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your Isle.

Did the name “ North Sea" come to Eng- being incomplete for this year. Can any land with George I, or can earlier exainples librarian or private owner help me? of its use here be found ?


JAMES JOHNSON, Bishop of Worcester, was. ARCHBISHOP HOWLEY : “ I SIT ON A ROCK. the son of the Rev. James Johnson, Rector William Howley, Archbishop of Canter- of Melford, Suffolk. When and where was. bury from

1828-48, is referred to in he born in 1705 ? What was his mother's. ‘N. & Q,' 7 S. ix. 207, 317; xi, 147, 236-7. maiden name? Was he ever married ? The A MS. note dated 1842 says he


Dict. Nat. Biog.' xxx. 15, is_silent on author of the following conundrum

these points.

G. F. R. B. charade, but no solution of it is given. Can

ADGATE FAMILY.—A distant connection of any reader supply its meaning ?

my family bore the


" Richard I sit on a rock when I'm raising the wind

Adgate” as baptismal names. I conclude But the storm once abated I'm gentle and kind.

that Adgate is family name—the five Both princes and kings await but my nod

brothers and the sister of this person all bore To kneel down in the dust on the ground well-known family names second bapthat I've trod.

tismal names.

I cannot, however, find this. I'm seen by the world tho' known but by few

surname or any similar surname in such The gentiles detest me, I'm pork to a jew. catalogues of names

Burke's General. I never have passed but one night in the Armoury.' dark

I should be grateful if any reader could And that was with Noah alone in the ark. My weight is 3lbs my length is a mile

tell me of any family of the name of Adgate, But when I'm discovered you'll say with a if possible with some account of its history smile

and connections. No tittle of information That my first and my last are the best in is too unimportant, even to other instances

of its use as a baptismal name.

K. B. W. Inner Temple.

Would any correspondent please write [This

direct through ' N. & Q.' charade has often cropped up


BRIGHTONIAN. 'N. & Q:'-seo 1 S. ii. 10, 77; sii. 365, 520– 2 S. i. 83–7 S. ii. 27, 71--9 S. v. 332; vii. 328–

RENTON OF LAMERTON.—Where can I see, 10 S. viii, 420; si. 345. At the first reference (1850) it was said to have appeared in The or obtain, a copy of the pedigree of the Times a few years back.' It has been family of Renton of Lamerton, and where ascribed to several authors, and said to have is Lamerton ?' been solved by Dean Peacock.


JAMES SETON-ANDERSON. Church, measure, the letter R and “ Alone (a loan) have been proposed_as

OWEN JONES'S LITHOGRAPHIC PRESS.—I solutions, but none is quite satisfactory. Dr. Husenbeth at 1 s. xii. 520, expressed the have seen a reference to the existence of this. opinion that it is a hoax).

celebrated architect and designer's LithoPÁNTON BETEW.—Is anything known

Where was it established, graphic Press.

of this silversmith and picture-dealer beyond A list of books

and for what length of time did it flourish ?

thus issued would be what J. T. Smith records in his 'Life of


ANEURIN WILLIAMS. Nollekens,' in which is given some interesting information about contemporary artists, derived from Betew? When did he die, and

Replies. has anyone else mentioned him ? R.

GILBERT WHITE'S · SELBORNE.'—I believe EXECUTION OF A NONCONFORMIST that there have been upwards of 130

MINISTER. editions of this book. It would be of (12 S. xi. 233, 374, 433, 472, 535; xii. 16). interest to know what other books (if any),

Mc's reply at 12 S. xi. 535 calls for somehave been so often edited.

comment from me. Hugh S. GLADSTONE.

If students of Independency origins (whatTHE ATLAS NEWSPAPER.-I am particu- ever that may mean) are of opinion that, larly anxious to find a file of this newspaper because non-conformist ministers were per-for 1829, the one in the British Museum | secuted in the reign of Charles II, they







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cannot be described as holding quite as Omitting the numerous tracts in

the definite a social and intellectual status" • Thomason Tracts,' between 1641 and 1660, they do in our own days, all I can comment dealing with John of Leyden and the Fifth is that these students know very little about Monarchists, or cognate sects of their own

the social history of those times. It is an day, the following are important. "undoubted fact that


2. The sixth edition of Ephraim Pagitt's (as they were termed) were often men of Heresiography,' published in 1662. This great learning, and often held a far better is a non-conformist view of the “ Fifth social position than the parson of the estab Monarchy lished church.

3. Richard Blome's 'Fanatick History,' Mc. mis-states his evidence. No contem- published in 1660. porary account is in existence which 4. Lastly, Semper Iidem,' a tract pubdescribes John James as minister,

lished on March 28, 1661, after Venner's or similar terin. His“ private rising. conventicle

à garret in a house, Finally the aims and objects of Venner and in John Crabb's information he is and his friends can be ascertained from described as holding forth “ in a dark_alley three manifestos. The first of these has 'in Duke's Place" (* Cal. S. P. Dom. never been noticed, and is the discovery of 1661-1662, p. 110).

the present writer. It is entitled The Venner's rising took place in the night of | Panther Prophecy,' was issued and perhaps Sunday, Jan. 6, 1661, when his followers printed at the end of 1653, and was remurdered three or four people, broke out of printed in 1662 (copy at the British the city gates, ran away and hid themselves. Museum). The second manifesto was that On Monday the 7th the soldiers sent to issued by Venner in 1657, and is entitled search for them found them (at night once 'A Standard set up, whereunto the true more) in hiding near Caen Wood (now mis- Seed and Saints of the Most Migh may be called "

Kenwood ”). Only one man was gathered together.' There is a copy of this hurt and no one captured, for there was in the Thomason tracts. Lastly, in the no moon and so the rebels dispersed in the same collection, Christopher Feake's ' Beam wood and made good their escape.

On of Light,' published in 1659, urging the Tuesday, the 8th, nothing happened. Pepys' Fifth Monarchy men to be ready for a hearsay account, which there is a tendency general massacre, is important. nowadays to distort into an account of the I have already drawn attention to Venwhole rising, refers only to the final inci- ner's 'Door of Hope' in 1661. The other dent, which took place about 5 o'clock in points raised have no relation to the the morning of Wednesday, the 9th. This matters under discussion. was really an attempt to catch the Lord

J. G. M. Mayor in bed and murder him. The only

Pepys' account of the Venner's rising full and accurate account of all this is that quoted at the last reference is probably not . in Mercurius Publicus and Parliamentary so accurate as Sir John Reresby's, who in Intelligencer. Some pamphlets published his ' Memoirs' (1904 d.), at p. 143 says :contain many mistakes. The book of Robert On the 6th of January, 1661, a small rebelVaughan was written at a time when his lion was raised in London by one Venner, torical research was without the aids we all which in its very rise was defeated by have nowadays, and is not worth citing. I party of the guards; but running out of town

they rallied again in Cane-wood near Highthink readers of ' N. & Q.' will like to know gate. Having a mind therefore to see a little where they can see all the original author action, I mounted one of my coach-horses, and ities about the “Fifth Monarchy Men,'

mounted my man upon the other, and joined They are as follows:

Sir Thomas Sands, who commanded the party

of the guards that went in pursuit of the jn. 1. In A. M. Christie's translation of | cendiaries. Having searched the wood till Janssen's History of the German People at midnight, we came to a little house where the the close of the Middle Ages,' there is in the victuals but a little while before, and that

people told us they had been desiring, some fifth volume (published in 1903) a very they could not be far off. Accordingly, about lengthy and completely referenced account of an hour after this we found them in the John of Leyden and the Anabaptists of their pieces at us, but the moon setting they

thickest part of the wood. They discharged Münster, who actually put into practice the got from us, and 'hurried back again to LonFifth Monarchy millenium.

don, where they met with the fate everybody


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knows. Their capta în and about twenty more ROBERT LOWTH'S HAMPSHIRE PARISH were hanged, drawn and quartered: about twenty of them were killed in theine several charming poem The Link,' which is to be skirmishes, and about as many of the king's found in the fourth volume of Dodsley's

(12 S. xi. 470, xii. 19): –Of-Bishop Lowth's men, one of which was shot not far from me in Cane-wood.

collection, the first stanza runs as follows : JOHN B. WAINEWRIGHT. Ye ladies that live in the city or town, THOMAS BOWSFIELD (12 S. xii. 12).—The

Fair Winton or Alresford so fine and so gay;. Rey. C. J. Robinson in his Register of Mer.

And ye nea country lasses in clean linen chant Taylors' School (i. 3) says that


As neat and as blithe and as pretty as Thomas Bousefielde's father was Harry, and

they : that he was a Merchant Taylor, that Thomas Come away straight to. Ovington, for you after being head boy went to Pembroke Col

can't think lege, Cambridge, where he was Wattes'

What a charming new walk there is made

on the Link scholar and proceeded B.A. 1575. He seems to have proceeded almost at once to Queen's The late W. P. Courtney in his ' Dodsley's College, Oxford, where in the same year tributors' (privately printed 1910), says

Collection of Poetry, its Contents and ConBartholomew Bousfield, probably a relative,

that was (9 June) elected Provost. Thomas is

The rectory of Ovington was Lowth's found in the course of the academic year

first preferment. He was collated thereto 1575-6 as lecturer in logic of that college, tion in November, 1753, to the Rectory of

on 25 July, 1744, and held it until his collaand was incorporated there 23 May, proceeding M.A. 6. July of the same year.

East Woodhay.”

I. A. WILLIAMS. Bartholomew Bousfield resigned the Provostship in 1581. His resignation seems to have THE PEAK, DERBYSHIRE (12 S. xi, 530). — been a matter of negotiation between him,

According to Mr. Arnold Bemrose's 'DerbyArchbishop Grindall and Henry Robinson, shire,' which forms one of the Cambridge who was at this tine Fellow of Queen's and County Geographies,

" the few Mercians Principal of Edmund Hall, and in the event who settled in the hilly parts of Derbyshire Robinson became Provost of Queen's and

were called Pecsaete, or Settlers in the Peak, Thomas Bousfield Principal of Edmund Hall.

so that part of England which is now called He seems to have been a good Prin- Derbyshire narrowly escaped being called cipal. Wood, after Hearne, who here fol- Pecsetshire after the fashion of Dorsetshire lows Miles Windsor, says of him “ qui ab

or Somersetshire.'' ipsis fundamentis aulam suam renovavit."

G. F. R. B. He seems also, and his family, to have been

It is incredible that the name of the Peak good friends with the Fellows of Queen’s, as in 1590 the College accounts have the in Derbyshire can have any connexion with unusual entry of a present of 20s. “ filie either the English word peak (pic) or the magistri Bowsfeld nupture." Wood makes Picts (Pihtas). The Peak is not a mounhim in 1582 prebendary of Grimston and tain, but a wide district covering the whole Natminster in the church of Salisbury, and of north Derbyshire. It is referred to as a Foster (* Al. Ox.' s.v. Bowsfield), following forest. The earliest form of the name is probably two different authorities, makes Pec, with the e short—this assertion is conhim canon of Sarum 1577-85, and 1582-1621, firmed by the spelling of the 'Valor Ecclebut his name is not in Le Neve's ! Fasti. siasticus of the time of Henry VIII, In Alto Foster also identifies him with one of the Pecco. In that very early document, the name who was rector of Trottiscliff, Kent, Tribal Hidage, the inhabitants are called 1575-1621, and of Romsey New Church, the Pecscetan. Their

territory contained Kent, 1582-1621, and

of Windermere, 1,200 hides. In the oldest MS. of the 1610-27. If any of these identifications are English Chronicle, at 924, we are told that correct, he probably died in 1621 or 1627. Bakewell is in “ Peaclond.” The His name is very variously spelt. Besides Pec, in all probability, was given by the variations given above it appears

earlier race than the English. There is. Busfeld and Busfell (which Boase— Reg. reason to think that the original British Univ. Oxf. i. (Oxf. Hist. Soc. i), p. 215 inhabitants were not exterminated; but that with substitution of second long s for the here, as in Elmete over the Northumberf, prints“ Bussell.")

land boundary line, they long maintained JOHN R. MAGRATH. their identity. The Tribal Hidage has :




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.both the Pecsætan and the Elmedsætan. A DEATH OF GENERAL TALMASH (12. S. xii. fascinating inquiry for a properly-equipped 6 v.s. 'Samuel Richardson and his Family

| local antiquarian would be the extent to Circle ').-Edward Bridgen, whose will is which Celtic elements enter into the surviv- quoted at the above reference stated that ing place-names. But in matters of ety- General Talmash " fell under King William mology mere speculation

than in the service of his country in Ireland.” futile; the obvious explanation is hardly General Talmash was killed at the siege of ever the real one.

A. POTTS. Brest in the early summer of 1694. Chester.


COLD PLACB-NAMES MRS. BEETON (12 S. xi. 489; xii. 18).— (12 S. xi. 404, 454, 497).-I now find clue In the ‘Note to the New Edition, dated pointing to a Celtic origin for the place- 1869, of Mrs. Beeton's 'Book of Household element

Rowland's Management,' Mr. S. O. Beeton refers to his 'Mona Antiqua Restaurata' (2nd edition,

late wife.

A. H. W. FYNMORE. 1766, p. 48), the word coel is mentioned

Littlehampton. in connection with tumuli and cairns, and

I quote a few biographical particulars it is said there are grounds of probability

about Isabella Mary Beeton, the wife of Mr. that it really was some solemn appurten

S. 0. Beeton, from an edition of 'Beeton's ance of religion, although now quite for- Everyday Cookery and Housekeeping Book,' gotten.”

published by Ward, Lock and Tyler in the Consulting Dr. Pugh's Welsh

* Welsh Diction- year of her death, about 1880. The extracts ary I find :-Coel, An omen, belief; Coel-speak for themselves :

for bren, A piece of wood used in choosing or

Extract from Preface:-" The reasons ballotting, whereon are cut the names of thus explained in a prospectus issued a few

the publication of this volume candidates ; Coel y beirdd, The alphabet of months ago, and approved by the late Mrs. the bards; Coelcerth, Omen of danger, S. 0. Beeton.”. beacon, bonfire; Coelfain, The stones of From page facing, end of text and headed

Her hand has lost its
The above suggest

Usque ad finem :

cunning—the firm, true hand that wrote these practices.

formulæ, and penned the information There is an earthwork east of Colchester tained in this little book. Cold in the silent marked on the lin. Ord. Mapas King tomb lie the once nimble, useful fingers-now Coel's Castle," and between Neath and

nerveless, unable for anything, and ne'er to

work more in this world! Exquisite palate, Brecon is an early entrenched camp called unerring judgment, sound common sense. Coelbren.

fined tastes all these had the dear lady who As regards cold in place-names, the has gone ere her youth had scarcely come. following are additional Herefordshire ex

But four times seven years were all she passed

in this world; and since the day she became periences tending to connect the word with wedded wife now nearly nine years past—her sighted trackways. (1) I visited Coldstone greatest, chiefest aims were to provide for the Common on account of its name, and found comfort and pleasure of those she loved and a straight slightly sunken track (which had around her, and to employ her best facul

ties for the use of her sisters, English women could not be a water course) along its whole generally. Her surpassing affection and dovolength. (2) I visited Coldman Hill for the tion led her to find her happiness in aiding, same reason, and found a straight sunken with all her heart and soul, the Husband track going down to a Wye crossing from whom she richly blessed and honoured with

her abounding love. which the track (its hollow) formed

Her plans for the future cannot be wholly notch in the sky-line. (3) I halted at a carried out: her Husband knew them all, and certain spot (a road junction) on the high- will diligently devote himself to their execuway because I had a long distance sighted tion, as far as may be. The remembrance of

her wishes,-always for the private and public track marked as crossing there. A cottage welfare, and the companionship, of her two stood on the high ground at the spot. No little boys,—too young to know the virtues of name was marked for it on the map, but their good Mother, this memory, this presI remarked to my companion that being tinue to do his duty in which he will follow

ence, will nerve the Father, left alone, to conobviously a sighting point it might have an

the example of his Wife, for her duty no ancient place-name, and would he knock at woman has ever better accomplished than the the door and ask ? The name

was Cold late Isabella Mary Beeton.” Nose. ALFRED WATKINS.





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PAPER MARKS (12 S. xi. 411, 456, 478; / years after Congreve's death, which perhaps xii. 19).-C. H. Timperley, in his ''Encyclo- rather supports the statement in the former pædia of Literary and Typographical Anec- authority. Sir W. Congreve was an ingendotes, London, 1842, p. 271, gives an his- ious and versatile man of science, and has a torical account of Water Marks with some long list of inventions to his name in addidiagrams. He also gives an item on p. 201. tion to the war rocket. GEORGE MERRY WEAMER.

John Walker was resident at Stockton-onHighland Park, Illinois, U.S.A.

Tees, Durham, and is claimed to be the

inventor of the first true friction match, DICKENS' "THE OLD CLOTHES SHOP':

making it from a compound of chlorate of Bor's DRESS (12 s. xi. 370).—As late as the fifties of the last century the costume of powdered gum to render it adhesive when

potash and sulphurate of antimony, with the lads of Danby and other dales back of mixed with water and applied to the end of Whitby, Yorkshire,

similar to that the match, which had been previously dipped described by Dickens in 'Sketches by Boz.'

in melted brimstone. Imitations of GEORGE MERRYWEATHER.

Walker's matches, known as lucifers, were LORD BALVAIRD, 1643 (12 S. xi. 529).

made by Samuel Jones about 1829-30. MR. BLACK raises a difficulty where none

ARCHIBALD SPARKE. exists. The 'D. N. B.' says :

SUCKLING FAMILY (12 S. xi. 231, 297, On 17 November, 1641, he was created a peer 333, 456, 538; xii, 15).—MR. THOMAS FOLEY by the title of Lord Balvaird..: As a peer at the last reference has fallen into three he attended a meeting of the convocation of

MR. W. E. GOVIER's list (12 S. xi, estates, but on 10 August, 1643, it was much reasoning' decided by the assembly of 333) shows (1) that Horatio John Suckling the kirk that my Lord Balvaird should keep retired from the Ceylon Rifles after a little his ministry, and give over voicing in parlia- more than three years' service in the army ment, under pain of deposition and further with the rank, not of captain, but of lieuten

(Robert Baillie, Letters & Journals,' i. 9). On the death of the second Viscount ant; and (2) that he was gazetted out of the Stormont in March, 1642, Lord Balvaird suc- 90th Foot into the 1st West Indian Regiceeded to the lands, lordship, and barony of ment and the next day into the Ceylon Stormont, but not to the title. He died on Rifles. (3) His father, Major H. S. Suck24 September, 1644, aged about 47.

but of It adds that David, second Lord Balvaird, ling, did not die of his wounds, on the death of James, earl of Annandale, Ceylon at the time, and there had been no

dysentery. He had been over tive years in in 1658, succeeded to the title of Viscount

fighting in the island for twenty-three years. Stormont and Lord Scone.

(See my 'List of Ceylon Inscriptions,' p. 52).

PENRY LEWIS. CONGREVES (12 S. xii. 11).—The ' N.E.D.'

SIR ALAN LE BUXHULL, K.G. (12 S. xi. describes them as a particular kind

of S. friction matches, invented by Sir W. Con- 392, 437, 474; 12 ș. xii. 19).—MR. WOOD grave

states that he has been unable to identify (of rocket fame). The quotations range from 1839 to 1854, including

Buckholt, of which, with the Forest and

one Parko Clarendon, the forest of Gravely about a penny box of lucifers

and Melchet, Sir Alan

Bailiff. greves.” The description given by F.H.H.G. Spelman's Villare Anglicanum,' 2nd ed., seems to point to a kind known in Austria

1678, gives

Buckhole, Sussex, Hastings Hungary as “ drawing-room matches,'

and " Buckhoult Forest, Hants., they were not tipped with sulphur and Thornegate hund.”

" Storhen Whatley's .could be used in the salon.'

England's Gazetteer, 1751, also mentions L. L. K.

Buckhole, Sussex, 2 miles S.E. of Hoo" The first friction matches made in Eng-|(near Battle and Bexhill); and Buckholtland (1827) were named after Sir William Forest, Hants, on the edge of Wiltshire." Congreve (1772-1828) by their inventor, John

I am unable to place Melchet, unless it Walker: thus says the 'Encyclopædia Brit- derives the name of the residence until annica,' but the N.E.D.' under Congreve, recently of the Ashburton family in the New says a particular kind of friction match, Forest, Melchet Court, Romsey, Hants. The invented by Sir W. Congreve," and the first name Melchet does not appear in the '. two literary quotation they give is dated eleven books quoted, both of which mention, as a

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