Love and Eugenics in the Late Nineteenth Century: Rational Reproduction and the New Woman
Oxford University Press, 2003 - 250 Seiten
The idea of eugenics - human selective breeding - originated in Victorian Britain in response to the urban poor. Darwin's evolutionary theory had laid the foundations for eugenics, replacing paradise with primordial slime. Man had not fallen from Grace, but risen from the swamps. And, asarchitect of his own destiny, he might rise still further. Eugenics was developed by Darwin's cousin Francis Galton in the 1860s. Embracing the idea of evolution, eugenists argued that through the judicious control of human reproduction, and the numerical increase of the middle class, Britain'ssupremacy in the world could be maintained. Born and bred among the competitive Victorian middle class, eugenics was a biologistic discourse on class. Aiming at 'racial improvement' by altering the balance of class in society, it was, Galton argued, 'practical Darwinism'. Eugenics found its mostsustained expression in fiction and the periodical press, and was central to late nineteenth-century ideas on social progress, forming part of the debate between hereditarians and environmentalists that peaked in the closing years of the century. Even Gladstone had his vital statistics measured inGalton's eugenic laboratory. Among the champions of eugenics were social purity feminists and New Women, writers such as George Egerton, Ellice Hopkins, and Sarah Grand, who argued that women were naturally - biologically - moral, and that through rational reproduction middle-class women couldregenerate the British imperial race. The New Woman has been the subject of numerous recent critical works. However, the oppressive ideas that coexisted with the mancipatory theories of some New Women - ideas that were supremely class conscious - remain largely unexamined, as the focus remains onher more progressive aspects. Love and Eugenics in the Late Nineteenth Century recontextualizes New Woman writers, demonstrating that they were as concerned with the questions of poverty, sickness and health as they were with the changing role of women, the issue for which they are currentlygenerally known and celebrated. Focusing on fiction and the press, and drawing on the papers and published work of Galton and other eugenists, Angelique Richardson reveals the cultural pervasiveness of eugenics and explores, for the first time, the intimate relations between early feminism andeugenics, and making a radical contribution to nineteenth-century studies.
Was andere dazu sagen - Rezension schreiben
Es wurden keine Rezensionen gefunden.
Andere Ausgaben - Alle anzeigen
Adnam's Orchard aesthetics argued Beth Book biological determinism breeding Britain British cited Clapperton contemporary Culture Darwin debates declared degeneration disease Ellice Hopkins emphasis in original empire England environment environmental Essays eugenic feminism Eugenics Review eugenists Evolution evolutionary female Feminism feminist fiction Fortnightly Review Francis Galton Galton Papers Geddes Gender Genetics George Egerton girl Grant Allen Harmondsworth Havelock Ellis Heavenly Twins Heilmann hereditarian hereditary heredity History human Ibid idea individual instinct Journal labour late nineteenth-century London Magazine male marriage married maternal mental Modern Mona Caird moral mother motherhood natural selection Nineteenth Century novel organism Oxford Penguin physical political poor Purity and Sarah race racial reform reproduction Rosa Amorosa Routledge Sarah Grand Science sexual selection social purity Suffrage theory Thomas Hardy tion unfit urged Westminster Review William Winged Victory Woman Question Womanhood women writing wrote
Alle Ergebnisse von Google Books »
A Writing Halfway Between Theory and Fiction: Mediating Feminism from the ...
Eingeschränkte Leseprobe - 2007