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He charmes the beasts with those sweet swoln and verdant are also in the poems. straines of his

Ib. 8. cf. “ Once join'd, the contrary she The lion, Tiger, bore, the beare, the Asse, The Sheep, the lamb, ye Hart together was.

proves,

S. A.' 1037. The birds flock theither, all with wonder 118. 6. Conditioned : this elliptical conment

struction is especially Miltonic; but the Behold with Silence, and a charm’d content.

whole stanza is very typical. 120. Cyparissus turn'd into a Cypresse 119. 1. cf. the Thracian Bard In tree.

Rhodope,' P. L.' vii. 34-5; and see Sweet Cyparissus whom Apollo lou'd

Raleigh's reference to the passage (op. cit. A fair tame hart his light affections mov'd with him he sported, play'd and to the

p. 36): he notes that this story of Orpheus brooke

always had so singular and personal a fascinOft lead in leash : In him he pleasure took:ation for Milton." The fascination is who laid among the sheltring trees on day, from him in jest receivs a wound, away

evident in the loving way in which it is His life departs: which thinge alas! seen,

handled in this script. he

HUGH C. H. CANDY. Mournes : and is chang'd into a Cypresse tree,

(To be continued). 111. 1. sore opprest; cf. sorc beset." 'P. L.' x. 124.-Ib. 2. cf. To Michael thus

FOLK-LORE: CAUL his humble words addressd." P. L.” xi. 295.-16. 3, 4. of: - Calls Lucina to her lore regarding cauls. The human caul had

There is a tremendous amount of interesting throws;" ‘M. W.' 26.-16. 5. cf. each clasping charme and secret holding spell.

à distinct superstitious value, especially T. 23. 6 (from foot).-16. 7. cf. her falsc

amongst sea-faring men. Its efficacy as a resemblance"'P. R.' iv. 320.

talisman, or amulet is not yet entirely

obsolete, even in these days, on the North 112.

among the trees" is a Milton East coast. Robinson, in his 'Glossary of phrase, and pluck, flowry, inshrine, belong Words used in the Whitby District,' speaking to his vocabulary; corticcous is typical. of " Caul” (or kell, or smcar), says:

The membrane over the face with which 113. 5. Rageing fitt: cf. ecstatick fit.

some children are born. A caul is worn about The Passion,' 42; the use of the capital the person as a protection from drowning; and letter to lend emphasis may be noted. cf. | for those who are going to sea, as much as Captive, Poor and Blind,” 'S. A.' 366. £5 may be instanced as offered for one in the

public papers. 114. 3. Tyred is here a dissyllable (seo Such advertisements appeared as recently Bridges, op. cit. 21-2). The rhythm recalls as the 'nineties, in the Hull Times and other a famous line ( S. A.' 41):

journals published in the northern districts Eye/less | in Galza | at the Mill | with near the sea, and a number of these my late

slalves

father collected. In his book, ' Yorkshire Tylerd, with tralvell | on the gra/sse

she liles

Folklore,' he makes lengthy reference, at Ib. 5.

a present course : cf. my pre- p. 104, to this subject, from which I take the sent journey,” 'P. L.' ii. 85; our present

following:

When a child is born with a mask or caul lot,”Ib. 223. Ib. 6. round about: rather

over its head, good luck will follow it all the a common phrase in Milton; cf. round days of its life, always provided that the caul about Jove's altar," Ib. p. 48; singing is properly preserved. There is some rite in round about thy bed ;" * Vac. Ex.' 63.

the preservation of such, the details of which

I have never been able to obtain. That 115. 5. cf. other doubt possesses me,” such cauls, or masks, were held in high esteem 'P. L.' ix. 251. --IV. 6. cf.“ Osiris, Isis, at one time is proved by the prices paid for Orus and their Train;"' ' P. L.' i. 478; train them, not because they had belonged to people

of note or high degree, but because they is much used by Milton.

possessed the power to ward off many evils

Sailors 116. 1. twice five and three : cf. e're yet which might, assail the possessor. my age Had measur'd twice six years,

even to-day (1911). set great store by them.

They act as a charm, saving the possessor from 'P. R.' i. 209-10.

drowning in case of a wreck. These veils 117. 3. Eccerp't: This word is very sug- the evil they could work, should such ever

were much prized by witches, and great was gestive of Milton; so is meanders (Ib. 5). ;

come into their possession, hence the necessity we find

trembling leaves,” · P. L.' iv, 266; 1 of using all precaution against their loss.

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Amongst some MS. notes made

A FOURTEENTH CENTURY RAID.--The follate father I find a caul rhyme (with the lowing list is not only interesting, it is also note : In June, 1875, Hird, of Bedale, an important contribution to the literaturo

ancient gave me these lines :")

of comparative market values in

(mediaeval) and modern times. It is taken A lass if born in June with a caul

from Vol. ii of the Calendar of InquisiWill wed, hev baims & rear 'em all. But a lass if born with a caul in July,

tions' (Miscellaneous) issued by the Record Will lose her caul & young will die. Commissioners, and tells of a foray or raid Every month beside luck comes with a caul made by certain Staffordshire men on the If safe put by,

house of one of their own kin in the year If lost she may cry; For ill-luck on her will fall.

1324, two years after Thomas Earl of LanFor man it's luck-be born when he may- caster's defeat at Boroughbridge, when, in If it safe be kept ye mind,

so many instances, brethren of the same But if lost it be he'll find

blood were arrayed one against the other, Ill-deed his lot for many a day.

originating family feuds which

in some When the writer went out to France cases persisted for years after. during the war an old Yorkshire couple The Inquisition, which was held at Essyngave him one of their most treasured posses-ton, Co. Stafford, on the Tuesday next after sions—a caul in a silver box of que St. uke, 18 Edw. II. (1324), returned that workmanship which was so small as to go Nicholas de Swynnerton Parson of [Mucinto the corner of a waistcoat pocket. They clestone), David his groom, Sir Richard would take no refusal, though I pointed out [de Swynnerton] le Bedul, chaplain, and the likelihood of its being lost, after they John de Charnes had broken vi et armis into had said they wouldn't lose this treasure for the close of John de Swynnerton of Hilton, anything. However, they were so sure that and carried off thence the following goods :I could neither be drowned nor killed whilst

4 brazen pots and one carrying "the caul,” that they felt quite "

posnet

valued at 52 shillings. certain of receiving it back. As is fell out the 1 basin with 2 ewers

} mark. Germans got the talisman (at Equancourt) | 1 shield with 1 saddle when they broke through our line on the

and 2 bits, 1 habCambrai front and probably threw the ergeon, 1 ventail,

and 1 collaret

10 marks. mysterious shrivelled contents of the box 3 habergeons

20 shillings. away. The old couple never knew of their 3 bacinets

30 shillings. loss, for they both died before the end of 1 pair of jambers, the war.

cuisseurs, and
poleyns

15 shillings. Mr. P. Shaw Jeffrey, in his

2 tents

6 marks, • Whitby Lore and Legend,' says :-

2 cross-bow's

2 marks. 2 bows

1 mark. In the days of Nelson, when seagoing was 1 sack, 1 barhude, 1 far more dangerous than now, a child's caul saddle and 1 box in the Royal Navy fetched as much as £30. for harness

20 shillings. The long period of comparative safety at sea 1 piece of silver

15 shillings. brought down the price as low as 1s. or 1s. 6d. 2 silver-gilt cups

7 marks. When, however, the submarines got to work, 2 silver dishes

44 shillings. and the dangers of seagoing increased, the price 2 swords of war

15 shillings. began to rise steadily, so that within a short 1 mazer сир

and 1 time the value of a child's caul stood at three

goblet

15 shillings. guineas, and even higher prices were realised. 2 pair of iron gloves

1 mark. This is a very striking proof that, even in these 7 oxen and 2 cows, 1 days of higher education, superstition and mark each

9 marks, danger go hand in hand. The child's caul is 5 mares and 4 foals, 8 regarded as a safeguard against death by marks each

72 marks. drowning. The origin of the belief is that, 13 she-goats

13 shillings. at the time of birth, the caul, which envelops

The last three entries illumine the whole the head of the child, is full of water, & if

catalogue. not immediately removed, would literally drown the newly-born infant! Because the

The obsolete words of this list may be child is thus saved from drowning, the caul found in any good dictionary, with perhaps is looked upon as a charm against drowning. the exception of barhude, i.e., bearhide,

J. FAIRFAX-BLAKEBOROUGH. a box so covered. Grove House, Norton-on-Tees.

CHARLES SWYNNERTON, F.S.A.

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EDMUND HARRISON OF THE BRODERERS' | amongst them that of Jane Harrison : COMPANY.—Among other plate owned by the that in its way it remains monument Broderers' Company are the two celebrated of her. cups presented respectively by John Parr Doubtless the Broderers will extend to and Edmund Harrison, replicas of which this monument the same reverent care that are in the South Kensington Museum.

On they devote to that of her husband in St. the guest nights of this Company these cups

Giles. are handed round with interesting ceremony,

Amongst Weever's MS. extracts for his and the memory of their donors recalled and

'Funeral Monuments,' from the Register of duly honoured. On the outside rim of the Halling (Kent) which has now disappeared, lid of the cup presented by Edmund Harrison is the following under “ Burials ” : is engraved :

1613 July 24 . ,. The same day two abortive The Gift of Edmund Harrison, Imbroiderer gentleman were buried.

sonnes and twinnes of Mr. Thomas Godfrey to our late Soveraigne Lord King James deceased, and unto Our Soveraigne Lord King

Jane Harrison had another brother called Charles, that now is, 24th Jan. 1628 : then Michael, whose son Michael was so tragically being Warden of the Company of Broderers. Godfreyed at the Seige of Namur, on

And on the foot of the cup runs the legend : 17 July, 1695, aged 37. He was at the time

E. HARRISON Ob: 9 Jan. 1666 As 77, was a Deputy Governor of the Bank of England, in parishioner of Cripplegate. At the age of 10 he married Jane the eldest daughter of Thos the formation of which he had taken Godfrey Esqr of Hodiford in Kent, by whome prominent part. Macaulay in his 'Hisho had 12 sons and 9 daughters, of whom 5 tory' wrongly attributes this to his father, only survived him viz Godfrey, Edmund, who died in 1691, aged 67. Peter, Sarah and Jane.

F. LAMBARDE. This Edmund Harrison was buried in St. Giles's, Cripplegate, where monument,

CURIOUS SNUFFBox (cf. ante p. 450).—I with an inscription to his memory, remains. have a snuffbox in the form of a small book Jane, his wife, was the eldest daughter of in leather binding, stamped and tooled, on 'Thomas Godfrey by his second wife, and was

the back ‘Don Juan.' It is composed of a the eldest daughter of his 18 children by his large number of pages, gilt-edged, properly two wives. Thomas Godfrey married firstly bound up, but having a vesica-shaped cavity Margaret only daughter of William Lam- cut though the centre of all the pages from barde, the well-known Kentish antiquary. cover to cover, lined with leather. The She was born in 1586, and died on 30 June, front cover opens with, a spring catch, and 1611 ; there is a monument to her on the east is a great surprise to anyone looking at it wall of the south aisle of Winchelsea Church. as a book, and fingering the edges of leaves Thomas Godfrey married secondly Sarah and covers. Iles. By her he had twin sons and another

WALTER E. GAWTHORP. son, all of whom died when infants; and then a daughter, Jane. Subsequently they were the parents of Sir Edmund Berry God

Queries. frey, whose mysterious murder created such

We must request correspondents desiring a sensation. So that when their daughter information on family matters of only private married Edmund Harrison--who,

his

interest to affis their names and addresses to monument describes him, “ had lived above

their queries in order that answers may be 40 yeeres a batchelour "-in 1629, the year

sent to them direct. after he had presented the cup to his Company, she could scarcely have been more than CONGREVES.--I remember in the 'fifties 15 years of age.

what I suppose were the forerunners of the On the east wall of the Cloister of West- Swedish wooden matches. They

in minster Abbey, near the entrance to the turned wooden boxes about 4 inches high, Chapter House, is a monument placed there and held matches circular in section and to the memory of one

of Jane's younger with the heads most brilliantly coloured in brothers who died whilst a pupil at West- all the hues of the rainbow. Am I right in minster School under the famous Richard thinking these were termed Congreves " ? (“ Birchard by us,” is recorded in a If not, what was a

Congreve” ?

Were diary by another of his pupils) Busby. The they the invention of Congreve of rocket names of all the family are recorded, and I fame?

F. H. H. G.

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POEM ATTRIBUTED TO DRYDEN.—Can any GIFFARD OF TWYFORD, Co. BUCKS.—Can reader throw a light upon the following any reader throw light on this family? A extract which occurs in a curious MS. .of chart is given in Baker's Northamptonabout 1679-80 ? It purports to be a catalogue shire,' in Giffard's 'Family of Giffard,' and of goods to be sold by auction at "The in the Visitations of Oxford.' The table Royall Coffee House neare Charing Crosse.” comes to an end in Ursula, dau. of Thomas.

44. L. A strict treaty betweene France and Giffard (d. 4 Edward VI), who mar. „Sir England, being a factious Novell written by Thomas Wenman, Kt., of Carswell,

Co. the D. of Buck: at the ffrench Camp at Hers- Oxon (d. 19 Eliz.). This Wenman wick July the 16th 1672, since turned into Wayneman family also occurs in

.“ Visit. Heroick verse by John Dryden poet Laureat, and now knowne by the name of the Conquest Oxon,' and in 'Roger Giffard,' who had a son, of England.

Giffard, of St. James's Abbey, Duston. I can find no mention of the poem among certain William Giffard, of Swavensey, Co.

I am anxious to carry this table further. A Dryden's works.

EVELYN NEWTON.

Cantab., circ. 1620, or a descendant of his, 75, Eaton Square, S.W.

mentions the descendants of this Giffard of

Duston as being relatives, and as having FAMILLE VERTE.”:—What are the mean- stayed at the Abbey with them, evidently ing and the origin of the name * Famille they were cousins. I have the complete Verte," and does it apply to oriental china table from William G. down to the present. only?

G. F. W.

day, but am unable, so far, to link them THE REV. WILLIAM MOORE (OB. 1705).—To up. I shall be extremely grateful for help. what University did

the
Rev. William

C. A. H. FRANKLIN. Moore belong? He died intestate 1705. He

St. Thomas's Hospital, S.E.1. was ordained Priest in the diocese of Ferns GENTLEMAN PENSIONER EXTRAORDINARY.25 March, 1682. He is styled Clerk of In the books of the Guildhall Court (for Dublin in ecclesiastical papers of the diocese civil cases) held before the Mayor and of Ferns; and also called M.A. Dublin Recorder of the Borough of King's Lynn on (Trinity College), Oxford and Cambridge 23 March, 6th Car. I, occurs this entry: fail, after exhaustive enquiry, to reveal him. John Taylor Esqr. Sworne gent penconer

“ Under master of Kildare,” 1681. extraordinarie to his Matie the xxvijth day He married twice, first Elizabeth Master- of December 1630 by ye Comand of the Earle

of Suffolke Captayne

Rich GREEN. son, née West; secondly, Alice Whitfield, What were

the rights and duties of née Martin. Both wives were of good Gentlemen Pensioners Extraordinary? family. The Rev. William Moore is men

E. B. O. K. L. tioned in a footnote under 'Bulkeley' in

THIOMAS BOWSFIELD.—He

in 1581 Collins's Peerage' (Mervyn Archdale’s edi- Principal of St. Edmund Hall, Oxford. In tion, Vol. ii, p. 22).

Cooper's 'Athene Cant.' it is stated that he By Alice Whitfield, née Martin, he had was educated at Merchant Taylors' School. 4 sons ;

the eldest was another William He was at Pembroke College, Cantab., but in Moore of Tinrahen, Co. Wexford, 1577 was incorporated at Oxford and comFrances Hodson of Coolkenno. Both

menced M.A. there. In 1581 he buried in Ballycanew churchyard, Co. Wex- admitted Principal of St. Edmund's Hall ford. The

of William Moore of and in the following year was made prebenTinrahen, Lorenzo Moore, b. 1744, d. 1801, dary of Grimston and Yatminster, in the was M.P. for Dungannon in Grattan's par- church of Sarum. He resigned the leadship liament, Colonel in Battle Axe Guards ; of St. Edmund Hall, 26 Feb., 1600. After

I have married Henrietta Janssen, only child and this we can find no trace of him. heiress of Sir Stephen Theodore Janssen, Bt. searched in vain: it is possible that some The Rev. William Moore died 1705, was

of your readers can give information about Rector of Kiltennel, Curate of Ballycanew,

Bowsfield. Is there a mural tablet to his Prebendary of Clones.

memory, or was he buried in the Cathedral or its precincts ?

M.A. Where and when was he ordained Deacon? Where and when did he get his degree ? THE ENGADINE: ENGLISH VISITORS IN THE Who were his parents ?

SEVENTEENTH CENTURY. In November, KATHARINE BATHURST. 1656, Sir John Reresby, Bart, of whom there

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is an account in the 'D. N. B.,' and one At the conclusion of the article there is
Mr. Berry of Canterbury, on their way from this paragraph :-
Lyons to Padua crossed the Albula Pass. Note.-An impression has been seen with a
They took seven hours going from Borgon Duke of Cornwall, printed from a separate

inscription and title George (Bergün) to Lepante (Ponte), and

plate and pasted over a lettered state of way down they met with continual ice.

George, Prince of Wales. This spurious On the left hand of the way was the rise proof was probably done early in the 19th of the bill, on the right a steep descent, and century to further the sale of the portrait in. 60 armed with the points of rocks, that some the West of England. laden mules falling down not long before we Until I sent this impression for inspection passed, were broken in several pieces ere they by the authorities at the British Museum, came to the bottom. Here Mr. Berry, of our company, not willing to light as the rest did, they were unaware that the portrait existed fell down, horse and all; where he had cer- with such a (spurious) title, and welltainly perished, had he

not miraculously known London dealer whom I consulted had stopped upon a great stone ere he fell two never seen this scratched separate plate title. yards, which saved them both from much It is, of course, inconceivable that thers harm.

in

should not be others, somewhere In three hours more they came to a very Western counties, at all events.

the

Where are mean lodging at Pontrazin (Pontresina), they? I have promised to let Mr. Mark where they spent the night, and the next day Hall know should I be able to obtain any crossed the Bellina (Bernina) Pass in six further information about the print. hours, dined at Posiagore (Poschiavo), and

Hugh G. CUMMING. lodged at Madonna di Tyrano. On their way from Trent to Chur in the

Boccaccio's DECAMERONE.'- Would any month of March, 1664/5, John Ray and reader obligingly supply me with list Francis Willughby (both of whom have (giving place, date and whether expurgated their places in the 'D. N. B.') were accom

or not) of Italian and English editions of panied by two young men who had been this work, or refer me to sources where it Ray's pupils at Trinity College, Cambridge, could be obtained ? I know that, prior to viz., (1) Philip Skippon (knighted 19 Apr. 1827, more than a hundred editions had 1674), son of Philip Skippon (as to whom issued from the Italian press, but I should see the 'D. N. B.') and Maria Comes, his welcome notices even of the chief amongst first wife; and (2) Nathanael or Nathaniel them. I am aware of the following Italian Bacon. These four Englishmen, having re-impressions : 1470 (the first); 1573 (Florspent the night of the 21st at Gharf ence), known as the Edizione dei Deputati (Cierfs) passed the mountain of Bufa- and emended; 1582 (Venice), emended by lora (the Open Pass) on the 22nd, in seven

Leonardo Salviati; 1590 (Venice), emended or eight hours, dined at Zernetz, and lodged by Cieco d'Adria ; 1594 (Venice), reprinted at Ponte. There they spent the next day, by Salviati; and 1820, 1827 (Florence) and on the 23rd crossed the Albula in

unemended. Of the English editions I violent snow-storm, and lodged at Bergün know absolutely nothing. on the 24th.

J. B. MCGOVERN. It would be interesting to know whether HENRY WILIAM HULL graduated M.A. at Reresby and Berry were the first English- Oxford University from Oriel College in men to visit the Engadine, and any informa- 1828. Can any correspondent give me the tion concerning Berry and Nathanael Bacon date and place of his death? Neither would be welcome.

Foster's Alum. Oxon.' Shadwell's JOHN B. WAINEWRIGHT. • Oriel College Register' supplies the required information.

G. F. R. B. SPURIOUS

J. R. SMITH's

“AN UNCONSCIONABLE TIME IN DYING.GEORGE, PRINCE OF WALES.'-In The Print Collectors' Quarterly for Oct., 1922, there is Who was the King who apologized for taking an article by Mr. Mark W. Hall, of the such an unconscionable time in dying ? Not, British Museum, on the mezzotint portrait

I think, Charles II. Authority is desired.

H. C--X. of George, Prince of Wales, by J. R. Smith. after Thomas Gainsborough. The size of

THE LUSIGNAN FAMILY AND THE FAIRY MELUSINE. the original plate in 25% x 17 inches. This published at 5 S. vi. 324. Are there transla

-A list of French books on this subject was represents the Prince, full length, in mili- tions of any of these published? tary uniform, standing by his horse.

HESPERIAX.

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