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Judges and Scnates have been bought for gold,
Honour and shame from no Condition rise;
194 Fortune in Men has some fmall diff'rence made, One flaunts in rags, one flutters in brocade; The cobler apron'd, and the parson gownd, The frier hooded, and the monarch crown'd. “ What differ more (you cry) than crown and cowl !" I'll tell you, friend! a wise man and a Fool. You'll find, if once the monarch acts the monk, Or, cobler-like, the parfon will be drunk, Worth makes the man, and want of it, the fellow; The rest is all but leather or prunella.
VER. 193. Honour and fame froin 120 Condition rise; Ait well your part, there all the honour lies.] What power then has Fortune over the Man? None at all; for as her favours can confer neither worth nor wisdom; so neither can her displeasure cure him of any of his follies. On his Garb indeed she hath some little influence; but his Heart still remains the fame :
Fortune in Men has some small diff'rence made,
One flaunts in rags, one flutters in brocade.
the pride of heart is the same both in the flaunter and flutterer, as it is the poet's intention to infinuate by the use of those terms.
Stuck o'er with titles and hung round with strings, That thou may'll be by kings, or whores of kings. Boast the
blood of an illustrious race,
fathers have been fools fo long. What can ennoble sots, or llaves, or cowards? 215 Alas! not all the blood of all the HOWARDS?
Look next on Greatness ; fay where Greatness lies? 66 Where, but
the Heroes and the Wise ?" Heroes are much the same, the point's agreed, From Macedonia's madman to the Swede ; The whole strange purpose of their lives, to find Or make, an enemy of all mankind ! Not one looks backward, onward still he goes, Yet ne'er looks forward further than his nose.
The richest blood, right-honourably old,
No less alike the Politic and Wise;
225 All fly flow things, with circumspective eyes : Men in their loose unguarded hours they take, Not that themselves are wise, but others weak. But grant that those can conquer, these can cheat; 'Tis phrase absurd to call a Villain Great :
230 Who wickedly is wise, or madly brave, Is but the more a fool, the more a knave. Who noble ends by noble means obtains, Or failing, smiles in exile or in chains, Like good Aurelius let him reign, or bleed
235 Like Socrates, that Man is great indeed.
What's Fame? fancy d life in others breath, A thing beyond us, ev'n before our death. Just what you hear, you have, and what's unknown The same (my Lord) if Tully's, or your own. 140 All that we feel of it begins and ends In the small circle of our foes or friends; To all beside as much an empty shade An Eugene living, as a Cæsar dead; Alike or when, or where, they shone, or shine, 245 Or on the Rubicon, or on the Rhine. A Wit's a feather, and a Chief a rod; An honeit Man's the noble work of God. Fame but from death a villain's name can save, As Justice tears his body from the grave; 250 When what t'oblivion better were resign’d, Is hung on high, to poifon half mankind.
All fame is foreign, but of true desert ;
256 And more true joy Marcellus exil'd feels, Than Cæfar with a senate at his heels.
In Parts superior what advantage lies ? Tell (for You can) what is it to be wise ? 250 'Tis but to know how little can be known; To see all others faults, and feel our own: Condemn’d in bus’ness or in arts to drudge, Without a second, or without a judge: Truths would you teach, or save a sinking land? All fear, none aid you, and few understand. 266 Painful preheminence! yourself to view Above life's weakness, and its comforts too.
Bring then these blessings to a strict account ; Make fair deductions ; see to what they mount: 270 How much of other each is sure to cost; How each for other oft is wholly loft ; How inconsistent greater goods with these; How sometimes life is risqu'd, and always ease: Think, and if still the things thy envy call,
275 Say, would'I thou be the Man to whom they fall? To figh for ribbands if thou art so filly, Mark how they grace Lord Umbra, or Sir Billy. Is yellow dirt the passion of thy life? Look but on Gripas, or on Gripus' wife. 280
If Parts allure thee, think how Bacon fhin'd,
VER. 281. 283. If parts allure thee,-Or ravish'd with the whistling of a Name,] These two instances are chosen with great judgment; the worid, perhaps, doth not afford two other such. Bacon discovered and laid down those principles, by whose aflistance, Newton was enabled to unfold the whole law of Nature. He was no less eminent for the creative power of his imagination, the brightness of his conceptions, and the force of his expression: Yet being legally convicted for bribery and corruption in the administration of Justice, while he presided in the supreme Court of Equity, he endeavoured to repair his ruined fortunes by the most profligate fattery to the Court: Which, from his very first entrance into it, he had accustomed himself to practise with a prostitution that disgraceth the very profession of letters.
Cromwell feemeth to be distinguished in the most eminent manner, with regard to his abilities, from all other great and wicked men, who have overturned the Liberties of their Coun-' try. The times, in which others succeeded in this attempt, were such as saw the spirit of Liberty suppressed and stified, by, a general luxury and venality : But Cromwell fubdued his country, when this spirit was at its height, by a successful struggle against court-oppression ; and while it was conducted and supported by a set of the greatest Geniuses for government the world' ever saw embarked together in one common cause.
VER. 283. Or ravished with the whistling of a Name,] And. even this fantastic glory sometimes suffers a terrible reverse.Sacheverel, in his Voyage to I-columbkill, describing the church there, tells us, that “ In one corner is a peculiar inclosure, in ". which were the monuments of the kings of many different “ nations, as Scotland, Ireland, Norway, and the Ijle of Man.