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only thought, spoke to some particular Friend, and to be soon forgot : It is unpardonable Cruelty, for we are fully perswaded had Mr. Pope revis'd all the Works publish'd as his, he would have left nothing indecent or to be complain'd of, and the Rondeau, the Letter to a Lady about an Hermaphrodite, and all. in that Strain, bad never had a Place any
where but in the Fire, which is propereft for them; not that there is any Thing fo very heinous in them that they may be call’d wicked, they are only jocofely obscene; but it is unmannerly, only to thew any tho’ the leaft Indecency to the Publick, and those Things which are pardonable among Companions and Intimates, would be insufferable to be done or spoke, where. Perfons of both Sexes, and all Ages and Degrees, are suppos'd present.
These, tho' very great, were not all the Injuries which Mr. Pope receiv'd; he was by different People publickly accus’d to be an open and mortal Enemy ta. bis Country; it was said he had abus’d the King, the. Queen, his late MAJESTY, both Houses of PARLIAMENT, the Privy-Council, the Bench of BiSHOPS, the Establish'd Church, and the prefent Ministry. It was said he had been brought up with a Contempt of the sacred Writings, and having said in one of his Letters to Mr. Cromwell, “ Priests inis deed in their Characters, if they represent God, are. sacred, and so are Confiables, as they represent the King;
you will own a great many of them are. os very odd Fellows, and the Devil a Bit of Likeness is in them.” This was interpreted a general Dislike to all Christian Priests, tho’ others said, he was wholly biass’d and govern'd by them. They declared, that he was no Poet only a Versifier, understood no Greek, and trick'd his Subscribers ; callid him Ape, Ass, Frogs lurking way-laying Coward,
Knave, little abject Thing, Fool; nay, Welfted had the Impudence to tell in Print, (as all the other Abuses are) that Mr. Pope had occafion’d a great Lady's Death, talking about what he was not at all inform’d, for he nam'd a Lady which Mr. Pope had never heard of: This Man added, that he had libelld the Duke of Chandos, with whom this false Parson said he had liv'd in great Familiarity, and receiv'd from him a Present of Five Hundred Pounds, the Falsehood of both which was known to his Grace. Mr. Pope never receiv'd any Present, farther than the Subscription for Homer, from him or any Great Man whatsoever; and all he ow'd in the whole Course of his Life to any Court, was a Subscription for his Homer of Two Hundred Pounds, from the late King, and One Hundred from his present Majesty and the late Queen, then Prince and Princess of Wales.
All this and more had Mr. Pope to bear, not only these Falsehoods and uncommon Scurrilities, but even Threats; and one declares, he ought to have a Price fet on his Head, and be hunted down as a wild Beast; another protests, that he does not know what may happen, advises him to insure his Person, says he has bitter Enemies, and expresly declares, it will be well if he escapes with his Life.
Not intimidated with these bold and open Threats, he, as we have shown before, continued to oppose and satirize Vice and Folly, and defend Wisdom and Virtue, and at length publishes his last poetical Work, a fourth Book of the Dunciad; in which the Poet being to declare the Completion of all the Prophecies mentioned at the End of the former, makes a new Invocation, as the greater Pocts are wont, when some high and worthy Matter is to be sung. He shows the Goddess coming in her Majesty to destroy Order and Science, and to substitute
the Kingdom of the Dull upon Earth: How she leads captive the Sciences, and filencerh the Muses; and what they be who succeed in their Stead. All her Children by a wonderful Attraction, are drawn about her; and bear along with them alfo divers others, who promote her Empire by Connivance, weak Refiftauce, or Discouragement of Arts ; fuch as half Wits, tasteless Admirers, vain Pretenders, the Flatterers of Dunces, or the Patrons of them. All these crowd round her: One of them offering to approach her, is driven back by a Rival, but the commends and encourages both. The first who speak in Form are the Geniuses of the Schools, who affure her of their Care to advance her Caufe, by confining Youth to Words, and keeping them out of the Way of real Knowledge. Their Address, and her gracious Answer; with her Charge to them and the Universities. The Universities appear by their proper Deputies, and assure her, that the fame Me thod is observed in the Progrefs of Education : The. Speech of Aristarchus on this Subject. They are driven off by a Band of young Gentlemen, return’d: from Travel with their Tutors; one of whom delivers to the Goddess, in a polite Oration, an Account of the whole Conduct and Fruits of their Travels presenting to her at the same Time 'a young Nobleman perfectly accomplish'd. She receives him gracioufly, and indues him with the happy Quality of IVant of Shame. She sees loitering about her a Number of indolent Perfons abandoning all Business and Duty, and dying with Laziness; to these approaches the Antiquary Annius, intreating her to make them Virtue fos, and assign them over to him: But Mums mius, arother Antiquary, complaining of his fraudu. lent Proceeding, the finds a Method to reconcile their Difference. Then enter a Troop of People
fantastically adorn’ds offering her strange and exotick Presents: Amongst them one stands forth and demands Justice on another, who had depriv'd him of one of the greatest Curiosities in Nature : But he justifies himfelf so well, that she gives them both her Approbation. She recommends to them to find proper Employment for the Indolents before-mention'd, in the Study of Butterflies, Shells, Birds-nests, Mofs, &c. but with particular Caution, not to proceed beyond Trifles, to any useful or extensive Views of Nature, or of the
Author of Nature. Against the last of these Apprehenfions, she is secur'd by an Address from the Minute Philofophers, &c. one of whom speaks in the Name of the rest. The Youth thus instructed and principled, are delivered to her in a body by the Hands of Silenus, and then admitted to taste the Cup of the Magus her High Priest, which causes a total Oblivion of all Obligations, divine, civil, moral, or rational. To these her. Adepts the sends Priefts, Attendants, and Comforter's, of various Kinds; then confers on them Orders and Degrees; and finally dismisling them with a Speech; confirms to each his Privileges, warns One in particular not to exceed them, and concludes with a Yawn of extraordinary Virtue, the Effects of which are not unfelt this Day.
Mr: Pepe has been in this Piece equal to himself Some there are, who at this Crisis, when the publick Dulness of ten Years past was come under Inquiry, were in great Expectations of meeting with a political Satire ; but the ingenious Author kas given the World only a Satire on Modern Life, and the Cont duct of it in gerieral; from the School to the University, from the Univerpty to Travel, from Travel into the various Branches of Dulness; in which falfe Wits and Men of false Tafie, false Philojophers, and
Men of false Religion, exercise their Faculties. The Poet has not particulariz'd many Follies of the fair Sex; however, he has not paid them any Compliment, as he has made the Sovereign of Dulness a Female, coming in all the Majesty of a Goddess, to destroy Science and Learning : But then he has given to the Sex some of the greatest Excellencies human Nature is capable of poffcssing. The Description of Science, Wit, &c. Captives at the Footstool of Dulness, is a Picture so full of Imagery, that every Figure as much presents itself to your View, as if drawn by the Pencil of Le Brun..
Beneath her Footstool Science groans in Chains, And Wit dreads Exile, Penalties and Pains ; There foam'd rebellious Logick, gagg'd and bound, There strip'd fair Rbetrick languilh'd on the Ground; His blunted Arms by Sophistry are born, And shameless-Billingsgate her Robes adorn. Morality by her false Guardians drawn, Chicane in Furs, and Cafuiftry in Lawn, Gasps, as they streighten at each End the Cord, And dies when Dulness gives her Page the Word, Mad Mathesis alone was unconfind,
Too mad for mere material Chains to bind, in:}
Oft her gay Sister's Life and Spirit fled,