Civil War in Syria: Mobilization and Competing Social Orders

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Cambridge University Press, 08.02.2018
In 2011, hundreds of thousands of Syrians marched peacefully to demand democratic reforms. Within months, repression forced them to take arms and set up their own institutions. Two years later, the inclusive nature of the opposition had collapsed, and the PKK and radical jihadist groups rose to prominence. In just a few years, Syria turned into a full-scale civil war involving major regional and world powers. How has the war affected Syrian society? How does the fragmentation of Syria transform social and sectarian hierarchies? How does the war economy work in a country divided between the regime, the insurgency, the PKK and the Islamic State? Written by authors who have previously worked on the Iraqi, Afghan, Kurd, Libyan and Congolese armed conflicts, it includes extensive interviews and direct observations. A unique book, which combines rare field experience of the Syrian conflict with new theoretical insights on the dynamics of civil wars.
 

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Inhalt

For a Sociological Approach to Civil Wars
1
Introduction
25
The alAssad System
45
A Revolution of Anonyms
65
The Path to Civil War
84
The Building of Military Capital
103
Administering the Revolution
118
Mobilization outside Syria
133
The Islamization of the Insurgency
178
The Caliphate
199
The Variations of Social Capital
225
The Economy for War
239
New Identity Regimes
256
Conclusions
266
Bibliography
292
Index
312

The Crisis Internationalizes
147
The Kurds and the PKK
164

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Über den Autor (2018)

Adam Baczko is a Ph.D. candidate in Political Science at the School for Advanced Studies in the Social Sciences (EHESS, Paris). His research focuses on the exercise of justice by armed groups and its political implications, with a particular focus on Afghanistan. He has carried out fieldwork in Afghanistan, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Iraq and Syria.

Gilles Dorronsoro is Professor of Political Science at Pantheon Sorbonne University and Senior fellow at the Institut Universitaire de France. He has researched civil wars throughout his career, making significant contributions through his books on Afghanistan, Turkey and Syria. Amongst his publications is Revolution unending. Afghanistan, 1979 to the Present (2005).

Arthur Quesnay is a Ph.D. candidate in Political Science at the Pantheon-Sorbonne University. His research centres on the political dynamics of the sectarian conflicts in Iraq, where he conducted extensive fieldwork since 2009. In a comparative perspective, he also carried out fieldwork in Libya (2011012) and Syria (2012016) with insurgent groups.

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