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In addition to the above-mentioned biographical memoirs, and the other literary topics, the author has endeavoured to exhibit a concise estimate of the characteristics of each writer's genius, talents, and personal influence, and to discuss incidentally the manner and degree, in which his intellectual qualities were operated upon by external contemporaneous causes.
Several works upon the national literature have already been published in Germany. A list of these will be found at pp. 297 and 298, of this volume. Some few among them are of high excellence and repute; but the majority are either too extended and too critical, or too limited in their professed design; and none of them would altogether justify an English translation.
No book on this subject has yet appeared in England, excepting a version of "Menzel's Deutsche Literatur." This production is much too biassed in its judgments, and is generally ill-adapted to the English student.
Accordingly, it has been the aim of the author, to prepare his work upon a plan that should combine comprehensiveness with brevity ; and he ventures to hope, that, as the want of some such manual as the present, has long been a source of much inconvenience to the English student of the German language and literature, that inconvenience will not now be felt to any thing like the same extent. He begs here to express his obligations to his friend, the Editor.
Section 1.—Ancient German Literature - - 1 II.—Modern German Literature - - - 17
First Period, from 1700 to 1770.
i. The second Saxonic School.—Rabener, Gellert,Kastner,
J. E. Schlegel, J. A. Schlegel, Zachariae - - 20
ii. Friedrich von Hagedorn and Haller - - 24
in. Gleim and Uz - - - - 28
iv. Klopstock - - - . 31
v. Lessing - - - - - 36
vi. Wieland - - * - - 41
vii. Berlin and the North of Germaoy.—E. Kleist, Ramler,
Nicolai - - - - - - 44
Viii. Philosophers—Wolff, Crusius, Baumgarten, Mendels-
sohn, Sulzer, Engel, Abbt, Garve, Zimmennann, etc. 48
ix. Herder - - - - - 51
Gessner, Lichtwer, Gerstenberg - - - 58
Prose "Writers," Volksmahrchen" - - * 59
Novelists and Tale Writers - - 61
Antiquarians - - - - - 65
Historians and Geographers - - - 68
Biographers and Grammarians - - 72
Philosophers—Kant,Fichte, Schelling,Jacobi, Krug, etc. 74
Die Sturm Cnd Drang Ferioue - - 85
Second Period, from 1770 to 1800.
Das Zeitalter der Classischen Poesie - 88
Sect. i. Der Gbttinger Bardenbund— Burger, Stolberg,
Voss, Hcilty, Claudius, Leisewitz - . 90
n. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - - 103
in. Johann Christoph Friedrich von Schiller - 142
iv. 1. Lyrical Poets .... 156
2. Dramatic Writers - - - - 162
3. Die Humoristen—Langbein, Thiimmel, Hippel,
Jean Paul, Hoffmann, Benzel-Stern.au, etc. - 170
Third Period, from 1800 to 1813.
Sect. I. Die Eomantische Schule—A. W. and W. F. Schle-
gel, Wackenroder, Tieck, Fouque,Arnim, Bren-
tano, Chamisso, Novalis, Eichendorff, Maler
Miiller - - - -, - 180
Poetical Writers - - - - 203
Dramatic and Prose Writers - - - 206
Modern Time, 1813-1820 - - - - 215
1813: Kbrner, Schenk v. Schenkendorf, Staegemann,
Arndt - - - - - 216
Epic and Lyric Poets - - - 218
Bahel, Bettina, Charlotte Stieglitz - - 223
Tale Writers and Novelists - - - 227
Historians .... - 230
Grammarians, Critics, etc. - - - 233
The Present Age, 1820-1843 - - - - 238
Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel - - 244
Sect. i. Lyrical Poets (the Suabian School) - ■ 250
ir. Das junge Deutschland - - - 260
Dramatists ..... 267
Tale Writers and Novelists - - - 272
Biographers and Critics - - - 280
Native Translators - - - - 282
Writers for the Young - - - 283
Historians and Geographers - - - 284
Zeitschriften und Journale - - - 288
Important Works on German Literature - 297
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