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OF

MURRAY'S

ENGLISH GRAMMAR.

WITH AN

APPENDIX,

CONTAINING

EXERCISES IN ORTHOGRAPHY, IN PARSING, IN

SYNTAX, AND IN

PUNCTUATION.

DESIGNED FOR THE

YOUNGER CLASSES OF LEARNERS

BY LINDLEY MURRAY.

FROM THE TWENTIETH ENGLISH EDITION, CORRECTE

BY THE AUTHOR.

TROY.

PRINTED BY PARKER AND BLISS, 30LD AT THE TROY BOOKSTORE, 61GN OF THE BIBLE.

1810.

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INTRODUCTION.

The Compiler of « English Grammar adapted to the different Claffes of Learners,” having been frequently solicited to publish an Abridgment of that work, for the use of children commencing their grammatical studies, he hopes that the epitome which he now offers to the public, will be found useful and satisfactory.

His chief view in presenting the book in this form, is to preserve the larger work from being torn and defaced by the younger

scholars, in their first study of the general outline which it prescribes; and, consequently, to render their application to each part both new and inviting. If a small volume is better adapted to the taste of children than a large one; and more readily engages their attention, from the apparent shortness of the road they have to travel, the Abridgment will thence derive additional recommendations. To give these arguments the greatest weight,

the book is neatly bound, and printed with a fair letter, and on good paper.

A flight inspection of the manner in which the work is executed, will show that it is not intended to supply the place, or supersede the use of the original Grammar. If, however, the teachers of such children as can devote but a small part of their time to this study, Thould think proper to make use of it, they will not, it is imagined, find it more defective than abridgments commonly are. It exhibits a general scheme of the subjects of Grammar; and contains definitions and rules, which the compiler has endeavoured to render as exact, concife, and intelligible, as the nature of the subject would admit.

The tutors who may adopt this Abridgment merely as an introduction to the larger Grammar, will perceive in it a material advantage, which other short works do not poffefs; namely, that the progress of their pupils will be accelerated, and the pleasure of study increased, when they find themselves advanced to a grammar, which exactly pursues the plan of the book they have studied; and which does not perplex them with new definitions, and discordant views of the subject. The scholars also, who, in other feminaries, may be confined to this epitome, will be more readily invited afterwards to pursue the study

of Grammar, when they perceive, from the intimate connection of the books, the facility with which they may improve themselves in the art.

It may justly be doubted, whether there is any ground for objection to the following compilation, on account of the additional cost it will occasion. The preservation of the larger Grammar, by using the Abridgment, may, in most instances, make amends for the charge of the latter. But were this not the case, it is hoped the period has passed away, in which the important bufiness of education was, too often, regulated or influenced by a parfimonious economy.

The Compiler presumes that no objection can properly be made to the phraseology, from an idea that, in books of this kind, the language should be brought down to the level of what is familiar to children. It is indeed indispensable, that our words and phrases should, without requiring much attention and explanation, be intelligible to young persons; but it will scarcely be controverted, that it is better to lead them forward, and improve their language, by proper examples, than to exhibit such as will confirm them in a feeble and puerile mode of expreffion. Children have language, as well as other things, to learn

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