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husband, are upon a white ground: the hatchment Marquisses' eldest sons, of a gentlewoman is, moreover, differenced by a Dukes' younger sons. cherub over the arms instead of a crest.
Viscounts, according to their patents. When a bachelor dies, his arms may be depicted Earls' eldest sons. single or quartered, with a crest over them, but never Marquisses' younger sons. impaled as the two first are, and all the ground with Bishops of London, Durham, Winchester. out the escutcheon is also black
Bishops, according to seniority of consecration; When a maid dies, her arms, which are placed in a but if any bishop be principal secretary of state, he lozenge, may be single, or quartered, as those of a shall be placed above all other bishops, not having any bachelor: all the ground without the escutcheon is of the great offices before mentioned. also black.
Barons, according to their patents of creation ; but When a widower dies, his arms are represented if any baron be principal secretary of state, he shall be impaled with those of his deceased wife, having a placed above all barons, unless they have any of the crest, and sometimes a heimet and mantling over great ofhces before mentioned. them, and all the ground without the escutcheon Speaker of the house of commons. black.
Viscounts' eldest sons. When a widow dies, her arms are also represented Earls' younger sons, impaled with those of her deceased husband, but Barons' eldest sons. inclosed in a lozenge, and a cherub is placed over Knights of the most noble order of the garter. then; all the ground without the escutcheon is Privy councillors. also black.
Chancellor of the exchequer. If a widower or bachelor should happen to be Chancellor of the duchy of Lancaster. the last of his family, a death-head is generally Lord chief justice of the king's bench. annexed to each hatchment, to denote that death Master of the rolls. hus conquered all.
Lord chief justice of the common pleas. By the fore-menti ned rules, which are some. Lord chief baron of the exchequer. times neglected through the ignorance of illiterate Judges, barons, of the degree of the coif of the said people, may be known, upon the sight of any courts, according to seniority, hatchment, what branch of the family is dead; and Bannerets, made under the king's own royal by the helmet, coronet, &c. what title and degree standard, displayed in an army royal, in open war, the deceased person held. The same rules are by the king himself in person, for the term of their observed with respect to the escutcheons placed lives only. on the hearse and horses used in pompous funerals, Viscounts' younger sons. except that they are not surmounted with any Barons' younger sons. crest, as in the foregoing examples of batchments, Baronets. but are always plain. It is necessary, however, to Bannerets, not made by the king in person. ensign those of peers with coronets, supporters, &c. Knights of the most honourable order of the and that of a maiden lady with a knot of ribands. Bath. For various other examples of hatchments already Knights bachelors. referred to, see Plate 85.
Baronets' eldest sons. Of procedency.--In forming the present treatise, Knights' of the garter eldest sons. we can by no means omit giving some account of Bannerets' eldest sons. the laws which govern the precedency of the dif. Knights of the Bath eldest sons. ferent ranks which compose the community of Knights' eldest sons. Great Britain.
Sergeants at law, DD, LLD. MD. of British
universities. SECT. I. Of the precedency of men.
Baronets' younger sons. The first personage in point of precedency, is of Esquires of the king's creation, by the imposition course
of a cellar of SS. The King.
Esquires attending kniglits of the Bath. Prince of Wales.
Esquires by office, as justices of the peace. King's sons.
Captains, gentlemen of the privy chamber, &c. King's brothers.
Knights of the garter younger sons. King's uncles.
Bannerets' of both kinds younger sons. King's grandsons.
Knights' of the Bath younger sons. King's nephews.
Knights bachelors' younger sons.
Gentlemen entitled-to bear arms.
Attorneys at law, &c. Archbishop of York, primate of England.
SECT. II. Precedency of women.
The Queen. Hereditary earl marshal.
Princess of Wales. Lord high admiral.
Princess Royal. Lord steward of his majesty's household.
Daugbters of the king. Lord chamberlain of his majesty's household.
Duchess of York, and Dukes, according to patents of creation.
Wives of the king's younger sons. Marquisses, according to their patents.
Wives of the king's brothers. Dukes' eldest sons.
Wires of the king's uncles. Earls, according to their patents.
Wives of the eldest sons of dukes, of the blood royal.
Daughters of dukes, of the blood royal.
HERB. Herba. In common language an Wives of the king's brothers' or sisters' sons. herb is used in opposition to a tree. By LinDuchesses.
méus the herb is put for that part of a vegetable Marchionesses.
which arises from the root, is terminated by Wives of the eldest sons of dukes.
the fractitication, and comprehends the stem, Daughters of dukes. Countesses.
leaves, fulcres, and hybernacle. Vegetabilis Wives of the eldest sons of marquisses.
pars, orta a radice, terminata fructificatione, Daughters of marquisses.
comprehenuitque trunciun, folia, fulcra, hyberWives of the younger sons of dukes.
naculum. Philos. Bot. Herba adscendens, Viscountesses.
aëria spirans, movens. Reyn. Veg. Wives of the eldest sons of earls.
Darbaceous plants, are such as perish anDaughters of earls.
mually down to the root. Wives of the younger sons of marquisses.
Herbaceous stem, perishing annually, soft, Baronesses.
not woody. Wives of the eldest sons of vicounts.
Heros constitute the fourth nation, great Daughters of viscounts.
tribe or cast, into which Linnéus divides all Wives of the younger sons of earls.
vegetables. See Gentes. Wives of the elder sons of barons.
HERB BENYET, in botany. See Geum. Daughters of barons. Wives of the younger sons of viscounts.
HERB CHRISTOPHER, in botany. See Wives of the younger sons of barons.
ACTÆA. Dames, wives of baroniets.
HERB OF GRACE, in botany. See Ruta. Wives of knights of the garter.
HERB MISTIC, in botany. See SatuWives of bannerets of each kind.
RELA. Wives of knights of the Bath.
HERB TWOPEXce, in botany. See LY. Wives of knights bachelors.
SIMACHIA. Wives of the eldest sons of baronets.
HERB WILLOW, in botany. See EPILOBIUM, Daughters of baronets.
LYTHRUM and LYSIMACHIA. Wives of the eldest sons of knights of the garter.
HERBACEOUS. a. (from herba, Latin.) Daughters of knights of the garter.
1. Belonging to lierbs (Brown). 2. Feeding Wives of the eldest sons of bannerets of each
on vegetables (Derhuine). kind. Daughters of bannerets of cach kind.
HERBAGE. $. (herbage, French.) 1. Wives of the eldest sons of knights of the Bath.
Herbs collectively; grass ; pasture (Woodır.) Daughters of knights of the Bath.
2. The tithe and right of pasture (Ains.) Wives of the eldest sons of knights bachelors.
HERBIL. 8 (from herb.) A book conWives of serjeants at law, DD. LLD. MD. of taining the names and descriptions of plants British universities.
(Baron). Wives of the younger sons of baronets.
HEKBALIST. s. (from herbal.) A man Daughters of knights bachelors.
skilled in herbs (Brown). Wives of esquires, attendants on knights of the HERBARIST, s. (herbarius, Lat.) One Bathi.
skilled in herbs (Boyle). Wives of esquires by office, as justices of the UERBELETS
DERBELET. :. (aliminutive of herb.) A pace.
small herb (Shakspeare). Wives of captains, gentlemen of the privy cham.
BERBELOT (Bartholomew d ), a learned ber, &c. Wives of the younger sons of kniglits of the or
orientalist, was born in France in 1025. He
applied himself with great diligence to the garter.
Wives of the younger sons of bannerets of each Hebrew and other eastern languages, and in kind.
which he acquired such eminence as to obrain Wives of the younger sons of knights of the a larg” pension in his own country, and his Bath.
Tommi's from abroal. His great work, cutited Wives of the younger sons of knights bachelors. Bibliotheque Orientale, or ['niversal Dies Wives of gentlemen lawfully bearing coat ar- tionarr, containing whatever relates to the
knowledge of the castern world, is universally Daughters of esquires lawfully bearing coat armour, known. The clied in 1995. who are gentlewomen by birth.
TERBER, among farriers, a stimulatire Daughters of gentlemen lawfully bearing coat ar
application to exciie a discharre, in certain mour, who are gentlewomen by birth. Wives of gentlemen by office, function, or pro
diseases of horses, and especially of the heal.
It useally consists of a piece of bellebore rout fession, as clergymen, and attorneys at law, &c. &c.
introduced under the skin, which, of course, Wives of citizens.
acts as a rowel or seton. Wives of burgesses, &c.
HERBERT (Mary), countess of Pembroke, HIERAT, a town of Persia, in (horasau: in was the sister of Sir Philip Sidner, rio devia its neighbourhood roses are so plentiful, that cated to her his Arcadia. She translated from it is called Surgultzar, or the city of roses. the French a tragedy called Aunius, 1595, Lat. 31, 30 X. Lon. 61. 50 E.
12m0. and rendered into English some of • HERACLT, a department of France, so David's psalms. She died in 1621. Ben called from a river which falls into the cult of Jonson wrote her epitaph as follows: Lyons. It includes part of the late province of Cuderneath this sable lierse Languedoc; and the capital is Montpellier. Lies the subject of all verse:
Sidney's sister, Pembroke's mother; HERBE/SCENT. a. (herbescens, Lat.)
HERBID. a. (herbidus, Latin.) Covered
with herbs. Herbert (Edward), lord Herbert of Cher- HERBIVOROUS ANIMALS, are those bury in Shropshire, was born in Montgomery which feed only on vegetables. castle in 1581. He received his education at HERBORN, a town of Germany, in the Oxford, after which he went on his travels, circle of Westphalia, and principality of Nasand became an accomplished gentleman. On sau Dillenburg. Lat. 50.31 N. Lon. 8. 20 E. his return he was made one of the king's HE'RBOROUGH, $. (herberg, German.) counsellors for military affairs, and soon after Place of temporary residence (Ben Jonson). was sent ambassador to France to intercede in HERBOUS, a.(herbosus, Latin.) Aboundbehalf of the persecuted protestants, where he ing with herbs. behaved with great dignity and spirit. In 1625 HERBULENT. a. (from hcrbula, Latin.) he was made a peer of the kingdom of Ireland, Containing herbs. and in 1631 created an English peer. At the HE/RBWOMAN. 8. (herb and woman.) A breaking out of the rebellion he sided with the woman that sells herbs (Arbuthnot). parliament. He died in 16-18. Lord Herbert HE'RBY. a. (from herb.) Having the nawrote some singular books, the most remark- ture of herbs (Bacon). able of which is that entitled, De Veritate, HERCULANEUM, a town of Campania &c. Its design is to show the absolute suffi- swallowed up by an earthquake, produced from ciency of natural reason for all religions pur. an eruption of mount Vesuvius, A. D. 79, in poses; on which account the author has been the reign of Titus. Tiris famous city was disranked, and justly, among the deists. He also covered in the beginning of the last century, wrote the history of the Life and Reign of and from the ruins have been dug busts, staHenry VIII, and a treatise in Latin on the an- tues, manuscripts, paintings, and utensils, cient religion of the Gentiles.
which contribute much to enlarge our notions HERBERT (George), an English poet and concerning the ancients. A more valuable acdivine, was brother of the above, and born in quisition than bronzes and pictures was thought 1593. He received his education at West. to be made, when a large parcel of manuscripts miuster school, from wlience he was elected to was found among the ruins. Hopes were enTrinity-college, Cambridge, where he took his tertained that many works of the classics, which degrees in arts, and was chosen fellow. He time has deprived is of, were now going to be was also appointed orator to the university, restored to light, and that a new mine of whieh office he held eight years. Being dis- science was on the point of being opened. But appointed in his views of preferment in the the dificulty of rolling the burnt parchment, state, he entered into orders, and obtained the of pasting the fragments on a flat surface, and rectory of Bemerton near Salisbury, and a pre- of decyphering the obscure letters, have proved bend in the church of Lincoln. He was a such obstacles, that very little progress has been most exemplary divine, and died about 1635. made in the work. A priest invented the meHis poems, entitled, The Temple, were thod of procreding; but it would require the printed in 1635, 12mo, and his Priest to the joint labours of many learned to carry on so Temple in 1652. They have been frequently nice and tedions an operation with any success. reprinted.
Indeed, inuch was expected when the prince HERBERT (Thomas), an ingenious writer of of Wales engaged so munificently in the emthe Pembroke family, was born at York. He ployment of persons to examine these MSS. : was entered first of Jesus college Oxford, from but hitherto their labour has been almost en. whence he removed to Trinity-college, Cam. tirely in vain, and the rolls remain at Carletonbridge, after which he went on his travels, in house, without having furnished any inportant which he spent four years. In 1631 he pab. information or scarcely any gratification to lished, in folio, a relation of some years’travels those who have been employed. into Africa and the Great Asia, especially the HERCULES, a name given to several perterritories of the Persian monarchy, and some sons in ancient and fabulous history. Of all parts of the oriental Indies and isles adjacent, these the son of Jupiter and Alemena is the On the breaking out of the rebellion he joined most celebrated, and to him the actions of the the parliament party, and was very active in others have been generally attributed. The that cause. When the king was under the birth of Hercules was attended with many necessity of dismissing his servants, he chose miraculous events: it is reported that Jupiter, him to be one of the grooms of his bed-cham- who introduced himself to the bed of Alcmena, ber, and Mr. Herbert continued to serve him was employed three nights in forming a child with great fidelity and affection to the last. whom he intended to be the greatest hero the For this he was created a baronet by Charles world ever beheld. He was brought up at II. at the Restoration. He died in 1682. Sir Tirynthus, or at Thebes, and before he had Thomas wrote, besides his travels, a curious completed his eighth month, the jealousy of book, entitled, Threnodia Carolina, containing Juno, intent upon his destruction, sent two an historical account of the two last years of snakes to devour him. Not terrified at the the life of king Charles I. 8vo.
sight of the serpents, he buldly seized them VOL. V.