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enough to wish for "fit audience" it may rest as- 'AMERIC sured the audience will be few. The greatest and ENGLISH i the smallest book are much upon a par in this 259, 332). respect, and can scarcely turn a whisker on the been in qu world's face between them. Dr. Johnson did absolute," more in that direction with a folio when he on which ! knocked Osborne down with it than he ever did that the fa with all his 208 Ramblers put together.

the Princ

C. A. WARD. known to I Walthamstow.


the same The heading of this note is a transfer of the old 8aying μέγα βιβλίον μέγα κακόν, from the length

and Quer and consequent wearisomeness of the contents to

scent, whi

to the cro the mere size of the paper. The subject of largepaper copies is treated by Dibdin in his ‘Biblio

if, which 1

be held te mania,' Part VI. “The Alcove," pp. 653-662, but without accounting for the origin of the practice of

to the cro

and MR. printing some copies on larger paper than others. I have always supposed that broad margins were left

not the " for the convenience of scholars and teachers, in

tion by th order that they might have space for their annota

rules" of tions. This view is borne out by the remarks of J.

ignored a

Maria Th Johnson in his Typographia,' ii. 197:

Dames of “The method of making margins by rule is practised

would ha by no other printing nation besides the English ; and it would be in vain to persuade printers and booksellers in means nec foreign parts to come into our measures as to making nor even margins, since they would disoblige the literali were royal, Wo they to deprive them of a large margin, on which to the electic make their remarks."

Harold, se What was designed for use has been adopted for rules" 'we ornament, and, as Dibdio says, “when copies are place the printed upon paper of larger dimension and superior kingdom quality the press-work and ink are always propor- important tionably better” (p. 653). On p. 654 he mentions which the a copy of Scot's Discoverie of Witchcraft,' 1584, have both on large paper, and says, “ It is rarely one meets me so im with books printed in this country before 1600 my ordina struck off in this manner." W. E. BUCKLEY. criticisms

"N. & Q.' Jacobus Zevecotius, professor at Harderwick, in

The Holland, makes the following explanation in the second edition of his Observata Politica,' Amstelo- PWNTER dami, apud Ioannem Ianssonivm, 1637, 12m0., old Clyde 4} in. by 24 in. :

doubtedly "Non est quod mireris, Amice lector, me in observa- the appoin torum horum editione, charactere tam exiguo, formaque of Pwnter tam parva uti voluisse. Quotidie video libellos illos

master, or omnibus esse gratiores, tum quia facilius eorum est pretium, tum quia nulla mole turgentes pro cujusque itineris the berthir sociis abeque difficultate possunt assumi."

110, Have John Edwards, B.D., Fellow of St. John's, Cam- Probably bridge, in the preface to his 'Discourse on the poynder or Books of the Old and New Testament,' 1693, The Scottis writes :

is pronoun “What I had prepared for the Publick View......I in- thus retain tended to have Published together in one Volume; but the verb wl finding that the Present Age is not for Great Books, I am to pound, t content to comply with it so far; especially perceiving the First Part of this my Undertaking to swell into a moderate Octavo."

FISHGUA W. C. B. attended t


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the case.

Major in the Scots Greys, as "galloper" on the (Aldine Poets), from which I copy, says the letter occasion of his inspecting the Pembrokeshire (at must have been written at Barnet, in September, that time called the “ Castlemartyn") Yeomanry. 1725. The passage referring to Riccaltoun is as We suggested to their commanding officer, Major follows: Leach, that he should apply for permission to bear “Mr. Riccaltoun's poem on Winter, which I still the word “Fishguard" (not Fish Guard) on their have, first put the design into my head. In it are some appointments in commemoration of the defeat and masterly strokes that awakened me; being only a present capture of the French invading force in 1797, and amusement, it is ten to one but' I drop it whenever

another fancy comes across. of their being the only yeomanry regiment that had ever served against a foreign enemy. I think

This acknowledgment adds peculiar interest to the permission must have been granted, as for an anecdote of Riccaltoun given in the account of many years the word “Fishguard" appeared in the Thomson's life prefixed to the 1775 edition of his

works :usual place of a “ battle honour”in the Army List; but I cannot tell why it has been discontinued.

" It is told of Mr. Riccarton [sic], that when he first F. D. H.

saw this poem, which was in a bookseller's shop in Edin.

burgh, he stood amazed ; and, after he had read the sub'MEMOIRS OF COUNT GRAMMONT' (7th S. vi. lime introductory lines, he dropt the poem from his hand, 358).-On receiving a prospectus of this illustrated

in an ecstasy of admiration," edition (Nimmo, 1888) I took the trouble to

One wonders whether the worthy minister compare the specimen page with the correspond- divined that this flower had been raised from seed

O. C. B. ing page of Sir Walter Scott's edition, of which it of his own sowing. professes to be a reissue and supplanter. In that Allan Cunningham wrote the life of James page I observed a total omission of about six lines Thomson for an edition of his poems, published by of text. It can hardly, therefore, be held that Tilt & Bogue, Fleet Street, in 1841. He gives a “all the glories of these and other editions are letter addressed by the poet to his friend Cranstoun, altogether past," as the review in 'N. & Q.’minster of Ancrum, in September, 1725, in which (p. 358) indulgently (for Nimmo's edition) states he says: “Mr. Riccarton's (sic) poem on Winter,


which I still have, first put the design into my OLD ENGLISH LINES IN CARLISLE CATAEDRAL

head ; in it are some masterly strokes that (7th S. vi. 342).-More than ten years ago I took


71, Brecknock Road. great pains to copy the St. Cuthbert lines as correctly as I could for my account of the St. METZ (7th S. vi. 328). —Lorraine, of which Metz Cathbert window in York Minster, which appeared is the capital, was never a German-speaking disin the Yorkshire Archæological Journal, vol. iv. trict. Ail, or nearly all, the place-names in the pp. 249–376. I am glad to see that out of nine province are French - Thionville, Bouzonville, corrections now offered by Prof. Skrat, eight Faulquemont, &c. The Vosges mountains, sepawere there anticipated by myself. The one ex rating Lorraine from Alsace (Elsass) equally divido ception is "y' for," which I read “ yo for,” and the German from the French speaking populations. understood to mean for this.” But I think "ya I had practical demonstration of this soon after for” is most likely the correct reading. The letters the Franco-German war of 1870. I entered Metz are so much injured as to be all but illegible in a few days after the surrender, and found the some places, and quite so in others. The inscrip- railway station converted into a German depot tions are very incorrectly given in Lady Harcourt's and barrack, but a commencement had been made 'Legends of St. Augustine,' &c., Carlisle, 1868. to run the trains. The office was besieged by the

J. T, F. French townsfolk, asking for tickets to get away Bp. Hatfield's Hall, Durham.

into the country.

The applicants spoke only

French, and were rudely repulsed by the nonTHOMSON AND 'WINTER' (7th S. vi. 268).—

commissioned officer in charge, “Geben sie zurück, Thomson's statement of his indebtedness to Ric- kein Franzosisch." Another significant circumcaltoun for the first hint of this poem occurs in a stance was the bills in some of the shop windows, letter written by him to Dr. Cranston of Ancrum, " Hier spricht man Deutsch,” showing that Gerfirst printed in the London Magazine for Nov. man was a foreign language. No doubt a change 1824, and thus introduced :

has since taken place, but to what extent I am “The following very interesting letter has been re unable to say. covered from oblivion, or at least from neglect, by our friend Elia, and the public will no doubt thank him for

A wonder is sometimes expressed that the Alsathe deed. "It is without date or superscription in the tians, a purely German population in race and manuscript, which (as our contributor declares) was in speecb, should cling so tenaciously to the French 80' fragmentitious' a state as to perplex his transcribing connexion. The problem, however, is easily solved. faculties in the extremo."

Alsace, a densely peopled district, relies on its Sir Harris Nicolas, in his 'Memoir of Thomson' manufactures, which found a ready market in

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France, without any toll or duty. Since the longam in 'Biggar and the House of Fleming' transfer they have suffered severely. Any trade (second edition, 1867, Paterson), as follows :with France is subject to a high-almost prohibi- "The cows of a farmer on the banks of the Clyde io tory-duty, whilst—the German markets being this parish, began one season to cast their calves. As already supplied at home-there is little demand this calamity could not be accounted for by any natural for the Alsatian products. Time will change all cause, it was, of course, attributed to witchcraft. The this; but in the mean while we cannot wonder at source from which the evil influence proceeded was not

very difficult to discover. In the parish dwelt a the statue of Alsad in the Place de la Concorde, wabster' (weaver) who had what was called 'ill e'en, being clothed with mourning. J. A. Picton. and who a little before the miscarriage of the cows had Sandyknowe, Wavertree.

been seen passing the place where they were grazing, and

casting at them very suspicious looks. The undoing of ROBINSON FAMILY (7th S. vi. 289).—The Robin- this spell required the interment or sacrifice of a living sons held the estate of Rokeby down to about the calf. Accordingly at the entrance to the byre a holo end of the last century. The Most Rev. Richard was dug, and in it a living calf

was buried ; and by this

means the spell was broken, and the cows were preRobinson, D.D., Archbishop of Armagh, owned it, served from further misfortune. Such, at least, was the and was raised to the peerage of Ireland as Baron belief of the farmer and his family; but the profane and Rokeby, in 1777. One member of this family was rascal multitude, who by this time entertained different the well-known Mrs. Elizabeth Montagu ; and the ideas regarding witchcraft, were sometimos disposed to last two Lords Rokeby bore the name of Montagu. reproach and annoy them for having performed suck The title became extinct about ten or twelve years


The author adds: “The belief in witchcraft in ago.

E. WALFORD, M.A. Hyde Park Mansions, N.W.

the Biggar district is now almost wholly exploded."

WM. CRAWFORD. I should recommend your correspondent to apply Edinburgh, to the Rev. C. B. Norcliffe, Langton Hall, Malton.

W. C. B.

I cannot tell MR. PRATT anything about the

superstition of Biggar, but a case of animal SIR NICHOLAS ARNOLD (76 S. vi. 287).-Ho sacrifice at Resoliss, Black Isle, Ross-shire, in was of Highnam Court, co. Gloucester, and third 1850, is noted by Mr. Gregor, in his 'Folk-Lore of son of John Arnold, Esq., of Monmouth (vide the North-East of Scotland. He says (p. 186) that Burke's 'Landed Gentry'). He was M.P. for Glou on disease breaking out among the cattle of a cestershire in 1552–3 and 1555; Gloucester City in small farmer the man 1569 and 1563-67; Cricklade, 1571; Gloucester-prevailed on his wife to undertake a journey to a shire again, 1572-83. Knighted by Edward VI. wise woman in Banffshire to ask a charm against the Lord Deputy of Ireland, 1564-5. I have not the effects of the ‘ill ee.' The long journey of upwards of date of his decease, but it appears to have been fifty miles was performed by the good wife, and the after 1583.


charm was got. One chief thing ordered was to burn to

death a pig and sprinkle the ashes ever the byro and Joshua COFFIN (7th S. vi. 285).-In a some except that the pig was killed before it was burned: A

other farm buildings. This order was carried out, what provoking little book, entitled in full type more terrible sacrifice was made at times. One of the 'The Poetical Works of John Greenleaf Whittier,' diseased animals was rubbed over with tar, driven forth, and then in brackets “Selected," published by set on fire and allowed to run till it fell down and died. Walter Scott, London and Newcastle-on-Tyne, Cf, Henderson, pp. 148, 149." 1887, and edited by Eva Hope (Miss or Madam ?), Henderson ('Folk - Lore of the Northern in which whatever quotation of Whittier's you Counties ') mentions several cases of cattle-burnhappen to come upon outside and look for you find ing, and alleges of Moray that “Not fifteen years has been carefully selected” out of the book, it is ago, a herd of cattle in that county being attacked stated in the preliminary biographical notice (p. 9) with murrain, one of them was sacrificed by burying that " John Greenleaf Whittier bad for his first alive, as a propitiatory offering for the rest.”. I cite schoolmaster a man named Joshua Coffin"; but from the edition of 1879 (Folk-Lore Society). the teacher referred to in 'Snow Bound,'

St. SWITHIN. Brisk wielder of the birch and rule,

GATAKER (7th S. vi. 107, 251).—The custom menwith a face

tioned by T. A. T. of leaving money to defray the Fresh-hued and fair where scarce appeared cost of the cards prevails at the present day in some The uncertain prophecy of beard,

places in Sweden, as I can testify from personal & student from Dartmouth College." observation.

ALEX. BEAZELEY. Which is right, your correspondent or the editor (or editress, if there is such an awful word) of the

Scotch HALL (7th S. vi. 189, 237, 314).—The selected "Whittier ? J. B. FLEMING.

replies of MR. MANSERGA and G. S. are correct 80 far as they go.

The building that was erected SCOTCH SUPERSTITION (7th S. vi. 326).-The under letters patent of King Charles II., dated Sepsuperstition referred to by MR. Pratt is stated ad tember 3, 1665, was situated at Fleet Ditcb, Black


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Sriars, and stood on the spot in Bridge Street, Black of the Gospel in foreign parts. Alas! for the slothfulfriars, now occupied by the Londov, Chatham, and ness of the dignitaries of the Church of England." Dover Railway. From there the Corporation removed

DANIEL HIPWELL. in 1782, and purchased the ball in Crane Court, 34, Myddelton Square, Clerkenwell. Fleet Street, from the Royal Society. The work The date of the second edition of Patrick Gordon's of the charity was there carried on in the same 'Geography Anatomized; or, a Compleat Geohistorical building, unaltered since the days when graphical Grammer,' &c., is dated 1699; the seventh Sir Isaac Newton occupied the presidential chair appears to have been published in 1716. Thomas of the Royal Society, until November 14, 1877, Tenisov, to whom C. Č. B.'s edition was dedicated, when the old ball was burnt to the ground, and all was Archbishop of Canterbury from 1694 to 1716. lhe records and paintings, with few exceptions,

G. F. R. B. were destroyed. It was not long, however, before arrangements were completed for the new building,

AN INTERESTING MANOR (7th S. vi. 185, 299, and the present hall, on the same site, was opened 317).-In exposing an error as to Washington's an. July 21, 1880, and is known as Scots Corporation cestry the writer should have been careful not to llall.

J. N. B.

break Priscian's head when altering an old saying

to strengthen his remarks. What would the great What your correspondent means is doubtless the old grammarian have said to “magna est error”? Scottish Corporation House, still in Crane Court, Would be not have wished to revive Orbilius for Fleet Street, if Kelly’s ‘Post Office Directory' can the purpose of chastising such a false concord ? be trusted. It never was in Farringdon Street.


In 'Historic Warwickshire,' by the late J. Tom The MARTYR’S “SHIRT OF FIRE" (74 S. vi. 305). Burgess, F.S.A., is a short but interesting account - This forms the subject of a vignette on the title of the stars and stripes of the Washingtons which page of a small edition of Paley's 'Evidences' appear in many of the windows of the churches in which half a century ago we used at Charterhouse the Midlands on the borders of Northamptonshire, School. Underneath it, I remember, was the well-bearing silent testimony to the importance of this known line of Juvenal,


Quả stantes ardent qui fixo gutture fumant.

Water Orton.

How long will it take the world, or even literary 7, Hyde Park Mansions, N.W.

Dame Dorothy HALL (74 S. vi. 168, 211, 258). demonstrated, that the parentage of John and -John Bayly Upton was an eminent physician Lawrence Washington who emigrated to America and linguist, residing at Cashel, co. Tipperary, just is utterly unknown ? Every few months some about a century ago. He was probably born in co. writer ip ‘N. &Q. quotes the spurious pedigree as

W. H. U. Limerick, and he claimed relationship with the though it were Holy Writ. Baylys mentioned in the last reference. From his middle name, and the fact that he quartered the

BENGAL FOSILIERS (76 S. vi. 348). – In reply to Bayly arms, I think his mother may have been a PLASSEY, I beg to refer him to 'The British Army, Bayly. Will any correspondent inform me who its Regimental Records, Badges, Devices, &c., his parents were ?

John REBTON. by Major J. H. Lawrence-Archer, p. 550. PLASSEY

will there find a full and detailed account of those GORDON'S 'GRAMMAR OF GEOGRAPHY' (7th S. gallant regiments the 101st and 104th Bengal vi. 307).— The first edition is dated 1693, 12mo., Fusiliers.

FRANCIS B. FRASER. and bears the following title-page:

Tornaveen, Aberdeenshire. “Geography anatomized; or, A Compleat Geographical Grammer, Being a short and exact Analysis of the whole COAL (74 S. vi. 223). — There is testimony that Body of Modern Geography; After a new, plain and coal was not every-day food for village fires even easie Method, whereby any person may in a short time fifty years ago in Dr. Jessopp’s ‘Arcady. In the attain to the Knowledge of that most noble and useful chapter devoted to the "Arcady of our GrandScience, &c. To which is subjoin'd, The present State of the European Plantations in the East and West Indies, fathers” we are told of the "huge hedgerow with with a Reasonable Proposal for the Propagation of the the 'doddles' or pollards, which afforded firing for Blessed Gospel in all Pagan Countries. Illustrated with rich and poor” and that Divers Maps by Pat. Gordon, M.A. London, 1693."

“this underwood with the turf in the pulk hole or bog There were editions in 1699, 1716, 1722, 1730, lands......constituted absolutely the only fuel at the 1735, 1740, and 1754, all 8vo.

beginning of the century...... It is difficult to make out The copy of the original edition at the British when the labourers first began to burn coal; it must Museum has a MS. note on fly-leaf :

have come in gradually. High farming cut off the sup

ply of fuel from the heaths and commons. 'I never saw " The proposal is an Historic document, having pre-coal till after I was married,' says old Sally Tuttle, who reded the formation of the Society for the Propagation is past eighty, and I never burnt any till my second hus

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band bade me bring some from Dereham. We used to that whic bring it tied up in a bundle and carry it on our heads'

to each, (pp. 55, 56).



&o. MR. Snow in JULY (7th S. vi. 266). — It may interest mistake i readers of 'N. & Q.' to know that upon Lord Wharncliffe's Yorkshire estate is a tenure whose

EAGLE condition is the presentation of "a red rose at

Lion Str Christmas and a snowball at Midsummer day."

be distin W. F. H.

known as Belgian Beer (74 S. vi. 284).—The Rev. J. Aubrey, MASKELL speaks irreverently of Belgian beer when Court, in considered in the light of a Helicon. Probably his p. 308, ou acquaintance with it is of much more recent date in chap. than mine. But I can avouch that half a century there is ago the beer of Flanders was no bad tap. The list London a of singers who have been inspired by ale to sing this list, of their favourite beverage would be long. I and inani begin it by a reference to some lines which, in being of i their kind, are, I think, fully worthy to stand by house. I the side of those quoted by Mr. MASKELL. In the Spectator, "Oxford Sausage, p. 55 of the edition printed in boards of Oxford in 1772, will be found 'A Panegyric on the “Eag Oxford Ale,'" By a Gentleman of Oxford." The will have piece consists of about 130 lines, and begins :

signs for a Balm of my caree, sweet solace of my toils,

of there Hail juice benignant ! O'er the costly cups

Lion Stre Of riot stirring wine, unwholesome draught,

Stratford Let Pride's loose sons prolong the wasteful nigbt; My sober evening let the tankard bless

THE FC With toast embrowned, and fragrant nutmeg fraught,

St. Luke While the rich draught with oft-repeated whiffs Tobacco mild improves, &c.

" Einar I should be very glad if any of our Notes-and-vatorem

fol. 16, 2. Queryites could discover for me who the “Gentle.

Genes. 50,1 man of Oxford " was who wrote this poem. The suo (Gloss. “new edition" of the Oxford Sausage, printed in et dicite hu 1772, must have followed the first edition very tanti, quod rapidly, or must have been enriched by additional meo propte

dæmonia, matter, since it contains the 'Verses of the Oxford

p. 537, Frar Newsmen’ for 1772.

the Talmud T. ADOLPHUS TROLLOPE. Sayings of t Budleigh Salter ton.

the fox is ki OUR MUTUAL FRIEND' (7th S. v. 206, 298, 517; vi. 192).–At the last reference KILLIGREW

There is states that he“ fails to see the appositeness" of my

craftiness o quotation from Ned Ward. After remarking that

4-16, wher

foxes becau "the discussion seems getting a little off the track," in which remark I agree with him, he tells us that

the people. if there is mutual love between husband and wife

"fox" in mutual friends." Now I maintain then they are

Foxes do na

do accordir that the only condition under which Darby and Joan can become “mutual friends," love they each great part

Melton Moi other never so much, is if Darby has the power to become Joan and Joan has the like power to

founded become Darby. Your correspondent apparently

upo is not quite sure of the meaning, or rather of the proper use, of the word "mutual.” The word is

ACTS II. : equivalent to reciprocal, and is used of things, pect” the re and not of persons.

It can have reference only to tuted for som

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