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T. Twining's Translation of Aristotle you will find a short, but interesting mention of him.”
The words of the excellent and learned and modest Mr. Twining, are these, p. xxx. edn. 2d. :
“ It is now six years since the Translation was finished; and both that, and the Dissertation and Notes, have received every advantage of revision and correction, which either my own care, or friendly criticism could give them. And upon this occasion I cannot refuse myself the gratification of publicly acknowledging how much I owe to the accurate judgment and just taste of one person in particular, (the Rev. Dr. Forster of Colchester,) in whom I found precisely that friendly censor, so happily and so comprehensively characterized by the Poet as
* Eager to praise, yet resolute to blame,
Hayley's Epistle on the Death of Mr. Thornton. and of whom, indeed, I may say, without any fear of indulging too far the partiality of friendship, that he never shrinks from any task, whether of private kindness, or more general benevolence, that calls for his assistance, and stands in need of his abilities.”
“You have written very sensibly about the author of Junius,” says Dr. Parr in a Letter to Mr. Butler, (without date, but dictated between Jan. 22, and March 2, 1822.) “and we must allow that the pamphlet, which ascribes the book to Sir Philip Francis, and Brougham's critique upon it, contain very striking probabilities; but they make little impression upon my mind; for I, for these 40 years, have had the firmest conviction that Junius was Mr. Lloyd, brother to Philip Lloyd, (Dean of Norwich,) and Secretary to George Grenville. My information came from two most sagacious observers; and when I spoke to the second, I did not tell him what I had previously heard from the first. One of my witnesses was Dr. Farmer, a most curious, indefatigable, acute searcher in literary anecdote, and he spoke with confidence uubounded; the other was a witness of
a yet higher order, who opposed, and I think, confuted Junius, upon the Middlesex-Election. He was a most wary observer, and a most incredulous man indeed. He had access, not to great statesmen, but to the officers, who were about the House of Commons, and the House of Lords. He rested neither day nor night till he had made the discovery; and there lives not the human being, upon whose judgment I could rely more firmly for a fact.”
Dr. Nath. Forster has been already pointed out by me in the book entitled The Claims of Şir Philip Francis K. B. to the Authorship of Junius's Letters, disproved, Lond. 1828. 12mo. p. 262, as undoubtedly the person, to whom Dr. Parr alludes; and the Rev. Wm. Field, in his Memoirs of the Life, Writings, aud Opinions of the Rev. S. Parr LL.D. 2, 224. had, from the Bibliotheca Parriana p. 400, rightly conjectured Dr. N. F. to be the person alluded to. Forster's employment, in making the Index to the Journals of the House of Commons, furnished him with the opportunities and means of information, of which Dr. Parr speaks.
In the Bibliotheca Parriana p. 587, mention is made of a Discourse dedicated to Dr. Forster, and I suppose from the date of it that the Dr. F. alluded to is the cousin of Dr. F. of Colchester: “ God's Universal Goodness displayed, in a Discourse delivered to the Society of Free Enquirers, by a Member of that Church, which is as old as the Creation, dedicated to Dr. Forster, 1751. A Let
ter to the Deists by the Author of God's Universal Goodness displayed, 1751. 8.”
From the Biographical Dictionary, as edited hy Chalmers, I learn that the executor of Dr. Joseph Butler, the learned and argumentative Bishop of Durham, who died June 16, 1752.
was his chaplain, the Rev. Dr. Nath. Forster,
divine of distinguished literature, who was especially charged to destroy all his MS. Sermons, Letters, and Papers.” This executor was the editor of Plato. My excellent friend, the Rev. T. Crompton, in a Letter dated London, May 13, 1827. writes thus :- “The Rev. Peter Fors-ter, my father-in-law, was the youngest brother of Dr. Nath. Forster, the learned editor of the Dialogues of Plato, etc., chaplain to Bishop Butler, and afterwards to Archbishop Herring, whose Life may be seen in Nichols's ninth Volume of Literary Anecdotes, printed from a MS., which I found among my father-in-law's papers, and, I doubt not, written by himself, (i. e. my fatherin-law.)” In a Letter dated July 13, 1827. Mr. C. writes : - “ The epitaph on the Platonic Dr. Forster, my wife's uncle, was written, as I remember by Bishop Hayter. It is in the biographical sketch, published in the Literary Anecdotes.” And in another Letter dated April 2, 1827.:—“I can give but little information with respect to the connection between Dr. Parr and
Dr. Forster of Colchester. I have frequently heard from Mr. Forster, my father-in-law, Dr. F.'s cousin, that, while Dr. Parr lived in Colchester, there was much intercourse between him and Dr. F., and that they entertained a most sincere esteem for each other; and from all that I have heard of the talents and character of Dr. Forster, I can have no doubt that this was the case.”
Extract from a Letter dated Jan. 2, 1783, and
written by Dr. Forster of Colchester to a friend, on the subject of Dr. Parr as a Master.
“ I advise nothing. He is, as you well know, the best of scholars, and as far as instruction goes, , the best of masters. And, if it be an object with you, at all events to make your son a scholar, you cannot do better than send him to Parr. But his theory of discipline I detest. He certainly acts upon principle. He thinks, too, but I fear he is sometimes mistaken, that he studies the disposition of the boy, and treats him accordingly. When I call Parr the best of masters, I mean, according to the present mode of education. This mode especially at the outset, I think absurd and irrational to the last degree. But, while it continues to be the mode, it must in some mea
sure be followed by all at least, who wish to have their sons pass for fine scholars, and get Scholarships and Fellowships at our famous Universities. And long, I fear, will it continue, notwithstanding the many attempts of the most enlightened of the human race to extirpate it.” “ I am not at all surprised that
have not succeeded as you wish. It is impossible you should. I know but two principles, that can make a child attend to the jargon of our Latin Grammars, or to any jargon. And these are emulation, or fear of punishment: reward will not do. There can be no emulation with a single pupil ; and your doses of fear, I am sure, would not be Q. S. I know but one comfortable method, comfortable both to the pupil and the master, of literary education. Begin with English, read the easiest pieces of English, as well in prose as verse.
Go on gradually to more difficult writers. Explain such parts as are intelligible; pass over others : in time all will be intelligible. Go on gradually to the grammar of English; give instances of good and bad English in the course of reading : the simplest first. These instances will lead to rules — to rules as well of general grammar, as of the English in particular. A little easy metaphysics will come in of course. For in distinguishing and classing words you must distinguish and class ideas. And, unless I am much mistaken, a child will easily comprehend