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From this Time forwards, 'till the King's Return to Kent, these Lords met every Day in the Councilchamber at Whitehall, and by that prevented the Unruliness of the Rabble';, who, the firft Hour after the King's abfconding, pull'd down the Houses of the Florentine Envoy, and the Spanish Ambaffador : The last of wbom had full Amends made him, notwithstanding so high an Iofolence; for the Earl of Aluigrave (tho' his. Master was gone, and his Staff laid afide) yet thought the Honour of the Nation fo much concern'd, that he presum'd to take upon himfelf to order an Apartment in Ibitehall immediately, and a great Table to be kept for him twice a-Day, with Yeomen of the Guard to attend in his ourward Room, (which they never do but on the King only) for which Strain of Authority he had the Fortune to be thank'd by the Prince of Orange. This was the highest Respect that could possibly be paid to the King of. Epain his Master; and yet for himself a beti ter Reparation was made afterward by King William, who gave him 17,000 1. in lieu of his Lofles; but it rather was for his.good Service in persuading all the House of Austria to acknowledge him King.
All this was after the King's being discover'd in Kent, before which Time the Peers fat daily in the Council chamber at IV bitchall; wbere the Lord Mulgrave one Morning happened to be advertis'd pri vately, that the King had been feiz'd by the angry Rabble of Feverfbam, and had sent a poor Countryman with the News, in order to procure his Refcue; which was like to come too late, since the Meffenger had waited long at the Council-door, without any Body's being willing to take Notice of him. This fad Account mov'd him with Compassion, at such an extraordinary Instance of worldly Uncertainty ; and no Cautions of offending the prevailing Party were
able to reftrain him from thewing a licde Indignation at fo mean a Proceeding in the Council. Upon which, their new President adjourn’d it hastily, in order to prevent him; but that Lord earnestly conjur'd theni all to sit down again prefently, that he might acquaint, them of a Matter which admitted of no Delay, and was of the highest Importance imaginable. Accorda ingly the Lords, who knew nothing of the Bufinets, could not but hearken to it; and those few that guess'd it and saw the Consequence, yet wanted Time for concerting enough together, about so nice and fo yery important a Matter. The Lords therefore fatt down again ; and he then represented to them, what a Barbarity it would be for such an Allembly to con pive at the Rabble's tearing in Pieces even any prä yate Gentleman, much more a Prince: So that they fufpended their Politicks a-while, and callid in dhe Messenger, who told them with Tears, how the King had with inuch. Difficulty engag?d him to deli yer a Letter from him, to any Persons whom he could find, willing to save him from so imminent a Danger,: The Letter had no Superscription, and was to this Effect: To acquaint the Reader of it, that he had been discover’d in his Retreat by fome Fishermen. of Kent, and secur'd at first there by the Gentry, who were yet afterwards forc'd to relign him into the Hands of an infolent Rabble.
On so pressing an Occasion, and now so very pub dickly made known, the Council was fiurprizi and under fome Difficulty : At present'it infuenc'd them enough to make them fend two Hundred of the Lifeguard under their Captain the Earl of Feucriam, firit Ao rescue the King from all Danger of the comma People, and afterward to attend him to the Sea-fide, if he continued his Refolution of netirug; which
they thought it more decent to connive at, than to detain him here by Force.
* But it seems he was prevail'd on to lay afide, or rather defer his Journey to France, 'till a farther Opportunity; and it is not unlikely, that trusting no Body at that Time, he might only pretend to be convinc'd of his Error in going away, in order to get a better Opportunity for it at London than be could hope for in that Country, where he was so narrowly watch'd. But whatever his Design was, the Shew of Welcome which attended his Coach thro' London, inclin'd him a little to fight his Friends ; openly blaming all those Peers, who, in his Absence, and out of mere Necessity, had taken on themselves a Power that was so very useful to the publick Quiet. 5: The King's Return alter'd all the Measures taken in the Prince of Orange's Camp; which was by this Time become a Court, and all Places suppos’d to be at their Disposal. The Prince (who needed Counfel, had now more Occafion than ever to afsemble all those about him, who were either of Quality or Confideration enough for it) at last resolv'd to connive at the King's going into France, and to preserve him from Violence in order to it.
According to this Design of forcing him away by the Despair of any Accommodation, the Earl of Fe
versham (whom the King fent to the Prince) was clapt into Prifon immediately, and Mr. Zuylestein was fent in all Haste to Kent, to forbid the King's approaching to London.
But the King was arriy'd there before; which ob lig'd the Prince to dally no longer, and to send three Lords in such a Manner, as might seem almost to pronounce his Doom. They came about Midnight, and defir'd. Admittance to his Bed-side; where the Marquis of Hallifax inform’d him from the Prince,
that it was dangerous to his Majesty, as well as the publick Peace, to remain in London; and fo defired his immediate going to Ham, a House near it, belonging to the Dutchels of Lauderdale.
The King understood the Message, as well as his Danger in being refractory; therefore only defired Ham might be chang'd for Rochefiter, a Town not far from the Sea-coast of France, to which the Lords foon brought him the Prince's Consent; and to be was convey'd thither by Water, under a Guard of fifty Dutchmen, whose Officer had private Orders to qet him escape afterwards to France.
The same Night that the King was sent thus to Rochester, the Prince of Orange came to London ; where the People were so frighted with a Report spread about of fome Irish Papists intending a Maf sacre, that he was receiv'd with Satisfaction:
The next Day he fummon'd all the Lords in Town to St. Janes's, where he kept his Court; and after he had in a few Words opened the Cause of his coming, he desir'd them to consider of the fitteft Means to accomplish the good Ends and Promises in his Declaration
The Lords accordingly met next Day, where they only chose the Marquis of Hallifax for their Speaket, and made an Order against any Papifts appearing about the House of Parliament. But on Monday following, Notice was brought to the Lords of the King's being escaped from Rochester, according to the before-mention'd tacit Agreement about that Matter between him and the Prince.
They all agreed also now in two Things, the most important that could be. The first was, that a Convention should be fummoned by circular Letters in the Prince of Orange's. Name, to all thore Places which have a Right of chuling Members of Parlia
ment: And secondly, that the Prince should be defired to manage all publick Affairs, as well as the publick Moneys, in the mean Time.
This Address of the Lords, investing the Prince with almost regal Power, yet was a little perplexing ; for, as he could not but think it dangerous to dally with such an Offer : fo, on the other Hand, it was not very safe to accept it, without the Approbation of the Commons also.
The Difficulty lay in this; that he could have that Approbation neither formally, nor plainly, without first assembling a Parliament, which yet itself alone was so great an Act of Sovereignty, that to call it by the Lords Advice only, was in a Manner accept ing the regal Power from them.
He was advised in this, for a good Expedient was resolved on. He replied, that he would consider of their Address: and in the mean Time affembled at St. James's all those in Town who had been Members of King Charles's two last Parliaments; together with the Lord Mayor, Court of Aldermen, and fifty Representatives of the Common-Council; whom he desired to consider the Neceflity of coming preently to some good Resolution.
Accordingly they all went to Westminster next Day, where in the usual House of Commons (chusing Mr. Powel for their Speaker) they imitated the Lords, in making exactly the fame Address.
As soon as they had thus publickly address’d to the Prince, and every Man had privately adjusted his own Conditions with him ; both Houses dissolved themselves, in order to go into their several Countries to influence the approaching Election of that Convention which was to settle all Things.
The Pretensions of the Princefs of Denmark were casily accommodated : For, since the Lord Churchill