Linguistics: An Introduction

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Cambridge University Press, 08.04.1999 - 438 Seiten
This book is a self-contained introduction to language and linguistics, suitable for use as a textbook and for self-study. Written by a team of distinguished linguists, it offers a unified approach to language from several perspectives. A language is a complex structure represented in the minds of its speakers, and this book provides the tools necessary for understanding this structure. It explains basic concepts and recent theoretical ideas in the major areas of linguistics (phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, and semantics), as well as the applications of these to the study of child language acquisition, psycholinguistics, language disorders, and sociolinguistics. The book is divided into three sections: sounds, words, and sentences. In each of these sections, the foundational concepts are introduced along with their applications in the above fields, giving this book a clear and unique structure. Each section is accompanied by extensive exercises and guidance on further reading.
 

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Inhalt

Introduction
1
Developmental linguistics
7
Sociolinguistics
16
Further reading and references
24
Sound variation
52
Sound change
66
regular sound change versus lexical
73
Phonemes syllables and phonological processes
84
Word meaning
193
Children and words 277
211
Lexical processing and the mental lexicon
226
Lexical disorders
243
Further reading and references
274
Basic terminology
282
Sentence structure
292
Empty categories
304

Syllabification and the Maximal Onset Principle
91
Features and processes
97
Child phonology
105
Processing sounds 720
120
Other aspects of phonological processing
130
The International Phonetic Alphabet 757
137
Introduction
145
Word classes
147
Building words
162
Morphology across languages
180
Movement
321
Syntactic variation
338
Logical form
357
Childrens sentences
378
Sentence processing
394
Syntactic disorders
406
Further reading and references
422
Index
429
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