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And send them here through hard assays

very opposite to that intended by the use of foWith a crown of deathless praise.

mentations. To triumph in victorious dance

FON, n. s. Scott. A word now obsolete. A O’er sensual folly and intemperance. Milton. fool : an idiot.

Would'st see the world abroad and have a share Sicker I hold him for a greater fon, In all the follies and the tumults there. Cowley. That loves the thing he cannot purchase. Spenser. Thy hum'rous vein, thy pleasing folly,

FOND, n. s., v, a. &v.n.)

Prior. Lies all neglected, all forgot.

From the Saxon Fond'le, v.a.

fandian, to gape; or Leave such to trifle with more grace and ease,

Fond'ler, n. S.

the German finden, Whom folly pleases, or whose follies please. Pope.

FOND'ling, n. s.

to find or seek. In This is folly, childhood's guide,

Fond'ly, adv.

Scottish it is fon. This is childhood at her side. Hawkesworth.

FOND'NESS, n. s.

j Chaucer uses fonne Tired with the busy crowds that all the day

in the sense of to doat; to be foolish. It is now Impatient throng where Folly's altars flame,

applied to the manner of displaying a too veheMy languid powers dissolve with quick decay,

ment and childish attachment, and generally sig. Till genial sleep repair the sinking frame.


nifies foolish; silly; indiscreet; imprudent; inju

dicious; foolishly tender; injudiciously indulgent; FOMENT', v.a. Fr. fomenter; Lat. fo- ple

pleased in too great a degree; foolishly delighted. FOMENTA'TION, n. s. (mentor. To cherish with

These senses apply to all the parts of the word FOMENT'ER, n. s. heat; to bathe with warm

fond. lotions; to encourage; to support; to cherish; to soothe. A fomentation is partial bathing,

He was beaten out of all love of learning by a fond called also stuping, which is applying hot flanJving hot and school-master.


Fondness it were, for any, being free, nels to any part, dipped in medicated decoc

To covet fetters, though they golden be. Spenser. tions, whereby the steams breathe into the parts, That the Grecians or Gentiles ever did think it a and discuss obstructed humors.

fond cr unlikely way to seek men's conversion by Fomentation calleth forth the humour by vapours; sermons, we have not heard.

Hooker. but yet, in regard of the way made by the poultis, How will this fadge ? My master loves her dearly; draweth gently the humours out ; for it is a gentle And I, poor monster, fond as much on him ; fomentation, and hath withal a mixture of some stu. And she, mistaken, seems to doat on me. Shakspeare. pefactive.

Bacon's Natural History. Tell these sad women, These fatal distempers, as they did much hurt to Tis fond to wail inevitable strokes, the body politick at home, being like humours stirred As 'tis to laugh at them,

Id. Coriolanus. in the natural without evacuation, so did they pro- They err, that either through indulgence to others, duce disadvantageous effects abroad; and better had or fondness to any sin in themselves, substitute for reit been that the raisers and fomenters of them had pentance any thing that is less than a sincere resonever sprung up.

Howel. lution of new obedience, attended with faithful enEvery kind that lives,

deavour, and meet fruits of this change. Hammond. Fomented by his virtual power, and warmed. Milton.

Thou see'st Blame then thyself, as reason's law requires,

How subtly to detain thee I devise, Since nature gave, and thou foment'st my fires.

Inviting thee to hear while I relate;

Dryden. Fond! were it not in hope of thy reply. Milton. They are troubled with those ill humours, which As we should not be sour, so we ought not to be they themselves infused and fomented in them. fond.

Locke. "Twas not revenge for grieved Apollo's wrong
He fomented the head with opiates to procure sleep, Those ass's ears on Midas' temple hung;
and a solution of opium in water to foment the fore.

e. But fond repentance of his happy wish.

Wallet. head.


The bent of our own minds may favour any opinion The medicines were prepared by the physicians,

' or action, that may shew it to be a fondling of our own. and the lotions or fomentations by the nurses. Id.

Locke, FOMENTATIONS are usually applied as warm as

Like Venus I'll shine, the patient can bear, in the following manner :

Be fond and be fine. Addison. Two flannel cloths are dipped into the heated I, fond of my well-chosen seat, liquor, one of which is wrung as dry as the ne My pictures, medals, books complete. Prior. cessary speed will admit, then immediately ap- Any body would have guessed Miss to have been plied to the part affected; it lies on until the bred up under a cruel stepdame, and John to be heat begins to go off, and the other is in readi- the fondling of a tender mother.

Arbuthnot's John Bull. ness to apply at the instant in which the first is

Fondly or severely kind. removed: thus these flannels are alternately ap


Even before the fatal engine closed, plied, so as to keep the affected part constantly A wretched sylph too fondly interposed: supplied with them warm. This is continued Fate urged the shears, and cut the sylph in twain. fifteen or twenty minutes, and repeated two or

Pope. three times a day. Every intention of relaxing Some valuing those of their own side or mind, and soothing by fomentations may be answered Still make themselves the measure of mankind : as well by warm water alone, as when emollients Fondly we think we merit honour then, are boiled in it; but when discutients or antisep- When we but praise ourselves in other men. Id. tics are required, such ingredients must be called

Bred a fondling and an heiress, in as are adapted to that end. The degree of Dressed like any lady may’ress; heat should never exceed that of producing a Cockered by the servants round, pleasing sensation : great heat produces effects Was too good to touch the ground. Skrift



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They are allowed to diss the child at meeting and stituted a mandarin, with power of governing parting; but a professor, who always stands by, them independent of the officers of the city will not suffer them to use any fondling expressions. This pagod was supported as long as this dynasty

lasted; but that of the eastern Tartars, which Corinna, with that youthful air,

succeeded, suffered it to fall to ruin. Is thirty, and a bit to spare :

FONSECA (Eleanor, marchioness de), a moHer fondness for a certain earl

deru Neapolitan political writer, was born in NaBegan when I was but a girl.


ples about 1768, and married the marquis de Some are so fond to know a great deal at once, Fonseca, a Spanish nobleman settled in that city and love to talk of things with freedom and boldness

in 1784. She was an attendant on the late queen; before they thoroughly understand them. Watts.

but having given offence to her majesty, and the This is fond, because it is the way to cheat thyself.

English minister, she was dismissed, and forbid

Tillotson. Your extreme fondness was perhaps as displeasing

den to appear again at court. She now engaged

in her studies, and assisted the celebrated Spalto God before, as now your extreme affliction.


lanzani in his scientific researches. On the But reason with your fond religion fights ;

breaking out of the French revolution, she beFor many gods are many infinites. Dryden. came one of its warmest partizans : and engaged Fame is in itself a real good, if we may believe

in various intrigues against her country. In 1799, Cicero, who was perhaps too fond of it.

the king and royal family being obliged to quit

Naples, the Lazaroni rose and threatened the A touch of hers, his blood would ebb and flow,

lives of those who were in the French interest; And his cheek change tempestuously-his heart

among whom the marchioness de Fonseca narUnknowing of its agony.

rowly escaped their fury. When her party obBut she in these fond feelings had no share : tained the ascendancy, she commenced the NeaHer sighs were not for him ; to her he was

politan Monitor, a journal in which she veheEven as a brother-but no more.

mently attacked the royal family, and especially

Byron. The Dream. the queen. Madame Fonseca was in the zenith FONE, n.s. Plural of foe. Obsolete.

of her fame wben the measures of cardinal Ruffo

obliged the French to quit Naples, and she was A barbarous troop of clownish fone. Spenser.

persuaded to seek her safety in flight; but she FONG-YANG, a city of China, in the pro- refused, and the cardinal caused her to be arvince of Kiang-Nan, situated on a mountain, rested. She was hanged July 29th, 1790. which hangs over the Yellow River, and encloses FONT, n. s. Lat. fons : Fr. fonte. A stone with its walls several fertile little hills. Its ju- vessel in which the water for holy baptism is

iction is very extensive, comprehending contained in the church. eighteen cities; five of which are of the second,

The presenting of infants at the holy font is by their and thirteen of the third class. As this was the


Hooker. birth-place of the emperor Hong-Vou, chief of the

The time is come, a knave child she bere ; preceding dynasty, he formed a design of ren Mauricius at the font-stone they him calle. dering it a magnificent city, and making it the

Chaucer. The Man of Lawes Tale seat of empire. After having expelled the west

I have no name, no title; ern Tartars, who had taken possession of China, No, not that name was given me at the font. he transferred his court hither, and named the city Fong-Yang, i. e. the Place of the Eagle's

There the large olive rains its amber store, Splendor. His intention was to beautify and

nd In marble fonts.

Byron. Don Juan. enlarge it: but the inequality of the ground, the Font was anciently used for the place, whescarcity of fresh water, and above all the vicinity ther river, lake, or artificial reservoir, in which of his father's tomb, made him change his design. persons received their initiation into Christianity By the unanimous advice of his principal officers by the ceremony of immersion. It is now genhe established his court at Nan-King, and put a erally confined to those marble vessels in the stop to the intended works, and nothing was fi- churches in which the water for the sprinkling of nished but three monuments, which still remain. infants is kept. Great Britain can boast of many The extent and magnificence of these show what extraordinary fonts highly interesting to the ecthe beauty of this city would have been, had the clesiastical antiquary. That of Bridekirk, in emperor pursued his original design. The first Cumberland, is allowed to be of Danish origin; is the tomb of his father, to decorate which no and that which was recently removed, in the expense was spared : it is called Hoan-Lin, or spirit of modern improvement, from the church the Royal Tomb. The second is a tower of an of St. Peter in the East, Oxford, exhibited proofs oblong form, and 100 feet high. The third is a of an antiquity nearly as early. The font in St. magnificent temple erected to the god Fo. At Mary's church, Lincoln, dated 1340, is handsome first it was only a pagod to which Hong-Vou re- and of good proportions, as is the elaborately tired after having lost his parents, and where he sculptured one in Winchester cathedral. was admitted as an inferior domestic (See Hong- FONTAINBLEAU, a town of France, in the Vou); but, as soon as he mounted the throne, department of the Seine and Marne, and chief he caused this superb temple to be raised out of place of a canton in the district of Melun. It is gratitude to the Bonzes, who had received him celebrated for its magnificent palace, once the in his distress, and assigned them a revenue general autumnal residence of the kings of sufficient for the maintenance of 300 persons, France. It was erected in the thirteenth century, under a chief of their own sect, whom he con- and considerably improved by Louis XIV. and


XV. It is a vast irregular pile of building; sur- greatest, is the most singularly original of all rounded by the forest of Fontainbleau, anciently the writers of the age of Louis XIV. the most an called the forest of Bierre, of a circular form, and object of despair to imitators, and the writer said to contain 26,480 acres. The town and whom it would cost nature most pains to reprochateau stand in the centre. The town princi- duce, pally consists of one street, of considerable length. FONTAINE L'EVEQUE, in the department of Hither Buonaparte brought the royal family of the North, and ci-devant province of Hainault, Spain, and made a memorable treaty with them, between the Sambre and Meuse, three miles in 1807. Here also he first resigned his impe- west of Charleroi, and ten east of Mons. It was rial dignity. The town is said to contain a po- ceded to France in 1667. Near it the French pulation of 9000.

were defeated by the troops of the allies under FONTAINE (John de la), a celebrated French the prince of Orange, in June 1794. poet, was born at Chateau-Thierri in Cham- FONTAINES (Peter Francis), a French pagne, July 8th, 1621. At nineteen he entered critic, born at Rouen in 1685. At fifteen he amongst the Oratorians, but quitted that order in entered into the society of the Jesuits, and at eighteen months. At the age of twenty-two, on thirty quitted it, though he was a priest, and had hearing an ode of Malherbe's read, upon the a cure in Normandy. Having excited some atassassination of Henry IV., he was so taken tention at Paris by his critical productions, the with it, that the poetical fire, which had before abbé Bignon in 1724 committed to him the lain dormant within him, seemed to be kindled Journal des Sçavans. In 1731 he began a work from that of Malherbe. He read his works with entitled Nouvelliste du Parnasse, ou Reflexions those of the best Latin and Greek authors, as sur les Ouvrages Nouveaux; but only proceeded well as the best compositions in French and to two volumes; the work having been supItalian. Some time afterwards he married a pressed by authority, from the incessant comdaughter of a lieutenant-general, a relation of plaints of authors ridiculed therein. In 1735 be the great Racine. This young lady was remark- obtained a new privilege for a periodical proable for the delicacy of her wit, and Fontaine duction entitled, Observations sur les Ecrits never composed any work without consulting Modernes; which, after continuing to thirty-three her. The famous duchess of Bouillon, niece volumes, was suppressed in 1733. Yet in 1744 to cardinal Mazarine, being exiled to Chateau- he published another weekly paper, called JugeThierri, took particular notice of Fontaine. Upon mens sur les Ouvrages Nouveaux which proher recall, he followed her to Paris, where he ob- ceeded to eleven volumes; the last two being tained a pension, and met with many friends and completed by other hands. In 1745 he was patrons at court. She took him to live at her attacked with a disorder in the breast which house, where, divested of domestic concerns, he ended in a dropsy that proved fatal in five cultivated an acquaintance with all the great weeks. The abbé de la Porte, published, in men of the age. It was his custom, after he was 1757, L'Esprit de l'Abbé des Fontaines, in 4 fixed at Paris, to go every year, in September, vols. 12mo. with his Life, a catalogue of his to Chateau-Thierri, and visit his wife, carrying works, and of writings against him. with him Racine, Despreaux, Chapelle, and other FOʻNTANEL, n. s. Fr. fontanelle. An issue; celebrated writers. After the death of M. de la a discharge opened in the body. Sabliere, he was invited into England, parti

A person pletorick, subject to hot deflusions, was cularly by St. Evremond, who promised him all

dvised to a fontanel in her arm. the comforts of life; but the difficulty of learning

Wiseman. English, and the liberality of the duke of Burgundy, prevented his voyage. About the end of

FONTA’NGE, n. s. From the name of the 1692" he fell dangerously ill, made a general

first wearer. A knot of ribands on the top of confession, and, before he received the sacrament,

the head-dress. Out of use. sent for the gentlemen of the French Academy, Those old-fashioned fontanges rose an ell above and in their presence declared his sincere com- the head : they were pointed like steeples, and had punction for having composed his Tales ; a work long loose pieces of crape, which were fringed, and which he said he could not reflect upon without

hung down their backs.

Addison. the greatest detestation. He survived this illness FONTENAY (John Baptist Blain De), a two years, living in the most exemplary manner, painter of fruits and flowers, born at Caen in and died 13th of March 1695, aged seventy-four. 1654. Louis XIV. gave him a pension, and an He had one son by his wife in 1660. At the apartment in the Louvre. His fruits and flowers age of fourteen he put him into the hands of M. have all the freshness of nature; the very dew de Harlay, the first president, recommending to seems to trickle down their stalks, with all the him his education and fortune. Having been a lustre and transparency of the diamond, while long time without seeing him, he happened to the insects upon them seem perfectly alive. He meet him one day visiting, without recollecting died at Paris in 1715. him, and mentioned to the company that he FONTENAY, ci-devant Le-Comte, the capital thought that young man had a good deal of wit. of the department of the Vendée, seated in a ferWhen they told him it was his own son, he an- tile vale on the Vendée, and containing about swered, “Ha? truly, I am glad of it.' His de- 6600 inhabitants. It has a good trade in cattle, scendants were before the revolution, exempted mules, woollen cloths, &c., with three annual in France from all taxes and impositions. Ac- fairs. It lies near the sea, twenty-eight miles cording to D'Alembert, Fontaine, if not the north-east of Rochelle

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