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them will be very useful for intelligent readers. Mr. Green had formed a very just opinion of Warburton and Hurd; and his notices of Hurd in particular give not only a clear, however unfavourable, insight into his literary, moral, and theological character, but a very correct analysis of his writings. Those will best relish the Tracts by Warburton and a Warburtonian, who best understand the writings and the character of Warburton and Hurd. The extracts are long, but their excellence will atone for their length, and the reader will find frequent mention of Parr in the course of them. He will not fail to notice that, though Mr. Green was only the acquaintance of Dr. Parr, and therefore may be supposed to be an unprejudiced judge, yet the sentence, which he has passed on Hurd, perfectly well accords with the sentiments of Dr. Parr.
But before I proceed to make the extracts from the Diary, I will copy the following list of Mr. Green's publications from A Memoir of Thomas Green Esq. of Ipswich, with a Critique on his Writings, and an Account of his Family and Connections, 1825. 4to. printed at Ipswich, not published, but most courteously presented to me
with the petitioners' at the Feathers-Tavern, to whom Porteus in his own statement represents himself to have been quite opposed. E. H. B.]
by the Guardians and Executors under Mr. Green's Will. 1. The Micthodion, or, A Poetical Olio, by a young Gen
tleman, Lond. 1788. 12mo. (published in conjunction with a friend, and noticed in the Monthly Review 78,
527.) 2. A Vindication of the Shop-Tax, addressed to the Land
holders of England, Lond. 1789. 8vo. 3. Slight Observations upon Paine's Pamphlet, principally
respecting his Comparison of the French and English Constitutions, with other Incidental Remarks : in three Letters from a Gentleman in London to a friend in the
Country. Lond. 1791. 8vo. ( Monthly Rev. 6, 460.) 4. Political Speculations, occasioned by the Progress of a
Democratic Party in England, Lond. 1791. 8vo.
( Monthly Rev. 6, 461.) 5. A Short Address to the Protestant Clergy of every De
nomination on the fundamental Corruption of Christianity, Lond. 1792. 8vo. (Monthly Rev. 9, 236. Critical
Rev. 6, 472.) 6. The Two Systems of the Social Compact, and the
Natural Rights of Man, examined and confuted, Lond. 1792. 8vo. (Monthly Rev. 13, 106. Critical Rev. 1],
222.) 7. Critical Observations on the sixth Book of the Æneid.
Lond. originally printed 1770, reprinted 1794. 8vo.
* There is no preface to the reprint, but Mr. Green has added the following words by way of a prefix :-“A most clear, elegant, aud decisive work of criticism, which could not, indeed, derive authority from the greatest name, but to which the
8. An Examination of the Leading Principle of the New
System of Morals, as that Principle is stated and applied in Mr. Godwin's Enquiry concerning Political Justice, in a Letter to a Friend, 1798. 8vo. A second edition was published in 1799, and contains a Preface, (substituted for the short Advertisement in the first edition,)
greatest name might with propriety have been affixed. This book is ascribed, and I think with great probability, to the very • learned and ingenious author, to whom the public is indebted ' for the History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire. • Be the writer who he will, the reader will say with me that « the work is, πίδακος εξ ιερής ολίγη λιβάς. Tracts by Warburton and a Warburtonian p. 192."
“ This tract,” says Dr. Parr, (Bibl. Parr. 629,)“ supposed to be written by Mr. Gibbon, and scarcely to be found in any catalogue, was in 1794, republished, and obligingly sent me by the unknown editors. I was told by Mr. Godwin that the original edition had been suppressed, and that the persons, who republished it, were Mr. Symonds and Mr. Green of the Temple." “ The motto to the tract is very appropriate:
“ As the reasonable De la Bruyere observes, 'Qui ne sait étre un ' Erasme, doit penser à étre un Eveque.' Pope's Works 4, 321. with the Commentaries and Notes of Mr. Warburton."
Gibbon closes the pamphlet with the following words.-" It is perhaps some foolish fondness for antiquity, which inclines me to doubt, whether the Bishop of Gloucester has really united the severe sense of Aristotle with the sublime imagination of Longinus. Yet a judicious critic, (who is now, I believe, Archdeacon of Gloucester,) assures the public that his patron's mere amusements have done much more than the joint labours of the two Grecians. I shall conclude these observations with a remarkable passage from the Archdeacon's
a Postscript, and some alterations in the pamphlet itself. In the title-page of this edition he has inserted
his name. 9. Extracts from the Diary of a Lover of Literature,
Ipswich, 1810. 4to. pp. 241. 10. Prayers for Families, consisting of a Form short, but
TUES OF EACH OF THEM.
Dedication of Horace's Epistle to Augustus, with an English Commentary and Notes : It was not enough, IN YOUR ENLARGED VIEW OF Things, to restore either of these models, (Aristotle or Longinus,) to their original splendour. They were both to be revived ; or rather A NEW ORIGINAL PLAN OF CRITICISM to be struck out, whiCH SHOULD UNITE THE VIR
This experiment was made on the two greatest of our own poets, (Shakespeare and Pope,) and by reflecting all the LightS OF THE IMAGINATION ON THE SEVEREST REASON, every thing was effected, which the warmest admirer of ancient art could promise himself from such a union. But You WENT FARTHER ; – by joining to these ' powers A PERFECT INSIGHT INTO HUMAN NATURE, ennobling the exercise of literary, by the justest moral censure, YOU HAVE AT LENGTH ADVANCED CRITICISM TO ITS FULL GLORY !'"
The Bishop of Gloucester “ sometimes reached," says Dr. Parr, (Tracts by Warburton and a Warburtonian p. 150,) “ the force of Longinus, but without his elegance, and you exhibited the intricacies of Aristotle without his exactness. When a celebrated Commentary upon Horace was first published, Malone, Reed, Farmer, Tyrwhitt, Steevens, the two Wartons, Burke, and in his critical capacity, Dr. Johnson, had not come forward as the guides of the public taste. This is SOME sort of plea for setting Warburton at the head of English critics. I cannot so readily account for the superiority assigned him over Longinus and Aristotle, unless the Commentator had
comprehensive, for the Morning and Evening of every Day in the Week : selected by the late Edw. Pearson D. D. Master of Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge, and Christian Advocate in that University. To which is prefixed a Biographical Memoir of the Editor by Mr. Green, 1819. 12mo. 4th. edn.
read their works, as Warburton was now and then suspected of reading them, in a French translation. Our critic knew * that it was not every wood, that will make a Mercury,' and yet he compliments Warburton, as if nobody would dispute * the fitness of that, which was growing so near the altar,' (Note on line 15. of the Epistle to Augustus.) The Commentator, it seeins, was offended with Lipsius for exalting an Archbishop of Mecklin with Pagan complaisance, into the
order of Deities. I wish to know whether, if he had written the Dedication to Horace in Latin, he would have found it consistent with his own Christian complaisance, to have called Warburton a deus in criticism, just as Scævola calls Crassus in dicendo deum, (de Orat. 1. et 2.) and, as Cicero, in addressing the Senate after his return from exile, says of Lentulus, that he was the parens et deus nostræ vitæ, fortuna, memoria, nominis, etc. I am far from wishing to apologize for the shocking adulation of Lipsius, or to recommend the abovementioned use of deus to a modern writer of Latin. But I suspect that no man, who understands the Latin language, will find more of the spirit of Aattery in the word deus restrained and limited by its subject, than in the pompous pageantry of praise spread by the Commentator over the Rev. Mr. Warburton, when the latter was advancing fast towards a Bishoprick.”
May 12, 1800. Read Hurd's Notes on Horace's Epistle to Augustus,” says Mr. Green p. 220. “In the Dedication he requires, in a perfect critic, reason, or what he calls a philosophic spirit,' to penetrate the grounds of excellence in every