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according to the rules of just taste. Now we woods of oaks and pines, good pastures, and affirm that this is the characteristic feature of profitable fisheries on the island; larce quarwhat is called the Gothic architecture., In ries of stone, particularly the fasiious Coutland this no dependence is had on the transverse stone, and a soft grey sindy stone, which are strength of stone. No lintels are to be seen; exported to Stocktiolm and other places. Here no extravagant projections. Every stone is are also found some curious species of stones, pressed to its neighbours, and none is exposed as stone corals, cornelians, avates, and beauti10 a transverse strain, The Greeks were en- ful petrefactions. In former times here were abled to execute their colossal buildings only also fine marble quarries. Very good lime by using immense blocks of the hardesi mate- stones, tar, deal boards, beans, tirneps, and an ríals. The Norman mason could raise a build- excellent breed of sheep are exported from this ing to the skies without using a stone which a island. Gottland is not infes.ed with bears or labourer could not carry to the top on his back. wolves, but is sufficiently sivcked with deer, Their architects studied the principles of equi- foses, and hares: the inhabitants subsist by librium; and having attained a wonderful agricolture, grazing, fishing, working in the knowledge of it, they indulged themselves in quorries, burning lime, and by several sorts of exhibiting remarkable instances. We call this mechanic trades, and navigation. Lat. 57. to false taste, and say that the appearance of in- 58 N Lov. 18. 6, 10 19 6 E. security is the greatest fault. But this is ow. GOTHOFRED (Dennis), a French writer ing to our habits; our thoughts may be said to upon civil law, was born at Paris in 1549; but run in a wooden train, and certain simple quirting the catholic faith, he removed first to maxims of carpentry are familiar to our ima- Geneva, and then into Germany, and taught gination; and in the careful adherence to these law at several universities. He died in 1622. consists the beauty and symmetry of the Greek GOTHOFRED (Theodosius), the eldest son architecture. Had we been as much habitia of the preceding, became a member of the ated to the equilibrium of pressure, this appa- church 'his father had renounced. rent insecuriiy would not have niet our eye: made counsellor of state in France, and ac. we should have perceived the strength, and we quired a high reputation for letters. He dierl should have relished the ingenuity.

in 1649. The Goihic architecture is perhaps iniitled GOTHOFRED (James), another son of Dento the name of rational architecture, and its nis, adhered to calvinism. He was five times beauty is founded on the characteristic distinc. syndic of Geneva ; and died there in 1652. tion of our species. It deserves cultivation : He was a man of profound erudition. not the pitiful, servile, and unskilled copying Gothofred (Dennis), son of Theodoof the monuments ; this will produce incon- sius, was born al Paris, and died at Lisle, gruities and absurdities equal to any that have director of the chamber of accounts. He crept into the Greek architecture, but let us wrote the Histories of Charles VI. VII. and examine with attention the nice disposition of VIII. the groins and spaundrels ; let us study the GOTHOFRED (John), son of the preceding, tracery and knots, not as ornaments, but as succeeded to the office of his father.' He died useful members; let vs observe how they have in 1732. He wrote some historical works. made their walls like honey-combs, and admire GOTHS, a warlike nation, and above all their ingenuity as we pretend to admire the in- others famous in the Roman history, caine stinct infused by the Great Architect into the originally out of Scandinavia (the name by bee. All this cannot be understood without which the ancients distinguished the present mechanical knowledge : a thing which few of countries of Sweden, Norway, Lapland, and our professional architects have any share of. Finmark.) According to the most probable Thus would architectonic taste be a mark of accounts, they were the first inhabitants of skill; and the person who presents the design those countries; and from thence sent colonies of a building would know how to execute it into the islands of the Baltic, the Cimbrian without committing it entirely to the mason Chersonesus, and the adjacent places yet destia and carpenter.

tute of inhabitants. Gothic COLUMN. See COLUMN Gothic. The Goths were famous for their hospitality

GOTHLAND, one of the five general die and kindness to strangers, even before they visions of the kingdom of Sweden, containing embraced the Christian religion. Nay, it is the provinces of Ostrogothia or E. Gothland, said, that, from their being eminently good, Smoland,

Westrogothia or W. Gothland, the they were called Goths by the neighbouring isles of Gothland and Eland, Wermland, nations; that name, according to Grotius and Dalia, Halland, Bleckingen, and Scania or most other writers, being derived from the Schonen.

German word gotlen, which signifies " good." GOTALAND, or GOTTLAND, an island of They encouraged, says Dio, the study of phiSweden, in the Baltic, about seventy miles in losophy above all other barbarous or foreign nalength, and twenty-five in its greatest breadth, tions, and often chose kings from among their formerly an independent kingdom, but now philosophers. Polygamy was not only allowed subject to the supreme court of justice at but countenanced among them; every one beStockholm. From its convenient situation, it ing valued or respected according to the num. has justly acquired the name of the eye of the ber of his wives. By so many wives they had Balúc. "The soil is feruile, and there are fine an incredible vumber of children, of whom they kept but one at home, sending out the rest in the time of the emperor Honorius, where in quest of new sci!lements; and hence those they founded a kingdom which continued will swarms of people which overran so many the country was subdued by the Saracens. countries. With them adultery was a capital GOTTEN. The parı. passive of get. crime, and irremissibly punished with death. GOTTINGEN, or GOETINGEN, 1 town

The time of the first seuling of the Goths in of Germany, in the circle of Lower Saxony, Scandinavia, and that when they first people and principality of Calenberg, and principal with their colonies the abovementioned islands town of a quarter, or district, to which it gives and Chersonesus, are equally uncertain; though name, situaied in an agreeable, spacious, and the Gothic annals suppose the latter to have fertile valley, on a canal, or branch of the happened in the line of Serng the great grand river Leine, which passes through, and divides father of Abrahain. This first migration of it into the New Town and Marsch. It conthe Goths is said to have been conducted by tains about 1000 houses, and 8000 souls; the their kin, Eric; in which all the ancie:t Go- streets are large and convenient, and pared on thic chronicles, as well as the Danish and each side. The principal ornament and adSwedish ones, agree. Their second migration vantage of Goitingen is the university, founded is supposed to have happened many ages afier; in the year 173+, by George II. king of Eng. when, the abovementioned countries being land, and consecrated on the seventeenth of overstocked with people, Berig, at that time September, 1737; which university, by the king of the Goths, went out with a fleet in inexpressible attention and care of its first cumuest of new settlements. He landed in the rator, baron Munchausen, has acquired a very country of the Ulmerugiaus, now Pomerania, distinguished reputation. Belonging to it is a drove out the ancient inhabitants, and divided large splendid church, with a peculiar pastor, their lands among his followers. He fell next and to it likewise belong a new and stately upon the Vandals, whose country bordered on structure of stone, the ground floor of which that of the Ulmerugians, and overcaine them; serves as a hall for public lectures, and that but instead of forcing them to abandon their above is the library, with a council chamber, country, he only made them share their pose and other apartments. This library, 10 which sessions with the Goths.

considerable additions are every year made, if The Goths who had settled in Pomerania considered with regard to the number, goodand the adjacent parts of Germany being ness, and value of its books, is one of the most greatly increased, insomuch that the country capital Libraries in Europe. It is called ibe could no longer contain them, they undertook Bulowcan, having received its origin from 3 a third migration in great numbers, under Fili- collection of about 10,000 volumes, bequeathmner surnamed the Great, their firth prince ed by the baron Bulow for the public use, and after leaving Scandinavia ; and taking their by his heirs given to the university. A royal course eastward, entered Scythia, advanced 10 society of sciences, founded in 1751, and a the Cimmerian Bosphorus, and, driving out royal German society, also form part of the the Cimmerians, setiled in the neighbourhood university. Ti has likewise a fine observatory, of the Palus Mæotis. Thence in process of erected on a tower on the raampart, with a time, being greatly increased in Scythia, they physic garden, and near it a handsome analoresolved to seek new settlements; and, accord- nical iheatre of ingenious construction, a ingly taking iheir route eastward, they tra- school for teaching midwifery, &c. The terversed several countries, and at length retumed ritory belonging to the town is very considerinto Gerinany. Their leader in this expedi- able: twenty-two iniles N. E. Cassel, and tion was the celebrated Woden.

fifty-one E.SE, Paderborn. Lon. 27. 19 I. The Romans distinguished the Goths into Lat. 51, 24 N. two classes ; tbe Ostrogoths and Visigoths. GOTTORP, a town of Denmark, in the These names they received before they left duchy of Sleswick, capital of the duchy of Scandinavia, the Visigoths being softened by Holstein Gottorp. Here is a fine old palace, the Latins from Westerogoths, or those who formerly the ducal residence. Gottorp is sealinhabited the western part of Scandinavia, as ed at the bottom of an arm of the sea called the the Ostrogoths were those of the eastern part of Sley. Lat. 54. 36 N. Lon. 9. 56 E. that country. Their history affords nothing of GOUANIA. Chawsuick. In bolany, a moment till the time of their quarrelling with genus of the class polygamia, order monæcia. the Romans; which happened under the reign Herınaphrodite : calyx five-cleft; corolless; of the emperor Caracalla, son to Severus. Afier anthers fire under a reil, styles three-clelt; that time it becomes so closely interwoven with fruit dry, divisible into three parts. One spethat of the Romans, that for the most remark- cies: a vative of St. Domingo, with shrubov able particulars of it we must refer to the his- stem, climbing by axillary tendrils; leaves tories of Rome. After the destruction of the ovate with a point, toothed, glabrous; racemes Roinan empire by the Heruli, the Ostrogoths, furnished with a lealet or two. under their king Theodoric, became masters of GQUDA, or TURGOW, a considerable the greatest part of Italy, having overcome and town of South Holland, in the United Proput to death Odoacer, king of the Heruli, in vinces, remarkable for its stately church. Lul 494. They retained their dominion in this 52. 2 N. Lon. 4. 41 E. country till the year 553 ; when they were GOUDHURST, a town in Kent, with a finall-onquered by Narses, the emperor Jus- market on Wednesdays. Lat. 51.8 N. Lon.

oral. The Visigoths settled in Spain 0.31 E.

SYSTEM.

« For, as

GOVE. s. A mow (Tusser).

to the feudal policy, how it limited governTo Gove. 0.1. To mow; to put in a gove, inent, see FEODAL

See also goff, or mow (Tusser).

ARISTOCRACY, CONSTITUTION, DemoTo GOVERN. v. n. (gouverner, Fr.) 1.

CRACY, &c. To rule as chief magistrate (Spenser). 2. To A mixed government is composed by the regulate; to influence; to direct (All.). 3. combination of the simple forms of governTo manage; to restrain (Shaks.). 4. (In ment which have already been, or will heregrammar.) To have force with regard to syn- after be, described ; and, in whatever proportax : as, amo governs the accusative case. 5. tion each form enters into the constitution of a To pilot; to regulate the motions of a ship. government, in the same proportion nay both

To Go'VERN. v. n. To keep superiority; to the advantages and evils, which have been atbehave with haughtiness (Dryden).

tributed to that form, be expected. The goGOVERNABLE. a. (from govern). Sub-vernment of this country is unquestionably a missive to authority; subject to rule (Locke). mixed government, though by somne writers it

GOVERNANCE. s. (from govern.) 1. is denominated a limiteci monarchy.' It is Government; rule; management (Macc.). 2. formed by a combination of the three regular Control, as that of a guardiau (Spenser). 3. species of gorernment; the monarchy residing Behaviour; manners : obsolete (Spenser). in the king, the aristocracy in the house of

GOVERNANT. s. (gouvernante, Fr.). A peers, and the republic being represented by lady who has the care of young girls of quality, ihe house of commons. The perfections in

GOVERNESS. s. (gouvernesse, Fr.) 1. tended, and, with regard to the United King. A female invested with authority (Shaks.). 2. doms, in a considerable degree effected, is to A tutoress; a woman that has the care of young unite the advantages of the several simple forins, ladies (Clarendon). 3. An instructress; a di- and to exclude the inconveniences. rectress (More),

with us,” says sir William Blackstone, “ the GOVERNMENT. s. (gouvernement, Fr.) executive power of the laws is lodged in a 1. Form of a community with respect to the single person, they have all the advantages of disposition of the supreme authority (Temple). strength and dispatch that are to be found in 2. Ad establishment of legal authority (Dry.). the most absolute morarchy; and as the legis3. Administration of public affairs (Young). lature of the kingdom is entrusted to three 4. Regularity of behaviour (Shaks.). 5. Ma, distinct powers, entirely independent of each nageableness ; compliance ; obsequiousness other: first, the king; secondly, the lords, spi(Shaks.). 6. Management of the limbs or ritual and temporal, which is an aristocratical body (Spenser). 7. (In grammar). Influence assembly of persons selected for their piety, with regard to construction.

their birth, their wisdom, their valour, or their Government, in general, is the polity of property; and, thirdly, the house of commons, a state, or an orderly power constituted for the freely chosen by the people from among thempublic good. Civil government was instituted selves, which makes it a kind of democracy : for the preservation and advancement of inen's as this aggregate body, actuated by different civil interests, and for the better security of springs, and attentive to different interests, their lives, liberties, and property. The use composes the British parliament, and has the and necessity of government is such, that there supreme disposal of every thing, there can be never was an age or country without some sort no inconvenience attempted by either of the of civil authority : but as men are seldom una. three branches, but will be withstood by one nimous in the means of attaining their ends, of the other two; each branch being armed so their difference in opinion in relation to go- with a negative power sufficient to repel auy yernment has produced a variety of forms of innovation which it shall think inexpedient it. To enumerate them would be to recapi- or dangerous." See MONARCHY. tulate the history of the whole earth. But, GOVERNOLO, a town of Mantua, in according to Montesquieu and most other Italy, 12 miles N.W. of Mirandole. Lat. 45. writers, they inay in general be reduced to one 4 N. Lon. 10. 56 E. of these three kinds. 1. The republicani. 2.

GOVERNOUR, s. (gouverneur, Fr.) 1 The monarchical. 3. The despotic. The One who has the supreme direction (Hooker). first is that, where the people in a body, or 2. One who is invested with supreme authorionly a part of the people, have the sovereign ty in a state (South); 3. One who rules any power; the second, where one alone governs, place with delegated and temporary authority but by fixed and established laws; but in the Shaks.). 4. A tutor; one who has care of a despotic government, one person alone, with- young man (Shaks.). 5. Pilot; regulator ; out law and without rule, directs every thing inanager (James), by his own will and caprice. See the article GOUGE, an instrument or tool used by Law.

divers artificers ; being a sort of round hollow On the subject of government at large, see chisel, for cutting holes, channels, grooves, Montesquieu's L'Esprit des Loix, l. 2. c. 1 ; &c. either in wood or stone. Locke, ii. 129, &c. quarto edition, 1768; GOURA, or Gura, a town of Mazovia, Sidaey on Government; Sir Thomas Smith de in Poland; the greater part of the inhabitants Repub. Angl.; and Archerly's Britannic Con- are ecclesiastics. Lat. 52. 1 N. Lon. 21.50 E. stitution. As to the Gothic government, its

GOL D. In botany. See CUCURBITA. original, and faults, &c. see Montesquieu's GOURD (Ethiopian, sous).

See ADAN L'Esprit des Loix, l. 11. c. 8. With respect SONIA.

GOURD TREE (Indian). See CRESCEX. GOWER (John), one of our most ancien! TIA.

English poets, was cotemporary with Chaucer, GOURD-WORM, in helminthology. See and his intimate friend.' or what family or FASC10: A.

in what country he was boru is uncertain. He GOLHADINESS, among farriers implies a studied the law, and was some time a mem. diffusodowe :'ng in a horse's legs, of a dropsi- ber of the society of Lincoln's-inn, where his cal or æde 100% nature. It olien lays a foun- acquaintance with Chaucer began. Some dalion for grease, and will produce it if not have asseried that he was a judge; butihis is by counteracted by such evacuants as appear most no means certain. In the first year of Henry applicable to he cat.

IV. he became blind; a misfortune which he GOURNAY, a lown of France, in the de- laments in one of his Latio poems. He died partoient of Lower Seine, renaskable for its in the year 1402, and was buried in St. Mary fine butter. Lat. 49. 32 N, Lon. 0. 36 W. Overie, which church he had rebuilt chiefly

GOUSSIER (Louis James), a celebrated at his own expence, so that be must have lived Frenrn matbeinatician, was born in the year in affluent circumstances. His tomb was 1702, and applied at a very early period to the magnificent, and curiously ornamented. It study of the mathematics. His first labours still remains, but hath been repaired in later were, 10 arrange and superintend the publica- times. From the collar of SS. round the neck tion of the memoirs, which the celebrated of his effigies, which lies upon the tomb, it is Condamine gave to the public in 1751, on the conjectured that he had been knighied. As measurement of the three first degrees of the to his character as a man, it is impossible, at meridian in the southern hemisphere. In con- this distance of time, to say any thing with sequence of the ability which he displayed by certainty. With regard to his poetical talents, the part he took in this interesting work, he he was undoubtedly adınired at the rime when was invited to co-operate in the Encyclopedie , he wrote, though a modern reader may find it with Diderot ard D'Alembert. Being charged difficult to discover much harmony or genius with the part respecting the mechanical arts, in any of his compositions. He wroie, . Goussier exercised several of them himself, Speculum ineditantis, in French, in ten books. that he mighi be better able to give a descrip. There are two copies of this in the Bodleiao tion of thein ; such as those of watch-making, library. 2. Vox clamantis, in Latin rerse, lock-inaking, cabinet-making, turning, &c. in seven books. Preserved also in the Bod. His articles display clearness, precision, and leian library, and in that of All-Souls. It method. About the year 1760, the baron de is a chronicle of the insurrection of the comMarivet invited Goussier to reside with him, mons in the reign of Richard II. 3. Conses in order that he might improve himself in na sio amantis; printed at Westminster by Caxton tural philosophy. In 1779 they distributed in 1493. Lond. 1532, 1554. It is a sort of the prospectus of a New Philosophy of the poctical system of morality, interspersed with World, which they proposed to publish con- a variety of moral tales. 4. De rege Henrico IV. jointiy, and which was to make fourteen vo- printed in Chaucer's works. There are like. lumes in quarto; but it was never carried far- wise several historical tracts in manuscript, ther than the eighth. Goussier was fond of wrilten by our author, which are to be found travelling on foot, and in this manner went in different libraries; also some other short over all France. He had a great attachment poems printed in Chaucer's works. to hydraulics, and was acquainted with every GOWN. s. (gonna, Italian.) 1. A looz river and canal in the kingdom. With the upper garment (Allot). 2. A woman's upper game barou Marivet he published, in 1789, a garment (Pope). 3. The long habit of a man work, in two volumes octaro, on the Internal dedicated to acts of peace, as divinity, medi. Navigation of France, with an atlas adapted cine, law (Young). 4. The dress of peace to the subject. He invented several curious (Dryden). pieces of mechanism, among which is a mill GOWNED. a. Dressed in a gown (Dry.). with portable arms for sawing planks. This GOWNMAN. s. (gown and man.) A man piece of mechanism was sent to Poland to devoted to the acts of peace; one whose proper serve as a model for the mills destined to ina- habit is a gown (Rowe). nufacture the timber of the immense forests of GOWRIE, in helminthology. See Cr. that coupiry. He invented also a water level, PRÆA. much used by land surveyors. He died at GOUYE (Thomas), a French jesuit and Paris, Oct. 23, 1799, aged 77 years.

eininent mathematician, was born at Dieppe GOUT. See MEDICINE, and ARTHRI- in 1650, and died at Paris in 1795. His pria. TIS.

cipal work is entitled Mathematical and PhiloGO’UTY. a. (from gout.) 1. Alicted or sophical Observations, two vols. 8vo. This diseased with the gout ( Dryd.). 2. Relating writer must not be confounded with Gouse to the gou (Blackmore).

de Longuemare, who wrote various memoirs GOWER, the peninsulated extremity of and dissertations to illustrate the History of Glaniorganshiri', to the W. of the bay of Swan- France sea. It has very lofty limestone cliffs next the GRAAF (Regnier de), an eminent physi. sea, whence large quantities of lime are ex- cian, was boru al Schoonhaven in Holland in ported to the English counties across the Bris. 1641. He died at the age of 32, leaving bewl channel. The land is a fertile tract of ara, hind several works which do honour to his ble and pasture.

memory. Two editions of them have been

published in one vol. 8vo. at Leyden, the last red (Prior). 6. Privilege (Dryden). 7. A in 1705.

goddess, by the heathens supposed to bestow GRABE (John Ernest), a very learned di- beauty (Prior). 8. Behaviour, considered as vine, was born in 1666, at Koningsberg in decent or unbecoming (Temple). 9. AdvenPrussia. He devoted bimself early to the study titious or artificial beauty (Dryden). 10. Naof divinity; and having read the works of the tural excellence (Hooker). 11. Embellishfathers, he became so convinced of the necessi- ment; recommendation; beauty (Dryden). ty of an uninterrupted succession in the mi. 12. Single beauty (Dryden). 13. Ornament; nistry of the church, that he left his native flower; highest persection (Shaks.). 14. Sin country with the design of embracing the Ro- gle or particular virtue (Shaks.). 15. Virtue man catholic religion. On the road, three tracts, physical (Shaks.). 16. The title of a duke or in answer to the memorial which he had left archbishop; formerly of the king, meaning the behind him explaining his reasons for quitting saine as your goodness, or your clemency (Ba.). the college, written by the order of the elector 17. A short prayer said before and after meat of Brandenburg, were presented to him, and (Swift). Grabe immediately changed his mind, so far Some of these meanings we must enlarge as to hold a conference at Berlin with Spener, upon, as below : the author of one of the tracts; the result of Grace, among divines, is taken, 1. For the which was, that Grabe was prevailed on to go free love and favour of God, which is the spring 10 England, where an ecclesiastical succession and source of all the benefits we receive from was maintained, without the superstitions of him. 2. For the work of the Spirit renewing the Romish worship. Here he received con- the soul after the image of God; and continusiderable patronage, and the university of Ox- ally guiding and strengthening the believer 10 ford conferred on him the degree of D. D. He obey his will, to resist and mortify sin, and published several valuable works, the principal overcome it. of which is an edition of the Septuagint. He Grace is also used, in a peculiar sense, for a died in 1712, and was buried in Westminster short prayer said before and after meat. The abbey.

proofs of the moral obligation of this ceremony, TO GRABBLE. v. n. To grope (Arbulh.). drawn from different passages of the New TesTo GRA'BBLE. v. a. To lie prostrate on

tament, are well known. Some others, drawn the ground (Ainsworth).

from the practice of different nations, and of GRACCHUS (T. Sempronius), father of very remote antiquity, we shall introduce in Tiberius and Caius Gracchus, was twice consul this place. and once censor. He made war in Gaul, and 1. 'Athenæus tells us, in his Deipnosoph. met with much success in Spain. He married lib. ii. that in the famous regulation nane by Sempronia, of the family of the Scipios, a Amphictyon king of Athens with respect to woman of great virtue. "Their suns Tiberius the use of wine, both in sacrifices and at home, and Caius, under the watchful eye of their he required that the name of Jupiter the Sunmother, rendered themselves famous for an tainer should be decently and reverently pro obstinate attachment to the interests of the nounced. The same writer, in lib. ivo.p. 149. populace, which at last proved fatal to them. quotes Hermeias, an author extant in his tine, With a winning eloquence, and uncommon who informs us of a people in Egypt, inhabita popularity, Tiberius began to renew the Agra- ants of the city of Naucratis, whose custom it rian law, wbich, by the means of violence, was on certain occasions, after they had placed was enacted. Being himself appointed one of themselves in the usual posture of eating at the commissioners for putting tbe law into the table, to rise again and kneel; when the execution, he was assassinated in the office by priest or precentor of the solemnity began to Pub. Nasica ; and Caius, after his death, with chant a grace, according to a stated forın more vehemence, but less moderation,

endea. amongst them; and when that was over, they voured to carry the law into effect. This in joined in the meal in a solemn sacrificial manthe end increased the sedition, and he was Heliodorus has a passage in his Æthiomurdered by order of the consul Opimius, pics to the same purpose, that it was the cusB. C. 191, about 13 years after the unfortu- tom of the Egyptian philosophers to pour qut nate end of Tiberius. His body was thrown libations and put up ejaculations before they into the Tiber. Caius has been accused of sat down 10 meals. 'Porphyry, in his treatise having murdered Scipio Africanus, the younger. De abstim lib. iv. p. 408. gives a great charac-2. Sempronius, a Roman, banished to the ter of the Samnean gymnosophists in Egypt coast of Africa for his adulteries with Julia, for the strictness of their life; as one article in the daughter of Augustus. He was assassi- their favour, he observes, that at ihe sounding of nated by order of Tiberius, after he had been a bell before their meals, which consisted only banished 14 years. Julia also shared his fate. of rice, bread, fruits, and herbs, they went to -- There were others also of this name, but of prayers; which being ended, and not before, inferior Dote.

ihe bell sounded again, and they sat down to GRACE. s. (grace, French.) 1. Favour; eating. In general this was a religious usage kiadness (Sidney). 2. Favourable influence or rite amongst the ancient Greeks, and deof God on the human mind (Common Pray.). rived from yet older ages, if Clement of Alex3. Virtue ; effect of God's influence (Pope). 4. andria rightly informs us. He mentions, that Pardon ; mercy (Milton). 5. Favour confer- these people when they met together to retresha

ner.

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