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If "certain" in this case means in truth "un-
certain," conf., as a similar linguistic specialty, the
use of the word "believe." A man believes that
of the truth of which he has an assured conviction;
but if anybody asks you if it is one o'clock, and it
chances that you have just heard the clock strike,
you do not say that you believe that it is one o'clock,
but simply it is so; whereas if you suppose that to
be the time, but are uncertain, you say, "I believe
that it is one o'clock."

I think that other instances might be found of
words that have come to be used to mean or imply
the exact reverse of their proper meaning.
T. A. T.

USE OF YORK AT THE INSTALLATION OF CANONS (7th S. v. 505).—The Chapter of York being the first in rank and the oldest in age of any of the old foundations, and being also unique as to the constitution of the governing body, I should be glad to be allowed to make a correction of ST. SWITHIN'S note. There are not, as he imagines, any "Honorary Canons" at York, where, alone among English foundations, the prebendaries have retained all their ancient rights and privileges, with the sole exception that by recent legislation they have been deprived of the emoluments formerly attached to their prebends. The residentiaries, as such, have no stalls or preaching turns assigned to them, and are not mentioned in the list of precedence, while the non-residentiaries present to all benefices and offices, and have a right to be present and to vote at all meetings of the Chapter, as well as to control and audit the expenditure of the revenues derived from the cathedral estates.

Theatre near Curtain Court, now Gloster Street, Shoreditch, and was built by 1577; but in Mr. Percy Fitzgerald's 'New History of the English Stage' it is stated, on the authority of Mr. Collier, that it was built in 1580. It would appear from an extract quoted in Arber's reprint of Gosson's School of Abuse,' p. 79, from Stow's 'Survey of London,' that both the Curtain and the Theatre were erected on the site of the Priory of St. John Baptist, called Holywell (Shoreditch), "both standing on the south-west side, towards the field." Mr. J. A. Symonds, in 'Shakespeare's Predecessors in the English Drama,' p. 277, says the Curtain took its name, in all probability, from the plot of ground on which it was built, and subjoins a note, "Curtina in base Latin means a little court."


no monastic vows.

At the ceremony of installation the canons receive the book, the loaf of bread, and the kiss of brotherhood, symbols of the ancient constitution of the Chapter, which was a brotherhood of secular canons, devoted to study and to the instruction of youth, having a common refectory, but bound by Since Alcuin was one of the canons it is believed that the foundation must be at least as ancient as the time of Archbishop Egbert (735-758 A.D.). King Athelstan in 936 calls them Colidei (Dei Cole), and the name of Culdees was retained as late as the reign of Henry I. This appellation is only one indication among many that the descent of York is not from St. Augustine, Canterbury, and Rome, but from St. Patrick, St. Columba, Iona, and Lindisfarne. If St. Chad had not unhappily been ousted by St. Wilfrid, we should undoubtedly have retained more relics of the primitive constitution of the most ancient existing foundation in the kingdom, which enables me to designate myself A CANON AND CULDEE.

THE CURTIN (7th S. v. 407).-According to a note by Dr. Furnivall in the New Shakspere Society's edition of Stubbs's Anatomy of Abuses,' p. 43, the Curtain Theatre was close by the

Waltham Abbey, Essex.

The theatre named the Curtain "derived its
name from the piece of ground of considerable
size termed the Curtain, which anciently belonged
to Holywell Priory." It is so named in a lease
29 Hen. VIII., 1538. Further very interesting
particulars may be read in Mr. Halliwell-Phillipps's
Outlines of the Life of Shakespeare'; in my copy,
sixth edition, vol. i. pp. 338 et seq.

Forest Hill.

367).-If MR. PIGOTT has copied the entry cor-
rectly, the words "were married" I should con-
sider are a clerical error. About 1562, and for
some years afterwards, marriages were celebrated
before a justice of the peace, the banns having
been published three several Lord's Days after
the close of the morning exercise, or at the market
cross on three market days in three several weeks,
according to Act of Parliament.
Would not the
dates Jan. 8 and 15 be two of the days when the
banns were published? In the year 1653 Parlia-
ment directed registrars to be chosen in every
parish for the registering births and burials, and
to whom notice of intended marriage had to be
given. It is quite possible the registrar mentioned
had been elected, but had not taken his oath
before some county justice before the first publica-
tion of the banns. See Burn's 'Parish Registers
of England,' 1862.

F. TAVARES (7th S. v. 329).-Francisco Tavares was a member of the Council of the Prince Regent of Portugal, afterwards D. Joam VI., Knight of the Order of the Christ, M.D., professor at the University of Coimbra, first physician of the Royal Chamber, Great Physician of the Realm, Member of the Junta do Proto-medicato, Fellow of the Academy of Sciences of Lisbon, of the Academy of Medicine of Barcelona, &c. He was born in Coimbra about the middle of the last century, and


died at Lisbon, May 20, 1812. Besides the book quoted by MR. TAVARÉ, he is the author of eight more medical works. See Francisco Innocencia da Silva, 'Diccionario Bibliographico Portuguez,' Lisboa, 1859, vol. iii. p. 71, and Gazeta Medica de Lisboa, No. 121, June 1, 1858. EDUARDO PRADO.


"DEAD MEN"-EMPTY BOTTLES (7th S. v. 448). -I have always heard that empty bottles were, especially among army men, called "marines.' And I remember that some sixty years ago a good story used to be told, I think, of the Duke of York. His Royal Highness, at some military convivial meeting, little thinking of giving offence. to the susceptibilities of any man present, ordered a servant to "take away those marines." Upon which a grey-headed veteran belonging to that corps arose, and wanted to know what H.R.H. intended by so designating the body to which he had the honour to belong. "Empty bottles!" said H.R.H. "Why, fellows who have done their duty and are ready to do it again, to be sure!" Т. А. Т.

"TO CHEW THE RAG" (7th S. v. 469).-Is this confined to soldiers? To "rag" a man is good Lincolnshire for chaff or tease. At school, to get a boy into a rage was called "getting his rag out." Sometimes this was improved into " shirty," and getting his shirt out."


I have heard that when soldiers are flogged it is a great comfort to them to have something to chew, whether a lump of rag or a bit of lead-often a bullet hammered out flat. They say it keeps them from biting their tongue. And there is no doubt that some children in a sulk will chew their pocket-handkerchiefs. I have seen them.

R. R.

Boston, Lincolnshire.

"TO MAKE UP HIS MOUTH" (7th S. v. 387).—This expression is still in use in some parts of Shropshire with regard to eating. After a person has eaten a sufficiency he will be tempted to have just a little more of something different, e. g., 66 a snack of bread and cheese to make up your mouth" is often the goodwife's suggestion to her farmer lord. The transition from this practical use of the term to the figurative one quoted is not difficult, and makes the meaning of the latter clear.


Dorrington, Shrewsbury.

To popular words or phrases of last century foreign dictionaries of the period seem to be the most complete index so far as sense is concerned. In German and French word-books of the time the above phrase is rendered as if meaning profit or make profit. Littleton's 'Latin Dictionary' (1706) gives the rendering of the phrase as (6 os componere,"

presumably to make up one's face, arrange it, and thence perhaps to cease from being "down in the mouth," a phrase which is of no new origin.

Can the sense of making up one's face, being affected or joyful, have gradually come to mean the usual cause of pleasure, namely, that of gain? JULIUS STEGGALL. This is an ancient proverbial expression, but one which I have not found included in the more which are, indeed, very imperfect. It is used in modern collections, such as Ray's, Hazlitt's, &c., the Proverbs of John Heywood,' Sharman's reprint of 1546 edition, p. 76:—

Herewithall his wife to make up my mouth, Not onely her husband's taunting tale avouth, But thereto deviseth to cast in my teeth Checks and choking oysters.

Decker makes use of it in the 'Seven Deadly Sins of London,' Arber's reprint of 1606 edition, P. 12: The poore Orator having made up his mouth, Bankruptisme gave him very good words,"

&c. In both cases it means to close or finish one's speech. I suppose by Walpole's time it had reached some such signification as "to square one's affairs," ""conclude one's business," but the sense is considerably varied. H. C. HART. faces. It is used by Shakspere :— This is equivalent to "make mowes," i. e., wry

Persevere, counterfeit sad looks,

Make mouths upon me when I turn my back. And by Addison :

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I can mow on a man

And make a lesing well I can.

Hazlitt's Dodsley,' vol. i. p. 246. And frequently in early dramatic and other works. A. COLLINGWOOD LEE.

Waltham Abbey, Essex.

'NEW ENGLISH DICTIONARY' (7th S. v. 504).— My instance of almaundey is wrong. It was unluckily taken from a proof before my collation of it with the MS., which has almaunden, the plural noun. Let me, therefore, substitute for this two words from the revise of the same sheet of Mr. Austin's text, of which one, at least, is not in our 'Dictionary':

1. "Arbolettys. -Take Milke, Boter an Chese, and boyle in fere; pen take eyroun, and cast per-to; pan take Percely & Sawge, & hacke it smal, & take powder Gyngere & Galyngale, and caste it per-to, and pan serue it forth."-P. 20.

2. Bawde, v.t. "pan take pin Purpays as a Freysshe Samoun, & sethe it in fayre Water; & when he is I-sothe

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y-now, barde it & leche (slice) it in fayre pecys, & serue to popularize writings, and Wocherley, Congreve, Vanwyth Furmenty in hote water."-P. 18.

brugh, and Farquhar have, since its appearance, enjoyed If barode means “skin, peel,” then it is bald, and a supremacy which, in one case at least, is not incontest

able. The quarto editions of Etherege have never been in the ‘Dictionary, meaning "deprive of hair,"

common, and the collection of plays and poems issued in in 1602. The date of the passage above is about 1704, though more than once reprinted, has become 1425.

F. J. FURNIVALL. absorbed, and is now seldom encountered. A new edition

of Etherege is accordingly welcome, especially when, as Miscellaneous.

in the present case, it takes a handsome library form,

in which shape the dramatist has not previously been NOTES ON BOOKS, &0.

accessible. Fortunately, moreover, for the modern bioA New English Dictionary on Historical Principles. sidence'as English envoy at Ratisbon has become ac

grapher, the correspondence of Etherege during his reEdited by Jas. A. H. Murray, LL.D., &c. Part IV. cessible, and

a man who, in spite of the endearing epithet Sections 1 and 2. (Oxford, Clarendon Press.) PART IV. of the New English Dictionary, which

now could not easily be dissociated from the Mohocks, his

of " Gentle George" bestowed upon him by his associate, sees the light, consists of two sections—the first, “ Bra” to « Cass, opening vol. ii. It is pleasant to congratulate matic services of Etherege may yet, possibly, be brought Byz,” completing vol. i., the second, “c” to companions, has now something approaching to an in

dividuality. Further revelations concerning the diplothe editor and his staff upon the “substantial instalment” of the work which is now given the public. to light. His correspondence seems, at any rate, to show, It will be obvious to all who glance at the portly and straightforward." Not heavy is Etherege's literary

as Mr. Verity asserts, that "his prose is generally clear volume, with its twelve to thirteen hundred pagos, each page consisting of three closely-printed columns, that baggage. It consists of a few poems, chiefly erotic, in volved in almost any completed dictionary: Concerning vein of genuine comedy, and brought reputation and the task already accomplished is greater than that in wbich perhaps the most notable feature is the open

avowal of inconstancy, and three plays, which show a the manner in which it has been executed little infor- fortune to the stage of the Restoration. mation is needed by readers of ‘N. & Q. Instead, then, these productions it is fair to compare them with the

In judging of attempting to analyze or describe a book which works of D'Avenant and Crowne rather than with those defies alike analysis and description, we will commend to of their more brilliant successors. The earliest was our readers the importance of assisting to the utmost of licensed for printing so early as 1664, and contains their power in a task which is, in the full sense, of national importance. This many of them have shown rhymed passages, which, however, in his subsequent themselves anxious to do. Time is, however, a matter works Etherege dropped. In the general joy at the of signal importance, and the gain

to Dr. Murray and cessation of Puritan rule, such freedoms of expression as his assistants that would accrue if correspondents would distinguished our poet were pardonable. Mila, indeed, do forward to Dr. Murray, at the Scriptorium, Oxford, these appear beside the coarseness and obscenities of 'his answers to the words after which he inquires is not

successors. Etherege, moreover, enriched the stage with easily calculable. These replies, if so marked, would be types that were copied, and with more than one character forwarded to . N. & Q., and would take their turn for which survived for

years, and, in a sense, survive even now. insertion. Another duty, which applies to the fow.only, Mr. Verity, who in his prefatory matter and his few

The reprint, indeed, is judicious, and is well edited by is that of consulting the Dictionary' before writing to *N. & Q.' on words beginning with A and B, since rare

notes displays both scholarship and judgment. Meanindeed must be the cases in which information is obtain. while the lover of books is only too thankful to possess able that is not contained in the volume now at hand. works of this stamp in editions such as Mr. Nimmo supYet another duty-which weighs heaviest upon scholars

plies. Veritable bibliographical treasures are these, -that of supporting by purchasing the successive num: right in all respects, and the collector watches with bers a labour the expense of which is in proportion to augmenting satisfaction the line expanding upon his its importance, is too obvious to call for comment. A shelves, No English publisher is rendering to biblio. large portion of Dr. Murray's preface to vol, i, consists graphy services more acceptable than those of Mr. of acknowledgment of indebtedness to those who have material subsequently known as moreen is indicated in

Nimmo. Will some learned reader tell whether the laboured in the collection and the arrangement of the following lines from Etherege’s ‘Song of Basset'? materials. These include, in addition to many Englishmen of highest eminence, many American and German

Let equipage and dress despair scholars. Thanks to the collaboration of Mr. Henry

Since Basset is come in ; Bradley, who is at work upon a different section of the

For nothing can oblige thé fair dictionary, it is hoped and expected that the rate of pro

Like money and moreen. gress will be greatly accelerated. The aim and scope of In a following verge coney is used in a senso with which the work, the method upon which it is conducted, and its we are not familiar; and the last verse contains a term claims to consideration are naturally explained by the apparently belonging to the game which we fail to find editor. These also are matters upon which our readers in the New Dictionary':are well informed. We may recommend, however, a

What pity 'tis, those conquering eyes, study of the introductory paper, since few even of the

Which all the world subdue, best informed can be aware how many are the workers,

Should, while the lover, gazing, dies, and how numerous and important are the responsibilities

Be only on Alpue. involved in the production of the book.

The Morall Philosophie of Doni. By Sir Thomas North, The Works of Sir George Etherege: Plays and Poems, Edited by Joseph Jacobs, late of St. John's College, Edited by A. Wilson Verity, B.A. (Nimmo.)

Cambridge.. (Nutt.) To the majority of readers Etherege and Sedley are less We have nothing but praise to bestow upon this reprint, known than some contemporary or immediately sub- which forms the latest volume of Mr. Nutt's delightful sequent dramatists. A collection such as that edited by “ Bibliothèque de Carabas." The first portion of a general Leigh Hunt for the dramatic series of Moxon doos much title wbich we have been compelled to abridge, 'The

Earliest English Version of the Fables of Bidpai,' explains the value of the work. Editions of Bidpai multiply to meet the demands of the scholarly and the curious. There are two classes, however, to which the present will be the favourite edition-the student of English literature and the bibliophile. So far as both are concerned the original work, published in 1570, is unobtainable. Copies were in the Inglis, the Garrick, and the Bright collections. These are now untraceable. The British Museum has no copy, and the only public library that can boast a perfect exemplar is the Bodleian. Mr. Jacobs's volume is to some extent a facsimile. The typographical peculiarities of the first forty pages are preserved, and the quaintest of the original woodcuts, imitated from the Italian, are reproduced. For the black-letter type in which the remainder of the 1570 edition is printed ordinary type is substituted, as less trying to the eyes. Other illustrations have been added. Of these one is a reproduction of a design from a fine Persian MS., executed for Tana Sahib, the last Rajah of Golconda (Brit. Mus. Add. MS. 18,579); a second is from the original edition of the Latin version of John of Capua; a third is an original design of Mr. Burne Jones. To give a full account of the fables of Bidpai, which have gone probably through more versions than any work except the Holy Scriptures, is a bibliographical labour not lightly to be undertaken. Mr. Jacobs, however, has afforded, in a full and scholarly introduction, an account of the Indian original, of their transmission to the West, the illustrations, and other like matters, has dealt at some length with the character of the work, and, besides supplying other illustrative matter, has collected all the information accessible concerning Sir Thomas North, the translator. This worthy, as Mr. Jacobs would have us consider him, is best known to Englishmen by his retranslation from Amyot's French translation of Plutarch,' a work which Shakspeare is known to have used. He translated, however, mainly from the French, the 'Libro Aureo' of Guevara, itself an adaptation of the Meditations' of Marcus Aurelius. In the case of a translator thus ready to go to second-hand sources it is not surprising that the Indian Fables' of Bidpai should reach us through the Italian version by Doni, itself to a great extent a translation of the Latin rendering of John of Capua.

Notices to Correspondents.

Whatever the source, the book is welcome, North is We must call special attention to the following notices:
not so vigorous a writer as Amyot, nor is his position in
ON all communications must be written the name and
English literature so high as that in French of his pre-address of the sender, not necessarily for publication, but
decessor. He was, however, the means of bringing some
eminently important books within reach of English
readers, and his prose style is terse, nervous, and agree-
able. Pleasant, also, is it to read Mr. Jacobs's, on the
whole, well-merited eulogy. It would be for the advan-
tage of literature if the whole of the fables were acces
sible in a similar form. The editor's task is well performed;
not less so is that of the publisher. With its scholarly
disquisition and its lovely paper and type the book
makes an appeal which will, in many quarters at least,
be irresistible.

THE PROPOSED POPE COMMEMORATION.-At a meeting held at Twickenham on Friday, June 15, attended by residents in the neighbourhood and some well-known men of letters and collectors, the following resolutions were unanimously carried :-

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graphs, portraits, and relics of Pope, his friends, and con-
temporaries, as well as of engravings of Old Twickenham."
3. "That the foundation of a permanent Popean Col.
lection in the Twickenham Free Public Library be part
of the work of the celebration."

4. "That a water pageant, illustrative of Twickenham
in the eighteenth century, be arranged."

To carry these proposals into effect a committee was appointed, which now includes the names of Sir Mountstuart E. Grant Duff, Mr. Alfred Austin, the Rev. Stopford Brooke, Mr. W. J. Courthope, Mr. H. M. Cundall, Mr. Austin Dobson, Dr. Richard Garnett, Mr. E. W. Gosse, Mr. Eliot Hodgkin, Mr. J. Russell Lowell, Mr. Alfred Morrison, Prof. Henry Morley, Prof. Fred. Pollock, Mr. R. F. Sketchley, Mr. Leslie Stephen, Prof. A. W. Ward, together with the Rev. Richard Tahourdin (vicar), Mr. Bigwood, M.P., Mr. Labouchere, M.P., Capt. Sydney Webb, Mr. C. J. Thrupp (chairman of the Local Board), Mr. Vincent Griffiths (chairman of the Free Public Library), the Rev. L. M. D'Orsey (hon, local secretary), Mr. E. King (of Richmond), and other residents of Twickenham,

A number of books, autographs, pictures, and engrav ings connected with Pope and Twickenham have already been offered for exhibition. May I appeal to readers of N. & Q.' willing to lend desirable objects to communicate without delay with Mr. E. Maynard, librarian of the Free Public Library, Twickenham? The greatest care will be taken of articles lent for exhibition, and attention will be paid to their being returned in proper order. A printed catalogue will form a permanent record of what may be expected to make an extremely interesting feature of the commemoration. The loan museum will be opened on Tuesday, July 31, with an address by Prof. Henry Morley. It will close August 4.

Donations to the proposed Popean Collection in the Twickenham Free Public Library, and offers or help in connexion with the other objects of the committee will be thankfully received. The commemoration will take place between July 28 and August 4.-HENRY R. TEDDER, Hon. Sec. Pope Commemoration Committee, Athenæum Club, S.W.

as a guarantee of good faith.

WE cannot undertake to answer queries privately.
To secure insertion of communications correspondents
must observe the following rule. Let each note, query,
or reply be written on a separate slip of paper, with the
signature of the writer and such address as he wishes to
appear. Correspondents who repeat queries are requested
to head the second communication "Duplicate."

His father allows him two hundred a year
And he 'll lay you a thousand to ten.
Is not this from Capt. Morris's Lyra Urbanica,'
Bentley, 1844?

E. WALFORD ("Think of this when you smoke
tobacco").-The authorship of an early version of this
is attributed to George Wither. See 'N. & Q.,' 2nd S. i.


Editorial Communications should be addressed to "The
Editor of Notes and Queries'"-Advertisements and
Business Letters to "The Publisher"-at the Office, 22,
Took's Court, Cursitor Street, Chancery Lane, E.C.
We beg leave to state that we decline to return com-
munications which, for any reason, we do not print; and

1. "That it is desirable to celebrate the completion of two centuries from the birth of Alexander Pope, one of! the most illustrious names in English literature, by a commemorative festival at Twickenham, a place intimately connected with his fame, where he lived for sixand-twenty years, and where he died."

2. "That the commemoration take the shape of a temporary loan museum of editions of the works, auto-to this rule we can make no exception.


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7th 8. VI. JULY 21, '83.]




NOTES:-Tottenham in his Boots, 41-Thomas Vicary, 42-
MSS. of the Paston Letters-Brooke of Astley, 43-Ohthere's
Voyage-Minch or Minsh Houses-Nore, 44-Dickens and
Sir T. Martin-Fielding's Daughter-Crowland Abbey, 45-
Sneap-Stampede-Soapy Sam-Vice Versâ'-Woollett
and Bartolozzi-Warspite, 46.
QUERIES:-Chapman's 'All Fools'-Cliffe Family-George
Hanger, Lord Coleraine-"Odd-come-shorts": "Tantadling
Tarts"-H.-Jonathan Oldfield-Newspapers, 47 - Randle
MacDonnell-Elastic-Alton Castle-A Night-cap Stratagem

-Alex. Hamilton - Venables-Name of Portrait-Blue
Aprons-Neville, 48-Portuguese Revolution of 1640, 49.

Strange to say, I have never been able, after a
diligent search carried on for years, to discover
the precise subject on which the vote was given.
REPLIES:—“ Primrose path," 49-Little Summer of St. Luke In Archdall's edition of Lodge's 'Irish Peerage,'
-Palm Sunday-Edwards-A. Brice and Lord Ogleby-1789, at p. 269 of vol. vii., it is stated that the
Catsbrain- Blood is thicker than water," 50"Straw question was "whether any redundancy in the
boots"-"Ex pede Herculem "-Burial-place of George I.,
Irish Treasury should there continue, or be sent
into England"; and in his amusing 'Memoirs' Sir
Jonah Barrington improves on this statement, and
gives the sum of 60,000l. as the precise amount
of the surplus. I think that both Archdall and
Barrington are wrong. The latter is well known
to have drawn considerably on his imagination for

51-Bell Legend at Brailes-Jarvis's Don Quixote
Records of Celtic Occupation, 52-Ancient Views of the
Zodiac-Fable of the Dogs and the Kite-Prayer, 53-Lapp
Folk-tales-Passage from Ruskin-Roman Wall in the City
Matthew Arnold-Curiosities of Cataloguing-Annas, 54-
Rhenish Uniform Title of Novel - Hampton Poyle-
Hanover-Beaconsfield and the Primrose, 55-Norfolk Song
-Death of Charles I." H." Bronze Penny-Coroners and
Churchwardens, 56-Stafford House-Study of Dante-
Expulsion of Jews-Steel Pens-Death Bell, 57-Authors
Wanted, 58.

NOTES ON BOOKS:-Rylands's 'Lancashire Inquisitions'
-Earwaker's Index to the Wills and Inventories, Court of
Probate, Chester-Bradley's 'The Goths-Green's Calen-
dar of State Papers-Mackay's 'Dictionary of Lowland


Notices to Correspondents, &c.


A painting by Pope Steevens, a well-known Irish artist, was made in 1749 of him in the act of descending the steps of the House of Commons, exhibiting his riding-dress, boots and whip included. This was engraved by Andrew Miller, and great numbers of the engravings were scattered through the country. Some few have been occasionally offered for sale, but, so far as I could ascertain, they have always brought a very high price.



Permit me to solicit the assistance of some of your numerous readers in reference to the vote given by my ancestor on some very important question in the Irish House of Commons. Charles Tottenham, of Tottenham Green, in the county of Wexford, was elected one of the members for the borough of New Ross, in the same county, in 1727, in the first Parliament of George II., and continued to represent that constituency until his death in 1758. The designation above mentioned was bestowed on him in consequence of a vote which decided the question at issue. Having been informed that the matter was of extreme importance, he rode some sixty miles to Dublin from his residence, and as the division was imminent, and likely to be very close, he rode direct to the House, without delaying to change his riding suit for uniform or full dress, which was then supposed to be necessary. He arrived at the critical moment, in his huge jack-boots and spattered over with mud, and gave his vote (which happened to be the casting one) for his country and against the Government.

It has been a tradition amongst his descendants that he was fined the sum of 500l. for appearing in the House in his dirty boots. However that may be, the whole country rejoiced at his patriotic conduct.

Long ago I carefully examined the Commons' Journals, page by page, from the beginning to the end of the reign of George II., and no such question is recorded there. I copied every division on every question during that whole period. Exclusive of three occasions, when the Speaker's vote was given, there were but four divisions decided by a single vote, but the question of disposing of a surplus in the Treasury was not one of these.

In Francis Hardy's 'Life of Lord Charlmont,' 1812, vol. i. p. 76, a different account is given. He says, "During Lord Carteret's administration the strange attempt to continue the supplies for twenty-one years was defeated only by one voice"; and then in a note, "Colonel Tottenham, he deserves to be recorded," &c., and then he tells the story of the boots. In Warburton's Annals of Dublin' it is stated that this attempt was made in 1729; and in the Commons' Journals, vol. iii. p. 601, I found that a Committee had recommended the taxes to be granted to the Crown for twenty-one years on November 21, 1729. In the report on the question of the Committee of Ways and Means the taxes were approved of, but the "twenty-one years" was omitted. Warburton says, "This audacious attempt was defeated but by a majority of one," but he does not name that one. It seems to me that the question was decided in a Committee of the whole House; but committee proceedings are not usually recorded in the Journals.

Assuming that Hardy's is the correct account, Why was the portrait already mentioned not painted for twenty years after the vote was given? The painting was made in 1749, but up to 1751 there was no surplus in the Irish Treasury. On December 23, 1749, an Act was passed for discharging 70,000l. and 58,000l. of the National Debt, and

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