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world, and foreigners who have translated him into their
languages) of all this number not a man hath ftood up to
say one word in his defence.
. The only exception is the author 4 of the following
poem, who doubtless had either a better insight into the
grounds of this clamour, or a better opinion of Mr.
Pope's integrity, join'd with a greater personal love for
him, than any other of his numerous friends and ad-

Farther, that he was in his peculiar intimacy, appears from the knowledge he manifests of the most private authors of all the anonymous pieces against him, and from his having in this poem attacked s no man liying, who had not before printed, or published, some scandal against this gentleman.

How I came pofsest of it, is no concern to the reader; but it would have been a wrong to him had I detained the publication ; fince those names which are its chief ornaments die off daily so fast, as must render it too foon unintelligible. If it provoke the author to give us a more perfect edition, I have my end.

Who he is I cannot say, and (which is a great pity) there is certainly ó nothing in his stile and manner of writing, which can diitinguish or discover him: For if it bears any resen:blance to thatof Mr. Pope, 'tis not improbable but it might be done on purpose, with a view to have it pass for his. But by the frequency of his allulusions to Virgil, and a laboured (not to say affected) Mortness in imitation of him, I should think him more an

4 A very plain irony, speaking of Mr. Pope himself.

5 The publisher in these words went a little too far; but it is certain whatever n.mes the reader finds that are unknown to him, are of such; and the exception is only of two or three, whose duiness, impudent scurrility or self conceit, all mankiud agreed to have justly entitled them to a place in the Dunciad. ' 6 This irong had small effect in concealing the author. The Danciad, imperfect as it was, hee-nt been published two days, but the whole Town gave it to Mr. Pope.


admirer of the Roman poet than of the Grecian, and in that pot of the fame taste with his friend.

I have been well informed, that this work was the labour of full 7 fix years of his life, and that he wholly serixed himself from all the avocations and pleasures of the world, to attend diligently to its correction and perfe&tion; and fix years more he intended to beftow on it, ax: would seem by this verse of Statius, which was cited at the head of his manuscript.

&c O mihi biffenos multum vigilata per annos, .

6 Duncia ! 8 Hence also we learn the true title of the poem; which with the fare certainty as we call that of Homer the Iliad, of Virgil the Æneid, of Camoens the Lufiad, we may pronounce, could have been, and can be no other alian

The DUNCIAD. It is ftyled Heroic, as being doubly fo ; not only with respect to its nature, which, according to the beft rales of the ancients, and stricteft ideas of the moderns, iscrisieally such ; but also with regard to the heroical dispofition and higli courage of the writer, who dar'd to ftir op such a formidable, irritable, and implacable face of mortals.

There may arise fome obscurity in chronology from ghe Names in the poem, by the inevitable removal of

y This affor was honestly and seriously believed hy divers gentlemen of the Dimeiad. J. Ralph, pref, to Sawney. “We are told it was the labour of $* fix years, with the utmost affiduity and application : It is no great com• pliment to the anthor's fense, to have employed so large a part of his y life; ** ere. So alfo Ward, pref, to Dargen, “ The Danciad, as the pabe que Bisher very wiltly conselles, coft the author fix years retirement from all çe che pleafures of life ; though it is fomewhat difficult to conceive, from quan either its balk or beauty, chat it could be fo long is hatclsing, ets. Bol çe the length of tiine and closeness of application were mentioned to prse ** pofle is the reader with a good opinion of it."

They juft as well underffood what Scriblerus faid of the poem.

& The prefacer to Curl's key, p. 3, cook this word to be really in Sratias qe ky a qnibble on the word Dunia, the Dumriad is fusnused." Mr. Ward qdo follows him in the same opinion.

fomo Home authors, and insertion of others, in their niches, For whoever will consider the unity of the whole design, will be sensible, that the poem was not made for these authorsing but these authors for the poem. I should judge that they were clapp'd in as they rose, fresh and fresh, and chang'a from day to day; in like manner as when the old boucl18 wither, we thrust new ones into a chimney.

I would not have the reader too much troubled or anxious, if he cannot decypher them; since when he Thall have found them out, he will probably know no more of the persons than before.

Yet we judg’d it better to preserve them as they are, than to change them for fictitious names; by which the sàtire would only be multiplied, and applied to many instead of one. Had the hero, for instance, been called Codrus, how many would have affirmed him to have been Mr. T. Mr. E. Sir R. B. etc, but now all that una juft scandal is saved by calling him a name, which bg good luck happens to be that of a real petlon,





In which our Author was abused, before thie Publica

tion of the DUNCIAD; with the true Names of the Authors,

DEFLECTIONS critical and satiricat on a late Rhapa,

sody, called, An Essay on Criticism. By Mr. Dennis, printed by B. Lintot, price 6 d.

A New Rehearsal, or Bays the younger; containing an Examen of Mr. Rowe's plays, and a word or two on Mr. Pope's Rape of the Lock. Anon. [by Charles Gildon] printed for J. Roberts, 1714, price is.

Homerides, or a Letter to Mr. Pope, occasioned by his intended translation of Homer. By Sir Iliad Dogrel. [Tho. Burnet and G. Ducket esquires) printed for W. Wilkins, 1715, price 9 d.

Æsop at the Bear - garden; a vision, in imitation of the Temple of Fame, by Mr. Preston. Sold by JohnMorphew, 1715, price 6 d.

The Catholic Poet, or Protestant Barnaby's Sorrowful Lamentation; a Ballad about Homer's Iliad. By Mrs. Centlivre, and others, 1715, price id. • An Epilogue to a Puppet-shew at Bath, concerning the said Iliad. By George Ducket, esq. printed by E. Curl.

A complete Key to the What-d'ye-call-it. Anon. [by Griffin a player, supervised by Mr. Th-] printed by J. Roberts, 1715.

A true character of Mr. P. and his writings, in a letter to a friend. Anon. [Dennis] printed for S. Popping, 1716, price 3d.

- The

The Confederates, a Farce. By Joseph Gay, [J.D. Breval7 printed for R. Burleigh, 1717, price i s.

Remarks upon Mr. Pope's translation of Homer; with two letters concerning the Windsor Forest, and the Temple of Fame. By Mr. Dennis, printed for E, Curl, 1717, price i s. 6d.

Satires on the translators of Homer, Mr. P. and Mr. T. Anon. [Bez. Morris] 1717, price 6 d.

The Triumvirate : or a Letter from Palæmon to Celia at Bath. Anon. [Leonard Welsted] 1711, folio, price i s.

The Battle of Poets, an heroic poem. By Tho. Cooke, printed for J. Roberts, folio, 1725.

Memoirs of Lilliput. Anon. [Eliza Haywood] octavo, printed in 1727.

An Essay on Criticism, in prose. By the Author of the Critical History of England [J. Oldmixon] octavo, printed 1728.

Gulliveriana and Alexandriana ; with an ample preface and critique on Swift and Pope's Miscellanies. By Jonathan Smedley, printed by J, Roberts, octavo, 1728.

Characters of the Time; or an account of the writings, characters, etc. of several gentlemen libelled, by Sama and P--, in a late Miscellany, octavo, 1728.

Remarks on Mr. Pope's Rape of the Lock, in letters to a friend. By Mr. Dennis ; written 1724, though not printed till 1728, octavo.

Verses, Letters, Esays, or Advertisements, in the public

Prints. British Journal, Nov. 25, 1727. A Letter on Swift · and Pope's Miscellanies. [Writ by M. Concanen.7

· Daily Journal, March 18, 1728. A Letter by Philo. mauri. James-Moore Smith.

Id. March 29. A letter about Thersites; accusing the author of disaffection to the Goyernment. By James-Moore Smith. VOL. II,


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