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it into four peninsulas; it has a good winter port long, and five miles broad; has six churches, named Klaksund, on the north-west, and seven and ten villages. It has many spaces, covered villages. 5. Kunæ, eight miles long, and two with basaltic columns. This island has two broad, is one steep conical hill; three villages. good winter harbours. The Monk is a great 6. Kelsa, nine miles long, and one broad; four lump of rock south of Sudere, surrounded by villages. Osteræ, twenty miles long, and ten sunken rocks among which the currents are strong broad, has the highest hills among the group, is and dangerous. indented by five sounds, and has the good winter These islands are all vast mountains of rock, harbour of Kongshaven on the south-west ; it has generally rising in conical or angular summits or two small fresh-water lakes and many basaltic 1000 to 2000 feet elevation, and the coasts precolumns. It contains seven churches, and twenty senting perpendicular rocky cliffs of 200 to 300 villages or farms. Two singular rocking stones feet height. The grand formation is trap, with are seen in the sea near the island. Their length feltspar, glimmer, and grains of zeolite; the is twenty-four feet, and breadth eighteen, even only volcanic appearances are in basaltic when the sea is perfectly calm, they have a sen- columns, wbich cover considerable spaces. Many sible vibratory motion, and in storms move confused heaps of loose stones, and vast masses backwards and forwards several inches with a of rock, scattered on the sides of the hills, seem creaking noise : this effect is probably produced to denote some great convulsion, by which also by their remaining suspended on the summits of it would appear that many of the islands have other rocks after the clay on which they formerly been torn to pieces. The shores offer numerous rested had been washed away. 8. Stroma, the deep caverns, the resort of seals. The mounlargest of the islands, is twenty-seven miles tains are only separated by very narrow glens, long, and seven broad. It has one town and through which run rivulets and brooks, many oi twenty villages and farms. The former, named which form cascades, and are niseful in turning Thorshavn, is the only one on the islands, and corn mills. There are also some fresh-water is on the south-east side of the island. It is the lakes, in which are trout and eels; and some seat of government and the centre of trade. It warm springs. consists of 100 wooden houses, with the same The quantity of arable land is very small, the number of families, of whom one half are fish- soil over the bed of rock being in general not ermen, servants, or paupers. There is a Latin more than a foot or two deep. Barley and rye school, and a wooden church, covered with slate. are the only cultivated grains; and turnips, The defences are a small fort, and garrison of carrots, and potatoes the only vegetables. The thirty-six men. At Kirkeboe, a village on the turnips are a yellow sort, but small and hard ; south end of the island, is the only stone church; and the potatoes diminutive and watery. Such, and here was the ancient seat of the popish however, is the industry of the people in some bishops. Westmanhamen, on the west side of places, that soil is often seen laid on the flat surthe island, is the best harbour of the group. 9. faces of large stones, in which potatoes of a good Nolsa, Needle Island, has its name from a quality are produced. The islands have no perforated hill resembling the eye of a needle. trees, though from the veins of soil they possess, It is five miles and a half long, and one and from the trunks of juniper trees found in the mile broad, and contains copper ore, mixed with soil, it would appear that they were not formerly gold; one village. 10, 11. Hesta, and Kolter, without wood. Copper ore has been found, are little islands with a single farm each. 12. with particles of gold, but too poor to pay the Vaaga, has two lakes of fresh-water, one of expense of working. The climate, though very which is three miles long, and half a mile broad; foggy, is not unhealthy. The summers are they abound in large trout; three villages. 13. generally wet; the winters stormy but not cold, Mygenæs, the western island, is small and of the lakes or brooks seldom freezing to any thickdifficult access, so that it is only visited twice a ness, but snow falls in vast quantity. The year by the clergyman; one village. West of aurora borealis is common in winter, and is even this island is a great rock of basaltic columns, seen sometimes in August. The shores are trethe only resort amongst the islands of the Soland mendously beaten by the Atlantic waves, and goose. It pastures sheep and oxen, whose flesh the currents rush through the sounds and straits is the most esteemed of the islands. 14. Sandæ with great violence, forming whirlpools almost is thirteen miles long, and one mile and a half equal to those of the Maelstrom, on the coast of broad; it has three lakes, and five villages. It Norway. The islands are deeply indented by is one of the most fertile, producing excellent inlets forming eight good harbours in winter, and potatoes. 15. Skua, a small island, is celebrated they have besides many roads named summer in the annals of the islands for containing the harbours. tomb of their hero Sigismund Bristesen. 16. The wild animals are only rats and mice; the The Great Dimon is almost entirely inacces- domestic ones horned cattle, sheep, horses, and a sible ; and its inhabitants, of one family, having few hogs, dogs, and cats. The amphibious no place to haul up a boat, have no communica- animals are the walrus, and several species of tion with the other islands, unless when the the seal. Among the aquatic birds are many people of the latter visit them; and the clergy- kinds of ducks, particularly the eider, the auk, man who visits the island only every summer, is the puffin, penguin, diver, fulmer, sheer-water, obliged to be hoisted up by a rope. This island, gannet, gulls, petrel, &c. The only land birds as well as its neighbour the Little Dimon, is the of any consideration are the quail and wild grand resort of sea-fowls. 17. Sudero, the pigeon. Domestic fowls are common, but there southernmost of the group, is seventeen miles are no turkeys.

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The population in 1782 was 4409 souls: in pointing upwards. Landt states the height of 1812, 5209. Their principal pursuits are cutting this peak to be 1200 feet, and we believe that turf for fuel, agriculture, rearing cattle and sheep, this does not much exceed the truth. The elemanufacturing the wool of the latter into coarse vation of Tindholm is probably about 500 feet, cloths or knit jackets and stockings, to dye and its singular appearance is much more strikwhich they make use of lichens, with which the ing. On one side, though very steep, it is coislands abound. The cattle are small; and, no vered with verdure almost to the summit, which pains being taken to select the best for breeding, consists of a number of long and slender peaks

, tew are to be met with that are well shaped. ranged along the ridge, which terminates on the They yield but a small quantity of milk, but it opposite side a perpendicular face of rock. In is sweet and rich. The sheep vary a little in ap- crossing the island of Vaagoe towards this rock, pearance and in the quality of their wool, which its summit is seen in a form bearing a close siis torn from them when the fleece begins to militude to the towers and pinnacles of Westloosen; but frequently that event is not waited minster Abbey. In some places there are ranges for, and the skin of the animals is cruelly lace- of columnar rocks; but, in general, they are not rated. The horses are small, and in general in such situations as to render them of much imnot well shaped. The best are to be seen in the portance in the scenery. The promontory of island of Suderoe. They are very seldom used, Niepen, in Stromoe, presents a beautiful range except for carrying home fuel from the mosses; of columns. There are some in Osteroe which there being no roads and no wheel carriages. are lofty, but, from their situation, not very The inhabitants are also employed in catching striking. Several very curious columnar rocks sea birds both for their flesh and feathers, the are to be seen in Suderoe and Mygenæs. The former forming a good portion of their food, highest mountain is the Skellingfell, or Skielinge fresh or dried; and in hunting the seal for its Field, which rises very abruptly, terminating in a skin and oil. The fishery, which was formerly small platform. It exceeds 3000 feet in height; considerable, is now reduced to barely sufficient but it has not yet been very accurately meafor the consumption of the inhabitants, the fish sured. The frequency of fog, which often sudhaving forsaken these coasts; the principal kinds denly envelopes the adventurous traveller, even are hollibut, cod, haddock, and sey (gadus vi- in fine weather, renders the ascent of the Feroe rens.) Shoals of small whales, of 100 to 1000, mountains a very hazardous undertaking. The arrive periodically, and a great number are height of Slatturtind, in Osteroe, is 2825 feet; killed for their oil as well as for food. Seals and there are several mountains in the same were formerly taken in great numbers in the island, which appear equally high. There is caverns but they are not so numerous now. nothing in Feroe which can be called a valley.

Many of the inhabitants speak English, a Of the few lakes, the largest is in the island of considerable intercourse having been kept up Vaagoe, being about three miles long, and one between these islands and Scotland during both in breadth. Beyond the upper end of the lakes the American and French wars. Some differ- there is generally a small extent of flat ground. ences having taken place in the year 1809 be- Barley is the principal article imported from tween some British merchants and the Icelanders, Denmark : pease, rye, meal, and oats being less an order in council was issued, commanding Bri- commonly used. In the year 1812, 5650 barrels tish subjects to consider the Icelanders, Faroese, of grain and meal were imported. It appears and the people of the Danish settlements in that a single mercantile house in Copenhagen Greenland, as stranger friends, and permitting a has of late years had a monopoly of the supply of trade between these places and the ports of Lon- these islands. don, Leith, and Liverpool, on certain conditions. The bird-catchers here are very adventurous. The money and the value of all the goods of Sir G. Mackenzie supplies the following account which Feroe and Iceland had been robbed by of their modes of procedure :--The fowlers are some privateers were also restored. In 1811, the provided with long poles, to the ends of which maritime war interrupting the supplies of the are fastened small poke nets. They display Faroese, a small but adequate export from Bri- great dexterity in casting this instrument over tain was permitted. Many romantic scenes are the birds, which invariably make towards the presented in the formation and appearance of water when they are disturbed. It is this ihese islands; and there is scarcely a promon- anxiety of the birds to seek the element in which tory or detached rock that does not present their security is to be found, which gives cersomething combining singularity with magnifi- tainty to the exertions of the fowler.

Tbe Of these, the rock called the Witch's birds push their heads through the meshes of the Finger and the little island called Tindholm, the net, which, being dexterously inverted, keeps one on the east and the other on the west side of them suspended by the neck. When a fowling Vaagoe, are perhaps the most remarkable. The expedition is undertaken, two men fasten themformer is detached from the adjoining precipice selves to a rope, so that there may be eight or almost to the bottom. From some points of ten fathoms of it between them. One assists view it has the appearance of a grand square the other to ascend the rock by means of a pole, tower, surmounted by a lofty spire; and, when at the end of which is a hook, which is fastened the light falls in a particular direction, the re- to the band of the climber's breeches, or io a semblances of a door and windows are quite rope tied round his waist, and thus he is pushed distinct at a distance of five miles. When viewed up: but the most common method is for the in that position in which it appears detached climber to seat himself on a board fastened to from the rock, it is not unlike a huge finger the end of the pole. They often ascend frightful

cence.

cliffs without any assistance. When the first fields, formed into circles, moving round in slow nas got to a place where he has some footing, he cadence (which they call dancing) to a song in helps the other up by means of the rope to which which sometimes fifteen or twenty voices join. they are both fastened. When they have gained The religious establishment of the whole of the elevation where the birds are pretty nume- these islands is under the superintendence of a rous, they assist each other from cliff to cliff. provost. There are seven parishes, and thirtyIt sometimes happens that one of them falls and nine places of worship, so that the duty of the pulls the other after him, when both are precipi- clergy is exceedingly laborious. The stipends tated into the sea, or dashed to pieces on the are inconsiderable, and are chiefly paid in kind. projecting rocks. When the rocks are so high and To the glebes a permanent stock of sheep, and smooth as to render it impossible for the fowlers sometimes a few cows, are attached. Glebes are to ascend, they are let down by means of a also provided for the widows of the clergy. strong rope from above. To prevent the rope Barley bread with milk or fat generally conbeing cut, a piece of wood is placed at the verge stitute the breakfast of the common people. In of the precipice. By means of a small line, the the autumn, when the lambs are slaughtered for fowler makes signals to those above, and they let drying, the blood is boiled with the milk. Dinhim down or pull him up accordingly. When ner consists of fish and water gruel, improved he reaches a shelf of the rock where the birds by being boiled with bones or fat. Soup is have their nests, he unties himself, and proceeds sometimes made with fresh or dried meat, and to take them. Sometimes he places himself on turnip leaves. Dried lamb is eaten raw with a projecting rock, and, using his net with great tallow, and dried whale flesh is esteemed a deadroitness, he catches the birds as they fly past licacy. On holydays a large pot is placed on the him; and this they call heining. This mode of fire, and a quantity of sea-birds boiled for supcatching birds is even practised while the fowlers per. The quantity of fat which these people are suspended. When a projection of the rock devour, and the state in which the rest of their is between the fowler and the place where the animal food is taken into the stomach, might be birds are, he swings himself from the rock deemed unwholesome; yet diseases are not freso far that he turns round the projection. In quent, and the appearance of the inhabitants this, great address and courage are requisite, every where is robust and healthy. Elephanas well as in swinging under a projection into a tiasis was formerly a prevalent disorder, and an cavern, When he cannot, with the help of his hospital was established near Thorshavn for the pole, swing far enough, he lets down a line to reception of lepers. The remedies used by the people stationed in a boat below, who swing natives are simple, and, as might be expected, him, by means of it, as far as is necessary to harmless and ineffectual, such as soaking the enable biin to gain a safe place to stand upon. parts affected in water, into which a piece of old Besides being exposed to the risk of the rope gold or silver coin, or some ornament, is put, breaking, the fowler is frequently in danger of and decoctions of various plants applied exterbeing crushed by pieces of the rock falling down nally. The only surgical operation performed upon him.-Such are the hazardous ineans to is the extirpation of the uvula, when, from rewhich these poor people resort for procuring laxation, it lengthens and obstructs the passage food.'

to the stomach and lungs. There is a surgeon The houses in Thorshavn are crowded together established at Thorshavn, with a salary from the without any regularity. The roofs are covered Danish government. first with birch bark, brought from Norway, over The inale dress consists entirely of woollen which turf is laid. The green color of the tops stuffs, manufactured in the country. Their of the houses, assimilating with that of the soil jackets, which are worn in their ordinary occua ound the town, renders the place almost in- pations, are knitted, and ornamented with figures visible from the sea. The house of the com- in colored worsted. In full dress, they wear a mandant is the best furnished, but that of the long frock of a dark brown or black color, and land-foged (who is here high sheriff as well as breeches of the same. Their shoes are made of treasurer) is the most spacious. Though the sheep-skin, slightly tanned with the root of torexterior of the buildings does not promise much, mentilla They are formed by cutting a piece of yet the rooms are generally neat and clean. The a skin proper length and breadth, and puckering, pason is a wretched stone building, in which very neatly, the parts for the toes and heel : the ihose convicted of crimes, such as sheep-stealing, fastening is a white woollen thong, knitted for are confined for several years. They are brought the purpose, and tied round the legs. The dress out occasionally, however, to work when any cap is formed like a bishop's mitre; on ordinary thing particular is required to be done. At the occasions they wear woollen caps, and sometimes mouth of the harbour are the remains of a small caps of skin, with the hairy part outermost. The but strong fort, the guns of which were de- men never cut their hair; and to appearance selstroyed by the British in the year 1808.

dom comb or wash it. The women wear their The hospitality of the Faroese is remarkable, hair combed backwards from the forehead, and and in their polite and respectful deportment, have white linen caps with broad stiff border and strict honesty, they are no where exceeded. of coarse lace, rising perpendicularly. The cap

To religious duties they pay the most regular is fastened by a colored silk or cotton kerchief attention. Almost every village has a church. tied under the chin, with a piece of riband floatOn the Sunday evenings, and on holydays, the ing behind. The rest of the dress much resempeople give themselves up to merriment. In bles that of the peasantry of Scotland, the matefine weather, groups of them are seen in the rials being coarser. They wear aprons, and

couon kerchiefs over the shoulders and bosom; Winchester, who after treating him with great and the more gaudy the colors, the more superb indignity delivered him up for trial to his sucis a dress esteemed. The language is a dialect cessor, Morgan, by whom he was declared of the Scandinavian.

guilty of heresy, and being turned over to the The revenue collected out of the produce secular arm was burnt at Caermarthen, on the of the islands is : for every sheep of the perma- 30th of March, 1555. This prelate appears to nent or estimated stock of each farm, a lamb's have been of a headstrong and imprudent disposkin; and for every sixty sheep killed, 36lbs. sition, but was treated with remarkable and perof tallow, and thirty skins. The proportion of sonal ill

will by both Protestants and Papists. wool paid as tax, is sold at a fixed price to the FERRARA, or the FERRARESE, a duchy and people of Thorshavn. It amounted formerly to province of Italy, in the ecclesiastical states, between 3000 and 4000 rix dollars. The civil bounded on the north by the Po, and on the east establishment is under the direction of a military by the Adriatic. The part formerly belonging to officer, commanding thirty men, who maintain this province, beyond the Po, was in 1815 the forin of mounting guard, and keeping a look united to Lombardy. It is now properly a legaout. Under the commandant are, the landfoged tion of the papal states, and is supposed to conor treasurer, and the sysselmen, or governors of tain about 171,000 inhabitants. "It is well wadistricts.

tered by branches of the Po, which often overFERONIA, the goddess of woods and or- flow it: but is indifferently cultivated, though chards, so named from the town where were a fit for corn, pulse, and hemp, which it produces, wood and temple consecrated to her. Strabo as well as some silk and wine. This duchy was relates, that those who sacrificed to this goddess formerly possessed by the house of Este; but walked barefoot upon burning coals, without pope Clement VIII. took possession of it in being huirt. She was the guardian deity of freed 1598, after the death of Alphonso II., duke of men, who received their cap of liberty in her Ferrara, as a fief of the church. In October, temple.

1796, the inhabitants of this province, uniting FERRACINO (Bart.), an Italian engineer, with those of Bologna, Modena, and Reggio, of considerable repute in the seventeenth cen- erected the ci-devant Cispadane republic. In tury, was born at Bassano, and originally a October, 1797, they joined the other Italian sawyer. He first invented a saw to be worked states in forming the Cisalpine republic, of which by wind, and then constructed various clocks this duchy constituted a department, entitled the and hydraulic engines, which have been much Lower Po, and was then found to contain admired. One of the latter, made for the pro- 154,000 citizens, who elected twelve deputies curator Belegno, was famous in Italy within to the councils. But in July, 1799, the whole these few years : it was framed on the principle province was reduced, and the democratic goof the screw of Archimedes, and raised water tovernment overthrown by the Austrians, who were the height of thirty-five feet. He also built the again obliged to surrender to the French in May, bridge over the Brenta, at his native town. He 1800. They occupied it until 1814. died in 1750.

FERRARA, an ancient and large city of Italy, FERRAH, a large walled town of Afghaunis- capital of the above duchy. It is seated in an taun, situated in a fertile valley: it gives its name agreeable and fertile plain, watered by the river to a considerable river, falling into the lake of Po on one side, and on the other encompassed Zarra, the Ariapaulus of the ancients, and is by a strong wall and deep broad ditches. It supposed to be the Partah, mentioned in ancient has a citadel

, erected by pope Clement VIII. geography as the capital of the Parthian pro- In the middle of the city is a magnificent castle, vince of Anabon. It stands in long. 61° 40'' E., surrounded with water, formerly the palace of and lat. 33° 7' N.

the dukes, and now of the papal legate. It conFERRAR, (Robert), an English prelate and tains some fine paintings. The duke's garden martyr of the sixteenth century, was born at Hali- and park are called the Belvidere. The theatre fax, Yorkshire, and studied both at Oxford and here is one of the best in Italy. Here are also a Cambridge. He became a capon regular of the good drawing academy, and a valuable collecorder of St. Augustine, and was chosen prior of the tion of minerals and antiquities. Manuscripts monastery of St. Oswald, which dignity he sur- of Ariosto, Tasso, and Guarini are shown; also rendered on the dissolution of 1540, receiving a the houses which they respectively occupied. pension of £100 per annum. Embracing the The hospital of St. Ann was the prison of Tasso. principles of the reformation, he became chap- The two Strozzi, the poets, and Bentivoglio, the lain to archbishop Cranmer, and, after his ex- historian, as well as Savonarola, the Dominican, ample, took a wife. By Edward VI. he was were natives of Ferrara. made bishop of St. David's; but in consequence Ferrara had formerly a considerable trade; of issuing out his commission to his chancellor but it was greatly reduced by the exactions of to visit his chapter, and inspect into some dila- the popes. The ancient university, founded in pidations in an exploded form, his enemies found 1391, by pope Boniface IX., had dwindled into Occasion to accuse him of a præmunire, and so a wretched college of the Jesuits before the regreat were the expenses of the prosecution, that volution. In 1735 it was advanced to an archhe became unable to pay his first fruits and bishopric by pope Clement XII. The country tenths, and was imprisoned for them as a debtor around is so marshy, that a heavy shower of rain to the crown. On the accession of queen Mary renders the roads almost impassable. It has an he was brought, in company with Hooper, Brad- ancient cathedral and about 100 churches, and ford, and others, before Gardiner, bishop of contained 30,000 inhabitants in 1797, including

1600 Jews, who carry on silk manufactures, &c. FERRARS (George), a lawyer, poet, and On the 11th of June, 1796, the French, under historian, descended from an ancient family in, Buonaparte, arrived in this city, and began to Hertfordshire, and born about A. 1), 1510, near establish the late democratic constitution. On St. Alban's. He was educated at Oxford, and the 19th February, 1797, it was formally ceded thence removed to Lincoln's Inn, where he was to the Cispadane republic by the pope. In July, soon called to the bar. Cromwell, earl of Essex, 1799, it surrendered after a long siege, to the introduced him to king Henry VIII. who emAustrians, under general Klenau. Murat's army ployed him, and in 1535 gave him a grant of was defeated here in the beginning of April, 1815, the manor of Flamstead, in his native county. by an Austrian force under general Mohr and He was, however, for some years afterwards in count Neipperg. It is sixty-seven miles north of embarrassed circumstances : and being, in 1542, Bologna, and forty south-east of Mantua. Po- attendance on his duty as a member of the pulation, 24,000.

house of commons, he was taken in exccution by FERRARI (Octavian), an Italian philosophi- a sheriff's officer and committed to the compter. cal writer, was born at Milan, in 1518. He be- The house, having heard of his confinement, descame professor of ethics and politics at his native patched their serjeant to require his release. place, but removed afterwards to Padua, where This was refused, and an affray took place behe explained the principles of Aristotle four tween the clerks of the compter and that officer, years, and then returned to Milan. He died in who had his mace broken. On his returning, 1586. His works are, 1. De Sermonibus exote- and making a report to the house of what had ricis. 2. De Disciplinæ, Encyclica: seu Clavis happened, the members in a body repaired to the Philosophie Peripateticæ Aristotelicæ. 3. De bar of the house of lords to complain of the Origine Romanorum. 4. A Translation of Athe- breach of privilege; when the latter judged the næus into Latin.

contempt to be very great, and referred the puFERRARI (Francis Bernardin), of the same nishment of the offenders to the discretion of the family with the foregoing, was born at Milan lower house. The members now resolved that in 1577, and laid the foundation of the Ambro- the serjeant should repair once more to the sian library. He died in 1669. His works sheriffs of London (who in the late affray had are, 1. De Antiquo Ecclesiasticarum Epistola- supported the clerks of the compter), and derum genere. 2. De Ritu Sacrarum Ecclesiæ mand their prisoner without writ or warrant, his Catholicæ concionum. 3. De veterum acclama- mace being a sufficient badge of his authority: tionibus et plausu.

when the city magistrates delivered up the insolFERRARI (Octavio), another professor of the vent senator to the officers of the house. But this same family, was born in 1607, and educated at tardy obedience did not exempt the parties from the Ambrosian College, where he presided in the punishment, for the sheriffs and the plaintiff, at chair of rhetoric. He afterwards removed to whose suit Ferrars was arrested, were committed Padua, and greatly benefited that university by to the tower, and the clerks to Newgate; and an his labors and fame. He died in 1682. "His act of parliament was passed discharging Ferrars principal work is entitled Origines Linguæ from liability for the debt. This extraordinary Italicæ, folio; besides which he wrote several transaction, it is said, obtained the entire approdissertations on subjects of antiquity.

bation of the king, and became the basis of that FERRARI (John Baptist), was a Jesuit of Si- rule of parliament which exempts members to enna, who published a Syriac Dictionary in 1622, this day from arrest. In the reign of Edward 4to. He wrote also De Malorum Aureorum VI. Mr. Ferrars attended lord Somerset as a Cultura, 1646; and De Florum Cultura, 1633. commissioner of the army, in his expedition to He died in 1655.

Scotland in 1548. He died in 1579, at FlamFERRARI (Gaudenzio), a painter born at stead. He wrote, 1. A Translation of Magna Valdugia, in 1484, was employed by Raffaelle Charta, and several early statutes. 2. History in the Vatican, and thereby acquired a beautiful of the Reign of Queen Mary, published in style of design and coloring. He died in 1550. Grafton's Chronicle, 1569, folio. 3. Six TrageAnother painter of this name, John Andrew dies, or dramatic Poems, published in the MirFerrari, of Genoa, excelled in landscapes as well ror for Magistrates, in 1559, 1587, and 1610. as historical subjects. He died in 1669.

FERRARS (Henry), a Warwickshire gentleman, FERRARI (Lewis), a mathematician, was born of a good family, eminent for his genealogical at Bologna, about 1520. He studied under and neraldic researches. Mr. Wood says, that Cardan, and discovered the method of resolving out of the collections of this gentleman Sir Wilbiquadratic equations. He was professor of ma- liam Dugdale laid part of the foundation of his thematics at Bologna, where he died in 1565. celebrated Antiquities of Warwickshire. Cam

FERRARIA, in botany, a genus of the trian- den also mentions his assistance in relation to dria order, and gynandria class of plants : natu- Coventry. Some poems of his were published ral order sixth ensatæ. Spathæ two-leaved : CAL. in the reign of queen Elizabeth ; and he died in none; petals six, wavingly curled; stigmata cu- 1633. cullated : CAP. trilocular, inferior.

There are

FERREARAT. See FERIARA. four species, natives of the Cape of Good Hope, FEʻRREOUS, adj. } Mexico, and Australasia. There is a great sin

Lat. ferreus. Irony; FERKU'GINOUS.

} of iron? gularity in the root of one of these species; it In the body of the glass there is no ferreous or vegetates only every other year, and sometimes magnetical nature. Browne's Vulgar Errours. every third year; in the intermediate time it re- They are cold, hot, purgative, diuretick, ferruginous, mains inactive, though quite sound.

saline, petrifying, and bituminous.

Ray.

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