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NOTES AND QUERIES:
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LITERARY MEN, ARTISTS, ANTIQUARIES, GENEALOGISTS, ETC.
“When found, make a note of.”—CAPTAIN CUTTLE.
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SATURDAY, JUNE 8. 1861.
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2ND S. No. 284.]
Stamped Edition, 5d.
THE PIOUS ROBERT NELSON.
Now ready, 8vo., with Portrait, price 108. 6d.
LIFE AND TIMES OF ROBERT NELSON,
Author of "COMPANION TO THE FASTS AND FESTIVALS OF THE CHURCH."
BY THE REV. C. F.
Incumbent of Holy Trinity, Vauxhall Bridge Road.
has done excellent sense and feeling, and as the result of considerable research. The work is well and carefully done as a whole, and is written with a right spirit, and in a fair and sensible tone."-Guardian, April 4.
"Mr. Secretan has given us a careful, discerning, and well-written account of an English worthy, whose works are familiar as household words in most homes, and whose life was spent in deeds of Christian philanthropy."-Morning Post.
"Mr. Secretan's biography is worthy to take its place by the side of those which old Izaak Walton has left us, and Nelson was just such a character as Izaak Walton would have loved to delineate. The record of his devout and energetic life is most interestingly traced by Mr. Secretan." -John Bull.
"There can be little doubt that Mr. Secretan's Life of Robert Nelson is an important addition to our Standard Christian Biographies."Notes and Queries.
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NOTES AND QUERIES.
FIRST SERIES, Vols. I. to XII.
"It was not the smallest part of Dr. Johnson's eulogium on Gilbert Walmsley, that what he did not immediately know he at least knew where to find,' for, assuredly, the next best thing to possessing information is to know where to meet with it. To supply such a place was the object for which the weekly journal, NOTES AND QUERIES, was established. How many waifs and strays have been picked up in ithow many points of English literature, history, and biography have been elucidated in it, may be judged of by the fact that an Index to the First Series of twelve volumes has just been published, which contains between 30,000 and 40,000 references. The utility of such a volume, not only to men of letters, but to well-informed readers generally, is too obvious to require proof, more especially when it is remembered that many of these references are to articles which themselves point out the best sources of information upon their respective subjects."-The Times, June 28, 1856.
"Here we have a wonderful whet to the First Series of NOTES AND QUERIES, exciting the appetite of those who do not yet possess it, and forming that kind of necessary accompaniment to it which must be procured by those who do. If the Index to one volume of NOTES AND QUERIES be a marvel, twelve times more marvellous should be the Index to VOLS. I. to XII. It is not exactly that, however. Brevity has been studied. No main point has been left unindexed, but minute details have been, from the very necessity of the case, passed over. There are only about seventeen thousand entries in the Index. Each entry has sometimes, however, a dozen references, and the nature of the secondary reference is in each instance indicated. Perhaps the whole number of references to the body of the Series may exceed forty thousand; and such an Index, there can be no doubt, adds very materially to the value of the Series it makes so perfectly available. Practically, in fact, the value of the First Series of NOTES AND QUERIES as a work of reference is doubled to all students by this publication."—Braminer, July 12.
"A GENERAL INDEX to the valuable and curious matter in the First and completed Series of NOTES AND QUERIES is a great boon to the literary student. Each half-yearly Volume has had its own Index, but a search through a dozen separate lists is an affair of time and trouble. The present complete Index is not formed by a mere throwing together of the subordinate ones, but is a new and extended and wellarranged table of contents. Having already had occasion to refer to it on various points, we can bear testimony to its usefulness. The labour of preparing such a work must have been great, and much credit is due to Mr. Yeowell, the compiler, for the manner in which he has executed his task. The Index is alphabetical; but in the general alphabet are included the following classified headings: Anonymous Works Books, Notices of New Coins-Documents inedited - Epigrams Epitaphs-Folk-lore-Inscriptions Junius-Photographs Popiana Proverbs-Quotations Reprints suggested Shakspeare -Songs and Ballads."- Examiner, July 26.
LONDON, SATURDAY, JUNE 8. 1861.
CONTENTS. --No. 284.
NOTES:- London Libraries: Harleian, Bishop Moore,
the Earl of Pembroke, the Lord Somers, the Lord Halifax, the Duke of Kingston, Richard Smyth, Mr. Secretary Pepys, Mr. Wild, Mr. Thomas Britton, and Dr. Beaumont, 441-Tyburnian Gleanings, 445. MINOR NOTES:-An Historical Parallel in Two Statesmen The Salt-Box: Richard Porson: Francis HopkinsonA Critical Error: Hall's" Satires 99 - Army List-Thomas Pearne: Gregory Blunt, Esq., 448. QUERIES:- Samuel Barrow, M.D.-Bearing Royal Arms "Branded like a Coward"-Family of Brodie of Brodie Camberwell - Chaplains' Scarfs Charade Thomas Cookson, D.D.-Copland Family, Chatham-Essex Queries French Coin-Seneschals of Gascony-Matilda, Lady
de Manley-Navy List-Ancient Oats-Identification of Portraits Varley's Elementary Treatises Watch Papers, 449. QUERIES WITH ANSWERS:-Dr. Meryton-Cornish Ballads, &c.-Was William III. ever christened?-Thomas Messingham-Lincolnshire: Commission of the PeaceGenre, 451.
REPLIES:- Epitaphs Remodelled, 452- Excommunica tion, 454-Prologue Spoken by George III., Tb.- Sir John Shorter, Lord Mayor of London, 455-Anianus, Bishop of
St. Asaph, Tb. -Two-foot Rule: Five-foot Rod, 456 Chatterton's Papers-Anthem -Queen Catharine's Letter Quid Rides
Spinoza-Poets ascribe Feeling, &c.
The Liburni Anonymous The White Queen The Oak and the Ash Portrait of Walter Strickland Adm. Samuel Greig, his Family, &c.-The Date of Elizabeth's Release from the Tower-Paris Testament of 1662 -Franks-Sobriquets of the United States, &c., 457. Notes on Books.
(Continued from p. 424.)
HARLEIAN. For libraries in more expressly particular hands, the first and most universal in England, must be reckoned the Harleian, or Earl of Oxford's library, begun by his father and continued by himself. He has the rarest books of all countries, languages, and sciences, and the greatest number of any collector we ever had, in manuscript as well as in print; thousands of fragments, some a thousand years old; vellum books, some written over; all things especially respecting English History, personal as well as local, particular as well as general. He has a great collection of Bibles, &c., in all versions, and editions of all the first printed books, classics, and others of our own country, ecclesiastical as well as civil, by Caxton, Wynkyn de Worde, Pynson, Berthelet, Rastall, Grafton, and the greatest number of pamphlets and prints of English heads of any other person. Abundance of ledgers, chartularies, old deeds, charters, patents, grants, covenants, pedigrees, inscriptions, &c., and original letters of eminent person's as many as would fill two hundred volumes; all the collections of his librarian Humphrey Wanley, of Stow, Sir Symonds D'Ewes,
Prynne, Bishop Stillingfleet, John Bagford, Le
BISHOP MOORE. - Dr. John Moore, the late Bishop of Ely, had also a prodigious collection of books, written as well as printed on vellum, some Capgrave's Chronicle, books of the first printing very ancient, others finely illuminated. He had a at Mentz, and other places abroad, as also at Oxford, St. Alban's, Westminster, &c. After his death his late majesty bought them for seven thousand pounds, and gave them to the University of Cambridge."
EARL OF CLARENDON.- Henry Earl of Clarenhe spent his whole time and substance too almost, don had a vast treasury of curiosities in this kind; I may say, upon inquiries and purchases of books and pamphlets, manuscripts, and medals; in the latter article whereof Mr. Evelyn was greatly beholden to his communications in the compiling his Numismata [Lond. fol. 1697.] Of some of his printed books, and such as were burnt at Cornbury, there are catalogues in print; but not of half the manuscripts he bought. For safety he reposited them in St. Martin's Library, then built by Archbishop Tenison, when Dr. Gibson, now Bishop of London, took a catalogue of them, which being styled Tenisoniana 3, a just offence was taken by the honourable owner, and as Dr. Rawlinson has observed, the MSS. were immediately removed.+ This noble Earl bought all Sir James Ware's collection relating to Ireland, now in the possession
1 The first considerable purchase of books by Robert Harley, Earl of Oxford, was made in August, 1705, and which by means of agents abroad as well at home, at the time of his death, in 1724, was one of the most remarkable libraries in England. Edward, the second Earl, that noble patron of literature and learned men, continued to make additions with equal zeal and liberality. At his death on June 16, 1741, this noble collection included nearly 8,000 volumes of MSS.; about 50,000 volumes of printed books; 41,000 prints; and about 350,000 pamphlets. The printed books were purchased by Thomas collection of MSS., containing 7639 volumes, exclusive of Osborne for 13,000l. to be dispersed; but fortunately the 14,236 original rolls, charters, deeds, and other legal instruments, was purchased by government for the sum of 10,000Z.
2 Dr. John Moore, successively Bishop of Norwich and library, consisting of 30,755 volumes, was purchased in Ely, died 31st July, 1714. His curious and magnificent 1715 by George I. for 6,000 guineas, who presented it to the Public Library at Cambridge. It fills up the rooms on the north and west sides of the court over the philosoFor memoranda of his printed books and MSS. see Addit. phy and divinity schools, arranged in twenty-six classes. MSS. 5827. 6261. 6262., in the Brit. Museum, Vide
Hartshorne's Book Rarities in the University of Cambridge, pp. 18-24.
5 Dr. Gibson's Catalogue is entitled "Librorum Manuscriptorum in duabus insignibus Bibliothecis, altera Tenisoniana Londini, altera Dugdaliana Oxonii Catalogus. Oxon. 1692, 4to."
The English Topographer, p. 115., 1720, 8vo.
of the Duke of Chandos. He had abundance of other manuscripts, ancient and modern, of which I have seen many chests full, for he was an indefatigable collector, and held correspondence with most of the learned and curious men of his time, who were continually addressing him with some historical or political observations and tracts or others; but how scattered and consumed, most of them I fear, it is a grief for me to think. He wrote many himself, and published some, but they have not his name. He had great knowledge of the history of the Peerage, Privileges, and Customs of Parliament, Prerogative, &c. Whilst young, and with his father Sir Edward Hyde abroad, he was much trained in reading, translating the epistolary intercourses of some of the most eminent; (he) translated all Cardinal D'Ossat's Letters into English, and I have seen the fair copy of his own hand in a thick volume of above 1000 pages folio. His father then also engaged him to a translation of the Marquis de Rosny's negotiations in England, 1603, out of the Memoirs of the said Marquis, afterwards Duke of Sully, as the best rudiments of such knowledge as is necessary in the arts of government and negotiation. And indeed that account, though somewhat prolix, is the most copious, and gives the best light into the parties and factions, prospects and pursuits of the English Court, the best introduction to our history upon the succession of the Scottish line, of any that is to be found in all our own chronicles. At other times his father employed him as his amanuensis, and in transcribing his own correspondence, historical and political, particularly his Essays and Discourses, Moral and Divine, whereof during our domestic discords, he wrote many abroad, as he did afterwards also in his exile. The
5 Sir James Ware's MS. collections relative to Ireland were purchased of his heir by Henry, second Earl of Clarendon, when lord-lieutenant in 1686, and after his death by the Duke of Chandos. These underwent a second dispersion by public auction, 1745-6. Dr. Milles, Dean of Exeter, whose uncle had considerable property in Ireland, purchased a large part, and deposited them in the British Museum, Addit, MSS. 4755. to 4802. Of these MSS. a Catalogue was printed at Dublin in 1648, and again by Bernard, Catalogi Librorum Manuscriptorum Angliæ et Hiberniæ, tom. ii. part ii., p. 8., Oxon. 1697.
6 See an interesting chapter on the fate of the Clarendon manuscripts in Lady Theresa Lewis's Lives of the Friends and Contemporaries of Lord Chancellor Clarendon, i. 65*-87.*
7 Arnoldus D'Ossat, Cardinal Bishop of Rennes, and afterwards of Bayeux. In the beginning of the reign of Henry IV. he was sent to Rome to effect a reconciliation between Clement VIII. and his royal master. He died on March 13, 1604. His Life, by Madame Thiroux D'Arconville, is in 2 vols. 8vo. Paris, 1771. Dr. Rawlinson says, "The Letters of this great Cardinal contain all the negociations relating to the affair of the absolution of Henry IV.; and, according to the politicians, may be a model to those who treat with the Court of Rome. The best edition is that of 1708, Lettres avec des Notes His
folio volume lately printed contains not a quarter of the said Chancellor Clarendon's Remains, one of the most important of which, and that he principally designed for posthumous publication, was his own Life, fairly transcribed by his secretary Mr. Shaw, for the press, in near 200 pages folio; but, through certain womanish fears of its throwing some odium on the memory of other persons, it has been denied the justice of clearing From such laudable applications of the his own. father, the son became such a lover of the like, that I have been assured by his own sister, the Lady Francis Keightley, that he spent no less than an hundred thousand pounds upon the collections aforesaid.
THE EARL OF SUNDERLAND made an admirable collection of books in polite learning, particularly the rarest editions of the classicks, &c. The King of Denmark proffered his heirs thirty thousand pounds for it, and Queen Zara would have inclined them to part with it; but for the honour of England it still retains those jewels, though it could not that jewel little regretted, which the French King gave twice that money for.2 His Lordship bought the collection made by Mr. Adrian Beverland, which was very choice in its kind. This is undoubtedly the best way of gathering a library, especially if the collector was of our own profession, taste, &c. It saves a great deal of time, trouble, and money; for duplicates and subjects disregarded by one man will be as much another's choice; besides, this wholesale method often supplies the purchasers with many rarities he would otherwise never have known of, or might search to pick up singly in vain his whole life. This was the method taken by the Earl of Anglesey, who in the thirty years he disposed himself this way, bought several whole libraries, particularly that of Mr.
toriques et Politiques de M. Amelot De la Houssaie, Amst. 12mo. 5 vols.
8 The Miscellaneous Works of the Right Hon. Edward, Earl of Clarendon; being a Collection of several valuable Tracts written by that eminent Statesman, published from his Lordship's original MSS. fol. 1727, 1751. These tracts were obtained from the Chancellor's youngest daughter, Lady Frances Keightley.
9 Sarah, Duchess of Marlborough.
1 Charles Spencer, third Earl of Sunderland (ob. April 19, 1722) was distinguished by his encouragement of learning and learned men. (Spectator, vol. vi. Dedication.) His library was removed to Blenheim in 1749, comprising upwards of 17,000 volumes, in various languages, arts, and sciences, all arranged in elegant cases, with gilt wire latticed doors.
2 Probably an allusion to the Pitt diamond, purchased by the regent of France in 1717, as a jewel for the crown. Jeffreys says the price paid for it was 125,000l., other authors say 130,000l.
5 Adrian Beverland, a classical scholar, memorable for his learning, the licentious character of his writings, and his contrition. He died about 1718.
Oldenburgh, Secretary of the Royal Society.4 Hence his collection was so numerous; hence so universal, so extraordinary for its abundance, us well as scarcity thereof; hence such recourse, such acknowledgment thereunto by many persons of honour and learning, though possessed of very great libraries themselves, for the sight of many they could no where else see. But this, in October, 1686, was divided and dispersed again by an auction, as though it had never been, as appears by the Catalogue then printed in quarto, and published by Mr. Tho. Philipps, his Lordship's Gen
SIR HANS SLOANE has a very large Collection of Books in all faculties and languages, old printed books and manuscripts, whereof he has about 3000 volumes, and above 1200 of them in folio. Above all, his library is one of the most complete in Travels, Voyages, and Natural History in Europe. A large museum of natural and artificial rarities, as shells, jewels, fossils, plants, animals, medals, antique and modern, Roman and Greek antiquities, ores of all sorts, a vast quantity of which had been collected by that great virtuoso Mr. William Charleton, consisting together of the greatest variety in England. He has great books of plants, all exotic and native; an extraordinary collection of voyages, travels, and discoveries in most European languages; many manuscripts never printed, in Latin, Italian, Spanish, French, German, Dutch, Flemish, and English.?
4 Henry Oldenburgh, a mathematician and natural philosopher, born in 1626, and died in 1678. Vide Wood's Fasti, (Bliss); Martin's Biog. Philosophica, p. 109; Worthington's Diary, i. 192; Gent. Mag. li. 629; Nichols's Lit. Anec. iv. 442; and "N. & Q." 2nd S. vi. 270.
5 Arthur Annesley, first Earl of Anglesey of that family: ob. April 6, 1686. The Catalogue of his library is entitled "Bibliotheca Anglesiana, sive Catalogus variorum librorum in quâvis linguâ, et facultate insignium: quos cum ingenti sumptu et summâ diligentiâ sibi procuravit Honoratiss. Arthur Comes D'Anglesey, Privati olim Sigilli Custos, et Carolo Secundo à Secretioribus Conciliis. Quorum Auctio habebitur Londini, in Edibus Nigri Cygni ex adverso Australis Porticus Ecclesiæ Cathed. Paulin in Cemiterio D. Paul. 25 die Octob. 1686. Per Thomam Philippum, Generosum, olim Oeconomum prædicto Comiti. 4to. 1686." This sale is memorable for the discovery of the Earl's note on the fly-leaf of a copy of Eirwy Baodin, attributing this work to Bishop Gauden, which occasioned a keen controversy.
Evelyn, in his Diary, Dec. 16, 1687, says, "I carried the Countess of Sunderland to see the rarities of one Mr. Charlton [Courten is the family name] in the Middle Temple, who showed us such a collection as I had never seen in all my travels. It consisted of miniatures, drawings, shells, insects, medals, animals, minerals, precious stones, &c. This gentleman's Collection is estimated at 8,000Z." See also for Evelyn's second visit, Mar. 11, 1690.
7 Sir Hans Sloane died on the 11th Jan, 1753.
DR. MEAD has also a renowned library, somė of which he picked up at Rome many years ago, and industriously made improvements ever since.8
The EARL OF CARBURY has a noble collection; amongst them many relating to mystical divinity.
collect a library of English history, journals of The EARL OF KENT has spared for no cost to parliament, visitations, pedigrees, &c.
The EARL OF PEMBROKE 9 is stored with antiquities relating to medals, lives, also with seals, figures, busts and sculptures in marble and in precious stones.
The LORD SOMERS's collection consisted in the laws of this and other nations in various languages, and of our own English historians, both printed and in manuscript. I think they are now in the custody of Sir Joseph Jekyl, Master of the Rolls, who being now dead, they are to be sold by auction.'
The LORD HALIFAX made an excellent collec
tion; they were well chosen and well digested.
The DUKE OF KINGSTON has also a very numerous and valuable library, whereof he has printed a Catalogue.3 The Lord Hay has also made many curious collections for several years past. His Lordship has also large and well chosen collections in Civil Law and Mathematics. The Lord Colerain and Bishop Kennett had a library of
collections, now in the British Museum, were purchased by parliament for 20,000. His MSS. consist of 4100 volumes, of which a Catalogue was compiled by Samuel Ayscough, 2 vols. 4to. 1782.
8 Richard Mead, M.D. died on Feb. 16, 1754. The sale of his library in Nov. and Dec. 1754, lasted for fiftyseven days, and realised 55187. 10s. 11d.: his pictures, coins, and other antiquities, 10,550. 18s.
9 Henry Herbert, ninth Earl. Vide Nichols's Literary Anecdotes, passim.
1 John Lord Somers died on the 26th of April, 1716. Addison dedicated to him the first volume of the Spectator. The collection called the Somers Tracts, first printed in 1748, in sixteen volumes, 4to., and again in 1809-15, in thirteen volumes, 4to., edited by Sir Walter Scott, consists of scarce pamphlets selected principally from the library of Lord Somers. A valuable collection of original letters and other papers left by his lordship was consumed in a fire which happened in the Chambers of the Hon. Charles Yorke in Lincoln's Inn Square, on the 29th Jan. 1752.
2 Charles Montagu, created Earl of Halifax, and Viscount Sunbury, co. Middlesex, 14th Oct. 1714: ob.
5 Evelyn Pierrepoint, the first Duke: ob. 1726. The Catalogue of his library made seventy-seven sheets of folio, of which only twenty copies were printed. It is adorned with head and tail pieces of the Duke's house, library, gardens, &c.
4 George Henry Hay, of Pedwardine, afterwards the 7th Earl of Kinnoul in Scotland: ob. 1758.