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HISTORY AND TOPOGRAPHY

OF THE

CITY OF YORK;

AND

Che Horih Ring of Yorkshire ;

EMBRACING

A GENERAL REVIEW OF THE EARLY HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN,
AND A GENERAL HISTORY AND DESCRIPTION OF

THE COUNTY OF YORK.

Bp T. Wabellan and Co.

IN TWO VOLUMES.- Vol. I.

BE V E R L EY:

PRINTED FOR THE PUBLISHERS, BY JOHN GREEN, MARKET PLACE,

1857.

Р * 6 FEB 1967

PRE FACE.

The more than usual amount of approval with which the recently published Topographical History of York and the East Riding was received by the general body of the subscribers, as well as by the press of the County, encouraged the publishers to extend their labours to the interesting and highly important district of North Yorkshire; and they now feel a just pride in being in a position to state, that the amount of patronage which has been accorded to them in that locality is perfectly satisfactory, and flattering in the extreme. It, too, must be pleasurable to the inhabitants of the North Riding-an almost purely agricultural district—to know that amongst them is a very large number of patrons of antiquarian and topographical literatureexclusive even of the higher classes.

It is proposed to supply a good History and Topography of York and the North Riding of Yorkshire, in two volumes, written in a popular style to suit all classes, and as free as possible of the technical terms, legal verbiage, and classical dicta, by which the compilations of many learned authors are rendered so insufferably dull to the generality of readers; that is, to those who are not deeply versed in antiquarian lore, and whose limited education precludes them revelling in the literary delights of the classic regions.

The learned classes will easily understand why the present work contains so much plain English, and so little of that quaint Saxon dialect, with which historians are wont to crowd their works: in the following pages, the most simple and common phrases and quotations in Latin are rendered in English, so that “ those that run may read.” This plan was adopted in the abovementioned History of York and the East Riding, and appears to have met with a general approbation. The highly respectable editor of a York newspaper-himself a historian—in a review of that production says, “ The work does the authors infinite credit, for nothing of public interest in the sphere marked out, has escaped their notice.” Another reviewer observes— The authors possess a clear and pleasing style of writing, and in a work intended for all classes, have abstained from the controversial discussion of vexed questions, as altogether foreign to the object of this work." A third says of it- - There is a good deal in these volumes which goes far to remove them from that mere twaddle and compilation which, in nine cases out of ten, is the grand feature in local histories. It is not often that we have to note the appearance of a work like the present.” Whilst a fourth reviewer, after declaring that the authors “are deserving of the highest praise,” &c., adds, that "a more generally useful and interesting work " than it, “could not occupy the library table of a Yorkshire country gentleman, or the fireside shelves of a farmer, fond of local reminiscences."

If the History, &c., of York and the East Riding, merited such encomiums as these, the first volume of the present work (which is now submitted with much deference) must be worthy of some consideration, seeing that it is (necessarily) in great part at least, a revised and corrected edition of the first volume of that history. And here it may be proper to observe that though the title of the publishers firm has been changed since the publication of the work for the East Riding, from “J. J. Sheahan and T. Whellan," to “T. Whellan and Co.,” yet no change whatever has taken place in the modus operandi—the staff employed on both works being the same.

The arrangement of the first volume embraces a general review of the early history of Great Britain, and the ancient Kindom of Northumbria; a general history and description of the County of York; a history of the venerable City of York, with its magnificent Cathedral, and numerous antiquities; and a history of the time honoured Borough of Scarborough,” the Queen of English Watering places."

The second volume will contain concise histories of all the Market Towns, and a topographical survey of all the parishes, villages, &c., in the North Riding of the County.

Beverley, 1857

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Abbess Hilda, 88
Abbeys-See Monasteries
Aborigines of Great Britain, 37; their

religion, 40
Agricultural Statistics of England, 7; So.

cieties and Farmers' Clubs, 14
Ainsty Wapentake, 1
Aire River, 22
Albion, derivation of, 39
Alcuin, 290, 312, 477, 661
Aldborough, the ancient Isurium, 42, 306
Aldby, near Stamford Bridge, 68, 83
Aldfrid, King, buried at Driffield, 91
Alfred the Great divides the Kingdom,

97, 115
Ancient Britons submit to the Romans,

and adopt their customs, 53
Anglo-Danish period, 94
Anglo-Saxon Churches, 419
Anglo-Saxon period, 68
Anglo-Saxon Kings—Alfred the Great, 97;

Athelstan, 98; Edmund, 99; Edgar, 100;
Ethelred 101; Edward the Confessor,

102, Harold, 103
Anlaffs fleet enters the Humber, 98
Antiquities of Yorkshire, 24
Arbor-Low (Peak of Derby), 49
Archbishops of York, list of, 383
Archbishops, annals of the, 387
Archdiocese of York, 375
Arles, Council of, 77
Armies, ancient mode of assembling, 134
Askerne Springs, 24
Athelstan, King, establishes the Kingdom;

his death, 98
Atmospherical phenomena, 273
Augustine, St., created Archbishop of Can.

terbury, 80
A woman crucified by her daughter, 257
Aysgarth Force, 19

Battle Abbey, Roll of, 110
Battles-Battle Bridge, 45; near Doncas.

ter and York, 70, 97, 102, 313; Mount
Badon, 71; Hatfield and Denisburn, 85;
Winmoor, 88; Bromford, 98; Chester,
99; Fulford and Stamford Bridge, 104;
Senlac, commonly called Hastings, 108;
York, 120; near York, 121; on Cuton
Moor (“ Battle of the Standard "), 123;
at Falkirk, 132; Bannockburn, 134;
Myton-on-Swale, 136; Boroughbridge,
138; Byland Abbey, 139 ; Nevill's Cross,
142; Bramham Moor, 140; St. Albans,
150; Northampton, 151; Wakefield,
153 ; Barnet Heath, 153; Towton Field,
155 ; Danesmoor, 164; Barnet, 159;
Tewkesbury, 166 ; Bosworth Field, 169;
Stoke, 172, Flodden Field, 178; Kine.
ton, or Edge Hill, 234; Tadcaster and
Wetherby, 235; Selby, 239; and Marston

Moor, 244
Bede, the Venerable, 76
Bedern, derivation of, 471
Beheading in England, first instance of,

121
Bells, invention and use of, 430
Bernicia, Kingdom of, 71
Beverley and Barmston Drainage, 13
Beverley, King Charles I. at, 232
Bible, first complete version published in

England, 178; indiscriminate use of,

condemned, 189
Big Ben of Westminster (bell), 431
Bishops committed to the Tower, 224
Black Hamilton, 10
Boadicea, Queen of the Iceni, 45
Boroughbridge burnt by the Scots, 135
Bramham Craggs, 24
Bridges of stone first built in England, 364
Bridlington Chalybeate Spring, 25
Brigantes, the metropolis of, 42; Cartis-

mandua, their Queen, 45; Venusius be.

comes their chief, 45
Britain, derivation of, 39

Barbarous customs of the English, 148
Barony, description of, 116
Bathing places, principal, 17

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