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If "certain” in this case means in truth “un- Theatre near Cartain Court, now Gloster Street, certain," conf., as a similar linguistic specialty, the Shoreditch, and was built by 1577; but in Mr. use of the word “believe." A man believes that Percy Fitzgerald’s ‘New History of the English of the truth of which he has an assured conviction; Stage' it is stated, on the authority of Mr. Collier, but if anybody asks you if it is one o'clock, and it that it was built in 1580. It would appear from chances that you have just heard the clock strike, an extract quoted in Arber's reprint of Gosson's you do not say that you believe that it is one o'clock, School of Abuse,' p. 79, from Stow's 'Survey of but simply it is so; whereas if you suppose that to London,' that both the Curtain and the Theatre be the time, but are uncertain, you say, “I believe were erected on the site of the Priory of St. John that it is one o'clock."
Baptist, called Holywell (Shoreditch), “both I think that other instances might be found of standing on the south-west side, towards the field.” words that have come to be used to mean or imply Mr. J. A. Symonds, in 'Shakespeare's Predecessors the exact reverse of their proper meaning. in the English Drama,' p. 277, says the Curtain
T. A. T. took its name, in all probability, from the plot of USE OF YORK AT THE INSTALLATION OF Canons ground on which it was built, and subjoins a (74 S. v. 505). - The Chapter of York being the note, “Curtina in base Latin means a little
court." first in rank and the oldest in age of any of the old
A. COLLINGWOOD LEE.
Waltham Abbey, Essex, foundations, and being also unique as to the constitution of the governing body, I should be glad The theatre named the Curtain "derived its to be allowed to make a correction of St. SWIthin's name from the piece of ground of considerable note. There are not, as he imagines, any “Honorary size termed the Curtain, which anciently belonged Canons” at York, where, alone among English to Holywell Priory." It is so named in a lease foundations, the prebendaries have retained all their 29 Hen. VIII., 1538. Further very interesting ancient rights and privileges, with the sole excep- particulars may be read in Mr. Halliwell-Phillipps's tion that by recent legislation they have been de-Outlines of the Life of Shakespeare'; in my copy, prived of the emoluments formerly attached to their sixth edition, vol. i. pp. 338 et seq. prebends. The residentiaries, as such, bave no
WILLIAM RENDLE. stalls or preaching turns assigned to them, and are
Forest Hill, not mentioned in the list of precedence, while the non-residentiaries present to all benefices and offices,
EXTRACT FROM Parish REGISTER (7th S. v. and have a right to be present and to vote at all meet- 367).-—If Mr. Pigott has copied the entry corings of the Chapter, as well as to control and audit rectly, the words “ were married” I should conthe expenditure of the revenues derived from the sider are a clerical error. About 1562, and for cathedral estates.
some years afterwards, marriages were celebrated At the ceremony of installation the canons re- before a justice of the peace, the bands having ceive the book, the loaf of bread, and the kiss of been published three several Lord's Days after brotherhood, symbols of the ancient constitution the close of the morning exercise, or at the market of the Chapter, which was a brotherhood of secular cross on three market days in three
several weeks, canons, devoted to study and to the instruction of according to Act of Parliament. Would not the youth, baving a common refectory, but bound by dates Jan. 8 and 15 be two of the days when the no monastic vows. Since Alcuin was one of the banns were published ? In the year 1653 Parliacanons it is believed that the foundation must be ment directed registrars to be chosen in every at least as ancient as the time of Archbishop Eg- parish for the registering births and burials, and bert (735–758 A.D.). King Athelstan in 936 calls to whom notice of intended marriage had to be them Colidei (Dei Coloe), and the name of Culdees given. It is quite possible the registrar mentioned was retained as late as the reign of Henry I. This had been elected, but had not taken his oath appellation is only one indication among many that before some county justice before the first publicathe descent of York is not from St. Augustine, tion of the bands. See Burn's 'Parish Registers Canterbury, and Rome, but from St. Patrick, St. of England, 1862.
JOHN RADCLIFFE. Columba, Iona, and Lindisfarne. If St. Chad' bad not unhappily been ousted by St. Wilfrid, we
F. TAVARES (7th S. v. 329).—Francisco Tavares should undoubtedly have retained more relics of was a member of the Council of the Prince Regent the primitive constitution of the most ancient exist of Portugal, afterwards D. Joam VI., Knight of ing foundation in the kingdom, which enables me the Order of the Christ, M.D., professor at the to designate myself A CANON AND CULDEE. University of Coimbra, first physician of the Royal
Chamber, Great Physician of the Realm, Member THE Curtin (765 S. v. 407).- According to a of the Junta do Proto-medicato, Fellow of the note by Dr. Furnivall in the New Shakspere Academy of Sciences of Lisbon, of the Academy Society's edition of Stubbs's ' Anatomy of Abuses,' of Medicine of Barcelona, &c. He was born in p. 43, the Curtain Theatre was close by the Coimbra about the middle of the last century, and
died at Lisbon, May 20, 1812. Besides the book presumably to make up one's face, arrange it, and quoted by MR. TAVARÉ, he is the author of eight thence perhaps to cease from being “down in the more medical works. See Francisco Innocencia mouth," a phrase which is of no new origin. da Silva, 'Diccionario Bibliographico Portuguez, Can the sense of making up one's face, being Lisboa, 1859, vol. iii. p. 71, and Gazeta Medica affected or joyful, have gradually come to mean de Lisboa, No. 121, June 1, 1858.
the usual cause of pleasure, namely, that of gain ? EDUARDO PRADO.
JULIUS STEGGALL. Paris.
This is an ancient proverbial expression, but “DEAD MEN"=EMPTY BOTTLES (70h S. v. 448). one which I have not found included in the more -I have always heard that empty bottles were; which are, indeed, very imperfect. It is used in
modern collections, such as Ray's, Hazlitt's, &c., especially among army men, called And I remember that some sixty years ago a good the Proverbs of John Heywood,' Sharman's restory used to be told, I think, of the Duke of print of 1546 edition, p. 76:York. His Royal Highness, at some military
Here witball his wife to make up my mouth, convivial meeting, little thinking of giving offence
Not onely her husband's taunting tale avouth,
But thereto deviseth to cast in my teeth to the susceptibilities of any man present, ordered
Checks and choking oysters. a servant to “take away those marines." Upon
Decker makes use of it in the Seven Deadly which a grey-headed veteran belonging to that corps arose, and wanted to know what H.R.H. Sins of London,' Arber's reprint of 1606 edition, intended by so designating the body to which he p. 12: The poore Orator having made up his had the honour to belong. "Empty bottles !" mouth, Bankruptisme gave him very good words," said H.R.H. “Why, fellows who have done their &c. In both cases it means to close or finish one's duty and are ready to do it again, to be sure !”
speech. I suppose by Walpole's time it had T. A. T.
reached some such signification as "to square one's affairs,"
," "conclude one's business,” but the sense is “TO CHEW THE RAG” (7th S. v. 469). — Is this considerably varied.
H. C. HART. confined to soldiers ? To“
rag” a man is good Lincolnshire for chaff or tease. At school, to get faces. It is used by Shakspere :
This is equivalent to make mowes," i. e., wry a boy into a rage was called “getting his rag out." Sometimes this was improved into “ shirty," and
Persevere, counterfeit sad looks, getting his shirt out."
Make mouths upon me when I turn my back. I have heard that when soldiers are flogged it. And by Addison :is a great comfort to them to have something to
Why they should keep running asses at Coleshill, or chew, whether a lump of rag or a bit of lead—often bow making mouths turns to account in Warwickshire a bullet hammered out flat. They say it keeps hend."
more than any other parts of England, I cannot comprethem from biting their tongue. And there is no doubt that some children in a sulk will chew their corruption of mouth, or from the French
It is uncertain whether the worde mowe is a pocket-handkerchiefs. I have seen them.
occurs as a verb in the interlude called 'The World R. R.
and the Child'(1522) :Boston, Lincolnshire.
I can mor on a man “TO MAKE UP HIS MOUTA" (7th S. v. 387). This
And make a lesing well I can. expression is still in use in some parts of Shrop
Hazlitt's . Dodsley,' vol. i. p. 246. shire with regard to eating. After a person has And frequently in early dramatic and other works, eaten a sufficiency he will be tempted to have just
A. COLLINGWOOD LEE. a little more of something different, e.g., “a snack
Waltham Abbey, Essex. of bread and cheese to make up your mouth” is “New ENGLISH DICTIONARY' (7th S. v. 504). — often the good wife's suggestion to her farmer lord. My instance of almaundey is wrong. It was unThe transition from this practical use of the term luckily taken from a proof before my collation of to the figurative one quoted is not difficult, and it with the MS., which has almaunden, the plural makes the meaning of the latter clear.
noun. Let me, therefore, substitute for this two Josiah OLDFIELD, B.A. words from the revise of the same sheet of Mr. Dorrington, Shrewsbury.
Austin's text, of which one, at least, is not in our To popular words or phrases of last century Dictionary':foreign dictionaries of the period seem to be the 1. "Arbolettys. – Take Milke, Boter an Chese, and boyle most complete index so far as sense is concerned. in fere; ben take eyroun, and cast þer-to; þan tako In German and French word-books of the time the Percely & Sawge, & hacke it smal, & take powder Gyn. above phrase is rendered as if meaning profit or gere, & Galyngale, and caste it þer-to, and þan serue it
" make profit. Littleton's 'Latin Dictionary: (1706) 2. Bawde, v.t. “pan take bin Purpays as a Freysshe gives the rendering of the phrase as "os componere,' Samoun, & sethe it in fayre Water; & when he is I-gothe
y-now, bawde it & leche (slice) it in fayre peoys, & sorue to popularize writings, and Wycherley, Congreve, Vanwyth Furmenty in hote water."-P. 18.
brugh, and Farquhar have, since its appearance, enjoyed If barode means "skin, peel," then it is bald, and a supremacy which, in one case at least, is not incontestin the 'Dictionary,' meaning "deprive of hair," able. The quarto editions of Etherege have never been
and the collection of plays and poems issued in in 1602. The date of the passage above is about 1704, though more than once reprinted, has become 1425.
F. J. FORNIVALL. absorbed, and is now seldom encountered. A new edition
of Etherege is accordingly welcome, especially when, as Miscellaneous.
in the present case, it takes a handsome library form,
in which shape the dramatist has not previously been NOTES ON BOOKS, &0.
accessible. Fortunately, moreover, for the modern bioA New English Dictionary on Historical Principles. sidence'as English envoy at Ratisbon has become ac
grapher, the correspondence of Etherege during his reEdited by Jas. A. H. Murray, LL.D., &c. Part IV. cessible, and a man who, in spite of the endearing epithet
Sections 1 and 2. (Oxford, Clarendon Press.)
of " Gentle George" bestowed upon him by his associate,
could not easily be dissociated from the Mohocks, his sees the light, consists of two sections—the first, “ Bra” « Cass, opening vol. ii. It is pleasant to congratulate matic services of Etherege may yet, possibly, be brought Byz," completing vol. i., the second,“ c" to companions, has now something approaching to an in.
dividuality. Further revelations concerning the diplothe editor and his staff upon the “substantial ingtal to light. His correspondence seems, at any rate, to show, mont” of the work which is now given the public, It will be obvious to all who glance at the portly and straightforward." Not heavy is Etherege's literary
as Mr. Verity asserts, that “his prose is generally clear volume, with its twelve to thirteen hundred pagos, each page consisting of three closely-printed columns, that baggage. It consists of a few
poems, chiefly erotic, in the task already accomplished is greater than that in which perhaps the most notable feature is the open volved in almost any completed dictionary. Concerning vein of genuine comedy, and brought reputation and
avowal of inconstancy, and three plays, which show a the manner in which it has been executed little infor- fortune to the stage of the Restoration. In judging mation is needed by readers of N. & Q. Instead, then, these productions it is fair to compare them with the of attempting to analyze or describe a book which works of D'Avenant and Crowne rather
than with those defies alike analysis and description, we will commend to
The earliest was our readers the importance of assisting to the utmost of of their more brilliant successors. their power in a task which is, in the full sense, of licensed for printing so early as 1664, and contains national importance. This many of them have shown rhymed passages, which, however, in his subsequent themselves anxious to do. Time is
, however, a matter works Etherege dropped. In the general joy at the of signal importance, and the gain 'to Dr. Murray and cessation of Puritan rule, such freedoms of expression as his assistants that would accrue if correspondents
would distinguished our poet were pardonable. Mild, indeed, do forward to Dr. Murray, at the Scriptorium, Oxford, these appear beside the coarseness and obscenities of his answers to the words after which ho inquires is not successors. Etherege, moreover, enriched the stage with easily calculable. These replies, if so marked, would be types that were copied, and with more than one character forwarded to ‘N. & Q.,' and would take their turn for which survived for
years, and, in a sense, survive even now. insertion. Another duty, which applies to the few.only, Mr. Verity, who in his prefatory matter and his fow
The reprint, indeed, is judicious, and is well edited by is that of consulting the Dictionary' before writing to *N. & Q.' on words beginning with A and B, since rare while the lover of books is only too thankful to possess
notes displays both scholarship and judgment. Meanindeed must be the cases in which information is obtain. able that is not contained in the volume now at hand. works of this stamp in editions such as Mr. Nimmo supYet another duty-which weighs heaviest upon scholars right in all respects, and the collector watches with
Veritable bibliographical treasures are these, bers a labour the expense of which is in proportion to augmenting satisfaction the line expanding upon his its importance, is too obvious to call for comment. A shelves, No English publisher is rendering to biblio. of acknowledgment of indebtedness to those who have material subsequently known as moreen is indicated in large portion of Dr. Murray's preface to vol. i. consists graphy services more acceptable than those of Mr.
Will some learned reader tell whether the laboured in the collection and the arrangement of the following lines from Etherege's 'Song of Basset'? materials. These include, in addition to many Englishmen of highest eminence, many American and German
Let equipage and dress despair scholars. Thanks to the collaboration of Mr, Henry
Since Basset is come in ; Bradley, who is at work upon a different scction of the
For nothing can oblige thé fair dictionary, it is hoped and expected that the rate of pro
Like money and moreon. gress will be greatly accelerated. The aim and scope of In a following verse coney is used in a sense with which the work, the method upon which it is conducted, and its we are not familiar; and the last verse contains a term claims to consideration are naturally explained by the apparently belonging to the game which we fail to find editor. These also are matters upon which our readers in the New Dictionary':are well informed. We may recommend, however, a
What pity 'tis, those conquering eyes, study of the introductory paper, since few even of the
Which all the world subdue, best informed can be aware how many are the workers,
Should, while the lover, gazing, dies, and how numerous and important are the responsibilities
Be only on Alpue. involved in the production of the book.
The Morall Philosophie of Doni, By Sir Thomas North, The Works of Sir George Etherege: Plays and Poems. Edited by Joseph Jacobs, late of St. John's College, Edited by A. Wilson Verity, BA, (Nimmo.)
Cambridge. (Nutt.) To the majority of readers Etherege and Sedley are less We have nothing but praise to bestow upon this reprint, known than some contemporary or immediately sub- which forms the latest volume of Mr. Nutt's delightful sequent dramatists. A collection such as that edited by Bibliothèque de Carabas." The first portion of a general Leigh Hunt for the dramatic series of Moxon doos much title wbich we have been compelled to abridge, The Earliest English Version of the Fables of Bidpai,' explains graphs, portraits, and relics of Pope, his friends, and conthe value of the work. Editions of Bidpai multiply to meet temporaries, as well as of engravings of Old Twickenham." the demands of the scholarly and the curious. There 3.* “ That the foundation of a permanent Popean Colare two classes, however, to wbich the present will be the lection in the Twickenham Free Public Library be part favourite edition-the student of English literature and of the work of the celebration." the bibliophile. So far as both are concerned the original 4. “That a water pageant, illustrative of Twickenham work, published in 1570, is unobtainable. Copies were in in the eighteenth century, be arranged. the Inglis, the Garrick, and the Bright collections. These To carry these proposals into effect a committee was are now untraceable. The British Museum bas no copy, appointed, wbich now includes the names of Sir Mountand the only public library that can boast a perfect stuart E. Grant Duff, Mr. Alfred Austin, the Rev. Stopexemplar is the Bodleian. Mr. Jacobs's volume is ford Brooke, Mr. W. J. Courthope, Mr. H. M. Cundall, to some extent a facsimile. The typographical pecu- Mr. Austin Dobson, Dr. Richard Garnett, Mr. E. W liarities of the first forty pages are preserved, and the Gosse, Mr. Eliot Hodgkin, Mr. J. Russell Lowell, Mr. quaintest of the original woodcuts, imitated from the Alfred Morrison, Prof. Henry Morley, Prof. Fred. PolItalian, are reproduced. For the black-letter type in lock, Mr. R. F. Sketchley, Mr. Leslie Stephen, Prof. which the remainder of the 1570 edition is printed A. W. Ward, together with the Rev. Richard Tabourdin ordinary type is substituted, as less trying to the eyes. (vicar), Mr. Bigwood, M.P., Mr. Labouchere, M.P., Other illustrations have been added. Of these one is a Capt. Sydney Webb, Mr. C. J. Thrupp (chairman of the reproduction of & design from a fine Persian Ms., Local Board), Mr. Vincent Griffiths (chairman of the executed for Tana Sahib, the last Rajah of Golconda Free Public Library), the Rev. L. M. D'Orsey (bon, local (Brit. Mus. Add. MS. 18,579); a second is from the secretary), Mr. E. King (of Richmond), and other resioriginal edition of the Latin version of John of Capua; a dents of Twickenham, third is an original design of Mr. Burne Jones. To give a A number of books, autographs, pictures, and engrav. full account of the fables of Bidpai, which have gone pro- ings connected with Pope and Twickenham bave already bably through more versions than any work except the been offered for exhibition. May I appeal to readers of Holy Scriptures, is a bibliographical labour not lightly N. & Q.' willing to lend desirable objects to communito be undertaken. Mr. Jacobs, however, has afforded, in a cate without delay with Mr. E. Maynard, librarian the full and scholarly introduction, an account of the Indian Free Public Library, Twickenham? The greatest care original, of their transmission to the West, the illustra- will be taken of articles lent for exhibition, and attention tions, and other like matters, has dealt at some length will be paid to their being returned in proper order. A with the character of the work, and, besides supplying printed catalogue will form a permanent record of what other illustrative matter, has collected all the informa- may be expected to make an extremely interesting feation accessible concerning Sir Thomas North, the trans- ture of the commemoration. The loan museum will be lator. This worthy, as Mr. Jacobs would have us consider opened on Tuesday, July 31, with an address by Prof. him, is best known to Englishmen by bis retranslation Henry Morley. It will close August 4. from Amyot's French translation of Plutarch,' a work Donations to the proposed Popean Collection in the which Shakspeare is known to bave used. He translated, Twickenham Free Public Library, and offers or help in however, mainly from the French, the ‘Libro Aureo' of connexion with the other objects of the committee will Guevara, itself an adaptation of the Meditations' of be thankfully received. The commemoration will take Marcus Aurelius. In the case of a translator thus ready place between July 28 and August 4.—HENRY R. TEDDER, to go to second-hand sources it is not surprising that the Hon. Sec. Pope Commemoration Committee, Athenæum Indian Fables' of Bidpai should reach us through the Club, S.W. Italian version by Doni, itself to a great extent & translation of the Latin rendering of John of Capua.
Notices to Correspondents. Wbatever the source, the book is welcome. North is We must call special attention to the following notices : not so vigorous a writer as Amyot, nor is his position in On all communications must be written the name and English literature so high as that in French of his pre- address of the sender, not necessarily for publication, but decessor. He was, however, the means of bringing some as a guarantee of good faith. eminently important books within reach of English We cannot undertake to answer queries privately. readers, and his prose style is terse, nervous, and agree- To secure insertion of communications correspondents able. Pleasant, also, is it to read Mr. Jacobo's, on the must observe the following rule. Let each note, query, whole, well-merited eulogy. It would be the advan
or reply be written on a separate slip of paper, with the tage of literature if the whole of the fables were acces signature of the writer and such address as he wishes to sible in a similar form. The editor's task is well performed; appear. Correspondents who repeat queries are requested not less so is that of the publisher. With its scholarly to head the second communication • Duplicate." disquisition and its lovely paper and type the book RIP makes an appeal which will, in many quarters at least, His father allows him two hundred a year bo irresistible.
And he 'll lay you a thousand to ten.
Is not this from Capt. Morris's • Lyra Urbanica,' THE PROPOSED POPE COMMEMORATION.- At a meeting Bentley, 1844 ? held at Twickenham on Friday, June 15, attended by E, WALFORD (“Think of this when you smoke residents in the neighbourhood and some well-known tobacco ").—The authorsbip of an early version of this men of letters and collectors, the following resolutions is attributed to George Wither. See • N. & Q.,' 2nd 8. i. were unanimously carried :
passim. 1. “That it is desirable to celebrate the completion of
NOTICE two centuries from the birth of Alexander Pope, one of Editorial Communications sbould be addressed to "The the most illustrious names in English literature, by a Editor of Notes and Queries'"-- Advertisements and commemorative festival at Twickenham, a place inti. Business Letters to “The Publisher"-at the Office, 22, mately connected with his fame, where he lived for six. Took's Court, Cursitor Street, Chancery Lane, E.C. and-twenty years, and where he died.”
We beg leave to state that we decline to return com2. "That the commemoration take the shape of a munications which, for any reason, we do not print; and temporary loan museum of editions of the works, auto-to this rule we can make no exception,
LONDON, SATURDAY, JULY 21, 1888.
A painting by Pope Steevens, a well-known
Irish artist, was made in 1749 of him in the act of CONTENT 8.-N° 134.
descending the steps of the House of Commons, NOTES :-Tottenham in his Boots, 41- Thomas Vicary, 42-exhibiting his riding-dress, boots and whip inMS8. of the Paston Letters-Brooke of Astley, 43.-Obthere's cluded. This was engraved by Andrew Miller, Sir T. Martin-Fielding's Daughter Crowland Abbey, 45– and great numbers of the engravings were scattered Speap - Stampede - Soapy Bam-Vice Versa’-Woollett through the country. Some few have been occasionand Bartolozzi-Warspite, 46.
ally offered for sale, but, so far as I could ascertain, QUERIES :-Chapman's 'All Fools'-Cliffe Family - George they have always brought a very high price.
Hanger, Lord Coleraine-"Odd-come-shorts": "Tantadling
Aprons-Neville, 48-Portuguese Revolution of 1640, 49. the precise subject on which the vote was given.
“whether any redundancy in the Records of Celtic Occupation, 62 - Ancient Views of the into England”; and in his amusing 'Memoirs 'Sir Zodiac-Fable of the Dogs and the Kite--Prayer, 53.-Lapp Jonah Barrington improves on this statement, and -Matthew Arnold — Curiosities of Cataloguing-Annas, 54 gives the sum of 60,000l. as the precise amount Rhenish Uniform - Title of Novel - Hampton Poyle
of the surplus. I think that both Archdall and -- Death of Charles I._* 1." Bronze Penny-Coroners and Barrington are wrong. The latter is well known Churchwardeos, 56 - Stafford House - Study of Dante- to have drawn considerably on his imagination for Expulsion of Jews-Steel Pens-Death Bell, 57-Authors
facts. Wanted, 68. NOTES ON BOOKS:-Rylands's 'Lancashire Inquisitions'
Long ago I carefully examined the Commons' --Earwaker's Indes to the Wills and Inventories, Court of Journals, page by page, from the beginning to the Probate, Chester –Bradley's The Goths '-Green's "Calen- end of the reign of George II., and no such quesdar of state Papers '-Mackay's Dictionary of Lowland tion is recorded there. I copied every division on Scotch.' Notices to Correspondents, &c.
every question during that whole period. Exclusive of three occasions, when the Speaker's vote was
given, there were but four divisions decided by a Notes.
single vote, but the question of disposing of a sur
plus in the Treasury was not one of these. TOTTENHAM IN HIS BOOTS.
In Francis Hardy's 'Life of Lord Charlmont,' Permit me to solicit the assistance of some of 1812, vol. i. p. 76, a different account is given. your numerous readers in reference to the vote He says, “During Lord Carteret's administration given by my ancestor on some very important the strange attempt to continue the supplies for question in the Irish House of Commons. Charles twenty-one years was defeated only by one voice"; Tottenham, of Tottenham Green, in the county of and then in a note, Colonel Tottenham, he deWexford, was elected one of the members for the serves to be recorded," &c., and then he tells the borough of New Ross, in the same county, in 1727, story of the boots. In Warburton's "Annals of in the first Parliament of George II., and continued Dublin' it is stated that this attempt was made in to represent that constituency until his death in 1729 ; and in the Commons' Journals, vol. iii. 1758. The designation above mentioned was be- p. 601, I found that a Committee had recomstowed on him in consequence of a vote which de- mended the taxes to be granted to the Crown for cided the question at issue. Having been informed twenty-one years on November 21, 1729. In the that the matter was of extreme importance, he rode report on the question of the Committee of Ways some sixty miles to Dublin from his residence, and and Means the taxes were approved of, but the as the division was imminent, and likely to be very "twenty-one years." was omitted. Warburton close, he rode direct to the House, without delay- says, “This audacious attempt was defeated but ing to change his riding suit for uniform or full by a majority of one,” but he does not name that one. dress, which was then supposed to be necessary. It seems to me that the question was decided in & He arrived at the critical moment, in his huge Committee of the whole House ; but committee projack-boots and spattered over with mud, and gave ceedings are not usually recorded in the Journals. his vote (which happened to be the casting one) for Assuming that Hardy's is the correct account, his country and against the Government.
Why was the portrait already mentioned not painted It has been a tradition amongst his descendants for twenty years after the vote was given? The that he was fined the sum of 500l. for appearing in painting was made in 1749, but up to 1751 there the House in his dirty boots. However that may was no surplus in the Irish Treasury. On Debe, the whole country rejoiced at his patriotic con- cember 23, 1749, an Act was passed for discharging duct.
70,000l, and 58,0001. of the National Debt, and