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in one case a partner, John de Pabeham-the ham has been cleared up by the discovery of the statues by John de Ireland. The “ rod, capital, ancient executorial rolls written and signed by and ring” at Stoney Stratford by Ralph de Chi- Queen Eleanor's executors, dated 1291-4. In these chester, and payment also made to John Battle, are the charges for erecting the crosses, with Wm. de Ireland, and Alexander le Imaginator, amounts of payments, names of workmen, &c. who is elsewhere called Alexander de Abyngdon, Petro Cavalini had nothing whatever to do with it. and the same persons were employed in conjunc. The name of William Torel occurs often ; probably tion with Battle the architect to execute the he was the designer. The masons were Roger de statues at Dunstable and St. Alban's,

Crundalo and Dominique de Leger (also called Waltham.-Dymenge de Legeri alias Nicholas Dominique de Reynes); the image-makers were Dymenge de Reyns, is prominently mentioned, William of Ireland and Alexander of Abingdon. possibly a foreigner, but three Englishmen, Roger The labour

for masonry cost 951.; for three statues de Crandale, Alexander le Imaginator, and Robert of Queen Eleanor 10l., or 31. 68. 8d. each. The de Corf (who supplied “ the rod, capital, and ring"), terminal shaft cost a considerable sum, part of the were associated with him.

entry for which is gone. It was, no doubt, similar West Cheap.—Magister Michael de Canturia to the one erected on the cross at Northampton, was the contractor, and no other person mentioned which cost 261. for labour. The present terminal in connexion with it. It was more magnificent is a poor substitute for the richly carved virge, than any of the preceding, costing 3001.; but in anulus, and capite which once adorned it, but 1441 it was "rebuilt by John Hetherley, Mayor which was missing before the oldest illustration we of London, and several wealthy citizens by permis- possess. Probably it shared the fate of others, sion of King Henry VI.

which were demolished by the bigoted Puritans Charing.–Commenced by Master Richard de about 1643. Many of the beautiful heads of crosses Crandale, who died Michaelmas, 1293, while the thus demolished were hidden in walls and other work was in progress. It was finished under the places, and have since been found. Those of the direction of Roger de Crandale. Ralph de Chi-thirteenth and fourteenth century afford some idea chester and Alexander le Imaginator also appear of what the lost terminal of Waltham Cross was to have been paid for similar portions of the work like. (See Pooley's 'Stone Crosses of Somersetto that executed by them at other crosses. shire.')

This extract from the paper read at Waltham Waltham Cross was repaired slightly by the may also prove serviceable :

advice of Dr. Stukely, under the supervision of “Some of the admirers of works of art in past days the Society of Antiquaries of London, in 1721 and seem to have been unwilling to believe that works of 1757. About the year 1791 it was very dilapiextraordinary beauty could have been designed by dated, and the lord of the manor of Cheshunt, Sir Englishmen, they must turn to Italy. Henco Vertuo G. Prescott, contemplated its removal to Theobald's designed by Peter Cavallini, a famous sculptor brought Park, near by-for better protection. Fortunately from Rome, either by the Abbot of Ware or the King this was never carried out. In 1833–4 Mr. W. B. himself, though this opinion was controverted by Clarke, architect, carried out a restoration of the Bromley, Pilkington, and Gough. The lato lamented two upper stages, but used very unsuitable stone ; antiquary, Mr. John Britten, failed to obtain any in the old has outlived the new. The present work, formation on this subject, although the public records were searched for him by Mr. Lysong, the keeper. The being carried out under the supervision of Mr. later researches by Mr. 'Hunter have, however, proved C. E. Ponting, architect, of Marlborough, and by that, with one exception, all the persons engaged in the Mr. Harry Hems, is to replace portions of the works were Englishmen, and it is only reasonable to sup- original, taken out by Mr. Clarke in 1833, where pose that they were also the designers, I must except found fit, and insert durable Ketton stonework in also one Irisbman."


place of Mr. Clarke's Bath stone. The original P.S.—I find in the paper above referred to the meddled with in the present restoration.

1291-4 stone left in by Mr. Clarke will not be usually accepted statement that “wherever the

J. TYDEMAN. body of the queen rested in its way to interment the king afterwards caused a cross to be erected.” Consult the Antiquary for this month, p. 27. A note, however, by the editor of the 'Annals of

HIC ET UBIQUE. England' states, These are not tokens of the affection of her husband, as usually supposed, but find the word bora in Dr. Murray's “ Dictionary.' It

EPITAPH (7th S. vi. 25).-MR. PIERPOINT will were erected by her executors in compliance with is marked as not naturalized. Its derivation is not directions in her will.” Is this generally recognized free from difficulty. Mr. Robert H. Scott, in his now as the fact ?

* Elementary Meteorology,' says : “The Bora of In answer to Crux allow me to say that the dif- Trieste and Dalmatia is known as a furious northerly ference of opinion as to who designed and built the wind, at the former locality sweeping down off the very proportionate and artistic monument at Walt- high plateau of Carinthia.”—P. 292. ASTARTE.

HUSSAR PELISSE (7th S. v. 287, 354, 398 ; vi. ally draw from Lancashire. Nevil, Earl of War16). — In 1458 Mathias Corvinus, King of Hungary wick, is in the pedigree of the Birches, and was and Bohemia, formed a corps of light cavalry selected used as a Christian name, and being left aside by from among the nobles, one man from every twenty them was taken up by the Macreadys. Edward families. They seem to have been formidable Nevil Macready was a brother of W. C. Macready. troops, making long and rapid marches. Each In the Sunday Times of July 28 there was a chapter man wore a tiger's skin slung from his shoulders, on Macready, called 'Macrediana.' which he shifted from side to side according as

W. J. BIRCA. the wind blew. John CAURCHILL SIKES. 50, Agate Road, The Grove, Hammersmith, W.

DEATH OF CHARLES I. (7th S. vi. 9, 56).-In

the account of the last hours of Charles Í. conThere is no regiment of British cavalry wearing tained in Kennet's History of England' (1719), the “empty sleeve jacket.” The officer referred to vol. iii. pp. 186-8, there is no mention of any by A. B. represented in the picture was probably friends with the king but Mr. Herbert and Dr. in the suite of one of the foreign princes present at Juxop, Bishop of London. When summoned to the Jubilee celebration.


proceed to Whitehall, CARADOC, OR CARACTACOS (7th S. v. 387; vi. " the king pase'd through the Gardens into the Park,

where several Companies of Foot were drawn up, and 13). —Cradock or Caradoc was the surname of the made a Guard on each side, the Bishop walking on the Lords Howden, a title now extinct; and I find that King's Right-hand, and Colonel Thomlinson (who had Debrett (I refer to the old and genuine edition) charge of him) on his Left.” states “His Lordship’s family is of ancient Welsh When he was called to go on the scaffold “the origin, claiming descent from Caradoc and the Bishop and Mr. Herbert weeping fell upon their ancient princes of Wales.” What truth was there knees." On the scaffold the king, “taking off his in this claim ? Sir Bernard Burke says nothing Cloak and George, delivered his George to the about it, carrying the pedigree no higher than the Bishop, saying, “Remember.'” “An order was first lord's father, who was Archbishop of Dublin authorise Mr. Herbert and Mr. Mild, in 1772-8. E. WALFORD, M.A.

may to bury the King's Body in the Royal Chapel 7, Hyde Park Mansions, N.W.

of St. George.” After it had been taken to Windsor,

“next Day came the Duke of Richmond, the MarMACREADY (7th S. vi. 7, 75).—The mother of

quess of Hartford, the Earls of Southampton and William Charles Macready was Christine Birch, Lindsay, and the Bishop of London” to inter it. daughter of a Mr. Birch and Christine Fry: She See also Celebrated Trials' (1825), vol. ii. pp. was a first cousin of the Birches mentioned by Mr. 83-86 ; and Time's Telescope for 1816,' pp. 6-10. Fry. I bave heard from the Miss Skerrets that In 'Anarchia Anglicana,' by Theodorus Veraz, Mrs. Macready was the daughter of a medical printed 1649, it is stated :man in Lincolnshire, from whence all these Birches came; and she left her home and went upon the Speech to the People ; which could onely be heard


"His Majesty coming upon the Scaffold, made a stage, and acted at Liverpool. Macready, there some few Souldiers and Schismaticks of the Faction wbo fore, was doubly by race born to the stage. He were suffered to possesse the Scaffold, and all parts neare was taken into the boarding house of Mr. William it; and from their Pennes onely we have our informa(not Thomas) Birch, the first cousin of his mother. tions.”—P. 111. Mr. Fry says,

One of Macready's uncles was a The other authorities say that he addressed his Col. John Edward Birch." I have never heard of remarks principally to Tomlinson. him before ; but a Col. John Francis Bircb, of the

J. F. MANSERGA. Royal Engineers, was brother of William Bircb, of Liverpool. Rugby School. There were other brothers—Thomas, Walter, Henry, George, Jonathan. Walter, Fellow tended the king's burial at Windsor brought with

It might be added that the four friends who atof Magdalen, was the particular friend of Walter them Bishop Juxon, who had attended the king on Savage Landor, and in his life by Forster there is the scaffold, “but he was not permitted to read the a chapter on the Birch family. Landor and most burial service as he had intended.” of the Birches were together at Rugby School.

R. W. HACKWOOD. Should MR. ARCHER or Mr. Fry require further information as to the family of Macready, I should ETRUSCAN CITY ON THE SITE OF ROME (7th S. think they might inquire of Jonathan Macready, vi. 28).-The latest, fullest, and best description physician, in London, who was named after Jona- of the Etruscan remains found in excavating Rome than Birch, especially mentioned in the 'Remi. is in Prof. J. H. Middleton's 'Ancient Rome in niscences' as the best man he ever knew. In a 1885,' with maps, plans, elevations, sections, and notice by the Times newspaper of Macready's references to authorities and the Transactions of ' Reminiscences' it is said his mother was a Birch, archæological societies, all of the greatest value a good Midland family. Birchos, however, gener- and interest. The geology of the site of Rome

and its vicinity is also original and instructive, thing for which gratitude due. No man of letters of and the work is the very best I have ever seen on

our own time has cut acro8S 80 many deep convictions the topography and archæology of Rome.

and so many popular prejudices as it was Victor Hugo's

fortune to do. We all of us, who have any feelings ESTE.

at all beyond delight in the exercise of mere animality,

have fervent beliefs on one side or the other concerning discellaneous.

many of those things which Victor Hugo spent his long

life in lauding or dragging through the foetid sewer NOTES ON BOOKS, &0.

of his scorn. That he was one of the great world-poets Madame de Maintenon. By Emily Bowles. (Kegan in the dull, blurred outline sketch of an English version,

no one who has nade acquaintance with his works, even Paul, Trench & Co.) THERE is no exhaustive life of Madame de Maintenon in will dare to deny. That he had any coherent conception English ; and Miss Bowles would be the first to admit of living

politics, any notion of the way in which society that ber interesting and sympathetic book does not merit has

evolved itself, is denied

by most persons who do not such a title. In French there are several 80-called lives, accept " the revolution” as the new gospel of humanity. but not one in the highest and best sense of the word. How it came to pass that one so wide-minded as he can It is somewhat strange that "the most influential woman

have looked upon the extremely narrow fanatics who in French bistory," as Dr. Döllinger calls her, should were responsible for the wild talk and wilder deeds of have no fitting literary monument raised in her 'honour. the great French upheaval as anything more than tranDoubtless it is to be accounted for partly by the crash of sient phenomena in the great drama of world history we the Revolution and the long chain of portents that have been always puzzled to explain. Victor Hugo wrote heralded it, and partly from the

fact that Madame de much concerning the history of the human race, but it Maintenon herself destroyed all possible written evi.

was a subject he had never mastered in any one of its dence that she was the wife of Louis XIV. Miss Bowles almost infinite details. His books show this. To such a has written a book that, to the great majority of readers, man, & poet of a high order, with a vivid interest in the will be found full of new and striking matter. To those present and passionato ardour for the welfare of his who have not read the lately published volumes of M. I fellow creatures--a Frenchman, too-it was natural that A. Geoffroy, and the standard work by the Duc de the great revolution, so near at hand in the days of his Noailles, almost all the information in thið little book will childhood, should cast a shadow out of all proportion

to be found fresh. Of course we must not be understood its historical importance. It is hard, however, to underto mean the common facts known by every schoolboy. carried on a life-long war against the punishment of

stand how one who hated cruelty of every kind, who No one can possibly judge of any of the circumstances death for even the most atrocious criminals, could look of the strange and wonderful woman who for many with affection on men who, whatever good intentions years caused purity to be respected in the most dissolute court in Europe, who has not some considerable know they may have had, showed a thirst for blood which ledge of the character of Louis XIV. It has been the equals the worst acts of the kings and priests whose fashion for some time to treat the memory of Louis with deeds he loathed. contempt. This is, we think, a trick of manner caught Victor Hugo, must have been

aware that he was setting

Mr. Marzials, when he undertook to write this life of from Thackeray. That he was a great king and a man of no ordinary intellectual power is beyond all about a task of very great difficulty. He evidently doubt-selfish and vain, but, considering the way in entered on it with no light heart, but with careful prewhich he was brought up, who can wonder at it. That paration, and a serious desire to tell the whole truth. On be openly lived with various mistresses and squandered some points we differ from him, but they

are not queslarge sums of money on them is true. But he never for tions of fact so much as of literary criticism. If we could one moment forgot that in him was vested the sovereign separate the plots of Hugo's prose stories from the lanpower, to be used for the well-being of France; and in guage and the character drawing they would be well-nigh so far as he understood what was meant by it, he tried to perfect. We have, however, always felt that they are do the best for his country. There is no doubt that, from marred by presenting to our scrutiny a sad, terrible world, a religious point of view, Madame de Maintenon was such as no human beings have hitherto been called upon fully justified in marrying him, without the registration to inhabit. Victor Hugo's present fame has been obscured ever taking place. It was a good marriage, both in canon far more by the rant of his admirers than by the invecand civil law, though never openly acknowledged, and tives of theological or political obscurantists. A calm from that time the wife seems to have had but one aim

in and healthy estimate like that given us by Mr. Marzials life, and that was to engure the king's

salvation. Ambi- will do much good. We trust that it may find a French tion, comfort, ease, pleasure,

even št. Cyr itself, had to translator. Dispassionate estimates of this kind are give way to the ever watchful care with which she strove much wanted across the Channel, where politics

and relito make a godly and respectable life pleasant to her hus- gion cut across the literary hemisphere in a way they band. Most likely one of the things that first attracted never have done here. the king to her was her habit of telling him very plainly the truth at all times. It is pleasant to see the loving

The Quarterly Review for July opens with a picture study Miss Bowles has made of this great and good of sunny France when the mad Valois kings ruled her, woman's character; and we can only hope that it may be and the conflict between Rome and the infant party of but the prelude to a greater and fuller life of one who reform was dividing courts and families. Amid those has been so much maligned,

contending forces Gaspard de Coligny, Admiral of

France, stands out a prominent figure, commanding the Great Writers. Life of Victor Hugo. By Frank T. respect even of those who differed from his theology, Marzials. (Scott.)

which is saying a great deal for the admiral. In the MR. MARZIALS has written sanely concerning Victor 'Reminiscences of the Coburg Family' we have an Hugo. This does not seem high praise, but those who article dealing with very modern history and with a have made acquaintance with the wild fury of many of reigning house which has, by means of its brains, exthe great Frenchman's admirers and detractors will, we ercised an influence in European affairs entirely out of aro certain, admit that sanity on such a subject is some all proportion to the size of its dominions. It is curious

to read of the late Prince Consort's elder brother, Duke in Nicholas Nickleby.' Mr. Rigaud was the son-the Ernest, arriving at a little Thuringian town, once the youngest, we believe-of Mr. Stephen Peter Rigaud, M.A., cell of an old-time hermit, St. Blasius, and finding it in formerly fellow and tutor of Exeter College, Oxford, and full revolution, which he promptly quells by meeting afterwards Savilian Professor of Geometry and of Astrothe rebels under the wing of a tipsy innkeeper, hear- nomy in the university, a man highly distinguished for ing their grievances, and bowing them out. Whether his scientific attainments. any beer was broached on the occasion we do not hear,

JOHN WILLIAM BURGON, B.D., Dean of Chichester.-It The Prince Consort's views on the state of Germany in 1848 are interesting, as is also the information that he of this

able churchman, scholar, and poet, who was also

seems right that 'N. & Q.' should preserve some record was never so strong a Constitutionalist as Duke Ernest, From politics to music is a somewhat wide leap, but we Smyrna (where his father was a merchant), August 21,

an antiquary of no ordinary stamp. He was born at are glad to take it to get into the company of Wagner 1813, and so early as 1835 was the translator of Bron. and Liszt.' The story of the friendship of these two sted's Vases Panathen

aiques,' and in 1839 the

author of musical geniuses is always full of interest, and not the valuable 'Life and Times of Sir Thomas Gresham.' seldom of pathos. It is touching to watch Liszt devoting At the mature age of twenty-eight (not twenty-two, as himself to Wagner's comfort and Wagner's success. The stated in Foster's Alumni ') be matriculated at Oxford, crown of unselfishness must be awarded to Liszt.

becoming a " Fellow Commoner" of Worcester College, THE Edinburgh Review for July is full of subjects of whence he obtained a second class (classics) and (what interest in art, in politics, and in religion. The Poems was more appreciated by his contemporaries) the Newdiof Michael Angelo' and the Heptameron of Mar- gate prize for English verse (by his truly beautiful poem guerite of Navarre' belong to that period of conflict of: The City of Petra '), both in 1845; a fellowship of between great contending forces variously known as the Oriel College (which he held thirty years) in 1846; the Reformation and the Renaissance, which, in fact, are Elleston Theological Essay in 1847; and the Denyer Theobut two of the principal aspects of a many-sided period. logical Essay in 1851. He was long an Oxford celebrity We do not feel quite so confident as the reviewer that as Vicar of St. Mary's, Oxford, 1863–76; one of the the dialogues of the Heptameron' were ever actually select preachers of his University 1860-61 and 1878-79; spoken by real Osiles, Saffredents, and Dagoucing, but Gresham Lecturer in Divinity (London) 1868; and they represent real thoughts and feelings, which in finally, in 1875, Dean of Chichester, in which city he fluenced living men and women of the day. France has died August 4, 1888, within a few days of his age of a large share in the July Edinburgh, for to her history seventy-five. Ever active and most energetic in all belong likewise the Maréchal de Villars and M. de things, he was an indefatigable writer, and his death is Falloux, the one a "warrior of all but the highest said to have been accelerated by his disregard of proper order" in a day of great generals, the other a devoted rest from his literary labours. follower of a lost cause of a type rare in any age. M. OCTAVIUS MORGAN.—We much regret to hear of the de Falloux, the friend of Montalembert and Lacordaire, death, at his residence, Newport, Monmouthshire, of Mr. and the De la Ferronays, with whom we have been made Octavius Morgan, in his eighty-sixth year. Mr. Morgan, intimate by the touching · Récit d'une Sæur' of Madame who sat as a Conservative for "Monmouthshire from 1841 Augustus Craven, is a character in contemporary history to 1874, wrote many works of value, and was almost well worth study. We see here how he hoped against from the first a contributor to `N. & Q. His late conhope, and strove against the ineluctabile fatum which tributions bave generally had reference to clocks and closed France to the exiled prince, who would not re, clockmakers. enter it at the price of the white flag of Henri IV. and Jeanne d'Arc. The reviewer doubts much whether it

Notices to Correspondents. really was the flag of either. Perhaps he is right; but the refusal is characteristic of a race which in exile We must call special attention to the following notices : learned nothing and forgot nothing. If it could not be On all communications must be written the name and taught even by the horrors seen by the English Eye- address of the sender, not necessarily for publication, but witnesses of the French Revolution, it may well be as a guarantee of good faith. believed that no lessons would ever avail that house. We cannot undertake to answer queries privately. Calmer scenes greet us in Tho Ochtertyre Papers' and the Poems of William Barnes,' to both of which sub- must observe the following rule. Let each note, query,

To secure insertion of communications correspondents jects the Edinburgh does full justice.

or reply be written on a separate slip of paper, with the No. XIII, of the Bookbinder (Clowes & Sons) begins a signature of the writer and such address as he wishes to new volume. It reproduces one or two lovely bindings appear, Correspondents who repeat queries are requested by Le Gascon and Reynes, and some early oak bindings. to head the second communication Duplicate."

MR. B. COHEN, 97, Wynn Street, Birmingham, will be Rev. Join Rigaud, B.D.-An occasional contributor glad of any information regarding the early history of has been removed in the Rev. John Rigaud, B.D., one Jews in Birmingham. of the senior fellows of Magdalen College, Oxford, who

W. S. BEWICKE ("Birth of a King").—See 7th 8. i. died at his residence in Long Wall, in that city, on 428, 478. July 27, at the age of sixty-seven. Almost the whole of

CORRIGENDUM.-P. 92, col. 1, 1. 6 from bottom, for his life was spent in Oxford and under the shade of his old college ; and in both he was well known for his "dekaden " read Orkaden. benevolence of character as well as for the active interest he took in many charitable and useful institutions, Editorial Communications should be addressed to "The Many readers will remember the numerous articles Editor of Notes and Queries'"-Advertisements and contributed to our pages by his brother, Major General Business Letters to “The Publisher "-at the Office, 22, Rigaud, who predeceased him about three years. Those Took's Court, Cursitor Street, Chancery Lane, E.C. in particular who know Oxford will not need to be We beg leave to state that we decline to return comreminded of the close tie that existed between the munications which, for any reason, we do not print; and brothers, having its prototype in the Brothers Cheeryblo to this rule we can make no exception,



B.-I. B. Heroick Education ; or, Choice Maximes for

the Facile Training up of Youth. 1657. 12mo, CONTENTS.-N° 138.

Also, Of Education, &c. 1699. 12mo,

Baker, R. Remarks on the E. Language. 1779 and NOTES:- English Grammars, 121- Suppression of the Drama, 1799. 8vo.

122–8t. Pancras and Synnada-Quignon's Breviary, 123Severity of Penal Code-Mr. Gladstone, 124–Solar Eclipse

Bales, P. Writing Schoolomaster, teaching Brachy. - Lavender Bush - Assist - Pearls - Phonograph, 125 graphie, Orthographie, and Calligraphie. 1590. 4to, Missing M8.-Use of Spectacles-Mob-Mitten-Caravan- Barbour, J. An Epitome of G. Principles. Oxon., Byron's Town House, 126.

1668. 12mo. QUERIES :- Shanty - "Chante Pleures" – Pope's Villa

Barnes, Rev. W. A Philological G., grounded upon Bishop Latimer-Jack-ass-8. South-St. Andrews, Ward-E. London, 1854. 8vo. robe-Parodies of Scott's Prose, 127—'Gulliver's Travels

Early England and the Saxon English. London. Leighton Family-Loke - Oath Formula - Catawimple- Fcap. 8vo. “A mort "=Much - Rhymes on Bird Notes - Longfellow Batchelor, T. Orthoopical Analysis of the E. LanPedigree, 128-Authors Wanted, 129.

guage. 1809. 8vo. REPLIES :- Practical Jokes in Comedy, 129—“Of a certain Bayly, Anselm. E. G. 1772. 8vo.

age Christabel - Clarendon Press, 130 - Glasses which Beattie, J. Theory of Language. 1788. 8vo. Flatter-Dead Men=Empty Bottles-Verification of Quota- Bell, J. System of E. G. Glasgow, 1769. 2 vols., tions-St. Lawrence-Street in Westminster-Cliffe Family, 12mo. 131 - A Beckett Family, 132-“Natura nihil facit per saltum"-Ainsworth : Cruikshank-Certifago-Lord Fanny,

Bellum Grammaticale ; or, the Grammatical Battel 183-Venables - Snead-Heraldic - Dual Origin of Stuart Royal, in reflection on the three E. Grammers, published Family - The · Brussels Gazette, 134–Dedluck-Matthew's in about a year last past. 1712. 8vo. Bible-Bishops Jackson and Lloyd, 135— Portraits in Town Bertram, Charles. English-Danish Grammar. 1750. and Country Magazine'-MS. Book of Pedigrees — " Oddcome-shorts"-Rhyme Wanted - Volunteers 10 1745, 136, hagen, 1749. 12mo.

Essay on the Style of the E. Tongue, CopenRadical Reform-Butter-scotch-Alton Castle-Lord Ruthven, 137-Cholgens-Herbert Family-Relic of Witchcraft

Blair, D. Practical G. of the E. Language. 1809. 12mo. -Robinson Cruso, 138.

Also 1816, 18mo. NOTES ON BOOKS :-English Dialect Society Publications

Bobbit, A. Elements of E. G. 1833. 12mo. - Axon's 'Stray Chapters in Literature'-Denton's 'Eng

Bosworth, Rev. J. Elements of Anglo-Saxon G. 1823. land in the Fifteenth Century' - Journal of the Derbyshire Royal 8vo. Archæological Society.'

Compendious G. of the Anglo-Saxon Language. Notices to Correspondents, &c.

1826. 8vo.

Brightland J. E. G. 1712. 12mo.

Brinsley, John. Ludus Literarius; or, the G. Schoole..

London, 1612; reprinted 1627. 4to.

Brittain, Lewis. Rudiments of E, G, Louvain, 1778,


Buchanan, Dr. On the Elegant and Uniform ProA collection of the names of some of the older punciation of the E. Language.1766. 8vo. Later ed., English grammars, and of books more or less 1827 (?)

Bucke, Classical E. G. 1829. 12mo, interesting to the student of English grammar, was

Butler, Charles, E. G. Oxford, 1633.-See preface to made many years ago by Sir F. Madden, and is Johnson's Dict. His system of orthography is exemnow in my possession. It is doubtless imperfect, plified in his 'Principles of Musick' (1636) and his but I think it may prove of some interest. I there-Feminin Monarchi; or, the Histori of Bees''(1634). fore give it nearly as it was made. It was collected Callander [John?]. Deformities of Dr. S. Johnson. booksellers catalogues. Few of the books men- style.] London, 1767. 12mo. Later, 1783. by the simple process of making cuttings from 1782. 8vo.

Campbell, A. Lexiphanes. [Against Dr. Johnson's tioned are of_very recent date. I have compared Care, H. Tutor to True English. 1687. 8vo. the list with Lowndes's ' Bibliographer's Manual, Carew, Richard. Survey of Cornwall; with an Epistle which fails to mention several of them. The concerning the excellencies of the E. Tongue. London, abbreviations "E.” and “G.” mean "English" 1769. 4to. and “Grammar":

Casaubon, Meric. Do Lingua Hebraica et de Lingua

Saxonica, London, 1650. 12mo. Adams, Rev. James. Euphonologia Linguæ Anglicanæ. Cassander, I.; Criticisms on Tooke's Diversions of 1794. 8vo.

Purley. 1790. 8vo. The Pronunciation of the E. Language Vindi. Chapman, Rev. J. Rhythmical G. of the E. Language. cated from imputed Anomaly and Caprico. Edinburgh, 1821. 12mo. 1799. 8vo.

Churchill, 0. New G, of the E. Language. 1823. Adelung's Three Philological Essays. Translated from 12mo. the German by A. F. M. Willich. 1798. 8vo.

Cleland, John. Way to Things by Words: an Attempt Anchoran, J. The Gate of Tongues Unlocked and at the Retrieval of the Ancient Celtic. London, 1766, Opened. 1637. 8vo.-Given by Mr. Wheatley in his list | 8vo. Also 1768-9. of Dictionaries, but not with this date.

Cobbett, Wm. E. G. 1819 and 1826, &c. 12mo, Andrew, Dr. Institutes of Grammar. 1817. 8vo. Conjectural Observations on the Origin and Progress

Ascham, R. The Scholemaster, 1571. 4to.A well- of Alphabetic Writing. 1772. 8vo. known book; the editions are numerous.

Cook's (Coote's ?] E. Schoolmaster. 1652, Ash, Dr. Introduction to Dr. Louth's E. G. 1807. Cooperi Grammatica Linguæ Anglicanæ. 1685. 12mo. 12mo.

Coote, Charles. Elements of E. G. 1778 (1788 ?]. 8vo. A Comprehensive G, of the E, Tongue. Prefixed Coote, Edw. The E. School-master. 1636, 1658, 1665, to his Dictionary.' 1775. 8vo.

1692, 1704, 4to.

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