2. How many cwt. in 9563 lb. ? Ans. 85 cwt. I qr. 15 lb. 3. In 13 cwt. 3 qrs. 21 lb. how many pounds ? Ans. 1561 lb. 4. How many mess-pieces of 41 lb. and 31 lb. of each an equal number, in 31 cwt. 1 qr. 12 lb. of beef? Ani, 439 pieces of each. WINE MEASURE. 1. In 25 tuns of wine how many pints ? Ans. 50400 pints. 2. How many hogsheads in 4935 quarts Anf. 19h. 368. 39t. 3. In 3 hhds. 13 gls. 2 qts. how many half pints ? Anl. 3240 half pints. 1. Cloth MEASURE. Ans. 2528 nails. How many ells English in 5932 nails ? Ans. 296 ells 3 qrs. 3. In 29 pieces of holland, each containing 36 ells Flemish, how many yards ? Anf. 783 yds. 2. 1. 2. LONG MEASURE. inches ? Ans. 1837440 inches. How many furlongs in 19753 yards ? Anf. 89 fur. 173 yds. 3. In 590057 inches how many leagues ? Ans. 3 lea. 2 fur. 110 yds. 1 f. 5 in. TIME. 1. How many hours in 57 years, allowing each year to be 365 days 6 hours ? Anf. 499662 hours. 2. In 57953 hours how many weeks ? Ans. 344 w. 6 da. 17hr. How many days from 19th March to the 23d September following ? Anf. 188 days. 4. How many days from 24th May, 1797, to 15th December, Anf. 570 days. Anf. 6654 rods or perches. 2. How many square rods in 7752 square feet ? Anf. 28 rods 129 feet. 3. In 5972 perches, how many acres ? Anf. 37 ac, 1 rood 12 per. 1798 ? 1. SOLID MEASURE. 1. In a pile of wood 96 feet long, 5 feet high, and 4 feet wide, how many cords ? Ans. 15 cords. 2. In 82 tons of round timber how many inches ? Ans. 5667840 in. 3. What are the contents of a load of wood, 6 feet long, 4 feet high, and 24 feet wide ? Anf. 31 feet. GRINDSTONES are sold by the cubic foot, commonly called a stone, and the contents are thus found : Rule. To the whole diameter add half of the diameter, and multiply the sum of these by the same half, and this product by the thickness ; divide this last number by 1728, the inches in a cubic foot, and the quotient is the contents, or answer required. EXAMPLE, 4. How many cubic feet in a grindstone, 24 inches diameter, and 4 inches thick ? 24 diameter. 36 12 432 4 thickness, 1728)1728 I foot. Ans. 5. What are the contents of a grindstone, 36 inches diameter, and 4 inches thick ? AMERICAN MONIES. To change New-England and Virginia currency to Federal money, the dollar being 6 shillings. Rule. As the value of a dollar is equal to three-tenths of a pound, when pounds are given to be changed, annex three cyphers to the sum, and divide the whcle by 3; the quotient is the answer in cente. 2. EXAMPLE 1. Change £ -523 to Federal money. 3)523000 174333} cents. Anf. 1743 dols. 33; cts. Change the following fums, viz. £ dols. cts. 184 Ans. 613 335 3. 29 96 66 4. 57 190 5. 219 730 6. 81 270 7. 127 423 33} When pounds and shillings are given, to the pounds annex half the number of shillings and two cyphers, if the number of shillings in the given sum be even ; but if the number be odd, annex half the number, and then 5 and one cypher, and divide by 3 ; the quotient is the answer in cents. EXAMPLES. 1. Change £ -59 18s. to Federal money. 3)59930 19966, cts. Anf. 199 dols. 66 cts. Change £ .93 135. to Federal money. 3)93650 312164 cts. Ans. 312 dols. 16 cts. Change the following sums, viz. £. s. dols. cts. 3. 129 13 Anf. 432 163 4. 212 50 5. 93 609 83 404 50 When there are shillings, pence, &c. in the given sum, annex for the shillings as before directed, and to these add the farthings in the given pence and farthings, observing to increale their number by one when they exceed 12, and by two when they exceed 37, and divide as before. 2. 63 15 27 18 182 19 57 16 192 66 12 1 EXAMPLES. 1. Change £.21 8s. 4}d. to Federal money. i 3,21419 4 is annexed to the pounds for half the thillings, and 19 for the farthings in 7139 cts. 4d. and excess of 12. Anf. 71 dols. 39cts. 2. Change £.117 16s. 2d. to Federal money. 3) 117808 39269 cts. Ans. 392 2 dols. 69} cts. 3. Change £ :721 9s. 11d. to Federal money. 3)721497 In this example 4 is annexed to the pounds for half the even thillings, and 47 for the farthings in 11 d. and excess of 37, 5 is added to the figure next to half the shillings, making it 9 in place of 4 for the odd shilling. Anf. 2404 dols. 99 cts. 4. Change £.29 11s. 21 d. to Federal money. 3)29559 240499 cts. 9853 cts. Ans. 98 dals. 93 cts. Change the following sums, viz. £is. d. dols. cts. 5. 25 19 9 Ans. 86 62 6. 24 11 73 7. 1238 10 9 4128 46} 6670 212 512 91} 81 94 2001 1 3 1 To change Federal Money to New-England and Virginia currency. RULE. When the sum is dollars only, multiply it by 3 and double the first figure of the product for shillings, and the rest of the product will be pounds. When there are cents in the given sum, multiply the whole by 3 and cut off three figures of the product to the right hand as a remainder. Multiply this remainder by 20 and cut off as before. Proceed in this manner through the several parts of a pound, and the numbers standing on the left hand, make the answer, in the several denominations. Note. If there be mills, cut off four figures and proceed as above. EXAMPLE. 872 £. s. Ans. 261 12 2. Change 1971 dolls. 96; cents 3. Reduce 1259 dols. 89 cts. to Massachusetts currency. and 7 mills, to Maff. currency: 1971 96 1259 89 7 3 3 £. 591,590 £. 377,9691 20 20 S. 11,800 12 S. 19:3820 12 d. 9,600 4 d. 4,5840 4 10 20 dols. f. 2.400 f. 2,3360 Anf. £. 591 11 91 Ans. £.377 19 41 60 90 cents' d. ls. d. s. d. s. d. s. d. s. d.ls. dos. d.ls. d. 71211912 443 0 3 744 214 915 41 81 3 1 101 2 533 043 8 4 3 4 1045 51 3411 11 2 643 11 3 814 344 11 15 61 3 941 431 114 2 7 3 243 944 414 1135 7 4 2 IO 5* 733 243 10 4 515 045 7? 5 31 1031 6 12 8 8 3 13 10 4 6 5 '145 84 6 IHI 642 2 2 9 13 413 114 615 2 5 9 7 o I 732 24 2 943 5 4 044 715 245 91 51 1 8 2 38 2 10 3 54 1 4 8 15 31 5 104 9 8412 4 12 1143 61l4 1/4 825 4 1511 831 I 1 1 1 |