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the adoption of those means which may proserve to us and our children, the faith and discipline for which our forefathers shed their blood. Let us labour that our Jerusalem may be built as a city which is compact together. Her foundations are laid in evangelical faith and apostolic discipline; Jesus Christ himself being the chief corner stone. In concord and harmony let us keep watch and ward about her ruined ramparts, her tottering walls, her prostrate bulwarks, her battlements now overthrown. There are within her circuit many a false prophet,* many a correspondent of Tobijah, who say unto us, ye shall find peace without, but hearken not unto them, for ye shall find none. rather stand prepared for all attacks, whether ghostly or carnal, open or disguised, a faithful though a scorned and persecuted band of brothers (1) by mutual compliance, and mutual forbearance, united in our councils as one individual soul.
Thus upon the hill of our Sion, illumined
* "Multi tales sunt in sacramentorum communione cum ecclesia, et tamen jam non sunt in ecclesia." Aug. de Unit. Eccles. Cap. xxv.
by the glory of God, and sanctified by the blood of the lamb, may the gentle dew of heavenly peace descend; while from its height is wafted over all the land, the grateful incense of christian faith and christian virtue, a sweet smelling savour of life unto life.
There might have been some difficulty and doubt in assigning this meaning to the words of our text, if it had not been clearly shewn, by an eminently pious, and deeply learned prelate of the Church of Ireland, that the commission, as recorded by St. Mark, is different from, and not parallel with, the one now under consideration. (See the Bishop of Limerick's practical Theology, vol. i. Discourse 7.) The learned note, but very unsatisfactory reasoning of Whitby, who has been followed by others, appears to have originated in the supposed necessity of reconciling the two Evangelists. Whereas the Bishop of Limerick points out that the commission, in St. Mark, refers to individual, and that, in St. Matthew, to national conversion.
In St. Mark, every hunian creature, or every human being, is to be first instructed, -the gospel is to be preached, ----published, -proclaimed,—to them; (unpuŝate TO EVQYTERALov naon TM KTIEI); and then, afterwards, they are to be baptised. In St. Matthew, whole nations are to be converted and baptised, and then afterwards instructed.-(OPEREYTES MAINTEUTATE παντα τα εθνη, βαπτιζοντες αυτες εις το ονομα του πατρος και του υιου και του αγιου Πνευματος διδάσκοντες αυτους τηρειν παντα, όσα ενετειλάμην υμιν.)
In St. Mark, the directions have reference manifestly to the age of miracles, since miracles are immediately promised as the consequence of faith; while, in St. Matthew, the directions are as manifestly to be observed to the end of time, when by these means, and the mighty co-operation of the Saviour with them, the Kingdoms of the world will become the kingdoms of the Lord and his Christ.
It is not only in India and the British Colonies that these principles are applicable. A wider field is probably soon to open to us in the affairs of Turkey. Hitherto the institutions of the Turks, civil and military, as well as religious, have been supposed to be as immutable as the laws of the Medes and Persians. But we have lived to witness a surprising revolution in the military department, while, from every traveller, we learn that an approximation to European manners and customs is becoming fashionable among the Turks. When once a spirit of innovation is introduced it is impossible to conjecture to what extent it may proceed. “I have often adverted,” says Mr. Forster, in his Mahometanism Unveiled, “ to the anomalous doctrine of Mahomet, by which the Arabian Antichrist relinquishes to our Lord the final and supreme administration of religion, M. D'Ohsson acquaints us that this important article of belief is interwoven with the whole religious creed and traditions of Mussulmans. The very efforts of the Mussalman doctors to qualify the final supremacy acknowledged, by their Prophet, to exist in Christ Jesus, only augments the proof of the intrinsic value of those concessions.
“ According to the most recent sources of information, the effects of this tenet of Islamism are forcibly operative among the Turks. A British officer who had resided much in different parts of the East, mentioned to the author the interesting fact, that he found an expectation prevalent among the Turks 'that Mahometanism must be finally swallowed up by Christianity.' To the enquiry whether such appeared to be the popular belief of the Turks, Major-replied, that it might be going further than his experience authorized to affirm this ; that few Turks reasoned or reflected; but that five or six individuals had, independently expressed the same opinion to him ; and went, in consequence, so far as to say that they would themselves be. come Christians from this persuasion, were it not through fear of the consequences of forsaking Mahometanism, which are appalling." Vol. ii. p. 525.
The profoundly learned work of Mr. Chancellor Forster has perhaps been more talked of than read. It must be studied to be properly appreciated. When the Turks begin, in earnest, to reason and reflect, they will examine the evidences of their religion, and if we wish to convert them not, to no religion,—but to the Christian religion, no work is so calculated to supply an evangelist with proper topics as the one before us.
Until we gain over some mighty Mahometan power to our side, our prospects of success in India will not be bright.
C. This subject is eloquently elucidated by a writer who will ever rank high among the worthies of the Church of England, the Reverend Hugh James Rose, in his “Christianity always progressive.”
D. By Catholics I mean homo-ousians* and episcopalians not in a state of schism. For this was the meaning invariably attached to the word by the primitive Christians.
It is sometimes urged in favour of the Moravians that they retain the episcopal succession. If this be true, still it is not to be forgotten that, by setting up Bishop against Bishop, and altar
Or Trinitarians, as they are designated in modern times.