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private authors of all the anonymous pieces against him, and from his having in this poem attacked * man living, who liad not before printed, or published fome scandal against this gentleman.

How I came poffest of it, is no concern to the reader ; but it would have been a wrong to him had I detain’d the publication ; since those names which are its chief ornaments die off daily so fast, as must render it too foon unintelligible. If it provoke the author to give us a inore perfect edition, I have my end.

Who he is I cannot say, and (which is a great pity) there is certainly t nothing in his style and manner of writing, which can distinguish or discover him: For, if it bears any resemblance to that of Mr. Pope, it is not improbable but it might be done on purpofe, with a view to have it pass for his. But by the frequency of his allusions to Virgil, and a labourd (not to say affected) Shortness in imitation of him, I should think him more an admirer of the Roman poet than of the Grecian, and in that not of the same taste with his friend.

• The publisher in these words went a little too far : But it is certain, whatever names the reader finds that are unknown to him, are of such ; and the exception is only of two or three, whose dulness, impudent fcurrility, or self-conceit, all mankind agreed to have jusly intitled them to a place in the Dunciad.

+ there is certainly nothing in his Nyle, &c.] This irony had small effect in concealing ihe author. The Dunciad, imperfect as it was, had not been published two days, but the whole Towa gave it to Ms Pope.

I have been well informed, that this work was the labour of full fix * years of his life, and that he wholly retired himself from all the avocations and pleasures of the world, to attend diligently to its correction and perfection ; and fix years more he intended to bestow upon it, as it should seem by this verfe of Statius, which was cited at the head of his manuscript,

O mihi biffenos multum vigilata per annos,

Dunciat! Hence also we learn the true title of the poem ; which, with the same certainty as we call that of Homer the Iliad, of Virgil the Æneid, of Camoens the Lusiad, we may pronounce, could have been, and can be no other than

The DUNCI A D.

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* the labour of full fix years, &c.] This also was honestly and seriously believed by divers gentlemen of the Dunciad. J. Ralph, pref. to Sawney. " We are told it was the labour " of fix years, with the utmost affiduiry and application : It is

no great complimeut to the author's lense, to have employed " so large a part of his life," @c. So also Ward, pret. to Durgen, “ The Dunciad, as the publisher very wisely confeffes, “ cost the author fix years retirement from all the pleasures of

life; though it is somewhat difficult to conceive, from either “ its bulk or beauty, that it could be so long in hatching, « dc. But the length of time, and closeness of application, “ were mentioned to prepossess the reader with a good opinion " of it."

They just as well understood what Scriblerus said of the Poem.

+ The prefacer to Curl's Key, p. 3. took this word to be really in Statius : " By a quibble on the word Duncia, thę « Dunciad is formed.” Mr Ward also follows him in the same opinion,

to stir

It is styled Heroic, as being doubly so ; not only with respect to its nature, which, according to the best rules of the ancients, and stricteft ideas of the moderns, is critically such ; but also with regard to the heroical disposition and high courage of the writer, who dar'd

up

fuch a forinidable, irritable, and inplacable race of mortals.

There may raise some obscurity in chronology from the Names in the poen, by the inevitable removal of some authors, and insertion of others, in their niches. For whoever will consider the unity of the whole design, will be sensible, that the poem was not made for these authors, but these authors for the poem. I should judge that they were clapp'd in as they rose, fresh and fresh, and chang'd from day to day ; in like manner as when the old boughs wither, we thrust new ones into a chimney.

I would not have the reader too much troubled or anxious, if he cannot decypher them ; fince, when he shall have found them out, he will probably know no more of the persons than before.

Yet we judg'd it better to preserve them as they are, than to change them for fictitions names; by which the fatire would only be multiplied, and applied to many instead of one. Had the hero, for instance, been called Codrus, how many would have affirmed him to have been Mr T Mr E. Sir R. B. &c. but now all that unjust scandal is saved by calling him by

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a name, which by good luck happens to be that of a scal person.

II.

A LIST of

BOOKS, PAPERS, and VERSES, In which our Author was abused, before the Publica

tion of the DUNCIAD; with the true Names of the Authors.

REFLECTIONS critical and fatirical on a

EFLECTIONS critical and fatirical on a

late Rhapsody, called, An Essay on Criticifm. By Mr Dennis, printed by B. Lintot, price 6 d.

A New Rehearsal, or Bays the younger ; containing an Examen of Mr Rowe's plays, and a word or two on Mr Pope's Rape of the Lock. Anon.

[by Charles Gildon] printed for J. Roberts, 1714, price i s.

Homerides, or a Letter to Mr Pope, occasioned by his intended tranflation of Homer. By Sir Iliad Dogrel. [Tho Burnet and G. Ducket, esquires] printed for W. Wilkins, 1715, price 9 d.

Ælop at the Bear-garden; a vision, in imitation of the Temple of Fame, by Mr Preston.

Sold by John Morphew, 1715, price 6 d.

The Catholic Poet, or Protestant Barnaby's Sorrowful Lamentation; a Ballad about Homer's Iliad. By Mrs Centlivre, and others, 1715, price id.

An Epilogue to a Puppet-lhew at Bath, concerning

the faid Iliad. By George Ducket efq; printed by E. Curl.

A complete Key to the What-d'ye-call-it. Anon. [by Griffin a player, supervised by Mr Th-] printed by J. Roberts, 1715.

A true character of Mr P. and his writings, in a leto ter to a friend. Anon. [Dennis] printed for S. Popping, 1716, price 3 d.

The Confederates, a Farce. By Joseph Gay, [J. D. Breval] printed for R. Burleigh, 1717, price is.

Remarks upon Mr Pope's translation of Homer; with two letters concerning the Windfor Forest, and the Temple of Fame. By Mr Dennis, printed for E. Curl. 1717, price is 6d.

Satyrs on the translators of Homer, Mr P. and Mr T. Anon. [Bez. Morris] 1717, price 6 d.

The Triumvirate : or, a Letter from Palæmon to Celia at Bath. Anon. [Leonard Welfted] 1711, Folio, price i s.

The Battle of Poets, an heroic poem. By Tho. Cooke, printed for J. Roberts. Folio, 1725.

Memoirs of Lilliput. Anon. [Eliza Haywood] octavo, printed in 1727.

An Essay on Criticisin, in prose. By the Author of the Critical History of England [J. Oldmixon] octavo, printed 1728.

Gulliveriana and Alexandriana ; with an ample preface and Critique on Swift and Pope's Miscellanies. By Jonathan Smedley, printed by J. Roberts, oct. 17.28.

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