Plutarch Against Colotes: A Lesson in History of Philosophy
OUP Oxford, 03.11.2011 - 359 Seiten
Plutarch of Chaeroneia's philosophical work remained largely in the shadow of his celebrated Lives, partly because it was often dubbed 'popular philosophy', and partly because it was thought to be lacking in originality. The tides are, fortunately, changing and current scholarship is showing a growing appreciation of Plutarch's philosophical work. This book contributes to the 'rehabilitation' of Plutarch as a philosopher by focusing on an important aspect of hisphilosophical self: his work as a teacher, interpreter, and, eventually, historian of philosophy. Eleni Kechagia offers a critical analysis of Plutarch's anti-Epicurean treatise Against Colotes - a unique text that is both rich in philosophical material and has been widely used as a source for ancient Greek philosophy,but which has yet to be studied in its own right.Combining a historical approach with structural analysis and close reading of selected sections of the text, this book demonstrates that Plutarch engaged with the philosophy of his past in a creative way. By refuting Colotes' Epicurean arguments against the main Greek philosophers up to the Hellenistic era, Plutarch gives an insightful critical assessment of the philosophy of his past and teaches his readers how to go about living and reading philosophy. The volume concludes that Plutarchemerges as a respected critic whose 'reviews' of the past philosophical theories are an essential companion when trying to piece together the puzzle of ancient Greek philosophy.
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PART I PLUTARCHS TARGET
PART II METHOD AND ARGUMENT IN THE ADVERSUS COLOTEM
Lessons from Plutarch
On the fact that according to the doctrines of the other philosophers it is impossible even to live
Appendix II Colotes and scepticism
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¼ Appendix accusation Adversus Colotem affections ancient apraxia Arcesilaus åríÆØ Arist Aristodemus Aristotle atomic theory attack Chapter claim Colotes compound criticism Cyrenaic Cyrenaic thesis ðæeò Democritean Democritus dialogues discussion eidōla Empedocles Epic Epicurean atomism Epicurean philosophy Epicurean school Epicurean theory Epicurus Epist epistemological ethics Euthydemus example existence extant external object fact firm assertions fragments Greek horses human interpretation ïP ìAººïí íüìø-thesis live Lysis Math Melissus Menedemus namely ŒÆd ôeí ôHí ôïF one’s ontological opponent order of exposition overturning argument Parmenides particular passage pathē perception phantasiai philoso philosophical Plato Platonic theory Platonist Plutarch Plutarch seems Plutarch’s argumentation polemic primary entities prooemium Pyrrho qualityless reading reality reference refutation of Colotes scepticism Sedley sense sensible qualities sensible world Socrates Stilpo Stoics sweet taken testimonies thematic theory of Forms things Töv Tsouna void writings