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On long exposure to air, the granites or porphories physician and polite writer, was born at Chester, of this country exhibit a ferruginous crust; the iron in 1764. He graduated at Edinburgh, after being calcined by the air first becomes visible, and is which he settled in practice at Manchester, and then washed away from the external surface, which became senior physician to the infirmary and becomes white or gray, and thus in time seems to de- the lunatic asylum. He contributed largely to compose.

Darurin.

the formation of the literary and scientific insti. FERRERAS (Don John de), a learned Spa- tutions of that place; and supplied many papers nish ecclesiastic, à native of Labaneza, was born in their Transactions. He died in 1815. Dr. in 1652. After studying at Salamanca he ob- Ferriar was the author of, 1. Medical Histories, tained the cure of St. James of Talavera, whence 3 vols. 8vo. 2. Illustrations of Sterne, in he removed to Madrid, and became a member of which the plagiarisms of that writer were dethe academy. He assisted in the compilation of tected, 8vo. 3. Bibliomania, an Epistle, 8vo. the great Spanish Dictionary, and was the au- 4. An Essay towards a Theory of Apparitions, thor of various works in philosophy, theology, 8vo. 5. On the medical Properties of the Digiand history, the most considerable of which is a talis Purpurea, 8vo. general History of Spain, in ten volumes, 4to. FERRIER (Arnold de), an eminent French

FER'RET, n. s. & v. a.) Fr. furet : Teut. lawyer, born at Toulouse in 1506. He was adFER'RETER. n. s.

fret : Welsh, fured : mitted LL. D. at Padua : was a professor in the Port. frao : Dutch. ferret : Lat. viverra, i.e. á university of Toulouse, and a counsellor in the creature that lives or sees under the earth. A parliament of that city. He went afterwards species of mustela used in the destruction of ambassador to Venice, where he continued serats, hunting of rabbits, &c. See MUSTELA: veral years. He wrote several works, and ashence to ferret is to hunt out of concealment, or S

sisted F. Paul in his history of the council of lurking places.

Trent. After long entertaining sentiments in

favor of the Protestant religion, he at last openly Cicero Looks with such ferret and such fiery eyes

renounced popery in his seventy-sixth year, and As we have seen him.

died three years afterwards.. Shakspeare. Julius Cæsar.

FERRINGTOSH, Gael. 'i. e. the Thane's With what an eager earnestness she looked, having

iness sbe looked, having lands, a barony of Scotland, in Ross-shire, whose threatening not only in her ferret eyes, but while she ancient owner having greatly assisted to quash a spoke, her nose seemed to threaten her chin. rebellion which threatened the north of Scotland

Sidney. upon the revolution in 1688, and having, in conThe archbishops had ferretted him out of all his sequence of his patriotic exertions, incurred great boles.

Heylin. damage by the depredations of the opposite facConeys are taken either by ferrets or purse-nets. tion upon his property, he received, by way of

Mortimer. ' compensation, an exemption from all duties upon FERRETTO, in glass-making, a substance spirits distilled from grain, the growth of his which serves to color glass. It is made by a lands in this district. The family continuing simple calcination of copper, but serves for se- steadfast in their adherence to government this veral colors. There are two ways of making it: singular privilege of exemption from excise the first is this :- Take thin plates of copper and was continued to them till 1784, when it was lay them on a layer of powdered brimstone, in taken away by act of parliament, and a suitable the bottom of a crucible; over these lay more compensation authorised to be made. This, brimstone, and over that another layer of the upon being submitted to a jury before the court plates, and so on, alternately, till the pot is full. of exchequer, November 29th, 1785, was fixed at Cover the pot, lute it well, place it in a wind- £21,580. furnace, and make a strong fire about it for two FERRO, Fer, or HIERO, the smallest and hours. When it is taken out and cooled, the most westerly of the Canary islands. It contains copper will be found so calcined that it may be about seven square leagues, and a population of crumbled to pieces hetween the fingers like a 5000. The chief exertions of the inhabitants are friable earth. It will be of a reddish, and, in turned towards the rearing of cattle. Fogs are some parts, of a blackish color. This must be very common over this island, whence it has repowdered and sifted fine for use. Another way ceived in the neighbourhood the name of the of making ferretto is as follows: make several Black Canary. It presents on all sides to the stratifications of plates of copper and white vi- sea a face of hold and craggy rock. In the intetriol, alternately, in a crucible, which place on rior the appearance of the country improves ; the floor of the glass furnace, near the eye, and and a great part of the island is tolerably fruitful. let it stand there three days; then take it out, Good wine and brandy are exported to Teneriffe. and make a new stratification with more fresh Bees thrive exceedingly on account of the multivitriol: calcine again as before. Repeat this tude of aromatic flowers, and the honey s exceloperation six times, and a most valuable ferretto lent. The island abounds also in figs, and the will be obtained.

quantity is sometimes so great, that to prevent FERRI (Ciro), a painter, born at Rome in their being lost, it is necessary to convert them 1634, was bred under Pietro da Cortona; and the into brandy. The woods have deer, red-legged works of the scholar are often mistaken for those partridges, bustards, and pheasants. A great of the master. The grand duke of Tuscany no- disadvantage is the want of water, of which minated bim chief of the Florentine school. He Ferro is said to contain not more than thre! died in 1689.

fountains. Hence the cattle are said sometimes FERRIAR (John), a respectable modern to quench their thirst with sea water. Ferro,

FERRO PRUSSIC ACID...

173 being once supposed to be the most westerly

4 atoms carbon = 30 00 point of the old world, was originally employed

1 atom azote = 17-50 by all geographers as their first meridian, and the

1 atom iron

17.50 longitude reckoned from it. El Golfo, or the

1 atom hydrogen = 1.25 Gulf, on the east side, is the principal village. Long. 17° 46' W., lat. 27° 45' N.

66.25' FERROL, an important sea-port of Spain, on the north coast of Galicia, naving one of the best This sum represents the weight of its prime harbours of Europe; being ten miles deep, and equivalent. Ferroprussiate of potash, anl of from a quarter to half a mile broad, with depth barytes, will each therefore, according to him, confor the largest ships to Ferrol, five miles from sist of an an atom of acid + an atom of base + the entrance, and for frigates two miles further. two atoms of water. Both shores are lofty and lined with forts, and It has been supposed that Mr. Porrett's new the haven, or arsenal, which is formed by piers, acid is nothing but a hydrocyanate or prussiate n.ay be closed with a boom. The strengih of of iron, which, from the mutability of its conthese works will account for the retreat of Sir stituents, is easily decomposed by heat and light; James Pulteney, who landed with a very effi- and that the only permanent compound which cient force in the vicinity, in the end of August that acid forms is in triple salts. This is the old 1799, but judged it necessary to re-embark. opinion, and also the present opinion of several

The bays of Ares and Betanzos are separated eminent chemists. These compounds we shall from Ferrol harbour by a peninsula: the islands call ferroprussiates. M. Vauquelin and M. of Maro!a and Miranda are in the entrance. Thenard style them ferruginous prussiates. These hays are open to the north-west, and con- Ferroprussiate of potash is made by heating sequently dangerous.

pearl-ash with the hoofs and horns of animals in The basin in which the ships are laid up is or a heated iron vessel. This salt is now manufacgreat extent, and solid workmanship; each ves- tured in several parts of Great Britain; and sel has its own store-house, where the boatswains', therefore the experimental chemist need not carpenters', and gunners' stores, are distinctly incur the trouble and nuisance of its preparation. marked. The marine barracks are a vast and An extemporaneous ferroprussiate of potash may beautiful building, affording accommodation for however be made by acting on Prussian blue 6000 men. The establishments are all naval; with pure carbonate of potash, prepared from the there is an academy for the Guardas Marinas : ignited bicarbonate or bitartrate. Of the puria nathematical school for marine artillerists; a fied Prussian blue, add successive portions to nautical, and even a pilot school. The town has the alkaline solution, as long as its color is de10,000 inhabitants, but little more trade than stroyed. Filter the liquid, saturate the slight what the presence of the fleet produces, foreign alkaline excess with acetic acid, concentrate by merchandise not being allowed to enter it: and evaporation, and allow it slowly to cool. Quathe manufactures are confined to sail-cloths, drangular bevelled crystals of the ferroprussiate ropes, hardware, and leather. The climate is of potash will form. This salt is transparent, moist. The town is of very recent erection, and of a beautiful lemon or topaz-yellow. Its having been but a village until 1752, when En- specific gravity is 1.830. It has a saline, coolsennada, minister of Ferdinand VI., apprised of ing, but not unpleasant taste. In large crystals the advantages of its situation, determined to it possesses a certain kind of toughness, and, in establish dock-yards, arsenals, and manufacto- thin scales, of elasticity. The inclination of the ries here. It is twenty-one miles north-east of bevelled side to the plane of the crystal is about Corunna, and thirty-six north-west of Lugo. 135o. It loses about thirteen per cent. of water Long. 8° 11' 29" W., lat. 43° 29' 30" N.

when moderately heated; and then appears of a FERROL, Cape, a cape on the north-west coast white color, as happens to the green copperas ; of Newfoundland. Long. 57° 11' W., lat. 51° but it does not melt like this salt. Water at 60° 4' N.

dissolves nearly one-third of its weight of the FERROPRUSSIC, or FERROCYANIC, Acid. crystals; and, at the boiling point, almost its Into a solution of prussiate of potash pour hydro- own weight. It is not soluble in alcohol; and sulphuret of barytes, as long as any precipitate is not altered by exposure to the air. Exposed will fall. Filter the whole, and wash the preci- in a retort to a strong red heat, it yields prussic pitate with cold water; dry it, and, having dis- acid, ammonia, carbonic acid, and a coaly resisolved 100 parts in cold water, add gently duc consisting of charcoal, metallic iron, and concentrated sulphuric acid thirty parts; shake potash. When dilute sulphuric or muriatic acid them well together, and set the mixture aside to is boiled on it, prussic acid is evolved, and a settle. The supernatant liquid is ferroprussic very abundant white precipitate of protoprussiate acid, first discovered by Mr. Porrett. It has a of iron and potash falls, which afterwards, pale lemon-yellow color, but no smell. Heat treated with liquid chlorine, yields a Prussian and light decompose it. Hydrocyanic acid is bue, equivalent to fully one-third of the salt emthen formed, and white ferroprussiate of iron, ployed. Neither sulphuretted hydrogen, the which soon becomes blue. Its affinity for the hydrosulphurets, nor infusion of galls, produce bases enables it to displace acetic acid, without any change on this salt. Red oxide of mercury heat, from the acetates, and to form ferroprus- acts powerfully on its solution at a moderate siates.

heat. Prussiate of mercury is formed, which reMr. Porrett considers this acid ' as a compound mains in solution; while peroxide of iron and of

metallic mercury precipitate. This salt is said by Mr. Porrett to be composed of the following Pure Prussian blue is a mass of an extremely constituents.

deep blue color, insipid, inodorous, and consiPotash

derably denser than water. Neither water nor

40.34 Ferrochyazic acid . 44:53

alcohol has any action on it. Boiling solutions of Water

potash, soda, lime, barytes, and strontites, de15:13

compose it ; forining on one hand soluble ferro100.00

prussiates with these bases, and on the other a

residue of brown deutoxide of iron, and a yellowFerroprussiate of soda may be prepared from ish-brown sub-ferroprussiate of iron. Aqueous Prussian blue and pure soda, by a sinilar pro- chlorine changes the blue to a green in a few cess to that prescribed for the preceding sali. It minutes, if the blue be recently precipitated. crystallises in four-sided prisms, terminated by Aqueous sulphuretted hydrogen reduces the dihedral summits. They are yellow, transparent, blue ferroprussiate to the white protoferroprushave a bitter taste, and etfloresce, losing in a siate. warm atmosphere thirty-seven and a half per Its igneous decomposition in a retort has lately cent. At 550 they are soluble in four parts and been executed by M. Vauquelin with minute ata half of water, and in a much less quantity of tention. He regards it as a hydrocyanate or boiling water. As the solution cools crinals se- mere prussiate of iron; but the changes he deparate. Their specific gravity is 1:158. They are scribes are very complex, nor do they invalidate said to be soluble in alcohol.

Mr. Porrett's opinion, that it is a combination Ferroprussiate of lime may be easily formed of red oxide of iron, with a ferruretted aciil. from Prussian blue and lime water. Its solution The general results of M. Vauquelin's analysis yields crystalline grains by evaporation. were hydrocyanic acid, hydrocyanate of ammo

Forroprussiate of burytes may be formed in the nia, an oil soluble in potash, crystalline needles, same way as the preceding species. Its crystals which contained no hydrocyanic acid, but were are rhomboidal prisms, of a yellow color, and merely carbonate of ammonia; and, finally, a soluble in 2000 parts of cold water and 100 of ferreous residne slightly attracted by the magnet, boiling water. By Mr. Porrett's second account and containing a little undecomposed Prussian of this salt it is composed of

blue. Acid

. 41 5

Proust, in the Annales de Chimie, vol. LX., . Barytes .

. 47.5

states, that 100 parts of Prussian blue, without Water . . . . 11:0

alum, yield 0:55 of red oxide of iron by coin

bustion; and, by nitric acid, 0:51. 100 of prus100.0

siate of potash and iron, he further says, afford,

after digestion with sulphuric or nitric acid, In the Annals of Philosophy for October, thurty-five parts of Prussian blue. 1819, Mr. Porrett gives as its true proportions, FERRY is also used for a liberty by prescrip

1 atoin ferrochyazic acid 66:25 35.60 tion, or by the king's urant, to have a boat for 1 atom barytes . . 97

passage, on a frith or river, for carrying pas

52.22 2 atoms water . . 22:5 12:12

sengers, horses, &c., over it, for a reasonable

toll. 185.75 100.00

TERRULE, n. s. Lat. ferrum, iron ; but this

word, the Fr.verole, and Teut. ucre, are traced by But professor Berzelius represents it as a com- Mr. Thomson to the barb. Lat. ritola, and Gr. pound of,

yupow, to bend. An iron ring put round any Potassium . . . 37.11

thing to keep it from cracking. Iron . . .

12.85

The fingers ends are strengthened with nails, az Water . . . 12.82

we fortify the ends of our staves or forks with iron Cyanogen . . . 37.22

hoops or ferrules.

FERRY,v. a., v. n. & n.s.) Saxon, fanan 100.00 Fer'RY-BOAT, n. s.

((to go), fen;

Fer'rY-MAN, Ferroprussiute of strontian and magnesiu have

(Goth.fur;Teut. also been made.

FER'RIAGE, 11. s.

forg; Bel. veur ; Ferroprussiate of iron. With the protoxide of

of Swed. fargu. Skinner traces all these words iron and this acid we have a white powder, i

to the Lat. vcho : Dr. Johnson suggests firri, to which, on exposure to air, becomes blue, passing at

be carried, as their more probable origin; Mininto deutoferroprussiate of iron, or Prussian blue.

5 sheu refers at once to the Greck peow, to bear. We have already described the method of mak

To carry or be carried over water in a boat. ing the ferroprussiate of potash, which is the

Ferry and ferry-boats are names for the vessel first step in the manufacture of this beantiful

of carriage, and the former is a name often given pigment. This is usually made hy mixing to

to the accustomed place of passage. A ferrygether one part of the ferroprussiate of potash,

man is he who manages or conducts one over a one part of copperas, and four parts more of

ferry. Ferriage, the fare or price paid for his alum, each previously dissolved in water. Prus

services. sian blue, consisting of the deutoferroprussiate of A ferryboat to carry over the king's household. iron, mixed with more or less alumina, precipi

2 Sam. xix. 13. tates. It is afterwards dried on chalk stones, in

Cymocles heard and saw, a stove.

le loudly called to such as were aboard

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mer.

The little bark unto the shore to draw,

FERTILE, adj. Fr. and Ital. fertile , And hiin to ferry over that deep ford.

FER'tileness,n. s. Span. and Port. fertil;

Facrie Queene. FERTILITATE, v.a. Lat. fertilis, from fero, By this time was the worthy Guyon brought FERTIL'ITY, n. s. fers, to bear. ProducOnto the other side of that wide strand,

FER’TILIZE, v. a. tire; fruitful; abundant; Where she was rowing, and for passage sought :

FER'TILELY, adv. j taking of before that Him needed not long call, she soon to hand

which is produced. Fertilitate is an obsolete syHer ferry brought.

nonyme of fertilise, which signifies to make Bring them with imagined speed Unto the Traject, to the common ferry

fruitful or productive. Fertileness and fertility Which trades to Venice. Shakspeare. are the state of being fruitful or productive; feI past, methought, the melancholy finod, cundity ; plenteousness. With that grim ferryman which poets write of,

I had hope of France, Unto the kingdom of perpetual night.

Id.

As firmly as I hope for fertile England.
But never since dareth the Ferryman

Shakspeare. Once entertaine the ghost of Gullian.

I will go root away
Tall's Satires.

The noisome weeds, that without profit suck
Thence hurried back to fire,

The soil's fertility from wholesome flowers.

Id. Rich. II. They ferry over this Lethæan sound

Paradise itself exceeded in beauty and fertility, Both to and fro, their sorrow to augment. Milton.

and these places had but a resemblance thereof. The common ferryman of Egypt, that wafted over

Raleigh's History. the dead bodies from Memphis, was made by the

A cock will in one day fertilitate the whole rarema. Greeks the ferryman of hell, and solemn stories raised

tion or cluster of eggs not excluded in many weeks after hijn.

Browne.
after.

Browne.
The grisly ferryman of hell denied

I have had a large, a fair, and a pleasant field, so Æneas entrance, 'till he knew his guide.

Roscommon.

fertile, that it has given me lo barvesta in a sumI went down to the river Brent in the ordinary

Dryclen.

The quickness of the imagination is seen in the ferry.

Addison.

invention, the fertility in the fancy, and the accuracy We have no slaves at home-Then why abroad?

in the expression.

Id. And they themselves, once ferried o'er the wave

I ask whether in the uncultivated waste of America, That parts us, are emancipate and loosed. Couper.

a thousand acres yield as many conveniences of life Ferre GAUCHER, LA, a small town of France, as ten acres of equally fertile land do in Devonshire. in Champagne, which was the scene of a severe

Locke. action, on the 26th of March 1814, between the The earth is fertile of all kind of grain. Camden. French and allies. Population 1950 Fourteen This happy.country is extremely fertile, as of those miles south of Chateau-Thierry.

above, so likewise of its productions under ground. FERTE IMBAULT, LA, a small town of France,

Woodward. in the department of the Loir and Cher, on the

Rain-water carries along with it a sort of terrestrial Seudre, with 1600 inhabitants. Twenty-eight

matter that fertilizes the land, as being proper for the formation of vegetables.

Id. miles E.S. E. of Blois.

To inundations Egypt, through which the Nile FERTE, LANGERON, LA, a town of France, in

flows, and the Indies owe their extraordinary fertility, the department of the Nievre. Population 1200.

and those mighty crops they produce after these waters Fifteen miles north of Nevers.

are withdrawn.

Id. FERTE LOUPTIERE, LA, a town of France, in View the wide earth adorned with hills and woods, the department of the Yonne. Population 1160. Rich in her herds, and fertile by her foods. Fifteen miles north-west of Auxerre.

Blackmore. FERTE Maces, La; a town of Normandy. SNEER. In short, that even the finest passages you Population 3400. Twenty-three miles west of steal are of no service to you ; for the poverty of your Alençon.

own prevents their assimilating ; so that they lie on the Ferte Milon, La, a town of France, in the

the surface like lumps of marl on a barren moor, encum. department of the Aisne, on the Ourcq. Racine,

bering what it is not in their power to fertilize!

Sheridan. the celebrated French tragedian, was born here,

Add to this, that on the coasts of Africa, where in 1639. Population 2100. It is sixty miles frost is unknown, the fertility of the soil is almost be. north-east of Paris.

yond our conceptions of it.

Darwin, FERTE, St. AUBEN, LA, or Lovendhal, a small

FER’VENCY, n. s.) Fr. fervent ; Ital. and town of the interior of France, on the Cousson,

FER'VENT, adj. Port. fervente ; Lat. fercontaining 1600 inhabitants. Eleven miles south

FER'VENTLY, adv. | vens, ferdeo; à Gr. Depw, of Orleans.

FER'vid, adj. Sto make hot. Heat: most Ferte Sur AUBE, LA, a town of France, in

FERVID'ITY, n. s. commonly applied in our the department of the Upper Marne, on the Aube.

FER'VIDNESS, language metaphorically, Population 1100. This was the scene of an

FER'vor.

to heat or ardor of mind; action between the French and allies on the 27th

warmth of devotion ; zeal : fervidity, fervidness, and 28th of February 1814. Fifteen miles west

and fervor, are synonymes of fervency. of Chaumont en Bassigne.

Not slough in bisinesse, feruent in spyryt, seruonge FERTE Sous JOUARRE, a neat town of France,

es to the lord.

Wiclif. Romaynes xii. in the department of the Seine and Marne, at And not by his coming only, but by the consolation the conflux of the Marne and the Morin. Popu- wherewith he was comforted in you, when he told us lation 3700. Ten miles east of Meaux. There your earnest desire, your mourning, your fervent mind are various other small towns of France of this toward me; so that I rejoiced the more.' name.

1 Cor. vii. 7.

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Epaphras saluteth you, laboring fervently for you in

What profound repose : prayers.

Col. iv. 12. What fervid action, yet no noise ! as awed -- The day of God, wherein the heavens being To silence by the presence of their Lord. on fire shall be dissolved, and the elements shall melt

Young. with feruent heat.

2 Peter iii. 12. Yet, when the sense of sacred presence fires, The fountains

And strong devotion to the skies aspires, Bubbling wave did ever freshly wade

Pour forth thy fervours for a healthful mind, Ne ever would through fervent Summer fade. Obedient passions, and a will resigned.

Spenser.

Johnson. Vanity of Human Wishes. Yon s.ecping sparkes awake,

Thus while she spoke, her eye, sedately meek, Which troubled once into huge flames will grow; Looked the pure fervour of maternal love. Beattic. Ne ever will their fervent fury slake,

Ah! fondly youthful hearts can press, Till living moisture into smoke do flow,

'To seize and share the dear caress : And wasted life doe lye in ashes low.

But Love itself could never pant
Spenser': Faerie Queene.

For all that Beauty sighs to grant
They all that charge did fervently apply;

With half the fervour Hate bestows With greedy malice and importune toil. Id. Upon the last embrace of foes,

They that are more fervent to dispute, be not always When grappling in the fight they fold the most able to determine.

Hooker. Those arms that ne'er shall loose their hold. We have on all sides lost most of our first fervency

Byron. towards God.

Id. Dedication.

Yet did I love thee to the last

As fervently as thou, Odious it must needs have been to abolish that

Who did’st not change through all the past, which all had held for the space of many ages, with

And can't not alter now.

Id out reason so great as might in the eyes of impartial

FE'RULA, n.s. Fr. ferule, from Lat. men appear sufficient to clear them from all blame of rash proceedings, if in fervour of zeal they had re

FE'RULE, n. s. &v.a. I ferula, giant fennel. An moved such things.

Hooker.

instrument of correction with which young scho

lars are beaten on the hand; so named because Haply despair hath seized her; Or, winged with fervour of her love, she's down

anciently the stalks of fennel were used for this To her desired Posthumus.

purpose: to ferule is to apply the ferule.
Shakspeure. Cymbeline.

These differ as much as the rod and ferula.
Your diver

Shaw's Grammar Did bang a fish on his book, which he

The birch upon the breeches of the small ones, ind humble with

le the tall ones. With fervency drew up.

Beaumont and Fletcher. From the pblegmatick humour, the proper allay of The eye of the parent, and the fcrule of the master. fervent blood, will flow a future quietude and sereni. is all too little to bring our sons to good. Bp. Hall. tude.

Wotton. How justly is the fervency of the prayer added to

FERULA has also been used to denote the prethe righteousness of the person.

late's cros er and staff. Bp. Hall's Contemplations. Ferula, in the eastern einpire, was the emlle cares not how or what he suffers, so he suffer peror's sceptre, as is seen on various medals; it well, and be the friend of Christ; nor where nor consists of a long stem, or shank, and a flat when he suffers, so he may do it frequently, feruently, square head. The use of the fernla is very anand acceptably.

Taylor. cient among the Greeks, who used to call their So spake the fervent angel; but his zeal

princes vapOnkopopoi, q.d. “ferula-bearers.' None secanded, as out of season judged,

FERULA, in the ancient eastern church, signiOr singular and rash. Milton's Paradise Lost.

fied a place separated from the church ; wherein Were it an undeniable truth that an effectual fer. the penitents, or the catechumens of the second vour proceeded from this star, yet would not the same

order, called auscultantes, arpoauarikou, were determine the opinion.

Browne.

kept as not being allowed to enter the church; · Like bright Aurora, whose refulgent ray

whence the name of the place, the persons Foretells the fervor of ensuing day,

therein being under penance or discipline : sub And warns the shepherd with his focks retreat

ferula erant ecclesiæ. To leafy shadows, from the threatened heat. Waller.

Ferula, fennel-giant, in botany, a genus of Let all enquiries into the mysterious points of the the digynia order and pentandria class of plants: ology be carried on with fervent petitions to God, that:

natural order forty-fifth, umbellatæ. The fruit is he would dispose their minds to direct all their skill to the promotion of a good life.

South.

oval, compressed plane, with three striæ on each There will be at Loretto, in a few ages more, jewels

side. There are nine species; all herbaceous perenof the greatest value in Europe, if the devotion of its

nials, rising from three to ten or twelve feet high, princes continues in its present fervour.

with yellow flowers. They are propagated by Addison on Italy.

seeds, which should be sown in autumn; and, When you pray, let it be with attention, with fer when planted out, ought to be four or five feet vency, and with perseverance.

Wake. distant from each other, or from any other plants; As to the healing of Malchus's ear, in the account

for no other will thrive under their shade. Asaof the meek Lamb of God, it was a kind of injury

fetida is obtained from a species of ferula. The done to him by the fervidness of St. Peter, who knew process of obtaining it is as follows : the earth not yet what spirit he was of.

Bentley is cleared away from the top of the roots of the These silver drops, like morning dew,

oldest plants; the leaves and stalks are then Foretell the fervour of the day;

twisted away, and made into a covering, to screen So from one cloud soft showers we view, the root from the sun; in this state the root is And blasting lightnings burst away. Pope. left for forty days, when the covering is removed,

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