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Abgarus, Bolingbroke's relation of
the story of, ii. 176; criticism upon
it, 177.
Addison, Mr., attacks Bolingbroke

in "The Whig Examiner," i. 131.
Aix-la-Chapelle, treaty of, ii. 231.
Albemarle, Duke of, defeated and
taken prisoner at the battle of De-
nain, i. 328.

"A letter from Avignon," attack
upon Bolingbroke in a publication
so called, ii. 17.

Almahide, an ode, by Bolingbroke,
ii. 287.

Almanza, disastrous battle of, seized
upon as a theme to censure the
new ministry, i. 135.
Altemira, prologue to, written by
Bolingbroke, ii. 296.
Anglesea, Earl, his violent declara-

tion against the tories, i. 250.
Anne, Queen, her penitential letter

to her father, while Princess of Den-
mark, i. 41; her accession to the
throne, 55; her early prejudices
against the Whigs, attributed her
disputes with the King while Prin-
cess of Denmark to their influence,
56; sympathizes with the Tories as
the party who befriended her while
Princess of Denmark, in her con-
tests with the King, 56; distin-
guished them by calling them the
church party, 57; under the influ-
ence of the Earl and Countess of
Marlborough, 57; makes a tour
through several parts of her king-
dom, 63; her reception at Oxford
63; afflicted with a pain in her
eyes, 83; resides at Windsor, for
the convenience of receiving her
Tory friends, 95; withdraws her fa-
vour from the Marlboroughs
through the intrigues of Mrs. Ma-
sham and Harley, 98; discounte-
nances Bolingbroke's immoralities,
101; takes the Chamberlain's staff
from the Marquis of Kent, and
presents it to the Duke of Shrews-
bury, 105; her letter to Godolphin,

106; Bolingbroke's eulogy on, 130;
her speech, 190; consternation
among the Tories, through fear of
her joining the Whigs, 192; re-
ceives a representation from the
Commons respecting the conduct
of the allies during the war, 197;
refuses to sanction the violent pro-
ceedings against the Pretender,
216, 249; her declining health,
254; continues her favours to Har-
ley, notwithstanding the intrigues
of the Courts, 254; her affection
for the Church of England, 255;
her generosity respecting the As-
siento contract, 263; Oxford's let-
ter to her, 264; discredits his story,
274; withdraws her favour from
him, 275; her alarming illness 281;
consternation of her ministry, 281;
her death, 285; measures taken
in consequence, 286.
Argyle, Duke of, dismissed from bis
employments, i. 245.

A-s, Miss Clara, lines to, ii.

Atterbury, Bishop, notice of, i. 126 n;
meets with Bolingbroke at Calais,
ii. 58; his remark when he heard
that Bolingbroke had been par-
doned, 58.


Bara, John, employed by Harley as
a spy, i. 90; conveyed more infor-
mation to the enemy than he
brought to his master, 91.
Barlow, Bishop, his notice of Boling-
broke's father, i. 11.
Bathurst, Lord Bolingbroke's "Let-
ters upon the Use of Retirement
and Study," addressed to, ii. 194.
Baxter, Mr., allusions to his "En-

quiry into the Nature of the Human
Soul," ii. 143 n.

Benson, Mr., appointed a Commis-
sioner of the Treasury, i. 119.
Bois de Boulogne, intrigues in fa-
vour of the Pretender carried on
at, i. 401.


VISCOUNT, Origin of the family of,
i. 3; descended from the ancient
Saxon nobility, 4; his birth 5; en-
trusted to the care of his grandmo-
ther, who consigned him to Daniel
Burgess the Puritan, 5, 6; Dr.
Manton's sermons made his daily
task book, 7; his theological studies,
and their effect upon his juvenile
mind, 7; sent to Eton; his dislike
to Sir Robert Walpole commenced
there, 8; removed to Christ Church,
Oxford, 8; his extraordinary ta-
lents displayed; his contempt for
book-learning, 9; considered by his
companions as resembling Crich-
ton, 10; compared to Rochester,
11; his excesses, 12; in the midst
of them discovered a taste for higher
pleasures, and cultivated the friend-
ship of men of genius, 12; his
friendship for Dryden, 13; verses
prefixed to Dryden's first edition
of Virgil, 13, ii. 285; publishes
Almabide, an ode, i. 14, ii. 287;
wrote the prologue to the Earl of
Orrery's tragedy of Altemira, i. 15,
ii. 296; sent to travel, i. 16; his
marriage with Sir Henry Winches-
comb's daughter, 18; their dis-
agreement and separation, 19; suc-
ceeds his father as representative
for Wootton Bassett, 20; seeks the
friendship of Harley, 22; enters
into his political views to rise by
a coalition of parties, 50; their
accusations against the Earl of
Portland, Lords Somers, Orford,
and Halifax, 51; extract from his
"Letters on History," 52; lessens
his popularity by supporting the
resolutions upon the Kentish peti-
tion, 52, 54; his eloquence in sup-
port of the ministry, 60; receives
an honorary Doctor's degree from
the University of Oxford, 63; joins
himself to the Tories, 63; extract
from his "Dissertation on Parties"
in support of his opinions, 64;
ranked as one of the leading speak-
ers in Parliament, 68; appointed
Secretary at War, 70; friendship
between him and the Duke of
Marlborough, 71; his reply to Har-
ley's accusations of ingratitude,
72; applies himself to the efficient

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discharge of the duties of his office,
73; introduces the bill for confer-
ring Woodstock upon the Duke of
Marlborough, 74; court intrigues
the immediate cause of his tempo-
rary disgrace but eventual supre-
macy, 75; bears testimony to
Harley's insinuating address, 82
n; not supposed to participate in
Harley's intrigues, 86; his resig-
nation, 92; his moderate politics
after his secession from office, 99;
launches into a fresh scene of
dissipation, 100; his immoralities
detailed to the Queen by Harley,
101; withdraws from parliament
and retires into the country, 102;
total change in his private life—
devotes himself to retirement and
study, 102; appointed Secretary of
State, 119; his letter to Mr.
Drummond respecting the new
ministry, 120; elected for Wootton
Bassett, and also for the county of
Berks, 125; his letter to "The
Examiner," 127; his eulogy on the
Queen and abuse of the Duchess
of Marlborough, 130; attacked in
"The Medley," 'The Whig Ex-
aminer," ""Isaac Bickerstaff," and
The Censor," 131; his reply in
the House of Commons to the Earl
of Godolphin's vindication of him-
self in the House of Lords, 136;
negotiations for peace managed by
him, 147; makes himself master
of the Spanish language for the
purpose of negotiating with Spain,
147; detects the intrigue between
France and Holland, 149; his
selfish policy, 150; Guiscard's at-
tempt to assassinate him, 151; his
life probably saved through refusing
Guiscard a private interview, 155;
his account of Guiscard's attempt
to assassinate Mr. Harley, 156;
leader of the House of Commons,
158; Swift's character of him, 159;
first symptoms of jealously between
him and Harley, 160; his cautious
policy on the appointment of Mr.
Prior as Ambassador to France
165; his instructions to him, 166;
appointed a commissioner to nego-
liate a peace with the French envoy,
170; his conference with Mesna-
ger, 170; his conduct throughout

the conferences, 178; approves of
Colonel Nicholson's proposal for an
expedition against the French set-
tlements in America, 180; his
letters to the Earl of Orrery, 183;
his proposal of forming a club,
183; its establishment under the
name of "The Brothers' Club,"
185; its early members, 185; his
calmness and self-possession
amidst the panic of his party, 192;
recommended a creation of peers,
193; his exertions to get Sir Tho-
man Hanmer's representation to the
Queen agreed to by the House of
Commons, 199; his answer to the
States of Holland on this represen-
tation, 200; manages the confer-
ences which preceded the treaty of
Utrecht, 200; takes advantage of
Lady Masham's quarrel with Ox-
ford to cultivate her friendship,204;
created Viscount Bolingbroke and
Baron St. John, 206; his indigna-
tion at being refused an Earldom,
206; his letter to the Earl of Straf-
ford, 206; to Sir William Wynd-
ham, 208; open disputes between
him and Oxford, 211; despatched
on a mission to France, 213; re-
ceived by the French court with
great consideration, 215; accused
of courting the society of the Pre-
tender at Paris, 216; unjustly
charged with being in communica-
tion with the Pretender, 217; his
attempts against the press, 224;
failure, 226; disappointed at not
abtaining the Order of the Garter,
228; succeeds in his negotiation
for a general peace, 235; review
of his conduct during that negotia-
tion, 238; prejudice of the Elector
of Hanover against him, 243; his
fears for his party in the event of
the Queen's death, 252; the coun-
cil a scene of tumult owing to the
disputes between him and Harley,
253; first gains the ascendancy
over Harley by voting against the
Elector's son sitting in the House
of Lords, 254; his bill to prevent
the growth of schism, 255; violent-
ly opposed by the Whigs, 255; his
conduct when charged with coun-
tenancing the enlisting of soldiers
for the Pretender, 260; the leading

Tories attached themselves to him
in preference to Oxford, 265; ac-
cused by Harley of cheating the
public of twenty thousand pounds,
269; his jealousy of the Earl of
Shrewsbury, 279; his mortification
at the appointment of the Earl to be
High Treasurer, 282: his behaviour
towards the Duke of Marlborough,
283; his schemes frustrated by the
death of the Queen, 284; measures
taken by him in anticipation of the
Queen's death, 285; his firmness
in parrying the attacks of his ene-
mies, 288; his letter to King
George the First, 290; despatch
for his dismissal, 290; seals of of-
fice taken from him by the Duke
of Shrewsbury, and his papers
sealed, 291; removal from office,
292; his letter to the Bishop of
Rochester, 293; his defence of the
late ministry in the debate on the
address to George the First, 297;
his account of Oxford's reception
by the King at Greenwich, 299;
solicits the honour of kissing the
King's hand, and refused, 301;
prepares to leave the country, 307;
his flight from Eng land, 308; his
arrival in France, 309; his flight
described in a letter from Dover,
310; his letter to Lord Lansdowne,
313; parliamentary inquiry into
his ministerial conduct, 317; re-
marks thereupon,221; extract from
the report of the committee, 331;
considerations of the charges
against him, 332; General Ross's
speech in his defence, 341; re-
solution for his impeachment pass-
ed, 341; charges contained there-
in 342, ii. 300; consideration of
the articles of his impeachment, i.
"Considerations upon the
Secret History of the White Staff.;
generally attributed to him, 351;
extract from Macpherson respect-
ing him, 354; extract from Carte's
Memorandum Book on the same
subject, 356; bill of attainder
passed against him, 358; invited
to join the cause of the Pretender,
360; refuses the offer, 361; re-
tires from Paris into Dauphiné,
363; receives a letter from the
Pretender, 365; joins him, 368;

his report of their first interview,
369; his opinion of the state of
parties in England, 372; accepts
the office of secretary of state under
the Pretender, 374; his account
of his second visit to the French
court, 376; opposes the intended
insurrection in Scotland, 395; ac-
cused by the Pretender's party of
being in communication with the
British minister at Paris, 402; let-
ter to Sir William Wyndham to
dissuade the Tories from further
supporting the Pretender, 406; his
dismissal from the service of the
Pretender, 408; the Queen Dow-
ager's letter to him, 410; calumnies
invented against him, 411; ac-
cused of having hired assassins to
murder the Fretender, 412; articles
of impeachment exhibited against
him by the Pretender, 414; his
answers, 419; causes of his dis-
gust with the Pretender, ii. 2; his
vexation at having joined him, 2;
his own religious opinions, and his
account of the religious opinions
of the Pretender, 5; his affectation
of a love of retirement, 8; eagerly
looks forward to some honourable
opportunity of making his peace
with the government, 9; his in-
terview with the Earl of Stair, 10;
their conversation, 11; its import-
ance, 13; his speech at the close
of their interview, 14; the rank
which the act of attainder had taken
from him bestowed upon his father,
16; his description of "A letter
from Avignon," 17; his corre-
spondence with Pope, 18; writes
his "Reflections concerning Innate
Moral Principles," 19; a full
defence of his conduct in the
form of a letter to Sir William
Wyndham, 22; his own descrip-
tion of it, 22; considered as one of
the most finished of his works, 25;
result of its publication, 26; forms
the first topic ofconversation andthe
general subject of controversy, 27;
numerous answers, critiques, and
remarks upon it, 27; books and tra-
vels his only refuge from ennui, 35;
quits the French capital, 36; his

Post-chaise paraphrase," 36.
299; death of his first wife,i.39; his

affection for the widow of the Mar.
quis de Villette, ii. 39; his jealousy
of M'Donald, a friend of the Mar-
quise, 40; accompanies the Mar-
quise to her vill at Marcilly, 41;
after a residence of two years
accompanies her to Aix-la-Cha-
pelle for her health, 41; privately
married to her, 41; his "Reflec-
tions upon Exile," written in imi-
tation of Seneca, 43; description
of it, 44; obtains the possession of
Marcilly through his marriage, 50;
purchases a small estate called La
Source, near Orleans, to which he
retired, 50; its romantic situation,
51; visited there by Voltaire, who
came to consult him upon the me-
rits of the " Henriade," 51; the
adornment of his château described
in a letter to Swift, 52; his inscrip-
tions, 52; remark concerning his
wife preserved among the Towns-
hend papers,
54; received his
long promised pardon, 55; sets
out to join his lady in London, 58;
meets with Bishop Atterbury in
Calais, 58; his arrival in London,
59; returns to France on accom-
plishing the object of his journey,
59; removes to Aix-la-Chapelle
for the benefit of the waters, 59;
his description of the company at
that place, 60; his letter to Swift,
60 n; his reply to Swift's compli-
ments upon his Lady, 61; his
reasons for residing abroad, 62;
his application to the ministers for
the reversal of his attainder, 64;
returns to La Source while Lady
Bolingbroke sets out for England a
second time, 65; joins her in Lon-
don, that his presence might assist
her exertions, 66; his frequent ap-
plications to the ministry that his
attainder might be unconditionally
repealed, 66; employs his friend
the Abbé Alari to intercede for him
with Walpole, 67; his petition
presented to the House of Commons
by Lord Finch, 67; his remarks
upon the King's message to the
House of Commons respecting him,
69n; opposition to the bill for
the reversal of his attainder, 70;
bill passed, 71; again entitled to
his patrimony, 71; disappointed at


the provisions of the bill, 71; in.
dulges the romantic idea of buying
the sovereignty of the Bermudas,
71; retires again to the pleasures of
a rustic life and purchases the villa
of Dawley, 72; his whimsical em-
bellishments, 72; severely hurt by
a fall from his horse while hunting,
74; still clings to politics,74; shares
Mr. Pulteney's antipathy to Wal-
pole, 75; his series of letters under
thetitle of "The Occasional Writer,"
76; his intrigue with the Duchess
of Kendal against Walpole, 80;
writes a memorial to the King full
of invectives against Walpole, 80;
his interview with theKing, 81; his
contributions to "The Craftsman,'
82; his "Letters upon the History
of England," 84; prosecutions
threatened against him,85; reply to
them, 85; his "Dissertations on
Parties," 91; its object, 92; dedi-
cated to the Earl of Orford, 93; his
literary occupations, 94; his scep-
ticism occasionally displayed in
his correspondence with Swift, 96;
his religious opinions expressed
among his private friends, 99; re-
marks upon his conduct with re-
gard to Pope, 105; examination
into his philosophical works, 108;
extract from his "Fragments of Es-
says, 110; letter occasioned by one
of Archbishop Tillotson's sermons,
114; substance of some letters to
M. de Puilly, 115; his opinion of
Josephus, 116; his opinion of the
Old Testament, 120; extract from
his fourth essay, 122; conclusion
of the fourth essay, 123; his at-
tempt to separate the gospel of St.
Paul from that of JesusChrist, 126;
his arguments to prove that the
religion of Jesus Christ is nothing
more than Platonism revived and
altered, 128; effect of his philo-
,sophical writings upon his fame,
132; his system of theology, 134;
the immortality of the soul, 135;
his moral attributes of the Deity,
148; summary of his system, 152;
retires with his wife to a retreat
called Chantelou, near Fontaine-
bleau, 156; said to be driven
abroad by Walpole's attack upon
him in the House of Commons,

156, the declining health of Lady
Bolingbroke, and the quarrel with
his party, the true reasons for his
removal, 162; his "Letters on the
Study of History" commenced soon
after his arrival in France-ad-
dressed to Lord Cornbury, (after-
wards Lord Hyde,) 162; his re-
marks upon the different motives
which carry men to the study of
history, 163; his remarks upon the
true use of history, 165; his eighth
letter, an elaborate defence of his
own ministerial conduct, 169; his
indignation at Warburton's criti-
cisms upon his letters, 174; cen-
sures Pope for obtaining his opinion
concerning them, 175; Pope's un.
successful endeavours to reconcile
him to Warburton, 175; errors in
his quotations, 175; his relation of
the story of Abgarus, 176; criti-
cisms upon it, 177; his political
letters to the opposition, 181; his
letter to the Earl of Marchmont,
184; his letter to the Earl on the
opposition party's secession from
parliament, 186; his disapproval
of the secession, 189; his despond-
ing sentiments, 191; his projected
History of Europe, 192; laid aside
on account of his increasing in-
firmity, 193; his letter to Lord
Bathurst on the true use of retire-
ment and study, 194; his letter
upon the "Spirit of Patriotism"
addressed to Lord Cornbury, 198;
returns for a short time to England,
203; resides with Pope at Twick-
enham during his stay in England,
203; sells his Dawley estate, 203;
Pope's description of his mode of
living after his return to France,
203; builds a pavilion in a garden
belonging to the abbey of Sens,
205; his intimacy with Prince
Frederick, 207; Horace Walpole's
assertion that he suggested a base
scheme to the Prince, 207 n; his
"Idea of a Patriot King," 208;
"A short Letter upon the State of
Parties at the accession of George
the First," annexed to "The Patriot
King," 213; delivered the manu-
script to Pope to get it printed at a
private press, 214; his indignation
at the discovery of 1500 copies of

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