencil Marks-Authors Wanted, 429.
REPLIES : --Rose, Thistle, and Shamrock, 429 – Death of tance, or the riders want weight, they must lose the cup;

Clive-Relics of Plastic Art, 430 - Goose-Shelley's 'Adonais only there is allowed two pound for wasting. The second
- Budæns-Red Book of the Exchequer, 431–Pamphlet - heat is to end where they begun last, and two gentlemen
Sword of the Black Prince -Anson's Voyages '- Posts at must be desired to see, not onely who comes first to the
Cross Roads-Englefield Baronetcy - Old Song - Chartist, stoup, but at the twelve-score-stoup who ridos out of dis-
432-White Elephant-Baron Coleraine-Oral Tradition-
Tailed Africans --A Yorkshireman's Arms, 483-Wipple Tree tance, and who not; and 'twere well to have a flag at the
-Esling School - Wooden Walls—"That sweet saint who ending stoup of each heat to be let down as soon as the
sate by Russell's side,” 434-Cortège-T. G. Wainewright- first horse is past the stoup, for the Judges easyer dig-
“Whistling Oyster," 435 - Chestnut - Indian Pale Ale cerning who rides within distance and who not: the
* Pleasures of Melancholy'-sir Jas. Strangwayes - Dual riders must be weighed every heat, the relief is to be
Origin of the Stuart Family --Herrick, 436 - Sailors—"Omni-onely water, the rub but half an hour, and then the Judge
bus Order"-Roodselken-Pinchbeck, 437.

is to bid them mount.
NOTES ON BOOKS:-Parkinson's Yorkshire Legends and
Traditions Milne's Readable English Dictionary'

“3. There being three heats he that wins the most
Baddeley's ' Account of the Church and Parish of St. Giles beats wins the Cup, so he rides within distance, not
without Cripplegate'-'Westmorland Note-Book '-Sime's otherwise, but that horse which is foremost the last heat;
* Life of Goethe'-Elze's 'William Shakespeare.'

this will make them ride for it. The stakes are ten otices to Correspondents, &c.

sbillings an horse, and to be put into the hands of the

Judges who are to deliver them to the second horse.
Aotes.

“4. He that wins the Cup saves his own stake, the

second horse shall bave all tho rest. RACING IN THE SEVENTEENTH CENTURY.

5. It is to be considered that if any rider whip

another rider, or his horse on the face, or pull back
The following rules, drawn up by the Duke of another's bridle, he shall lose the cup.
Newcastle in 1662, are copied from a broadside in “6. No bystander must ride in with the horses, to
the Bodleian. The press-mark is Wood 2764 149. face, stop, or turn them over, or any other way to hinder
There is no heading or title to the broadside. At them, but must ride aloof from them. If any such fault
the end it is dated May 26, 1662, by Anthony bo committed, I must implore the gentry to help me in
Wood, who adds, “ given to me by Hen. Hall, the the legal punishing of the offenders.

“His Excellency saith, that, seeing he makes this
University printer." Another set of rules, dated Course only for the pleasure of the gentry, he hopes they
1682, drawn up by William Blundell, of Crosby, is will take it in good part, he having no other end in it,
printed in Mr. T. E. Gibson's 'Crosby Records, except his Lordship's own contentment. But his Excel
1880, p. 267. There are also some curious anecdotes lency adds that he never yet knew any public thing that
of racing in ‘Memoirs of the Life of Thomas, Mar- many teachers, for if people did not find fault with every

was not found fault with, and that everywhere there be quess of Wharton' (1715, anonymous), pp. 97, thing, they would not be thought wise in anything: but

his Lordship is very confident he shall find nothing of
“Being commanded by bis Excellency the La Marquis he desires to serve. And he commands me to tell you,

this humour amongst those noble persons whom herein
of Newcastle to publish the following Articles for his new
Course, I am first to inform you, that the work was begun that though this be not the Law of the Medes and Per?
so late, and is so great, viz.: the ploughing of five miles siang, yet he will alter nothing in it. Every man may put
in length, and a considerable breadth, with the barrow. Liberty of the Subject, and so his that sets up the Course.

in his horse, mare, or gelding at his pleasure, 'tis the
ing of it twice over, and sowing it with hay seed to When

any man doth the like, he may make the Law what
eord [?] it, that there will be no firm riding on it before he pleases. In the mean time his Lordship hopes this
the last of July, when my Lord intends to give a cup of
51., and the same he will do on the last of August and Course will please you all, since he has no other end in

it.
September, then ending the Course for this year. But
the next year (if God grant his Excellency life and

“His Excellency further commands me to let you
health) be means to begin it on the last of April, con. I know, that his Course or heats continues no longer than
tinuing it on the last of each moneth till the last of Sep-

his Lordship's good liking. tember inclusively, six months in all, giving each moneth

“ Thus I have obeyed his Excellency's Commands,

“ jo: ROLLESTON."
a cup of 51.
“ The Articles.

26 May, 1662. Given to me by Hen. Hall, the Uni-
"1. The horses are all to meet at Sparton-hill-top versity Printer, A. Woode."
between eleven and twelve, where the riders are to be

C. H. FIRTH.

98:

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