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ing it." Whether the watch was mended by a anxious to buy this book or get a sight of it. Could
Northumbrian blacksmith or sent up to a London any one tell me where? Manchester has been tried.
smitb or watchmaker does not appear.

H. E. W.
HYDE CLARKE. Stanford-le-Hope, Essex.

A DORCHESTER WILL.-Could any of your

readers inform me where I should be likely to find We must request correspondents desiring information the will of an ancestor of mine who died in Doron family matters of only private interest, to affix their chester, Dorset, in the year 1766 ? The will does names and addresses to their queries, in order that the not appear at Somerset House. Z. Y. X. answers may be addressed to them direct.

COURTS OF LOVE.-Can any reader refer me to CHEDREUX.—In Thomas Otway's 'Friendship minutes of either of the two assemblies under this in Fashion,' London, 1678, p. 57, i find, “What a designation mentioned by Ruskin,' Fors Clavigera, Bush of Bryars and Thorns is bere? The Main of letter xxxv. p. 10, or any later ones? The first my Lady Squeemish’s Shock is a Chedreux to it.” seems to have been convoked by Ermengarde, The same word occurs in John Oldham's “Third Countess of Narbonne, and the second by the queen Satire of Juvenal,' 1682 (ed. 1854, p. 191) :- of our Henry II. before coming to England. Their Chedreux, perruques, and those vanities,

E. L. G. Which those and they of old did so despise.

[The 'Arrêts d'Amour' of Martial d'Auvergne is a What was a chedreu.c; and where can I find it ex

work of fantasy. The best information on these curious

courts will probably be found in Fabliaux et Contes,' par

J. A. H. MURRAY. plained?

Legrand d'Aussy.)
The Scriptorium, Oxford.


CHÂTEAU QUI PARLE, FEMME QUI ÉCOUTE."alterations at 16 and 18, Church Street, Chelsea,

What is the English equivalent of this ?

CELER ET AUDAX. not only have coins of 1610 been found, but an iron plate, probably a stove back, which has in BROOKE. - Payne Collier, in bis 'Illustrations of bold relief a cock, having the tail of a snake in its Early English Popular Literature,' published two

One of mouth, with another viper attacking it from the tracts on the murder of Lord Brooke, rear, and the date 1652. Who is the cock, and who these is entitled ' Arnold Crosbie's Ultimum Vale,' the viper ?

D. from the Marsbalsea, when under sentence of death

for the murder, 1591. This is singular, as Falke ATTORNEY-GENERAL Nov.-I should be obliged Greville, Lord Brooke, was murdered by his serfor any information as to the origin and family of vant, Ralph Heywood, at Brooke House, Holborn, Attorney-General Noy of the time of Charles I.

a few years later, 1628.

L. I. C. Walthamstow.

Tooth-BRUSHES.—When were they invented ? of your numerous correspondents inform me where They have long been regarded as among the this register is to be found ? I have tried in vain necessaries of life, and one can hardly imagine a the British Museum and York. It is said that in person in a civilized country without one.

But this register Sir Galfred de Upsall, Knt., is ordered they seem to have been unknown in 1754. Lord to maintain bis wife Feb. 4, 1318. I desire to Chesterfield, in bis 'Letters to his Son,' is never verify this statement, being an unusual order at so tired of impressing upon him the importance of early a date.


attending to his teeth, and writing in 1754 be CHARLEMAGNE. —I read in Carlyle's ‘French says: Revolution,' Tauchnitz edition, vol. i. p. 10,

“Nothing seems little to me that can be of any use to

you. Charlemagne sleeps at Salzburg, with truncheon teeth, and that you clean them well every morning with

I hope you take great care of your mouth and grounded ; only Fable expecting that he will a spunge and tepid water, with a few drops of arqueawaken." I would like to know if such a mistake busade water dropped into it; besides washing your is found in other editions of Carlyle. Charlemagne mouth carefully after every meal. I do insist upon your was buried at Aix-la-Chapelle; and does not the never using those sticks, or any bar] substance whatfable of the sleeping emperor at Harzburg, in the ever, which alwaye rub' away the gums and destroy the

of the teeth." Harz, refer to the Emperor Frederick Barberousse? Yet Thackeray, describing in ‘Esmond' the foppery Paris.

of Lord Castlewood, says, “ He spent a tenth part

of his day in the brushing of his teeth and the THE BIRDS OF MANCHESTER.'— Some fifty oiling of his hair.” Passing over the exaggeration years ago a book was printed (published ?) on 'The of this description, one may ask whether toothBirds of Manchester and its Neighbourhood,' by a brushes, if in use about 1700, would have been Mr. Blackwall, a merchant at Manchester. I am unknown to Lord Chesterfield fifty years later.


Oiling the bair seems to be as much an anachronism as tailors, bootmakers, and such like, and who in as using the tooth-brush, seeing that during the the Highlands then was “the gentleman”? I can first decade of the eighteenth century all gentle- find no book on the subject.

GUNNER. centu men wore wigs.

J. Dixon.

PHYSIQUE.—What are the earliest instances of ENGLISH AND SCOTTISH CORRESPONDENCE. the use of this word in English writing? Is it to There is a difference in the style of English and be met with in Elizabethan or early Jacobean Scottish business correspondents, the reason for times, spelt, probably, physicke, but meaning which is not obvious. An Englishman places the form.

D. S. D. name of the person he addresses at the foot of the first page on the left ; a Scot places it immediately

JAMES MONTGOMERY.—Any information relative after the date at the top of the first page. Thus to James Montgomery, a clergyman in the Church the English letter would run :

of England, living in 1801, will be acceptable. London, Sept. 8, 1888,

W. WINTERS. Re 144, Clarges Street.

Church Yard, Waltham Abbey: Sir,-In obedience to your instructions we shall have pleasure in placing this house on our books for sale, LONGFELLOW'S ANCESTORS. (See 7th S. vi. 128.) We are, sir,

- In the Leeds Mercury of August 8, 1885, it was Your obedient servants, stated that a Miss Longfellow, of Horsforth (sister

Box, Cox & Co. Tittlebat Titmouse, Esq., M.P.

of Longfellow's ancestor who emigrated to America

about the year 1676), married a Mr. Waddington, While the Scottish letter would read :

of Harewood, Yorkshire. Can any one furnish me Edinburgh, Sept. 8, 1888. with the date of this marriage, and the Christian Sir Mungo Malagrowther, Bart. Dumbiedykes.

names of the bride and bridegroom? Also, where Sir,.,We note your instructions respecting this farm, can I find full particulars of the Horsforth Longand will act in accordance with them,

fellows prior to the year 1750 ? We are, sir,

SAMUEL WADDINGTON. Your obedient servants,

47, Connaught Street, Hyde Park, W. MANAB & MACFEE, W.S. Whence is the difference?

ALONE.'-Could any reader of N. & Q.' favour HERBERT MAXWELL. me with the date of the original publication of a Devil's Bible, preserved at Stockholm, and chronological list of her other writings would also

novel entitled 'Alone,' by Marion Harland ? A written on 300 asses' skins. Is this the game as

be acceptable.

ROBERT F. GARDINER. the “Wicked Bible," which leaves out the word

Glasgow. “ pot” in the seventh commandment ?

E. COBHAM BREWER. HERALDIC.-By what family are the following HAMPTON Court GUIDE-Books.—Why is not

arms borne ?-Quarterly, azure and gules & cross

R. E. FRANCILLON. more information given about some of the

pictures engrailed ermine, in the catalogues ? For example, "The Battle of

21, Regent's Park Terrace, N.W. Forty, by Spayers" (No. 122 in the old catalogues, ARMS OF REV. JOHN DENNE.—Would any 329 in the new) is written on the frame. I turn to Rochester correspondent be so kind as to send me the catalogues, but only to find precisely the same

a description of the arms on stone of Rev. John information. Where can I find some account of Denne, who died 1767, and is buried in the south this battle ? Again, 'Embarkation of Henry cross of Rochester Cathedral? Please reply direct. VIII. from Dover (No. 515— 337), the catalogue

J. G. BRADFORD. only repeats wbat is on the frame. But I

157, Dalston Lane, E, should like to know where the painter (Holbein ?) got his ships of war from. They are quite different

SAMUEL DANIEL, THE POET.-Can any reader from the models of English ships at our museums. inform me what relationship (if any) existed beIn picture No. 1034—924 there are most carefully tween Samuel Daniel, the Poet Laureate, and painted ships of war of about the same period, James Daniel, who took part in the Monmouth though quite different from those attributed to Hold rebellion, and who, to commemorate bis marvellous bein. The pictures of shipping are of the greatest escape from the soldiers of King James II, on failinterest, but they are in such dark places that it is ing to discover his hiding-place in his own barn, impossible to see them. RALPH THOMAS. near Beaminster, co. Dorset, caused the barn to

be pulled down and the site converted into a HIGHLAND LIFE IN THE LAST CENTURY.-Can private cemetery, as which it has been used ever you tell me where I can get any information as to since, and was consecrated some twenty years ago? the life of the people in Highland towns (Ding wall James Daniel was a centenarian, and was coeval particularly) at the end of the last century? Was for about eight years with the poet, who was There, for instance, a demand for such tradesmen buried at Beckington, co. Somerset, and the tra

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dition is that they were related. Any light on 80 many signs, alas ! abound in every class of the matter would oblige.

A. Z. society- can never hope to see again, the ever

lasting glory of the English people and the very Idrot.-By what English author of repute was pattern of a noble man.

H. O. S. the word idiot first used in its non-classical sense to signify a fool or a natural ? Down at least to AUTHORS OF QUOTATIONS WANTED.the close of the seventeenth century (see Cud

Ambition, like a torrent, ne'er looks back," &c. worth passim) it was employed as the translation

1. M. of idiótns, with the sense of layman as distin- God's fruits of justice ripen slow; guished from philosopher. R. M. SPENCE.

Men's hearts are selfish; let them grow. Manse of Arbuthnott, N.B,

My brothers, we must wait. T. W. C. BENJAMIN DAY.-I have before me a copy of

Whither, ah ! whither, is my lost love straying;

Upon what pleasant land beyond the sea ? Johnson's Dictionary,' London, 1786, prefixed to

ALPHA BETA, which the following words are written, “Sumptu suo collegi curavit hunc librum Benja Day ex domo Carthusiana, ætat. 16, an. Dom. [......]8.” Then

follow fourteen lines, beginning-
O my dear Boy, companion of my love,

Who dying here, survivst in bliss above,

(74b S. vi. 28, 169.) from 'Or. Fur.,' and signed J. D.

Who was

There are one or two misreadings in MR. GOLDBenjamin Day; and what is known of him? ING's copy. In the fifth verse occur the lines :

M. T. C.

What tree do the thunders resound to the skies, 56, High Street, Dublin.

What brightens your house, does your mansion sustain, CARTMEL.—What is known of the earlier forms If for “thunders" is read hunters, the answer to the of this place-name, or of its having been an eccle- two lines is evidently born-beam. In verse eight siastical centre before the Priory was built ? for “ the tree that bids the joints pain " read “the

ARGLAN. tree that hides a saint's pain,” to which the answer Compass Plant.—Can any of your readers state is aloe (halo); and for “ emulous tree" in the ninth which of the English poets mentions the compass verse read"

cumbrous tree,” that is logwood. I also plant, whose leaves are said to indicate north and add a few emended solutions. The “tree that never south ?

A. C. M.

stands still ” (29) is currant, not aspen. The " tree

to be kissed” (33) is tulips (two lips), not mistleSNY.—This word is used in South Notts in a toe. The “unhealthiest tree" (37) is sycamore, not sense different from any given by Halliwell. It plague. The "industrious tree" (45) is spindle, usually occurs in such sentences as as full as they not cotton; and “what each must become ere he's can sny," or "it fairly snies with 'em." What is cld ” would be elder rather than sage. I conclude the derivation of the word ?

C. C. B. with some additional solutions. The “ least selfish Belgian Custom.—Can any of your readers The “layman's restraint" (16), stocks..

tree” (8), yew. The“ tell-tale tree" (13), peacb. explain the reason of banging out of a window a urged the Germans in vengeance to rise", (25), rope with a bunch of straw at the end of it? When peepul (people). The“ tree that obeys you” (28), in Bruges and Ghent recently I was much struck service. The dandiest tree” (34), spruce. The with this.


tree in a battle” (39), lancewood. The “tree SURVIVING FRIENDS OF THE DUKE OF Welling that is not immortal " (61), thyme. The “Egyptian

"And the tree that by TON.—The death of Mr. Gleig (whose life it is to plague tree” (65), locust. be hoped may be adequately written ; perhaps cockneys is turned into wine," vine.

E. TAYLOR Sir Edward Hamley may see his way to extend his sketch in Blackwood) seems to call for an inquiry The answers are not all very satisfactory at the whether there be yet left any survivors of those last reference, notably ash for “bash” (46), rewho fought under the great Duke in the Peninsula, peated (62) in another sense, elm for “helm” (35), or, at least, of those who, like Mr. Gleig, were &c.; but it is difficult to suggest others, because intimate with him in his after career. Years are the principle is not always clear. Sometimes a quickly slipping by, and Mr. Gleig's great age is a joke is seemingly attempted, but not always. reminder that there cannot be many of his contem. However, I venture to make a few guesses. poraries now left, and therefore some of us of the May "the most yielding tree" (4) be the cork present generation would like to know of any of tree, and “the least selfish tree" (8) the Christmas those who are still walking among us who enjoyed tree, which gives to everybody and keeps nothing the friendship and saw the face of one whose like for itself? « The tell-tale tree” (13) should be the we--as we note the decay of character of which peach, according to the average of the punning an

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swers already given; "the layman's restraint "Love-apple. (67) For hop read woodbine. (69)

” (16) may be monk's-bood; and “the tree that Vine. Concluding verse : -makes one sad” (18) the cypress (or cyprus). The tree of the simple,10 the tree of the wise, 71

“ the tree that the thunders resound The tree to a king lent its aid, 72 to the skies" (23) may be bhang, which is no tree The tree that once lost can ne'er be regained, 73 at all; but then the same may be said of capers,

And the tree many merchants have made. 74 and others already given as answers. The roof.

EVERARD HOME COLEMAN, tree may be that which “ does your mansion sus

71, Brecknock Road. tain” (24); and “the tree that obeys you” (28) (A. L. and C.R., besides supplying some answere given may not unlikely be the service (or sorb tree) in the preceding replies, suggest (16) lilac, pronounced The spruce is obviously “the dandiest tree" (34), damgon; (48) plum; (52) cork; (53) citron; (55) (w)holly;

"laylock "'; (18) weeping willow; (24) hornbeam; (43) while" the unhealthiest tree” (37) may (as sug- (65) locust; (66) holm (home oak).—MR. W. M. HARRIS gested) be the plague (of which I never heard), says the riddle was printed in the Family Friend, vol. iii. but just as possibly it may be the upas, or even p. 60, and that some answers are given at p. 121 of the the gallows-tree, and the last perbaps with most

same volume.] justice. “The tree in a battle” (39) must be the linden (Hohen-linded); and “what of mother and

SunS OF EDWARD III. (7th S. v. 468; vi. 17, child bears the name” (43) is the damson. “The 111).- I know little of any superstition in connexion reddest blue tree" (45) may stand for plum; but with this subject, but select three instances which the elder seems to me better than sage for "what may prove interesting. Shakespeare's elder and each must become ere he's old” (49), because younger sister were both christened Joap. Three the latter hardly bears the test of experience. of the sons of the sixth Earl of Lauderdale were “The tree that's entire” (55) may be allspice ;

christened John, the newly-born child in each case and dead nettles may be those that are not im- taking the name of his deceased brother. My mortal)” (61). “The tree that in Latin can ne'er wife's grandfather had two elder brothers, both of be forgot” (63) is a puzzle, unless intended for whom were christened Charles Edward, and died tax-us, ever remembered, at least, by our Govern- before his birth. He himself was also christened ment; but its equivalent, the yew, hardly answers

Charles Edward, but on the earnest representation to that which_" in English we all most admire” of the nurse to his parents that the same ill fate (64).

The Egyptian plague tree" (65) is the would be sure to overtake the child if the name locust; but there is no doubt about “the tree were not altered, a third name was interposed. It that by cockneys is turned into wine” (69), for would seem, therefore, that about a century ago that is too clearly the unlucky vine. And why

some superstition existed, and the fact that what was the boot-tree forgotten? It would be interest- fashion, has almost died out would seem to point

was once the common practice, not to say the ing to have a good list of selected answers, compiled from various sources.

to its continued existence. JULIAN MARSHALL.

HOLCOMBE INGLEBY. In my copy of the poem the names of some of The only case I know of a person named after a the trees differ from those given by MR. GOLDING. predeceased brother or sister forcibly opposes DR. These I have noted, also the names omitted in his CLARK ROBINSON's superstition. It is a cousin reply, and have supplied the concluding verse. (4) of mine, above forty years old, bearing not merely Cedar. (8) Yew. (9) For apple read cane (Cain). one, but both the baptismal names of a predeceased (12) Honeysuckle. (13) Peach (to turn informer). sister, and no other name, and yet being the sole (16) Monk's-hood. (18) Weeping willow. (23) daughter, and one of two survivors alone, out of “What tree do the thunders resound,” &c., read seven children, that her parents have not lost. “hunters resound,” &c. (24) Lime. (25 and 26,

E. L. G. one tree) Laurel. (28) Sensitive. (29) For aspen MR. BLENKINSOPP says he would like to know read hop. (32)" Tree to be kisssed," for mistletoe if the superstition that a child named after a dead read tulip. (34) Coxcomb. (36) Poplar. (37) For brother or sister is expected to die early “is shared plague read sycamore. (39) "Tree in a battle," by others." I can testify that I have found it read “bottle"; answer, cork. (41) Substitate commonly known by various classes of people all acorn for rue. (43) For child insert son; reply, my life. Like all other superstitions, it is, of course, damson. (48) Lilac. (49) For sage read elder. (50) supported by noting the cases where it “comes For cane read upas. (51) Fig. (52) For wines true," and oblivion of those where it fails to hold read wives; answer, pear. (53) Lancewood. (55) good. Nonpareil. (57) “The tree half given by doctors when ill," substitute to for by; answer, cof-fee. of coincidences that it seems a quite pardonable

We are as yet so utterly ignorant of the science (59) Aspen. (60) For amaranth read everlasting: "fond thing" when parents hesitate io run the (61) Logwood. (62) For ash read laburnum. (63 and 64, one tree) Arbor-vitæ. (65) Locust. (66) 70 Gooseberry. 71 Sage. 79 Oak, 73 Thyme. 74 Plum.

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chance of involving their offspring in a possible common in those days than in these), it was cusfatality which ignorant old-world fancy has warned tomary for each guest to place, before coming away, them against; but I have in my time noted in- a shilling under the candlestick, which was intended stances where “no harm has comeof disregard to defray the cost of the cards, then materially ining this particular warning. I will mention one creased by a heavy duty. The mode of making instance in particular, which put me to some this payment was, I take it, the outcome of an personal inconvenience. I was living in Rome in anxious desire for gentility; but the payment 1872, and had a very useful footman named Agos- itself, as well as the effort to do the thing "gentino (surnames are so little used in Italy that I teelly," is significantly illustrative of a condition forget his). He was suddenly served one morning of social manners and sentiments which did not with a notice that he must present himself for en- long outlast the day of powder and patches. rolment in the lists for the army of the year 1851.

T. A. T. It came like a thunderclap on the youth in ques. tion, who knew his birth year was 1853. His

GRANGE, STAFFORDSHIRE (74 S. vi. 68).-Io parents were both dead, but brothers, sisters, and Morden's map of Staffordshire, published in Camaunts, not to speak of his own appearance, all testi- den's Britannia,' 1695, I do not find any place fied that he was only nineteen at the time. Never named simply Grange, but there is Roach Grange, theless, the Army Office had taken cognizance of situated a little to the north of Leek, and also all the parish registers, and there was no one else Chedle Grange, close to Chedle (Cheadle).

J. F. MANSERGI. to represent the Agostino of 1851 but this

Liverpool. young man, and at the end of a short period he had wille nille to join his depôt. His sister sub- CHAFFER (7th S. vi. 7, 97).-—This word occurs sequently explained to me that there had been a in Macaulay’s ‘History of England,' published baby brother called Agostino two years before the originally in 1849, in the description of Tunbridge birth of this one, and as he was supposed to stand Wells in 1685:in his shoes, they had not troubled themselves to

" To choffer with them, to flirt with them, to praise register him. “Registration was not in those easy. their straw hats and tight heels, was a refreshing pastime going days a matter people were so much troubled to voluptuaries sick of the airs of actresses and maids of about as they are at present." This youog man

honour."-Vol. i. chap. iii. was an instance of a hale, well-grown, healtby re

John PICKFORD, M.A. presentative of a dead namesake brother.

Newbourne Rectory, Woodbridge.

R. H. Bosk. CHURCH LIBRARIES (6th S. iv. 266, 304, 327, Bishop Wilson of Sodor and Man had a son 387; vi. 15, 96, 258, 294, 336, 418; vii. 117; viii. Thomas, baptized at Kirk Michael October 24, 178).— There is a library in Cartmel Church, Lan. 1700, who died at Warrington June 8, 1701. Ancashire. It is said to comprise about three hundred other son Thomas was baptized August 26, 1703. volumes, and to contain, inter alia, an original He lived to be rector of St. Stephen's, Walbrook, copy of Spenser’s ‘Fairy Queen.' and St. Bennet Sherebogg, to which he was pre

E. WALFORD, M.A. sented December 5, 1737; and on April 11, 1743,

7, Hyde Park Mansions, N.W. he was appointed Prebendary of Westminster.

INN Signs (7th S. iii. 448; iv. 35, 152, 256, 334; ERNEST B. SAVAGE, F.S. A.

vi. 154).-It is hard to say what is unique or St. Thomas, Douglas, Isle of Man.

otherwise in a sign in the absence of direct eviDr. Robinson's experience as to the danger dence ; but Mr. Larwood says " The Lame Dog” of giving a dead child's Christian name to its new- is very common, and he mentions one at Brierley born brother or sister must be unusual. Surely Hill, near Dudley, kept by a collier who was lamed the practice was common in, for instance, the in a pit accident. There was a picture of a lame fifteenth century !-2.g., the two John Pastons. dog trying to pass over a stile, and the lines :My own maternal grandfather was called after his

Stop my friends and stay a while dead brother, and he lived to the age of fifty-three,

To help the lame dog over the stile. and produced a respectable number of descendants. “ The Sieve" is not a very common sign. It has

A. J. M. been pulled down from Haydon Street, Minories, GATAKER (7th S. vi. 107).-R. F. S. wants or Church Street, and there does not appear to be to know the meaning of “hiding a shilling for the one remaining in London now, though in 1669 reckoning,” which expression is quoted from John there was one in Aldermanbury and more recently

I wish I shared the ignorance of R. F. S., a “Sieve and Shears ” in Barbican. for then I should be (as R. F. S. evidently is) a

O. A. WARD. handfal of lustres younger than I am. Some fifty

Walthamstow. years ago, when a friendly party met to play a ATTRIBUTES OF THE Deity (7th S. vi. 88). — quiet rubber of whist (a sort of meeting far more Mr. Wynn Westcott gives the following Latin


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