Analyzing Bach Cantatas

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Oxford University Press, 2000 - 286 Seiten
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Bach's cantatas are among the highest achievements of Western musical art, yet studies of the individual cantatas that are both illuminating and detailed are few. In this book, noted Bach expert Eric Chafe combines theological, historical, analytical, and interpretive approaches to the cantatas to offer readers and listeners alike the richest possible experience of these works. A respected theorist of seventeenth-century music, Chafe is sensitive to the composer's intentions and to the enduring and universal qualities of the music itself.

Concentrating on a small number of representative cantatas, mostly from the Leipzig cycles of 1723-24 and 1724-25, and in particular on Cantata 77, Chafe shows how Bach strove to mirror both the dogma and the mystery of religious experience in musical allegory. Analyzing Bach Cantatas offers valuable information on the theological relevance of the structure of the liturgical year for the design and content of these works, as well as a survey of the theories of modality that inform Bach's compositional style. Chafe demonstrates that, while Bach certainly employed "pictorialism" and word-painting in his compositions, his method of writing music was a more complex amalgam of theological concepts and music theory. Regarding the cantatas as musical allegories that reflect the fundamental tenets of Lutheran theology as established during Bach's lifetime, Chafe synthesizes a number of key musical and theological ideas to illuminate the essential character of these great works.

This unique and insightful book offers an essential methodology for understanding one of the central bodies of work in the Western musical canon. It will prove indispensable for all students and scholars of Bach's work, musicology, and theological studies.
 

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Inhalt

THE HERMENEUTIC MATRIX
3
Aspects of the Liturgical Year
11
THE LUTHERAN METAPHYSICAL TRADITION IN MUSIC AND MUSIC THEORY
23
CANTATA 21 ICH HATTE VIEL BEKUMMERINIS
42
Commentary on the Individual Movements
51
MODAL QUESTIONS
72
The SeventeenthCentury Background
73
Bach and Modal Tradition
82
O grosser Gott von Macht in Cantata 46
132
TWO CHORALE CANTATAS
139
Es ist das Heil uns kommen hier Cantata 9
149
CANTATA 77 THE THEOLOGICAL BACKGROUND
161
The Text of Cantata 77
174
DU SOLLT GOTT DEINEN HERREN LIEBEN AN ANALYSIS OF CANTATA 77
183
Commentary on the Individual Movements
189
CANTATA 60 O EWIGKEIT DU DONNERWORT
220

Durch Adams Fall Andreas Werckmeister on the Hypophrygian Mode
89
BACHS REFLECTION ON THE PAST MODAL CHORALES IN CANTATA DESIGNS
101
Durch Adams Fall ist ganz verderbt in Cantatas 18 and 109
102
Ach Gott vom Himmel sieh darein in Cantatas 153 and 2
111

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Über den Autor (2000)


Eric Chafe is the Victor and Gwendolyn Beinfield Professor of Musicology at Brandeis University. His previous books include Monteverdi's Tonal Language (1992), which won both the American Musicological Society's Kinkeldey Award and the ASCAP-Deems Taylor Award, and Tonal Allegory in the Vocal Music of J. S. Bach (1991).

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