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1874 to 1884, was an excellent example of ter's wig) as the leading figure in a proces. the officers who held Master's warrants; but sion in that village. I don't know if this none appear to have been allowed to reach old custom continues.

Η. Κ. Η. Flag rank.

The Quarterly Navy List still contains a THE POPE's GOLDEN ROSE (12 S. xii. 188). few of these empire-builders.

-A great deal of information relative to JOHN A. RUPERT-JONES.

the Golden Rose will be found in "The The book referred to by MR. CURTIS seems

Catholic Encyclopedia.' The last English to have been carelessly printed in regard to sovereign to whom the Rose was presented the important matter of names, and I speak

was Queen Henrietta Maria, Consort of

Charles I. feelingly, for I seldom get my own spelt aright! M'Lintock should be M'Clintock,

At St. Michael's Abbey, Farnborough, and Tatham stands for Tather. William Hants, is a Golden Rose, that was presented Tather was only a temporary Naval Officer, to the late Empress Eugénie by Pius IX. he was appointed Acting Master,

Shortly before her death, the Empres handed probably owing to special knowledge

special knowledge of it over to the Abbey of which she was the Arctic waters. The Enterprise was

also foundress. On the Fourth Sunday of Lontcommissioned with an “Acting

» Master.

Laetare Sunday—this Rose is during Mass A. G. KEALY,

placed on the High Altar. Farnborough Chaplain, Royal Navy, retired.

Abbey is one of very few Churches in the

world that possess a Rose. THE EAGLE STONE (12 S. xii. 189.- This is

JOHN HAUTENVILLE COPE. the stone αϋtites, the άετίτης λίθος of

The Golden Rose, says

The Catholio Aelian, which was supposed to be found in Encyclopædia,' is a precious and sacred the nests of eagles, and without which their ornament made of pure gold by skilled artieggs could not be hatched.

See Pliny, ficers, which the Popes have been accustomed Hist. Nat' x. 4; xxxvi. 39; also Thomas for centuries to bless each year, and Pennant's British Zoology, 4th 1776-7, iii. 15;

sionally confer upon illustrious churches, and Brand's ‘Popular

upon Catholic kings, queens, princes, or Antiquities,' Bohn, ini, 50.

princesses, renowned generals, or other disF. P. BARNARD. tinguished personages,

for their Catholic See the 'N. E. D.' under Aetites spirit and loyalty to the Holy See, as (åetions) and 'Eagle-stone.' It is defined mark of esteem and paternal affection. The

signification of the Rose and Laetare Suna hollow nodule or pebble of argillaceous day (the fourth in Lent) so blend that the oxide of iron, having a loose pucleus, which Sunday is often called "Rose Sunday, and derived its name from being fabled to be found

altar and throne in the

eagle's nest, and to which medicinal and rose-coloured vestments, magical properties were ascribed.

and chapel draperies (signs of hope and joy) Pliny (Hist. Nat.' xxxvi, 39. 3) says are substituted for the penitential purple that the stone, if worn during pregnancy, during the solemn function.

The golden will prevent abortion, but must be removed flower and its shining splendour show forth finally, in order that birth may take place : Christ and His kingly majesty Who is

« the flower of Aetitae omnes [various species were dis- heralded by the prophet as tinguished), gravidis adalligati mulieribus, vel the field and the lily of the valley;" its quadrupedibus, in pelliculis sacrificatorum fragrance shows the sweet odour of Christ animalium, continent partus, non,

nisi

which should be widely diffused by His faithparturiant, removendi: alioqui vulvæ excidunt. Sed nisi parturientibus auferantur, omnino ful followers; and the thorns and red tint non pariunt.

tell of His passion. The stones are found, he says, in eagles'

Prior to the Pontificate of Sixtus IV nest (Hist. Nat.' x. 4. 1; xxxvi. 39. 1).

(1471-84) it consisted of a simple and single L. R. M. STRACHAN.

rose made of pure gold and slightly tinted

with red. Birmingham University.

For greater embellishment, yet

still retaining the mystical meaning, a ruby MOCK MAYORS AND CORPORATIONS (12 S. placed in the heart of the rose, and afterxii. 150, 193). ——There used to be a Mayor wards many precious gems set in the petals, elected at Ruardean, in Gloucestershire, and were used instead of the red colouring. in the nineties I saw him (wearing a barris- | Pope Sixtus IV substituted in place of the

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single rose a thorny branch with leaves and and modern decisions, in the Exchequer of many roses (a half-score and

sometimes Pleas.

In two volumes. more), the largest of which sprang from the

The eight edition : corrected, and enlarged: top of the branch and the smaller ones clus

By Wiĩliam Tidd, Esq., of the Inner Temple, tered round it naturally. In the centre of Barrister-at-Law. the principal rose was a tiny cup with a per

London: forated cover into which the Pope .when he Printed for J. Butterworth and Son, 43, and H. blessed the rose poured musk and balsam. Butterworth, 7 Fleet-street; and J. Cooke, The whole ornament was of pure gold.

Ormond Quay, Dublin. 1824.
The

2 vols., 9fins. x 5fins. Sixtine design has been maintained, but it

J. J. COWLEY. has varied as to decoration, size, weight, and Middle Temple Library. Assistant Librarian, value. Originally it was little over six. inches in height, and was easily carried in “ PAUL PINDAR" (12 S. xii, 133).-I have the left hand of the Pope, but afterwards it a copy of Jew-de-Brass,' by Paul Pindar required a robust cleric to carry it.

(London, Thomas Cautley Newby, 30, WelThe custom of giving the rose supplanted beck Street, Cavendish Square, N.D.) with the practice of sending the Catholic rulers the following inscription on the fly-leaf :the Golden Keys from St. Peter's Confes- Dearest Florence here is Jew de brass comsional. The exact date of the institution of posed written and mis-printed all within ten the rose is uncertain, but it certainly ante-days-you who know the original can vouch for

the correctness of the likeness.-Ever affectly dates the year 1050.' The Pope blesses the Thine, R.B.L. rose every year, but it is not always a new Perhaps the initials are B.B.L. The text and different rose; the old one is used until is corrected, but not, I think, by the same it is given away. A long list of the recip- hand. Is it known who wrote this tiresome ients will be found in 'The Catholic Ency- attack on Disraeli ? clopaedia.'

CHRISTOPHER STONE. JOHN D. GIFFORD. Peppers, nr. Steyning. Public Library, Leigh, Lancs.

WELSH NATIONAL EMBLEM (12 S. xii. 189). LITERARY ALLUSIONS IN DICKENS : ‘DAVID-I think the daffodil as a national emblem COPPERFIELD' (12 S. xii. 155). Tidd's

is extremely modern. The leek is the real Practice,' which Uriah Heep used to read, badge of the country and was worn on St. was a well-known law book" in the early David's day. I have heard that my grandyears

of the nineteenth century. Watt father, Sir Richard Puleston, had a leek of (' Bibliotheca Britannica ) mentions the Welsh pearls (pearls were found off the second, third and fourth editions (1799, 1803 coast, and a regular pearl fishery existed and 1808; a copy of the seventh edition before the Menai Bridge was built; I have (1821) is in the Law Society's Library; there some Welsh pearl found there). Flowers in is a good copy of the eighth (1824) in the heraldry are very rare indeed. I cannot Middle Temple Library, and Lowndes men- recall a single instance in Welsh heraldry. tions the eighth as much esteemed There is a legend attached to St. David's work."

connection with the leek but I cannot remem. The best known edition seems to be the ber it. The Welsh were often described as ninth (1828) to which supplements a leek-eating nation. issued in 1830 and 1832. Another edition

E. E. COPE. “So far as altered " by new legislation

Finchampstead Place, Berks. appeared in 1833 and 1837, a 'New Practice

WILLIAM DEBONNAIRE HAGGARD, F.S.A. of the Superior Courts.'

(12 S. xii. 172, 218).-William Debonnaire AU the editions mentioned are in two Haggard of the Bank of England, born vols., except those of 1833 and 1837, which 2 Feb., 1787, married (1) Mary Frances appear to be in one. I can find no trace of the first edition. whom he had three sons, William Debon

Clifton of Silk Willoughby, Co. Lincoln, by The following is a copy of the title page naire, Mark and Henry By his second of the eighth edition :

wife, Jane Copner of Barnstable, he also The practice of the courts of King's Bench; had two sons, Mark Debonnaire and Fredand Common Pleas, in personal actions and ejectment: to which are added, the law and erick Copner Debonnaire. By his third practice of extents, and the Rules of Court, I wife, Elizabeth Nodes, he appears to have

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had no issue. All three sons by the first wife went in procession from the Tower to White-
had issue. In addition to the three sons hall, on 30 Sept., 1553, she stood long at the
by his first wife, W. D. Haggard had three east end of St. Paul's, . where there was a
daughters, Mary Frances, Susannah Andreae pageant,
and Jane,

item also there was a man made too tope L. M. ANSTEY.

castelles above the crosse of the stepulle, and

there stode with a flagge in hys honde and COLONEL ROBERT PHAIRE (12 S. xii. 123, viij flagges hangynge besyde; 143, 164, 185, 203).—The following Clerical

and, at p. 91, that, when Philip and Mary Records relating to this surname from the went to St. Paul's on Aug. 19, 1554, Consolidated Index of the Clerical Index

was one came downe from the chapter-howse

HARMATOPEG08.
Society may be of interest to MR. W. H. upon a roppe.'
WELPLY.

JOHN GALT'S MARRIAGE : DATE
Phayre, Maxwell: P.C. Overchurch, Cheshire, (12 S. xii. 189).--The Ayrshire novelist was
16 Oct., 1838; P.C. of Threepwood, Flints., 21 born at Irvine, May 2, 1779, and died at
Oct., 1839. There in 1853.

Phayre, Richard: R. Of East and West Rain Greenock, April 11, 1839. He married in
ham, Norfolk, 13 July, 1832, and P.C. of St. London, in 1813, Elizabeth, only daughter
Mary in Coslany in Norwich, 13 July, 1832. of Dr. Alexander Tilloch, one of the pro
There in 1853.

prietors and editor of the Star, an evening Phear, John: R. of East Stonham, Suffolk, newspaper. Mr. Galt left a widow and two 27 June, 1823. There in 1853.

the Hon. Phare or Phayre, J(ames, John, or Joseph): sons, one of whom

Sir living in 1853.

Alexander Tilloch Galt, G.C.M.G., LL.D.,

J. W. FAWCETT. P.C. of Canada, who died in 1893.
Consett.

JAMES SETON-ANDERSON.
DE LA MARE (12 S. xii. 190). -The sur-

39, Carlisle Road, Hove. name De la Mare is held by families in WOOLRYCH PEDIGREE (12 S. xi. 32, 77, Oxford at the present day.

117. – 1. Sir Thomas Wolryche, Bart., of

R. J. S. Dudmaston, co. Salop. (baptized at Worfield EMRA HOLMES (12 S. x. 131).--He was Mar. 27, 1598; died July 4, 1668), married

, also Collector of Customs at Towey (1877), dau. of Thos. Ottley of Pitchford, and sister

Ursula (baptized at Pitchford Aug. 9, 1607) Barnstaple, and Kirkcaldy (1882),

A biographical sketch of him, 'by G. M. dau. of Thos Ottley of Pitchford, and sister Tweddell, occurs in his · Tales, Poems and of Sir Francis Ottley the Royalist Governor Masonic Poems (1877), and Masonic

of Shrewsbury. By her, he had issue eight memoir in Amabel Vaughan and Other

sons and four daughters. Of these, I should
Tales,' also by G. M. Tweddell of Stokesley. be glad of further details relative to the
A note to the editor of the Freemason would marriage (if any) and issue of :
probably
elicit the date of his death, which School, 1642; Gray's Inn, 1648 ; executor of

William, 3rd son, entered Shrewsbury
I hope W. N. C. will communicate
N. & Q.'

his father's will, 1657; buried at Wroxeter, See Boase's ' Collectanea Cornubiensia,' p.

Nov. 9, 1673. 358 and * Bibliotheca Cornubiensis,' pp.

Thomas, 6th son, educated at Shrewsbury 123-4.

School and of Gray's Inn; buried at Quatt, J. H. R.

7 Nov., 1683. ACROBATS AT OLD St. Paul's (12 S. xi. 6). Andrew, 7th son, baptized at Pitchford, -In the Chronicle of the Grey Friars of April 25, 1644. London,' edited by J. G. Nichols, it is George, 8th son, entered Gray's Inn, June recorded at p. 53, that, when Edward VI 9, 1657. He married Margery who was went in procession from the Tower to West- buried at Quatt, Aug. 5, 1689, and had issue, minster on Feb. 20, 1546/7,

Mary, baptized Feb. 24, 1681, and Thomas, at the west ende of Powlles stopull was tayed baptized July 20, 1683. The surname of a cabelle roppe, and the other ende besyde the Margery, and whether their son Thomas denes place at an hanker of a sheppe, and a married are specially sought. man ronnynge downe on the sayd roppe as swefte as an arrow owte of a bow downe wyth

2. I have a note that the family of Wol. hys hondes and fette abrode not to chynge ryche is connected with the Earls of Mercia, the roppe;

and a pedigree shewing the connection is also, at p. 84, that, when Queen Mary stated to be given in Turner's • Anglo

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Saxons but I have not yet discovered it. See also a critical notice in the Times Where has this connection been established ? Literary Supplement, Jan. 18, p. 37, on

I regret that I have not acknowledged the titled A Great Scotsman': Life of Sir replies of two valued correspondents, MRB. Robert Moray by Alexander Robòrtson. COPE and MR. ANDREW DE TERNANT, but the

N. W. HILL. delay has been due to illness, and I trust AUTHORS WANTED (12 S. xii, 179). they will accept this apology,

2. For he is England's Admiral, etc.,', ERNEST B. WOOLRYCH.

would seem to be a misquotation from one of 146, Albany Street,

George Meredith's poems, presumably on NelRegents Park, N.W.1.

I have not a copy at hand “For he is

Britain's Admiral, till setting of her sun. IBI8A KILT (12 S. xi. 231, 293, 396, 439,

W. H. WELPLY.

The Laurels, Strandtown, Belfast. 452, 538).-The query asked how and when

The answers do

(From the quatrain which begins and ends this garment originated.

Trafalgar Day' in Meredith's Last Poems not give any early descriptions of the gar- (Constable, 1909). ment The earliest that I have noticed is He leads: we hear our Seaman's call, in John Derricke's 'Image of Ireland,'

In the roll of battles won;

For he is Britain's Admiral poem published in 1581, which is quoted in

Till the setting of her sun.]
Note #. to Scott's ‘Rokeby.'
JOHN B. WAINEWRIGHT.

AUTHORS WANTED (12 S. xii, 192).-1. “I would not march through Coventry with them,

that's flat.' “ DEAN OF ST. PAUL'S

This sentence forms part of Fal(12 S. xii. 111, staff's soliloquy about the disgraceful appear199).-One good reason for the Dean of St. ance of his recruits, he and they being on their Paul's being so called was to distinguish march towards the rendezvous of the royal him from the Dean of St. Martin's Le forces at Bridgnorth.–1 King Henry IV, Act

IV, Sceno ii. Grand, a collegiato church founded in 1058,

T. H. SOULBY. and from the Dean of St. Stephen's at West- Heywood Villa, Church Stretton. minster, & collegiate church founded in 1347, not to mention the Dean of the Arches. Jahn B. WAINEWRIGHT.

Notes on Books.

Macrobius or Philosophy, Science and Letters HUNGER IN PLACE-NAMES (12 S. xi.

in the year_400. By Thomas Whittaker. 511; xii. 18. 58).--According to the oldest (Cambridge University Press. 6s. 6d. net). inhabitant, there used to be a hill at Lilli- Tuis scholarly and interesting little book has put in the parish of Parkstone, Dorset, fifty also the merit of being pleasant to read, and

it deals with an author who, for “ Hunger

various or sixty years ago, known Hill." The hili has disappeared, carted perhaps rates the absolute merit of Macrobius

reasons, repays some attention. Mr. Whittaker away for the sake of the sand of which it

a little high. Although he was undoubtedly was formed, and with the hill the name, a well-informed and even learned person, he except from the plans and documents relat does not in truth display any originality of ing to the locality. From the top of the mind or force of intellect. The value of his

work is mainly historical. It contains scraps hill, which from its. white appearance was of antiquarian information which we should a conspicuous object in the landscape, it was not otherwise possess, it presents a picture of possible to see the Solent over the trees of the literary, philosophic and religious equipBranksome Wood. The site of it was pointed the close of paganism, and it exercised an im

ment of the ordinary well educated man at ont to me; it is not now very much higher portant influence upon the subsequent develthan the road which passes within a few opment of European thought as an intermedyards of it.

iary between Christianity and Neo-Platonism. PENRY LEWIS. Macrobius was evidently a member of the

pagan party at Rome at the end of the fourth MORAY (12 S. xii. 92).-The · Lord

One of the dramatis century after Christ.

persona of his Saturnalia' is that SymMoray" of W. G. Wills's play, 'Charles I,' machus whose eloquent petition for the restor

à falsified creation of the dramatist, ation of the altar of Victory was defeated by who, in order to improve his plot, made the the intransigeance of St. Ambrose. The plea historical Sir Robert Moray responsible put forward by the Pagans is characteristio for the surrender of the King by the Scots up, one heaven is spread above us, one earth

of the time. To the same stars we look to the Parliament. For Sir Robert Moray bears us

more than one way leads see the 'D. N. B.'

to the great secret.” The dogged refusal of

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Christianity to pasley. with syncretism had valid and useful. The latter half of the ninemuch to do with its victory:

teenth century-with exceptions certainly The first book of the Saturnalia' illus- tended to disparage the eighteenth century in trates the character of this religious syncre general, and Pope, it might be said, in partism. All the deities of every race are shown ticular. This arose partly from an incom. to be forms of one another, and ultimately to patibility between the outlook and characterbe identified with the Divine Sun. This solar istic temperament of the two centuries, partly theory is not the invention of Macrobius; it is from indisputable limitations in Pope as a systematic exposition of a generally accepted poot and defects as a man, but it owed also view, which had its roots in the development something to ignorance. A recurrence of symof religious ideas during the preceding cen. pathy for the eighteenth century, a renewed turies. It is possible to differ from Mr. appreciation of Pope's genius, and the modern Whittaker in regarding the solar theory, both passion for minute research, have brought to in its ancient and in its modern forms, as light several attenuating or explicatory cir. scientifically quite worthless. He is perhaps cumstances and removed some aspersions. Dr. mistaken in supposing that “ after a period Griffith who, as a zealous researcher, has of disfavour, it may be said again to hold borne a good part in this works of verification its own in contemporary controversy."

The and correction, shares the less severe and real value indeed of this part of Macrobius's gloomy view of Pope's character and work. miscellany lies in the scraps of information An interesting Introduction (which charit. about ancient religious practices and for- ably condescends to set out some of the ele malæ which are embedded in it.

ments of the bibliographer's mystery) dis On the side of philosophy and science, Mr.

cusses the special conditions and difficulties Whittaker well brings out the importance of under which Pope's bibliographer has to Macrobius as one of the channels through labour. The list-wisely, we think, is chrono which Platonism affected European thought. logical, the work of each year being ushered Precisely because the presentation is that of in by a short resumé of the poet's doings dur. a vir clarissimus et illustris, an educated and ing its course. The entries themselves, in distinguished man of affairs, not a professional addition to the usual particulars of a serious philosopher, it exercised an influence denied bibliography, are supplied with coasional misto more difficult works. Whether Mr. Whit.

cellaneous notes. These are well worth having. takor is right in lamenting the disappearance

The entries are numbered-and that in two since the eighteenth century of a philosophy series. Of the usefulness of the first, there without tears as part of the stock-in-trade of

can be no doubt;-it is to be hoped that num. the ordinary well-educated man, is perhaps bering will come to be a matter of course in questionable. * The easy philosophy" had bibliographical lists. Of the value of the its morits, but superficiality has also its second series, no opinion worth having can Nemesis. His insistence, however, upon the well be formed until one has had some prac importance of Platonism, and upon its special | tical experience in using it. value for our present times, when materialism

The whole production, beautifully printed has threatened, if not destroyed, our standard and arranged, and lavishly supplied with deof values, will hardly be disputed.

Nor is tail, bears witness to the greatest industry Mr. Whittaker alone in raising to-day the and determination, as well as to the com banner of Plato and Plotinus. "The Dean of piler's competence. We look forward with St. Paul's, more definitely Christian, but pleasure to the remainder of the work. equally scholarly, is with him here and in America the recent work of Mr. Paul Elmer More, though less sure in scholarship (for monthly notices of Booksellers' Catalogues,

It is proposed to resume the regular biMr. More has perhaps some defects in com

beginning with the number for April 14. The mon with Macrobius), preaches from the same

Editor will be glad to receive April Catatext.

logues as soon as possible, and particulars of Alexander Pope : Bibliography. Vol. I, MSS., Autograph Letters and original draw.

Part i. By Reginald Harvey Griffith. (Uni. ings will be specially welcomed.

versity of Texas Press). In compiling, a bibliography of Pope Dr. Griffith attacks courageously, a considerable

Notices to Correspondents. task, Part I of the First Volume now in our hands carries the list of Pope's writings as

EDITORIAL communications should be addressed far as 1734 ; Part II is to complete that list, to “ The Editor of Notes and Queries, 22, and the second volume is to furnish a record

Essex St., Strand, W.C.2." - Advertisements, of the books written about the poet. Pope has Business Letters, and corrected Proofs to small space in our own columns,

The Publisher"-at 20, High Street, High especially in the early days, whon the pens Wycombe, Bucks. of Thoms and Dilke furnished matter which, E. WOOLRYCH :-An account of Wulfric Spot as Dr. Griffith's pages testify, still remain will be found in the ' D.N.B.'

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Printed and Published by The Buoks Free Press, Ltd., at their Offices. High Street,

Wyoombe, in the County of Bucks.

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